COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 Outbreak World Map per Capita.svg
Confirmed cases per 100,000 population
as of 25 October 2020
  •   >3,000
  •   1,000–3,000
  •   300–1,000
  •   100–300
  •   30–100
  •   0–30
  •   None or no data
Disease Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strain Severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2
(SARS-CoV-2)
SourceProbably bats, possibly via pangolins [1] [2]
Location Worldwide
First outbreak Mainland China [3]
Index case Wuhan, Hubei, China
30°37′11″N114°15′28″E / 30.61972°N 114.25778°E / 30.61972; 114.25778
Date1 December 2019 (2019-12-01) [3] – present
(10 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
Confirmed cases42,990,032 [4]
Active cases12,876,203 [4]
Recovered28,960,204 [4]
Deaths
1,153,625 [4]
Territories
189 [4]

This article provides a general overview and documents the status of locations affected by SARS-CoV-2, the virus which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. The first human cases of COVID-19 were identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019. The most recent country or territory to report its first confirmed case was Wallis and Futuna on 16 October 2020.

Contents

Statistics

Total cases and deaths

Total confirmed cases per country as of 25 October 2020.
1,000,000+
100,000-999,999
10,000-99,999
1,000-9,999
100-999
1-99
0 COVID-19 Outbreak World Map.svg
Total confirmed cases per country as of 25 October 2020.
  •   1,000,000+
  •   100,000–999,999
  •   10,000–99,999
  •   1,000–9,999
  •   100–999
  •   1–99
  •   0

As of 04:25 UTC on 26 October 2020, a total of 42,990,032 cases are confirmed in more than 227 countries and territories, [4] and 26 cruise and naval ships. [5] There are 12,876,203 active cases and 1,153,625 deaths. [4]

Cases by country as of early August, plotted on a logarithmic scale Trakectproes-Covid-confirmed-cases-since-100th-case.svg
Cases by country as of early August, plotted on a logarithmic scale

Map of death rates by country

Map of death rates per million citizens based on data published by national health agencies.

Total confirmed deaths per million of COVID-19 by country and territory:
100+ deaths per million inhabitants
10-100 deaths per million inhabitants
1-10 deaths per million inhabitants
0.1-1 deaths per million inhabitants
0.01-0.1 deaths per million inhabitants
No deaths or no data COVID-19 Outbreak World Map Total Deaths per Capita.svg
Total confirmed deaths per million of COVID-19 by country and territory:
  100+ deaths per million inhabitants
  10–100 deaths per million inhabitants
  1–10 deaths per million inhabitants
  0.1–1 deaths per million inhabitants
  0.01–0.1 deaths per million inhabitants
  No deaths or no data

Total cases and death rates by country

Cases and death rates are as reported by the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center. The figures may differ from those in the 'Total cases and deaths' table above, which are based on a variety of sources.

Cumulative monthly death totals by country

This table contains the cumulative number of monthly deaths from the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reported by each country and territory to the World Health Organization (WHO) and published in the WHO's daily situation reports.

Pandemic by region

COVID-19 cases and deaths by region, in absolute figures and per million inhabitants as of 24 October 2020 [340]
Region [341] Total casesTotal deathsCases per millionDeaths per millionPopulation
South America 9,256,264285,83121,697670426,617,930
South Asia 8,750,733132,8314,768721,835,297,503
North America 8,705,591233,89223,750638366,544,471
European Union and the UK 5,601,161206,69210,908403513,471,676
Middle East2,467,59457,3918,208191300,634,907
Russia and Central Asia1,970,97632,2138,163133241,451,034
Central America1,341,71099,5507,555561177,586,525
Sub-Saharan Africa 1,239,71628,0181,118251,108,683,833
Other Europe 1,070,60424,1136,431145166,471,088
Oceania and islands in East Asia884,36122,7381,54340573,046,988
North Africa 397,24410,9392,55770155,332,016
East Asia247,2386,57013841,795,327,024
Caribbean234,4843,9915,3409143,909,163
Totals (or average)42,167,6761,144,7695,4731497,704,374,158
New identified cases of COVID-19 weekly for top 7 regions in the world. Regional Covid-19 cases.png
New identified cases of COVID-19 weekly for top 7 regions in the world.
Deaths due to COVID-19 weekly for top 7 regions in the world. Regional Covid-19 deaths.png
Deaths due to COVID-19 weekly for top 7 regions in the world.

