COVID-19 pandemic in Transnistria

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COVID-19 pandemic in Transnistria
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Transnistria
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case Bender and Rîbnița [1]
Arrival date21 March 2020
(1 year, 4 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Confirmed cases51,193 (49,159 reported by the PMR, [2] 2,037 reported by Moldova [3] )
Recovered48,612 (47,479 reported by the PMR, 1,133 reported by Moldova)
Deaths
1,227 (35 reported by the PMR, 1,192 reported by Moldova)
Government website
Coronavirus: official data
External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Governmental campaign "Stay home". 24 March 2020
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Police cars on a street of Tiraspol with speakers urging people to remain in home. 25 March 2020
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Erection of a border between Varnița (under Moldova administration) and Bender (within Transnistrian control), aiming tension between both sides. 17 March 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Transnistria (internationally recognised as a part of Moldova) in March 2020.

Contents

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. [4] [5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [6] [7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [8] [6]

Timeline

March 2020

April 2020

Vaccines

An agreement was made with Russia in December 2020 to receive 300,000 doses of the Sputnik V vaccine, but these had not been received as of late February. Moldova has stated it will provide 10% of all vaccines it obtains to Transnistria. [20]

Statistics

Total No. of cases:

Total number of cases by age (21 January 2021): [21]

See also

Related Research Articles

Transnistria Breakaway state in Eastern Europe that has declared independence from Moldova

Transnistria, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), is a breakaway state in the narrow strip of land between the river Dniester and the Ukrainian border that is internationally recognized as part of Moldova. Its capital and largest city is Tiraspol. Transnistria has been recognised by only three other mostly unrecognised breakaway states: Abkhazia, Artsakh, and South Ossetia. Transnistria is designated by the Republic of Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status, or Stînga Nistrului.

Bender, Moldova Place in Transnistria, Moldova

Bender or Bendery, also known as Tighina, is a city within the internationally recognized borders of Moldova under de facto control of the unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria) (PMR) since 1992. It is located on the western bank of the river Dniester in the Romanian historical region of Bessarabia.

Transnistria War Early 1990s armed conflict between Moldova and self-proclaimed Transnistria

The Transnistria War was an armed conflict that broke out in 2 November 1990 in Dubăsari between pro-Transnistria (PMR) forces, including the Transnistrian Republican Guard, militia and Cossack units, and pro-Moldovan forces, including Moldovan troops and police. Fighting intensified on 1 March 1992 and, alternating with ad hoc ceasefires, lasted throughout the spring and early summer of 1992 until a ceasefire was declared on 21 July 1992, which has held. The conflict is sometimes known as the Moldo-Russian war in Moldova and Romania.

Yevgeny Shevchuk

Yevgeny Vasilyevich Shevchuk was the 2nd President of the internationally unrecognized Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic, better known as Transnistria. He was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria from 2000 until his election as president in 2011. Furthermore, he was speaker of Pridnestrovian Supreme Soviet from 2005 to 2009, and the leader of the political party Obnovlenie until 2010. Shevchuk is an ethnic Ukrainian and a citizen of both Transnistria and Russia.

Public holidays in Transnistria Wikipedia list article

Public holidays in Transnistria lists the official public holidays recognized by the breakaway Transnistrian government. On these days, government offices, offices of foreign missions and some shops, are closed. If the date of observance falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday will be a day off in lieu of the holiday.

Moldova–Russia relations Bilateral diplomatic relations

Moldova–Russia relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation.

Armed Forces of Transnistria

The Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, are the military forces of the unrecognized state of Transnistria. The Armed Forces were created on 6 September 1991 to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, in accordance with Article 11 of the Republic's Constitution.

Nina Shtanski

Nina Viktorovna Shtanski is a Transnistrian former state politician and public figure. She has been the Deputy Prime Minister for the International Cooperation of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic from 24 January 2012 to 2 September 2015. Ph.D. (2012). She became an honoured foreign service officer Transnistrian Moldovan Republic in 2012. She held the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.

Vadim Krasnoselsky

Vadim Nikolaevich Krasnoselsky is a Transnistrian politician who is the 3rd and current President of Transnistria. Previously, he served as a member of the Supreme Council of Transnistria from the 7th district, as 6th Speaker of the Supreme Council (2015–2016) and the 7th Minister of the Interior.

Republic Day of Transnistria

The Republic Day of Transnistria also known in the West as Independence Day or National Day is the main state holiday in the partially recognized republic of Transnistria. This date is celebrated annually on September 2.

COVID-19 pandemic in Russia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Russia

The COVID-19 pandemic in Russia is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Russia on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese citizens in Tyumen (Siberia) and Chita tested positive for the virus, with both cases being contained. Early prevention measures included restricting the border with China and extensive testing. The infection spread from Italy on 2 March, leading to additional measures such as cancelling events, closing schools, theatres, and museums, as well as shutting the border and declaring a non-working period which, after two extensions, lasted until 11 May 2020. By the end of March 2020, the vast majority of federal subjects, including Moscow, had imposed lockdowns. By 17 April 2020, cases had been confirmed in all federal subjects. At the beginning of September 2020, the number of COVID-19 cases in Russia reached a million. The number of COVID-19 cases in the country also reached two million on 19 November 2020, three million on 26 December 2020, four million on 10 February 2021 and five million on 23 May 2021. At the end of 2020, there were nearly 3.2 million COVID-19 cases in Russia. On 3 April 2021, the number of COVID-19 deaths in the country reached 100,000.

