This article needs to be updated.(August 2021)
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The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and affected the political system of Malaysia, causing suspensions of legislative activities and isolation of multiple politicians due to fears of spreading the virus. The onset of the pandemic coincided with a political crisis in early 2020 which continued into 2021 as the spread of COVID-19 and emergency government measures exacerbated initially unrelated political instability, culminating in the resignation of Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin and his cabinet in August 2021. Numerous elections have been postponed or suspended, after the 2020 Sabah state election was blamed for a major outbreak in the state that led to the country's third wave. Several politicians have tested positive for COVID-19 in 2020 and 2021.
A political crisis in Malaysia coincided with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country.The Pakatan Harapan coalition government collapsed, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and eventual replacement with Muhyiddin Yassin and a new Perikatan Nasional coalition, which maintained a small majority. Prime Minister Muhyiddin blamed the 2020 Sabah state election for a substantial increase in COVID-19 cases across the state and country.
In June 2021, the rulers of Malaysia declared that there is no need to extend a state of emergency after 1 August, and parliament should be reopen as soon as possible.The emergency has led to the suspension of all federal parliament and state assembly sittings and also by-elections, among other things, therefore by-elections will need to be elect after 1 August in Sarawak (assembly), Batu Sapi (federal seat), Gerik (federal seat), Bugaya (Sabah state seat) and Melor (Kelantan state seat).
A large outbreak at a Tablighi Jamaat religious event and spread of the virus across the country thought to have been exacerbated by the political instability,which newly appointed Health Minister Adham Baba used to criticize his predecessor Dzulkefly Ahmad, despite the absence of a clear government responsible at the time of the event. Shortly after a thin government majority was established, the new government announced the nationwide Movement Control Order (MCO) to curb the spread of the virus.
Amid ongoing political instability, Yang di-Pertuan Agong warned politicians in May 2020 that he "would like to advise against dragging the country once again into a political mess that brings uncertainties" given the ongoing health crisis in the country.In January 2021, a State of Emergency was declared, suspending all elections and parliament, and the government were empowered to pass laws without oversight in response to the pandemic and ongoing political instability. This led to the resignation of MP Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub from the party, resulting in the loss of the government's required majority of at least 111 MPs in the Dewan Rakyat. Opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim criticised the declaration, saying this was an effort for the government to maintain power and that 115 other MPs were against it.
On 17 March 2020, Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen (Bandar Kuching member of parliament) tested positive for COVID-19 and was quarantined at Sarawak General Hospital. He was suspected of having been infected with the virus after meeting Sarikei MP Wong Ling Biu who was also tested positive for the virus.He was announced to have recovered on 23 March 2020. Another MP which is Chong Chieng Jen (Stampin member of parliament) tested negative.
|Appointed||Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad||UMNO||3 October 2020|
|Idris Ahmad||PAS||16 January 2021|
|Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri||IND||5 October 2020|
|State||No.||Parliament Constituency||Member||Party||Comfirmed Date|
|Perlis||P001||Padang Besar||Zahidi Zainul Abidin||UMNO||13 January 2021|
|Kelantan||P030||Jeli||Mustapa Mohamed||BERSATU||10 January 2021|
|P032||Gua Musang||Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah||UMNO||14 January 2021|
|Penang||P047||Nibong Tebal||Mansor Othman||BERSATU||25 July 2021|
|Perak||P056||Larut||Hamzah Zainudin||BERSATU||12 January 2021|
|P061||Padang Rengas||Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz||UMNO||18 January 2021|
|P073||Pasir Salak||Tajuddin Abdul Rahman||UMNO||20 January 2021|
|P075||Bagan Datuk||Ahmad Zahid Hamidi||UMNO||25 July 2021|
|Pahang||P082||Indera Mahkota||Saifuddin Abdullah||BERSATU||28 April 2021|
|Kuala Lumpur||P119||Titiwangsa||Rina Mohd. Harun||BERSATU||11 January 2021|
|Johor||P156||Kota Tinggi||Halimah Mohd. Sadique||UMNO||19 January 2021|
|Sabah||P180||Keningau||Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan||STAR||4 January 2021|
|Sarawak||P194||Petra Jaya||Fadillah Yusof||PBB||11 June 2021|
|P197||Kota Samarahan||Rubiah Wang||PBB||4 April 2020|
|P195||Bandar Kuching||Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen||DAP||17 March 2020|
|P208||Sarikei||Wong Ling Biu||DAP||17 March 2020|
|P211||Lanang||Alice Lau Kiong Yieng||DAP||27 May 2021|