Africa

U.S. Air Force airmen unload a C-17 aircraft carrying approximately 1,800 kg (4,000 lb) of medical supplies in Niamey, Niger 23 April 2020. Air Forces Africa delivers medical supplies to Ghana (49829156488).jpg
U.S. Air Force airmen unload a C-17 aircraft carrying approximately 1,800 kg (4,000 lb) of medical supplies in Niamey, Niger 23 April 2020.

According to Michael Yao, WHO's head of emergency operations in Africa, early detection is vital because the continent's health systems "are already overwhelmed by many ongoing disease outbreaks". [342] [343] Advisers say that a strategy based on testing could allow African countries to minimise lockdowns that inflict enormous hardship on those who depend on income earned day by day to be able to feed themselves and their families. Even in the best scenario, the United Nations says 74 million test kits and 30,000 ventilators will be needed by the continent's 1.3 billion people in 2020. [344] The number of infections exceeded a million by 6 August, with five countries making up over 75% of the total confirmed cases: South Africa, Algeria, Egypt, Ghana, and Nigeria. [345] It is, however, believed that there is widespread under-reporting in other African countries with poorer health care systems, [346] and some countries such as Tanzania failed to provide useful statistics. The mortality rates of COVID-19 cases in African countries are relatively low compared to Europe due to the younger age of their populations. [345]

Cases have been confirmed in all African countries, with Lesotho the last country to report its first coronavirus case on 13 May 2020. [347] There have been no reported cases in the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. [348]

Antarctica

As of 2 July, Antarctica is the only continent not yet reached by the COVID-19 pandemic. [349] [350]

Asia

Disinfection of Tehran Metro trains against coronavirus. Similar measures have also been taken in other countries. Disinfection of Tehran subway wagons against coronavirus 2020-02-26 09.jpg
Disinfection of Tehran Metro trains against coronavirus. Similar measures have also been taken in other countries.

The COVID-19 pandemic began when a cluster of mysterious pneumonia cases was detected in December 2019 in Wuhan and eventually spread to the rest of China. Afterwards, many other Asian countries started to confirm cases, with some of the most affected countries being South Korea, Turkey and Iran. A number of countries such as India and Malaysia also experienced a surge in cases following religious gatherings.

As of 30 April, cases have been reported in all Asian countries except for North Korea and Turkmenistan, both of which have suspected cases. The lack of cases in North Korea is disputed, given its shared border with China, while concerns have been raised about the ability for its health system to cope. [350] There have been no reported cases in the Australian Indian Ocean Territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. [348] [352]

Europe

A small number of initial cases in Europe were reported in France, Germany and other countries. On 21 February, a large outbreak was reported in Italy, mostly in the north near Milan. Cases grew rapidly as the outbreak spread across Europe. Cases have been confirmed in all European countries, with Montenegro the last country to report its first coronavirus case on 17 March 2020. [353] [354] [355] There have been no reported cases in the Norwegian jurisdiction of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. [350] The WHO declared Europe as the new epicenter of the virus after the situation improved in China. [356] On 26 May, the epicenter was declared by the WHO to have moved to the Americas. [357]

North America

A nurse prepares a patient for a procedure in the intensive care unit aboard the USNS Comfort, a hospital ship docked in Manhattan. COVID-19 Nurse.jpg
A nurse prepares a patient for a procedure in the intensive care unit aboard the USNS Comfort , a hospital ship docked in Manhattan.

