Hospital ships designated for the COVID-19 pandemic

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USNS Mercy arrives in Los Angeles, California on 27 March 2020 USNS Mercy Los Angeles, Ca.jpg
USNS Mercy arrives in Los Angeles, California on 27 March 2020
USNS Comfort heading up the Hudson River USNS Comfort arrives Manhattan jeh.jpg
USNS Comfort heading up the Hudson River

In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, the U.S. Navy's two Mercy-classhospital ships have been deployed USNS Mercy to the Port of Los Angeles and Comfort to New York Harbor. The Indonesian Navy hospital ship KRI Dr Soeharso was deployed to transport crew members from the infected cruise ships World Dream and Diamond Princess back to Indonesia in February–March 2020.

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KRI Dr Soeharso

The Indonesian Navy KRI Dr Soeharso picked up 188 Indonesian crew of the cruise ship World Dream in the Durian Strait on 26 February 2020. The vessel took them to Sebaru Kecil Islet and placed under quarantine. [1]

Dr Soeharso evacuated 89 crew of the cruise ship Diamond Princess from Indramayu thermal power plant port, after the crew got health certificate from Japan and flew to Kertajati International Airport. They then used buses to the travel to the port. Indonesia made them undergo a second test, of which one of the crew had a positive result for COVID-19 and was hospitalized in Jakarta. 68 crew of Diamond Princess disembarked at Sebaru Kecil Islet. World Dream evacuees and Diamond Princess evacuees used separated different blocks/buildings. [2] [3]

KRI Semarang

The Indonesian Navy KRI Semarang transported 68 crews of the Diamond Princess who underwent observation for the coronavirus disease 2019 in Sebaru Kecil Islet to the Port of Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta, on 15 March 2020. [4] She transported hand sanitizers from Singapore to Batam on 9 April 2020. [5] On 18 May 2020, she was dispatched to carry COVID-19 testing kits and hand sanitizers from Yayasan Temasek Singapura, Singapore, to Indonesia. [6]

USNS Mercy

USNS Mercy has been deployed to Los Angeles to provide hospital relief from the COVID-19 pandemic. [7] The ship arrived and docked at the Port of Los Angeles cruise ship terminal on 27 March 2020. [8] Her mission is to treat patients other than those with COVID-19, freeing up land-based hospitals to deal with the virus, [9] similar to how USNS Comfort deployed in New York. [10] As of 14 April seven crew members have tested positive for the virus and been removed from the ship for quarantine, along with 100 other sailors who had contact with them. [11] [12] As of 15 April, Mercy had treated 48 patients, of whom 30 have been discharged. [12] The ship departed Los Angeles on 15 May. [13]

ON 31 March, while the ship was docked, a Pacific Harbor Line freight train was derailed, with the wreckage coming to a stop just 230 m (250 yd) from the ship. In an apparent "bizarre attempt to expose a perceived conspiracy", the derailment was intentionally caused by the train engineer who told police that he was suspicious of the vessel and believed the ship was not "what they say it's for." No one was injured and the ship was not harmed; the engineer was charged with train wrecking. [14]

USNS Comfort

Comfort began deployment from Norfolk, Virginia, to New York Harbor on 28 March 2020 to help deal with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. [15] [16] Comfort arrived in New York on 30 March, [17] [18] and docked at Pier 90. [19] Although the ship has 1,100 personnel and a capacity of 1,000 beds, as of 3 April it was treating only 22 patients; [20] the low figure was attributable to "bureaucratic obstacles and military procedures." [19]

The ship's stated mission was, originally, to treat patients who did not have COVID-19, freeing up land-based hospitals to focus on patients with the virus, [17] and originally required a patient to test negative for the coronavirus before boarding, but on 3 April changed its process to no longer requires a negative test and to accept "asymptomatic, screened patients who will be isolated and tested immediately upon arrival." [19] On 3 April, multiple patients with the virus spent the night aboard the ship after they were accidentally transferred to the ship from the Jacob K. Javits Center, where a field hospital was in operation; the patients were transferred back to the Javits Center after testing positive for the virus." [19]