COVID-19 pandemic in Belarus Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Belarus

The COVID-19 pandemic in Belarus is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Belarus, when the first case of COVID-19 in the country was registered in Minsk on 28 February 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Moldova Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Moldova

The COVID-19 pandemic in Moldova is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached the Republic of Moldova on 7 March 2020, when a Moldovan woman who returned from Italy tested positive for the novel coronavirus. As the number of infected people started to rise during the next days, the Parliament declared a state of emergency on 17 March 2020 for the entire territory of the Republic of Moldova for a period of 60 days.

There are no confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Turkmenistan. The government has worked to control information about the virus, and experts suspect that it may be spreading in the country unreported.

COVID-19 pandemic in Abkhazia Details of ongoing viral pandemic in Republic of Abkhazia

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Abkhazia in April 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in North Asia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in North Asia

The first cases of the COVID-19 pandemic were confirmed in North Asia on 31 January 2020. Early prevention measures included restricting the border with China and extensive testing. Later measures included cancelling events, closing schools, theatres and museums, shutting the border, and declaring a non-working period which is currently in effect until at least 30 April. By the end of March, lockdowns were imposed in the vast majority of federal subjects. By 17 April, cases were confirmed in all federal subjects.))

COVID-19 vaccination in Romania started on 27 December 2020. It was announced that the process would be divided into three phases. Medical personnel would be vaccinated first, followed by the population at risk, and finally by the rest of the population. Vaccination was declared free and non-mandatory. As of May 2021, four types of vaccines were authorized to be used in Romania. This is the largest vaccination campaign in the modern history of Romania.

COVID-19 vaccination in Russia

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Russia is an ongoing mass immunization campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country. Mass vaccinations began in December 2020, starting with primarily doctors, medical workers and teachers, and in January 2021, this was extended to the entire population.

COVID-19 vaccination in Moldova started on 2 March 2021. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Moldova was very reliant on external help from other countries, having received donations of vaccines from Romania, the United Arab Emirates, Russia and China. In fact, Moldova's vaccination campaign started due to a donation from Romania on 27 February 2021 composed of 21,600 Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine doses, with the first vaccinated person in the country being Alexandru Botizatu. Romania had promised earlier, on 29 December 2020, that it would help Moldova with a collaboration project which would include 200,000 vaccine doses to help Moldova combat the pandemic, but also other matters of the country. Romania subsequently made more donations on 27 March 2021 with 50,400 vaccine units; on 17 April 2021 with 132,000 vaccine doses, fulfilling its promise to Moldova; and on 7 May 2021 with 100,800 vaccine units even though this surpassed the promised 200,000 vaccine doses.

Proposed Russian annexation of Transnistria Proposed annexation of Transnistria by Russia

It has been proposed that Transnistria, a separatist breakaway state internationally recognized as part of Moldova, be annexed by Russia. Transnistria is a territory that separated itself from Moldova due to fear of a possible unification of the latter with Romania. This sparked the Transnistria War of 1992, in which the Russian-backed Transnistria managed to stay separate from Moldova. Despite this, to date, Transnistria is legally and internationally considered as a part of Moldova.

References

  1. "В Приднестровье зарегистрированы первые случаи заболевания коронавирусом". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 21 March 2020.
  2. "Коронавирус: официальная информация по Приднестровью".
  3. "COVID-19 în Republica Moldova: situaţia la zi" [COVID-19 in the Republic of Moldova: current situation]. gismoldova.maps.arcgis.com (in Romanian). Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  4. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN   1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. 1 2 "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  8. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. "Quarantine announcement - preventative measure". Novosti Pridnestrovya. 12 March 2020.
  10. "Защитно-ограничительные меры, которые будут действовать в Приднестровье до 5 апреля". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 16 March 2020.
  11. "В Указ президента "О введении чрезвычайного положения на территории Приднестровской Молдавской Республики" внесены изменения". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 18 March 2020.
  12. Soltan, Irina (21 March 2020). "Au fost confirmate 14 cazuri noi de infecție cu COVID-19. Bilanțul îmbolnăvirilor se ridică la 80 de persoane". Agora (in Romanian).
  13. "Общественный транспорт временно прекращает свою работу". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 23 March 2020.
  14. "UPDATE // Câte persoane din stânga Nistrului sunt infectate cu noul coronavirus". Telegraph (in Romanian). 23 March 2020.
  15. "Оперштаб: "Обязать граждан иметь при себе паспорт"". Ministry of Internal Affairs of Transnistria (in Russian). 30 March 2020.
  16. "Три человека скончались в Слободзейской ЦРБ". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 31 March 2020.
  17. "Президент подписал указ о запрете экспорта продовольственных товаров". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 7 April 2020.
  18. "Оперштаб: ещё раз о масках..." Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 14 April 2020.
  19. https://regnum.ru/news/society/2923973.html
  20. Kuznetsov, Sergei (26 February 2021). "Russia's coronavirus vaccine makes inroads in conflict territories". Politico. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  21. 1 2 Republican Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology
  22. "Данные по коронавирусу COVID-19 в Приднестровье (информация обновляется)". Novosti Pridnestrovya (in Russian). 10 April 2020.