The first cases in North America were reported in the United States in January 2020. Cases were reported in all North American countries after Saint Kitts and Nevis confirmed a case on 25 March, and in all North American territories after Bonaire confirmed a case on 16 April. [358]

On 26 March 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest number of confirmed COVID-19 infections, with over 82,000 cases. [359] On 11 April 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest official death toll for COVID-19, with over 20,000 deaths. [360] As of 12 October 2020 the total cases of COVID-19 are 7,740,934 with 214,108 total deaths. [361]

Canada reported 117,658 cases and 3,842 deaths on 30 July, while Mexico reported 416,179 cases and 46,000 deaths. [362] The most cases by state is Texas with about 17,279 deaths and over 849,000 confirmed cases.

Oceania

Barricades mark a closed border between New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Qld Border Closure - Coolangatta Boundary St.jpg
Barricades mark a closed border between New South Wales and Queensland in Australia.

The first confirmed case was in Melbourne, Victoria, on 25 January. [363] Many small Pacific island nations have thus far avoided the outbreak by closing their international borders.

As of 29 September, 44,854 cases have been reported in Oceania; the five territories reporting the most cases are: Australia (27,040), Hawaii (12,203), Guam (2,390), New Zealand (1,479), French Polynesia (1,099) and Papua New Guinea (516). 609 deaths have been reported in the region: Australia (872), Hawaii (132), Guam (46), New Zealand (25), Papua New Guinea (6), the Northern Mariana Islands (2), and Fiji (2). [364] Cases have also been reported in New Caledonia and Easter Island.

As of 26 October 2020, [365] no cases have been reported in the sovereign states of Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. [350] No cases have been reported in the territories of American Samoa (unincorporated territory of the United States), the Cook Islands and Niue (associated states of New Zealand), Norfolk Island (external territory of Australia), the Pitcairn Islands (British Overseas Territory), and Tokelau (dependent territory of New Zealand).

South America

Workers being trained to disinfect buses in Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil, 16 March 2020 Capacitacao dos profissionais da Saude que atuarao nos terminais de onibus - 49667698972.jpg
Workers being trained to disinfect buses in Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil, 16 March 2020

The coronavirus was first reported in South America on 26 February when Brazil confirmed a case in São Paulo. Since then, governments across the region have taken an array of actions to protect their citizens and contain the spread of COVID-19. [366] Brazil reported 100,000 cases of infection and 7,000 deaths on 3 May, [367] becoming the country with the ninth highest number of cases in the world. As of 30 Jun, Brazil is the second country in the global ranking with about 1.4 million cases.

As of 1 July, the other South American countries with the high number of cases are Peru (285,213), Chile (279,393), Colombia (95,269), Argentina (64,517), and Ecuador (56,432). [368]

Cases were reported in all South American countries after Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela confirmed their first cases on 13 March 2020, and in all South American territories after the Falkland Islands confirmed a case on 3 April 2020. [350]

International conveyances

By mid-March 2020, over 700 people were infected aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship. Diamond Princess (ship, 2004) - cropped.jpg
By mid-March 2020, over 700 people were infected aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship.

The outbreak spread to several cruise ships including the Diamond Princess, the Grand Princess , the World Dream , the MS Westerdam and the MS Braemar. [369] [370] [371] [372]

Cruise operators have either cancelled or changed their itineraries as countries across the world implement travel restrictions to curb the disease. Ports are[ when? ] refusing to accept cruise ships that have either been to Chinese ports or are carrying Chinese passengers.[ citation needed ]

The Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), which represents 90% of cruise operators, announced various precautionary measures being implemented by its members. All passengers who have traveled to or visited/transited through China (including Hong Kong and Macau) within 14 days before embarkation will be denied entry into cruise ships. Anyone in close contact with either suspected or diagnosed cases of coronavirus infection will also be denied entry. [373]

