COVID-19 pandemic in Cusco

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COVID-19 pandemic in Cusco
COVID-19 Cases in Cusco.svg
COVID-19 cases by province, as of March 8
COVID-19 Deaths in Cusco.svg
COVID-19 deaths by province, as of March 8
COVID-19 Cusco Team.jpg
Disinfection of streets in the city of Cusco.png
Villa EsSalud Cusco - COVID-19 Attention Center.jpg
Police officer wearing a mask, while conducting surveillance near a church in Cusco.jpg
Clockwise from top:
  • Combat team against COVID-19 of the city of Cusco
  • Villa EsSalud for the early treatment of patients with COVID-19
  • Police officer conducting surveillance in the city after free movement restrictions
  • Street disinfection equipment to prevent the spread of the virus.
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Cusco, Peru
First outbreak United States
Index case Cusco
Arrival dateMarch 13, 2020 (2020-03-13) – present (1 year, 8 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Confirmed cases95 137 (GERESA),
35 941 (MINSA)
Hospitalized cases323 (GERESA)
Ventilator cases36 (GERESA)
Recovered86 426 (MINSA)
Deaths
2 012 (GERESA),
759 (MINSA)
Territories
13 provinces
Government website
COVID-19 Dashboard Cusco Region

The COVID-19 pandemic in Cuzco is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was reported to have spread to Cusco on 13 March 2020, when a 37-year-old man who had travelled to United States tested positive. [1] The start of the epidemic outbreak in The country, also called "community transmission", was announced on March 17, 2020, while the first death was reported a week later. [2] As time passed, the outbreak spread throughout the department, Paruro being the last province to report its first positive case on May 6, 2020. In the district of Villa Virgen, La Convención Province, a first positive case of contagion by COVID-19 was confirmed on August 24, 2020, becoming the last district of the department to declare the presence of infected persons. The exponential increase in infections, which occurred since the third week of July, positioned Cuzco as the third department with the most cases in Peru.

Timeline

Suspected cases

The first suspected cases of contagion in the department were reported on January 29, when the Regional Health Directorate (DIRESA) Cusco announced the identification of two patients (two Chinese citizens who arrived in the country from the city of Beijing) with suspicious symptoms of COVID -19 at the Regional Hospital of Cusco. [3] Later, on February 4, the tests of the two patients were negative according to the statements of the National Institute of Health (INS). [4]

Another three suspected cases were registered on March 2, when two Cusco citizens from Italy and a French citizen presented symptoms related to the disease. They were immediately isolated in the Regional Hospital of Cusco, where samples for coronavirus were taken. [5] [6] The next day, the tests of the three patients, sent to Lima, were negative, according to the health authorities. [7]

On March 9, DIRESA Cusco announced up to four suspected cases of COVID-19. They were two tourists, a Colombian, who was traveling in the United States and Ecuador, and a Frenchman, and two other citizens of Urubamba, (of the latter, no further scope or information is given). The tourists presented respiratory infection and various symptoms compatible with the disease (fever, cough, sore throat and diarrhea). Foreigners remain in isolation until test results are obtained.

Jean Paul Benavente Garcia (Governor of Cusco), in the company of the health authorities of DIRESA Cusco giving a conference after the first positive case of COVID-19 in the department Governor of Cusco accompanied by the health authorities of DIRESA Cusco confirm the first case of COVID-19 in the department.png
Jean Paul Benavente García (Governor of Cusco), in the company of the health authorities of DIRESA Cusco giving a conference after the first positive case of COVID-19 in the department
Disinfection of streets in the city of Cusco.png
Villa EsSalud Cusco - COVID-19 Attention Center.jpg
In the upper image you can see members of the cleaning staff disinfecting streets of Cuzco's historic center and in the lower image, the inauguration of a Villa EsSalud early care for patients COVID-19 in Cuzco.

Responses

State and regional governments

Curfew

New measures applied by department of the country, according to the Government of Peru. Nuevas Medidas - Nivel Muy Alto COVID-19 - Gobierno del Peru.jpg
New measures applied by department of the country, according to the Government of Peru.
Military wearing his mask while conducting surveillance at the VRAEM during the COVID-19 pandemic. Vigilancia de camino vraem.jpg
Military wearing his mask while conducting surveillance at the VRAEM during the COVID-19 pandemic.

