COVID-19 vaccination in Germany

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COVID-19 vaccination in Germany
Germany map of fully vaccinated people by percentage of population by state as of 23rd of June 2021.png
Map of Germany by state. Percentage of people getting fully vaccinated by population as of June 23, 2021. [1]
Date27 December 2020 (2020-12-27) – present
Cause COVID-19 pandemic
TargetFull immunisation of people in Germany against COVID-19
Participants55,869,314 people with one dose
52,503,166 people fully vaccinated (19 September 2021)
Website Official Website

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Germany began on 26 December 2020. [2] As of 19 September 2021, 55,869,314 people have received at least one dose (67.2 % of total population), while 52,503,166 people have been fully vaccinated (63.1 % of total population). [3]


Vaccines on order

German vaccination certificate with evidence of two-dose of COVID-19 vaccination Impfpass mit COVID 19 Impfungen.jpg
German vaccination certificate with evidence of two-dose of COVID-19 vaccination

There are several COVID-19 vaccines at various stages of development around the world. The ones listed as "pending" in the table below are under review by the European Medicines Agency as of 15 May 2021. [4]

Pfizer–BioNTech Green check.svg 21 December 2020Green check.svg 27 December 2020
Moderna Green check.svg 6 January 2021Green check.svg 12 January 2021
Oxford-AstraZeneca Green check.svg 29 January 2021Green check.svg 7 February 2021
Janssen Green check.svg 11 March 2021Green check.svg 5 May 2021
CoronaVac PendingPending
Novavax PendingPending
CureVac PendingPending
Sputnik V PendingPending

The German Immunization Committee (STIKO) initially recommended jabs from AstraZeneca [5] and Janssen only for patients ages 60 and above after reports of blood clot post-vaccination, but this was made available to everyone by the federal government on May 6, 2021 [6] and May 10, 2021, [7] respectively.

Doses delivered

As of 19 July 2021

Timeline of vaccination

COVID-19 vaccination center in Hall 4 of Cologne Trade Fair. COVID-19 vaccination center, fair grounds Cologne-6467.jpg
COVID-19 vaccination center in Hall 4 of Cologne Trade Fair.

Priority groups

At the beginning of the vaccination campaign, the vaccine was planned to be distributed in four priority groups. [8]

Vaccination group 1

The first priority group received their first vaccination on 26 December 2020. Everyone ages 80 and above, residents & caretakers of senior residents and high risk medical personnel are included in this group.

Vaccination group 2

This group consists of everyone ages 70 to 79, people with high risk preexisting conditions or down syndrome or psychologically impaired and their caretakers, caretakers of pregnant women, and other medical personnel not included in group 1.

Vaccination group 3

Group 3 consists of everyone ages 60 to 69, people with moderate preexisting conditions and their caretakers, employees of the government, shops, and vital infrastructure, and teachers.

Vaccination group 4

Everyone under the age of 60, but at least 16 years old, who are not included in the above vaccination group will be the last to get inoculation once most members of the top three priority groups receive their first dose. At a press conference on 26 April 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel promised to remove the prioritization by June, [9] with Health Minister Jens Spahn later announcing its end on June 7, 2021. [10] However, the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, and Berlin decided to enable this group to also get vaccinated through a doctor's office starting on 17 May 2021. [11] [12] [13]

On 27 May 2021, chancellor Angela Merkel announced the extension of this priority to include children ages 12 to 15, on the condition that at least one existing vaccine is approved for use in this age range by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). [14]

Slowing of vaccination campaign and government response

On 8 August 2021, it was reported that in response to a decreasing demand for vaccinations, in particular the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, the Health Ministry would, starting from 16 August, distribute vaccines to the 16 states on the basis of reported demand, instead of the maximum feasible amounts. For the same reason, states projected in a survey by Die Welt that they would return over 2 million vaccine doses to the federal government. Development minister Gerd Müller told the newspaper that the amount of 30 million vaccine doses already promised should be increased in view of the situation, and that as the next step, the capacities for domestic production in poorer countries should be improved. [15]

From 13 to 19 September, mobile vaccination centers were set up on public transport, mosques and football fields as part of a campaign to increase the vaccination rate in the population. [16]


Vaccination figures were obtained from the RKI, updated every business day and correspond to progress on the previous day. [17] Starting from April, inoculations can also be administered at a doctor's office alongside the existing vaccination center and mobile teams [18] and from 7 June at a company's physician office. A first dose is described as a person who received at least one COVID-19 vaccine doses, while a full dose stands for a person who completed the vaccination process with the prescribed doses.

Cumulative vaccinations

Vaccinations per day

Vaccination by federal state

First and second vaccination by federal state
Federal stateVaccinated populationPercentage of population vaccinated
first dosefull dosefirst dosefull dose
Flag of Baden-Wurttemberg.svg Baden-Württemberg 6,435,3494,997,37057.97%45.02%
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg Bavaria 7,540,5755,701,13657.45%43.44%
Flag of Berlin.svg Berlin 2,147,0581,638,43758.51%44.65%
Flag of Brandenburg.svg Brandenburg 1,375,1871,054,57854.53%41.82%
Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen 466,271335,93968.45%49.32%
Flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg 1,108,873802,95758.39%42.28%
Flag of Hesse.svg Hesse 3,685,0352,802,30758.60%44.57%
Flag of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 936,360749,99958.23%46.64%
Flag of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony 4,951,1803,477,26361.94%43.50%
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia 11,261,3158,676,89862.75%48.35%
Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate 2,483,5231,716,64460.66%45.33%
Flag of Saarland.svg Saarland 637,961489,31864.64%49.58%
Flag of Saxony.svg Saxony 2,059,1091,716,64450.57%42.16%
Flag of Saxony-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt 1,217,594963,73055.48%43.91%
Flag of Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein 1,828,3901,375,48962.97%47.37%
Flag of Thuringia.svg Thuringia 1,153,817935,18654.08%43.84%
Bundeswehr Kreuz Black.svg Bundespolizei-Logos.svg Bundeswehr / German Federal Police 180,891140,916
Flag of Germany.svg Germany 49,468,48837,713,91559.48%45.35%
Total injected doses87,182,403
As of 16 July 2021 per data from Robert Koch Institut.


In August 2021, authorities in north Germany found that a nurse injected saline instead of vaccine, and had to ask more than 8,000 people to get repeat Covid vaccinations. [19]

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The COVID-19 pandemic in Germany is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. On 27 January 2020, the first case in Germany was confirmed near Munich, Bavaria. By mid February, the arising cluster of cases had been fully contained. On 25 and 26 February, multiple cases related to the Italian outbreak were detected in Baden-Württemberg. A carnival event on 15 February in Heinsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, was attended by a man identified as positive on 25 February; in the outbreak which subsequently developed from infected participants, authorities were mostly no longer able to trace the likely chains of infections. On 9 March, the first two deaths in Germany were reported from Essen and Heinsberg. New clusters were introduced in other regions via Heinsberg as well as via people arriving from China, Iran and Italy, from where non-Germans could arrive by plane until 17–18 March. From 13 March, German states mandated school and kindergarten closures, postponed academic semesters and prohibited visits to nursing homes to protect the elderly. Two days later, borders to Austria, Denmark, France, Luxembourg and Switzerland were closed. By 22 March, curfews were imposed in six German states while other states prohibited physical contact with more than one person from outside one's household.

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  1. Germany COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: States Map. By George Karabassis. Click on the 1M button on the bottom right of the map and on the 2x button to produce the map shown.
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  19. "Covid: Germany fears thousands got saline, not vaccine from nurse". BBC News. 12 August 2021.