On 17 April it was announced that "the USNS COMFORT is prepared to admit patients within a one-hour traveling radius from the ship," and preparations were made to receive coronavirus patients from the Philadelphia area. The ship has removed half its 1000 beds so that it could isolate and treat coronavirus patients. [21] On 21 April, Governor Cuomo told President Trump that the ship was no longer needed in New York. While docked in the city, it treated 179 patients. [22]

Splendid

Splendid in 2007 Splendid PB030988.jpg
Splendid in 2007

Mediterranean Shipping Company's Grandi Navi Veloci converted one of their ferries, Splendid  [ it ], into a hospital ship in order to treat coronavirus patients. [23] The ship was delivered to Liguria, Italy, on 23 March 2020, and was made available for the symbolic cost of 1 EUR. [24] [25] With help from Registro Italiano Navale and a number of local and national companies, many of which donated their time, materials, and expertise, Splendid was converted into a hospital ship in roughly 10 days. [25] [26] [27] Docked at Genoa's Ponte Colombo, the hospital ship is currently treating only coronavirus patients without serious pathologies, such as patients recovering after having been previously intubated. [28] [29] [30]

Related Research Articles

USNS <i>Mercy</i> (T-AH-19) Hospital ship of the United States Navy

USNS Mercy (T-AH-19) is the lead ship of her class of hospital ships in non-commissioned service with the United States Navy. Her sister ship is USNS Comfort (T-AH-20). She is the third US Navy ship to be named for the virtue mercy. In accordance with the Geneva Conventions, Mercy and her crew do not carry any offensive weapons, though defensive weapons are available.

USNS <i>Comfort</i> (T-AH-20) Hospital ship of the United States Navy

USNS Comfort (T-AH-20) is a Mercy-class hospital ship of the United States Navy.

<i>Mercy</i>-class hospital ship

The Mercy class of hospital ships are converted San Clemente-class supertankers used by the United States Navy. Originally built in the 1970s by the National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, they were acquired by the Navy and converted into hospital ships, coming into service in 1986 and 1987.

<i>Grand Princess</i> Cruise ship owned by Princess Cruises

Grand Princess is a Grand-class cruise ship owned by Princess Cruises. It was built in 1998 by Fincantieri Cantieri Navali Italiani in Monfalcone, Italy, with yard number 5956, at a cost of approximately US$450 million. She was the largest and most expensive passenger ship ever built at the time. Grand Princess was the flagship in the Princess Cruises fleet until the new Royal Princess took that title in June 2013.

<i>Diamond Princess</i> (ship) Cruise ship

Diamond Princess is a British-registered cruise ship owned and operated by Princess Cruises. She began operation in March 2004 and primarily cruises in Asia during the northern hemisphere summer and Australia during the southern hemisphere summer. She is a subclassed Grand-class ship, which is also known as a Gem-class ship. Diamond Princess and her sister ship, Sapphire Princess, are the widest subclass of Grand-class ships, as they have a 37.5-metre beam, while all other Grand-class ships have a beam of 36 metres. Diamond Princess and Sapphire Princess were both built in Nagasaki, Japan, by Mitsubishi Industries.

MV <i>Artania</i> Cruise ship

MV Artania is a cruise ship chartered since 2011 by Phoenix Reisen, a German-based travel agency and cruise ship operator. She was built for Princess Cruises by Wärtsilä at the Helsinki Shipyard, Finland, and was launched on 18 February 1984.

KRI <i>Dr. Soeharso</i>

KRI Dr. Soeharso is a hospital ship of the Indonesian Navy. It was initially built in 2003 in South Korea as a landing platform dock named KRI Tanjung Dalpele. However, after its launch it was redesignated as a multi-purpose hospital ship. In 2020, Dr Soeharso was used to transport Indonesian crew from cruise ships during the COVID-19 pandemic.

<i>Ruby Princess</i> British-American cruise ship

The Ruby Princess is a Crown-class cruise ship owned and operated by Princess Cruises.