On January 26, 2021, due to the resurgence of a second wave and a greater incidence in the violation of quarantine, the government once again establishes a series of measures to contain the advance of COVID-19 in the country. According to the new measures adopted, the country's departments would be classified by risk levels according to the number of infections that are registered. The department of Cusco was considered at a very high level, and the measures would be in effect from January 31 to February 14. [8]

On February 11, the government announced an extension of the quarantine, based on a reform of the system in which it has decided to implement measures at the provincial level. In the department of Cuzco, the provinces of La Convención and Canchis rise to the extreme level, while the remaining eleven provinces remain below the very high level. This extension implies that the application deadline is no longer February 14, but February 28. The measures included; [9]

  • Mandatory social immobilization from February 15.
  • The supply centers will only be able to operate until 18:00 UTC-5.
  • Prohibition of consumption in restaurants (allowance of service to delivery).
  • Suspension of celebrations, such as: festivals, patronal festivals, civil activities or meetings of all kinds.
  • The transit of private vehicles is still limited, with the exception of work reasons having obtained a transit pass.
Risk level by province of Cuzco
Risk levelProvinceMap
Moderate
  • None
COVID-19 restrictions in Cusco.svg

(See interactive map)
High
  • None
Very High
  • Acomayo
  • Anta
  • Calca
  • Canas
  • Chumbivilcas
  • Espinar
  • Paruro
  • Paucartambo
Extreme
  • Canchis
  • Cuzco
  • La Convención
  • Quispicanchi
  • Urubamba
Weekly risk level by province of Cuzco
Week ACO ANT CAL CAN CAC CUZ CHU ESP LCN PAR PAU QUI URU
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
  Alert level:: Extreme
  Alert level: Very high
  Alert level: High
  Alert level: Moderate

Economic plan

The economic reactivation process in Cusco will consist of 3 phases, announced the Regional Government of Cusco:

Economic reactivation process in Cusco
SectorProposed investment
Transport and communication S/ 2 477 269 997
Agricultural S/ 455 525 650
Health S/ 380 649 853
Education S/ 219 188 976
Energy and mines S/ 85 958 535
Sanitation S/ 56 345 726
Tourism S/ 29 919 030
TotalS/ 3704 857 767

Medical response

Mechanical ventilators

The COVID-19 outbreak in the country caused the health systems of several departments to go through a sanitary collapse and decided to make efforts to obtain mechanical ventilators and other medical supplies.

At the beginning of April, Cusco had 10 mechanical ventilators being expanded to * their capacity. [10] [11] At the Antonio Lorena Hospital, for example, during the first week of April the number of ventilators increased from five to ten in one week, said Jean Paul Benavente in an interview with Gestión. [12] At the Quillabamba Hospital, for its part, two mechanical ventilators were implemented due to the accelerated increase in positive cases in the province during the middle of 2020. [13]

Laboratories

During January and February 2020, when the coronavirus was just being studied, the only Peruvian laboratory that could detect COVID-19 was the INS. The first suspected cases reported were ruled out by a result after approximately 24 hours. by an INS certificate, since initially the samples taken in Cuzco had to be sent to Lima for future analysis. It was not until March 18, when the Regional Government of Cusco, through its Facebook account, made official the inauguration of the first laboratory suitable for the discard of COVID-19 in the department. In turn, it was announced that the laboratory would also receive samples from Apurímac, Madre de Dios and Puno. [14] Later, through its website, the INS confirms the existence of three laboratories (one private and two public) that work for the discarding of COVID-19 with molecular tests in the department, including the Integra Medica Peru Clinic, the Adolfo Guevara Velasco National Hospital and the Cusco Regional Hospital. [15]

Testing

On May 19, MINSA delivered 7,850 rapid tests for the detection of COVID-19. Likewise, it also sent more than 2.2 tons of personal protective equipment for later distribution in different health points of the department. Later, on May 21, the Antapaccay mining company would deliver 5,000 rapid tests, an ambulance, and modern COVID-19 patient care equipment, which included multipurpose stretchers, vital function monitors, a multipurpose clinical bed, and a mechanical ventilator, destined for the Yauri Hospital, the main medical center in the province of Espinar. On August 27, the Camisea Consortium delivered more than 3,600 rapid COVID-19 tests, four secretion aspirators and five tents to the Micro Health Network - Camisea.

Vaccination

Vaccines in Cuzco

Background

Purchase agreements

On February 8, 2021, during a meeting between officials of the regional government and the minister of foreign trade and tourism, they discussed the demand that the department requires for 500,000 vaccines to immunize 250,000 Cuzco residents in the next four months.

Beginning and development of vaccination

On February 9, 2021, the first batch of 1,139 vaccines against COVID-19 arrived in the department of Cuzco. The vaccines would be deployed in three hospital centers; that of Cuzco, Sicuani and Quillabamba. This first batch is reserved for the immunization of the department's health personnel, who belong to the first phase of vaccination in the country. [16] Later, on February 18, a second batch of 6,481 doses of the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine arrived at the Cusco, in order to continue with the vaccination of health personnel in the first line of action.29 According to a report by Ideario, 7% of the department's health personnel refused to be vaccinated against COVID-19 during the first immunization process in the health sector.30 On March 3, it was made public that five doctors and 10 nurses from the Regional Hospital of Cusco, who received the first dose of the Sinopharm BIBP vaccine on February 10, were infected with COVID-19. All patients were also reported to be stable and in isolation at home.