Timeline of first confirmed case by country

First COVID-19 cases by country or territory
DateCountry or territory
1 December 2019Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
13 January 2020Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
16 JanuaryFlag of Japan.svg Japan
20 JanuaryFlag of South Korea.svg South KoreaFlag of the United States.svg United States
21 JanuaryFlag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan [lower-alpha 1]
22 JanuaryFlag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong [lower-alpha 2] Flag of Macau.svg Macau [lower-alpha 2]
23 JanuaryFlag of Nepal.svg NepalFlag of Singapore.svg SingaporeFlag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam
24 JanuaryFlag of France.svg France
25 JanuaryFlag of Australia (converted).svg AustraliaFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg CanadaFlag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
27 JanuaryFlag of Cambodia.svg CambodiaFlag of Germany.svg GermanyFlag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
29 JanuaryFlag of Finland.svg FinlandFlag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
30 JanuaryFlag of India.svg IndiaFlag of Italy.svg ItalyFlag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
31 JanuaryFlag of Russia.svg RussiaFlag of Spain.svg SpainFlag of Sweden.svg SwedenFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
3 FebruaryFlag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
14 FebruaryFlag of Egypt.svg Egypt
19 FebruaryFlag of Iran.svg Iran
21 FebruaryFlag of Israel.svg IsraelFlag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon
24 FebruaryFlag of Afghanistan.svg AfghanistanFlag of Bahrain.svg BahrainFlag of Iraq.svg IraqFlag of Kuwait.svg KuwaitFlag of Oman.svg Oman
25 FebruaryFlag of Algeria.svg AlgeriaFlag of Austria.svg AustriaFlag of Brazil.svg BrazilFlag of Croatia.svg CroatiaFlag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
26 FebruaryFlag of Georgia.svg GeorgiaFlag of Greece.svg GreeceFlag of North Macedonia.svg North MacedoniaFlag of Norway.svg NorwayFlag of Pakistan.svg PakistanFlag of Romania.svg Romania
27 FebruaryFlag of Denmark.svg DenmarkFlag of Estonia.svg EstoniaFlag of the Netherlands.svg NetherlandsFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaFlag of San Marino.svg San Marino
28 FebruaryFlag of Azerbaijan.svg AzerbaijanFlag of Belarus.svg BelarusFlag of Iceland.svg IcelandFlag of Lithuania.svg LithuaniaFlag of Mexico.svg MexicoFlag of Monaco.svg MonacoFlag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
29 FebruaryFlag of Ecuador.svg EcuadorFlag of Ireland.svg IrelandFlag of Luxembourg.svg LuxembourgFlag of Qatar.svg Qatar
1 MarchFlag of Armenia.svg ArmeniaFlag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech RepublicFlag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican RepublicFlag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy [lower-alpha 3] Flag of France.svg Saint Martin [lower-alpha 3]
2 MarchFlag of Andorra.svg AndorraFlag of Indonesia.svg IndonesiaFlag of Jordan.svg JordanFlag of Latvia.svg LatviaFlag of Morocco.svg MoroccoFlag of Portugal.svg PortugalFlag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi ArabiaFlag of Senegal.svg SenegalFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
3 MarchFlag of Argentina.svg ArgentinaFlag of Chile.svg ChileFlag of Gibraltar.svg Gibraltar [lower-alpha 4] Flag of Liechtenstein.svg LiechtensteinFlag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
4 MarchFlag of the Faroe Islands.svg Faroe Islands [lower-alpha 5] Flag of France.svg French Guiana [lower-alpha 6] Flag of Hungary.svg HungaryFlag of Poland.svg PolandFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
5 MarchFlag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and HerzegovinaFlag of France.svg Martinique [lower-alpha 6] Flag of Palestine.svg PalestineFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa
6 MarchFlag of Bhutan.svg BhutanFlag of Cameroon.svg CameroonFlag of Colombia.svg ColombiaFlag of Costa Rica.svg Costa RicaFlag of Peru.svg PeruFlag of Serbia.svg SerbiaFlag of Slovakia.svg SlovakiaFlag of Togo.svg TogoFlag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City