|Total||Perlis (1), Kelantan (2), Perak (3), Pahang (1), F.T. Kuala Lumpur (1), Johor (1), Sabah (1), Sarawak (5)|
| State legislative assemblies of Malaysia |
25 / 600
Selangor State Legislative Assembly
5 / 56
| Sabah State Legislative Assembly |
5 / 79Johor State Legislative Assembly
4 / 56Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
3 / 45
| Pahang State Legislative Assembly |
2 / 42Perlis State Legislative Assembly
1 / 15Malacca State Legislative Assembly
1 / 28
| Terengganu State Legislative Assembly |
1 / 33Kedah State Legislative Assembly
1 / 36Negeri Sembilan State Legislative Assembly
1 / 36Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
1 / 82
|No.||State Assembly Constituency||Member||Party|
|Perlis||P02||Kangar||N8||Indera Kayangan||Gan Ay Ling||PKR|
|Kedah||P17||Padang Serai||N34||Lunas||Azman Nasruddin||BERSATU|
|Kelantan||P30||Jeli||N37||Air Lanas||Mustapa Mohamed||BERSATU|
|P32||Gua Musang||N43||Nenggiri||Ab. Aziz Yusoff||UMNO|
|N45||Galas||Mohd. Syahbuddin Hashim||UMNO|
|Pahang||P81||Jerantut||N9||Tahan||Mohd Zakhwan Ahmad Badarddin||PAS|
|P89||Bentong||N35||Sabai||Kamache Doray Rajoo||DAP|
|Selangor||P97||Selayang||N14||Rawang||Chua Wei Kiat||PKR|
|P105||Petaling Jaya||N33||Taman Medan||Syamsul Firdaus Mohamed Supri||PKR|
|P106||Damansara||N35||Kampung Tunku||Lim Yi Wei||DAP|
|P107||Sungai Buloh||N39||Kota Damansara||Shatiri Mansor||PKR|
|P113||Sepang||N55||Dengkil||Adhif Syan Abdullah||BERSATU|
|Negeri Sembilan||P132||Port Dickson||N33||Sri Tanjong||Ravi Munasamy||PKR|
|Malacca||P134||Masjid Tanah||N3||Ayer Limau||Amiruddin Yusop||UMNO|
|Johor||P142||Labis||N5||Tenang||Mohd. Solihan Badri||BERSATU|
|P146||Muar||N15||Maharani||Nor Hayati Bachok||AMANAH|
|P149||Sri Gading||N21||Parit Yaani||Amunolhuda Hassan||AMANAH|
|P153||Sembrong||N30||Paloh||Sheikh Umar Bagharib Ali||DAP|
|Sabah||P168||Kota Marudu||N07||Tandek||Hendrus Anding||PBS|
|P170||Tuaran||N12||Sulaman||Hajiji Mohd Nor||BERSATU|
|P188||Lahad Datu||N63||Kunak||Norazlinah Arif||WARISAN|
|Sarawak||P198||Puncak Borneo||N19||Mambong||Jerip Susil||PBB|
|Total||Perlis (1), Kedah (1), Kelantan (3), Terengganu (1), Pahang (2), Selangor (5), Negeri Sembilan (1), Malacca (1), Johor (4), Sabah (5), Sarawak (1)|
Tan Sri Dato' Haji Mahiaddin bin Md. Yasin, familiarly known as Muhyiddin bin Mohd. Yassin, is a Malaysian politician who served as the 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia from March 2020 to August 2021. He is the shortest-serving Prime Minister in Malaysian history by serving for only 17 months. He previously served as the 10th Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Home Affairs and in many other Cabinet positions under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Najib Razak and Mahathir Mohamad, from May 1995 to February 2020. During the 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis, Mahathir's resignation on 24 February 2020 led to Muhyiddin being declared Prime Minister by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. He was formally appointed and sworn in on 1 March 2020, and shortly afterwards directed Malaysia's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Muhyiddin resigned on 16 August 2021 after losing majority support over his government's pandemic response.
Chong Chieng Jen, is a Malaysian politician and lawyer who served as the Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs in the Pakatan Harapan (PH) administration under former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad and former Minister Saifuddin Nasution Ismail from July 2018 to the collapse of the PH administration in February 2020. He has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stampin since May 2018, Bandar Kuching from March 2004 to May 2018 and Member of the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Kota Sentosa since May 2006. He served as Leader of the Opposition of Sarawak from June 2013 to November 2020. He is a member, National Vice-Chairman, State Chairman of Sarawak, Branch Chairman of Kuching and Youth Advisor of Sarawak as well as Kuching of the Democratic Action Party (DAP), a component party of the PH opposition coalition.
This is a timeline of Malaysian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Malaysia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Malaysia.
Dato' Seri Hamzah bin Zainudin is a Malaysian politician who has served as Minister of Home Affairs for the second term in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob since August 2021. He served his first term in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin from March 2020 to August 2021. He served as Minister of Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities and Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government in the BN administration under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Najib Razak from March 2008 to May 2018. He is a member of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), a component party of the Perikatan Nasional (PN) coaliton and was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He has also served as Secretary-General of both BERSATU and PN since March 2020.
Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob is a Malaysian politician who has served as the 9th Prime Minister of Malaysia since August 2021. A Member of Parliament (MP) for Bera since 2004, he is the Vice-President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition which is aligned with the Perikatan Nasional (PN) coalition. He served as the 13th Deputy Prime Minister from July 2021 to August 2021, serving for only 40 days, and several cabinet positions in successive governments from 2008 to 2021. As of a result of the ongoing 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis, he was formally appointed and sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 August 2021 following the resignation of his predecessor Muhyiddin Yassin. He is the first Prime Minister of Malaysia born after the independence of Malaya in 1957, the first ever former Leader of the Opposition in Malaysia to become Prime Minister and the first ever Prime Minister who is not the highest in rank in a political party or coalition.
Dato Sri Tiong King Sing is a Malaysian politician who has served as Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to China in Barisan Nasional (BN) and Perikatan Nasional (PN) administrations under Prime Ministers Muhyiddin Yassin and Ismail Sabri Yaakob since April 2020 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bintulu since November 1999. He served as Special Envoy of the Prime Minister in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Minister Najib Razak from January 2014 to the collapse of the BN administration in May 2018. He is a member and President of the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), a component party of the Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS) coalition which is aligned with the ruling PN coalition and formerly the BN coalition. In accordance with its expansion to West Malaysia in 2017, the party was rebranded with its new name and logo from the Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party (SPDP), a former component party of the BN coalition. Following the collapse of the BN administration after the 2018 general election and in the aftermath, a meeting between all Sarawak-based BN component parties was held on 12 June 2018, PDP decided to leave the coalition with the other three parties to form a new Sarawak-based political coalition in the meeting, namely the GPS coalition.
Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen, is a Malaysian politician from the Democratic Action Party (DAP) currently a member of parliament (MP) of Malaysia representing Bandar Kuching constituency. Concurrently, he chairs the Health, Science and Innovation Select Committee and sits on the Budget Select Committee. Yii also serves as special assistant to Chong Chieng Jen, Stampin MP.
Events in the year 2020 in Malaysia.
The COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The medical response and preparedness to the outbreak in Malaysia are overseen by Director-General of Health Noor Hisham Abdullah under the Health Ministry of three successive governments.
The 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis is an ongoing political crisis in Malaysia. It has been caused by Members of Parliament (MPs) changing party support, leading to the loss of parliamentary majority, the collapse of two successive coalition governments and resignation of two Prime Ministers in less than 18 months. In February 2020, developments commonly nicknamed the Sheraton Move saw the ousting of the elected Pakatan Harapan government and the resignation of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, after 22 months in power. They were replaced with the Perikatan Nasional government under Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin. Political instability continued after this change throughout 2020 and into 2021, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This culminated in the resignation of Muhyiddin and his cabinet in August 2021 after 17 months in power. Ismail Sabri Yaakob was appointed Prime Minister a few days later.
The Muhyiddin cabinet was formed on 10 March 2020, nine days after Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed as the 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia and dissolved 17 months, 6 days later on 16 August 2021, the day when Muhyiddin submitted his resignations as PM and of this cabinet. This cabinet is also known as the Perikatan Nasional Cabinet (PN-Cabinet) which combined 15 political parties from the Perikatan Nasional (PN) component parties, with Barisan Nasional (BN) component parties, Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS) component parties and United Sabah Party (PBS) as allied partners providing confidence and supply.
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Sabah, Malaysia, in March 2020. As of 27 January 2021, there are 47,737 confirmed cases.
The Malaysia Government Movement Control Order, commonly referred to as the MCO or PKP, is a series of national quarantine and cordon sanitaire measures implemented by the federal government of Malaysia in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country starting on 18 March 2020. The orders have been commonly referred to in local and international media as "lockdowns". MCO measures encompassed restrictions on movement, assembly and international travel, and mandated the closure of business, industry, government and educational institutions to curb the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
This article documents the chronology of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, which originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Some developments may become known or fully understood only in retrospect. Reporting on this outbreak began in December 2019.
This article documents the chronology of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic in January 2021, which originated in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Some developments may become known or fully understood only in retrospect. Reporting on this pandemic began in December 2019.
Events in the year 2021 in Malaysia.
The National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme, abbreviated as NIP or PICK, is a national vaccination campaign that is currently being implemented by the Malaysian government as an approach in curbing the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to end the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia by successfully achieving the herd immunity among its citizens and non-citizens that are residing in Malaysia. It is the largest immunisation programme implemented in the history of the country and it is being administrated by The Special Committee For Ensuring Access To COVID-19 Vaccine Supply (JKJAV) since early 2021.
The COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia has had far-reaching social consequences on the country that went beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to eliminate it, including the registration of births, deaths and marriages, mass gatherings, education, and sports activities.
The Government of Malaysia along with various non governmental organisations (NGOs), companies, and foreign governments introduced various financial aid and relief programs in response to the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia. In 27 March 2020, Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin introduced an economic stimulus package known as the Prihatin worth RM250 billion.
The 2021 Malaysian Proclamation of Emergency was a federal proclamation of emergency issued by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Al-Sultan Abdullah of Pahang to curb the spread of COVID-19 in Malaysia that was in effect from 12 January 2021 to 1 August 2021 nationwide except Sarawak, where the proclamation was not lifted along with other states on 1 August 2021 for the purpose of delaying the Sarawak state election to 2022.