COVID-19 vaccination
(in the departament of Cuzco)
Red
Day
Canas-Canchis-EspinarCusco NorteCusco SurLa ConvenciónChumbivilcasKimbiri-PichariGORE CuscoEsSaludTotalSource
CumulativeNewCml.NewCml.NewCml.NewCml.NewCml.NewCml.NewCml.NewCml.New
2021/02/1816716739139143343314114193932062063 7163 7169019014 6174 617 [17]
2021/02/256424751 6081 2171 2818484272863562633691638 1974 4811 5346339 7315 114 [18]
2021/03/0264531 4612441 33251534107459103392238 6944971 74621210 440709 [19]
2021/03/04668231 7342731 42896558245266739428 9312371 746010 677237 [20]
2021/03/05733651 9432091 4421457618526039409 2483171 746010 994317 [21]
2021/03/06757241 953101 44315815530439519 302541 746011 04854 [22]
2021/03/0975811 981281 45411598175311408139 380781 746011 12678 [23]
2021/03/1075911 999181 45405980531041249 404241 746011 15024 [24]
2021/03/1176232 011121 461760465310422109 470661 746011 21666 [25]

Impacts

Social

As a result of the arrival of the coronavirus in Peru, on March 6, the situation generated a strong collective hysteria among consumers, which is why the alleged shortage of products in multiple supermarkets and grocery stores circulated on the networks. In Cusco, it was not until March 11, when it was reported that thousands of citizens were making purchases of groceries in an impulsive and unbridled manner after the provisions imposed by the Government of Peru. [26]

Education

A Cuzco child suffering from difficulties in accessing digital education, in the Mayrasco community. A child from Cusco suffers from the difficulties of access to technology in the educational sector.jpg
A Cuzco child suffering from difficulties in accessing digital education, in the Mayrasco community.
Schoolchildren without access to virtual classes
(in the departament of Cuzco) [27]
ProvinceStudents
La Convención 9 631
Cuzco 6 835
Canchis 2 593
Chumbivilcas 2 485
Quispicanchi 1 790
Urubamba 1 715
Calca 1 680
Anta 1 554
Paucartambo 1 487
Espinar 904
Canas 724
Acomayo 543
Paruro 422
Total32 363

The loss of classes caused by the postponement forced the ministry to consider distance education by creating the "Aprendo en casa" (Learn at home) program to make up classes. [28] Due to the difficulties derived from the scarcity of resources and the rugged geography of Peru, access to distance education continues to be an impediment to learning for minors in the department. Arturo Ferro Vásquez, Regional Director of Education for Cusco, reported in a statement that around 32,363 students did not have access to remote education in the department during 2020.

Prisons

Economic

Statistics

Maps

According to MINSA

According to GERESA

Graphs

Lag of cases (MINSA vs. GERESA)

Accumulated progress of cases, according to health entity.a

Daily progression according to MINSA

Daily cases and deaths, with a seven-day moving average.

  • Note 1: According to the Ministry of Health, on May 18, 2020 there was a decrease of -9 confirmed cases compared to the previous day.
  • Note 2: According to the Ministry of Health, on May 25, 2020 there was a decrease of -2 confirmed cases compared to the previous day.

Daily progression of tests (MINSA vs. GERESA)


  • Note 1: According to the Ministry of Health, on May 13, 2020 there was a decrease of -98 tests compared to the previous day.

Cases by provinces

ProvincePopulation
(2017)
Ministry of Health (Updt. 2021-01-24)Regional Directorate of Health (Updt. 2021-01-24) [29]
CasesDeathsCasesDeaths
Bandera de Cusco.png Cuzco 447 58852 215844
Bandera La Convencion-Quillabamba.png La Convención 147 1488 191116
Bandera Canchis.png Canchis 95 7743 97095
Bandera quispicanchi.png Quispicanchi 87 4302 95573
Bandera espinar.png Espinar 57 5822 66226
Bandera urubamba.png Urubamba 60 7392 30647
Bandera anta.png Anta 56 2062 17355
Bandera calca.png Calca 63 1551 46735
Bandera de Cusco.png Chumbivilcas 66 4101 24614
Bandera paucartambo.png Paucartambo 42 5046494
Bandera paruro.png Paruro 25 56755017
Bandera de Cusco.png Acomayo 22 94046014
Bandera canas.png Canas 32 48440915
Bandera de Cusco.png Other departments Unknown2 45270
Bandera de Cusco.png Total1 205 52727 26058981 7051 425

Demographics

Registry of cases and deaths by year and age based on data from the platform "Situation Room COVID-19 Region Cusco" provided by the Regional Health Management of Cusco.

Registry of cases by year and age until March 5, 2021
Age group
(Years)
2020 (2020-11-10) [30] 2021 (2021-03-05)Total
CasesDeathsCasesDeathsCasesDeaths
0-91 338226701 6052
10-191 562197122 5333
20-2916 750223 791420 54126
30-5941 62433910 06015051 684484
60+8 4748822 59749911 0711 387
Total69 7481 24617 68665587 4341 901

Charts

See also

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References

  1. "Coronavirus en Perú: Primer infectado por Covid-19 en Cusco regresó de los Estados Unidos" [Coronavirus in Peru: First infected by COVID-19 in Cusco returned from the United States]. Gestión (in Spanish). 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2021.