7 MarchFlag of Maldives.svg MaldivesFlag of Malta.svg MaltaFlag of Moldova.svg MoldovaFlag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay
8 MarchFlag of Albania.svg AlbaniaFlag of Bangladesh.svg BangladeshFlag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
9 MarchFlag of Brunei.svg BruneiFlag of Cyprus.svg CyprusFlag of Guernsey.svg Guernsey [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Panama.svg Panama
10 MarchFlag of Bolivia.svg BoliviaFlag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina FasoFlag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg DR CongoFlag of Jamaica.svg JamaicaFlag of Jersey.svg Jersey [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Mongolia.svg MongoliaFlag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
11 MarchFlag of Cuba.svg CubaFlag of French Polynesia.svg French Polynesia [lower-alpha 3] Flag of Guyana.svg GuyanaFlag of Honduras (2008 Olympics).svg HondurasFlag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory CoastFlag of France.svg Réunion [lower-alpha 6]
12 MarchFlag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesFlag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
13 MarchFlag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and BarbudaFlag of Aruba.svg Aruba [lower-alpha 8] Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands [lower-alpha 4] Flag of Curacao.svg Curaçao [lower-alpha 8] Flag of Ethiopia.svg EthiopiaFlag of Gabon.svg GabonFlag of Ghana.svg GhanaFlag of France.svg Guadeloupe [lower-alpha 6] Flag of Guatemala.svg GuatemalaFlag of Guinea.svg GuineaFlag of Kazakhstan.svg KazakhstanFlag of Kenya.svg KenyaFlag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico [lower-alpha 9] Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint LuciaFlag of Sudan.svg SudanFlag of Suriname.svg SurinameFlag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg U.S. Virgin Islands [lower-alpha 9] Flag of Uruguay.svg UruguayFlag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela
14 MarchFlag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African RepublicFlag of the Republic of the Congo.svg CongoFlag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial GuineaFlag of Eswatini.svg EswatiniFlag of Mauritania.svg MauritaniaFlag of France.svg Mayotte [lower-alpha 6] Flag of Namibia.svg NamibiaFlag of Rwanda.svg RwandaFlag of the Seychelles.svg Seychelles
15 MarchFlag of the United Kingdom.svg Akrotiri and Dhekelia [lower-alpha 4] Flag of the Bahamas.svg BahamasFlag of Guam.svg Guam [lower-alpha 9] Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
16 MarchFlag of Benin.svg BeninFlag of Greenland.svg Greenland [lower-alpha 5] Flag of Liberia.svg LiberiaFlag of Somalia.svg SomaliaFlag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
17 MarchFlag of Barbados.svg BarbadosFlag of The Gambia.svg GambiaFlag of Montenegro.svg MontenegroFlag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten [lower-alpha 8]
18 MarchFlag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda [lower-alpha 4] Flag of Djibouti.svg DjiboutiFlag of El Salvador.svg El SalvadorFlag of Kyrgyzstan.svg KyrgyzstanFlag of Mauritius.svg MauritiusFlag of Montserrat.svg Montserrat [lower-alpha 4] Flag of FLNKS.svg New Caledonia [lower-alpha 10] Flag of Nicaragua.svg NicaraguaFlag of Zambia.svg Zambia
19 MarchFlag of Angola.svg AngolaFlag of Chad.svg ChadFlag of Fiji.svg FijiFlag of Haiti.svg HaitiFlag of the Isle of Man.svg Isle of Man [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Niger.svg Niger
20 MarchFlag of Cape Verde.svg Cape VerdeFlag of East Timor.svg East TimorFlag of Madagascar.svg MadagascarFlag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New GuineaFlag of Uganda.svg UgandaFlag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe
21 MarchFlag of Eritrea.svg EritreaFlag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria [lower-alpha 11]
22 MarchFlag of Aland.svg Åland Islands [lower-alpha 12] Flag of Dominica.svg DominicaFlag of Grenada.svg GrenadaFlag of Mozambique.svg MozambiqueFlag of Syria.svg