Pacific Partnership

Pacific Partnership is an annual deployment of forces from the Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy (USN), in cooperation with regional governments and military forces, along with humanitarian and non-government organizations.

<i>World Dream</i> Cruise ship

World Dream is a cruise ship operated by Dream Cruises. She was initially ordered under the same name for Star Cruises. The ship was designed for the Asian cruise market and has a large number of restaurants together with a casino and specially designed cabins. She was formally named on 17 November 2017 by Cecilia Lim, wife of Genting CEO Lim Kok Thay, who became godmother of the ship.

Grandi Navi Veloci

Grandi Navi Veloci (GNV) is an Italian shipping company, based in Genoa, that operates ferries between mainland Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, France, Albania, Morocco and Tunisia. It was established by Aldo Grimaldi in 1992.

COVID-19 pandemic on cruise ships Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic on cruise ships

The COVID-19 pandemic spread to a number of cruise ships, with the nature of such ships—including crowded semi-enclosed areas, increased exposure to new environments, and limited medical resources—contributing to the heightened risk and rapid spread of the disease.

COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force

COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force was a task force that coordinates and oversees the Indonesian government's efforts to accelerate the mitigation of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). It was established on 13 March 2020, coordinated by Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, involves Ministry of Health, Indonesian National Police, and Indonesian Armed Forces. The task force executive board was led by Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management head Doni Monardo, with Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Cultural Affairs Muhadjir Effendy as the head of advisory board.

COVID-19 pandemic on USS <i>Theodore Roosevelt</i> COVID-19 outbreak on USS Theodore Roosevelt

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the cause of the COVID-19 pandemic, was detected on the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt in March 2020 while she was at sea. Affected crew members were evacuated and the ship was ordered to Guam. The captain, Brett Crozier, wanted most of the crew to be removed from the ship to prevent the spread of the disease, but his superiors were reluctant. After several days Crozier e-mailed three of his superior officers and seven other Navy Captains, outlining a plan for the ship to be largely evacuated because the virus could not be contained on board. The letter leaked to the press, and the next day the Navy ordered most of the crew to be taken ashore, but the captain was relieved of command by Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly. Modly's order was controversial, and his later speech to the crew aboard Theodore Roosevelt was criticized. Modly resigned a few days later. By mid-April hundreds of crew members including Crozier had tested positive for the virus, and one had died.

COVID-19 pandemic on naval ships Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic on military ships

The COVID-19 pandemic spread to many military ships. The nature of these ships, which includes working with others in small enclosed areas and a lack of private quarters for the vast majority of crew, contributed to the rapid spread of the disease, even more so than on cruise ships.

COVID-19 pandemic on <i>Diamond Princess</i> Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic on Diamond Princess

Diamond Princess is a cruise ship registered in Britain, and owned and operated by Princess Cruises. During a cruise that began on 20 January 2020, positive cases of COVID-19 linked to the COVID-19 pandemic were confirmed on the ship in February 2020. 712 people out of 3,711 became infected, and 14 people, all of them passengers, died. At the time, the ship accounted for over half the reported cases of SARS-CoV-2 outside of mainland China.

COVID-19 pandemic on <i>Grand Princess</i> Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic on Grand Princess

During the COVID-19 pandemic, former passengers of the cruise ship Grand Princess who had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 were being linked to cruises they had taken on the ship while it traveled between California, Mexico, and Hawaii. After the first confirmed death on 4 March 2020, Grand Princess was rerouted to the San Francisco Bay Area, where it was anchored offshore while test kits were airlifted to the ship. Preliminary testing found 21 positive cases, and the ship later docked in Oakland on 9 March 2020, with over 3,000 people entering quarantine.

KRI <i>Semarang</i> (594) Indonesian Navy hospital ship

Semarang(594) is an Indonesian Navy hospital ship converted from the Tarlac-class landing platform dock design of the Philippine Navy. She is the 5th Makassar-class landing platform dock of the Indonesian Navy.

The following is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in California.

References

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