COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea

Last updated

COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea
South Korea Doses Given by Province map per population (as of 1st of July).png
South Korea. Percentage with total doses given as of 2 March 2022. [1]
Date26 February 2021 (2021-02-26) – present
Location South Korea
Cause COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea

COVID-19 vaccination in South Korea is an ongoing immunization campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country.

Contents

Vaccination program

Daily updates are provided by Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. [2]


Vaccines delivered per pharmaceutical company as of 4 May 2022 [refresh]

  Pfizer-BioNTech (11,488,000) (46.10%)
  Oxford-AstraZeneca (11,268,000) (45.22%)
  Moderna (1,151,000) (4.62%)
  Janssen (1,012,800) (4.06%)

As of 5 July 2021, due to vaccine shortages, the vaccination rate has been slowed down since 20 June. The vaccination rate remains 29% for more than two weeks. [3] According to JoongAng Ilbo, as of 5 July, the remaining amount of the COVID-19 vaccine is 1.8 million doses, including 1.4 million from Pfizer. [4]

On 6 July 2021, it is reported that South Korea has signed a deal with Israel to borrow 700,000 expiring doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech's vaccine. South Korea will return the same amount of vaccines to Israel around September or October of this year. [4] [5]

On 29 November 2021, President Moon Jae-in urged the rapid administration of booster shots against COVID-19, in response to an increased number of severe cases and deaths following the easing of anti-virus rules. [6]

Background

On 10 February 2021, South Korea granted its first approval of a COVID-19 vaccine to Oxford–AstraZeneca, allowing the two-shot regimen to be administered to all adults, including the elderly. The approval came with a warning, however, that consideration is needed when administering the vaccine to individuals over 65 years of age due to limited data from that demographic in clinical trials. [7] [8]

On 14 April 2021, The additional 250,000 doses of Pfizer/BioNTech vaccines arrived in the country. [9]

On 3 June 2021, the United States donated one million doses of Johnson & Johnson's vaccine to South Korea. The United States initially announced to donate 550,000 doses to South Korean troops working in close contact with American forces. [10] [11]

On 19 August 2021, Romania decided to donate 450,000 expiring Moderna vaccines to South Korea. [12]

Vaccines on order

Vaccine doseProgressDoses orderedManufacturerRemarks
Oxford-AstraZeneca Approved for use20 million Flag of South Korea.svg SK Bioscience -
up to 2.6 million Flag of South Korea.svg SK Bioscience
Flag of Italy.svg Catalent
COVAX
Pfizer–BioNTech Approved for use96 million Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Pfizer -
up to 0.4 million Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Pfizer COVAX
0.7 million Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Pfizer Vaccine swap from Israel [13]
1 million Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Pfizer Vaccine swap from Romania
Janssen Approved for use6 million Flag of the United States.svg Emergent BioSolutions -
1.4 millionAn offer from the United States [14]
Moderna Approved for use40 million Flag of Switzerland.svg Lonza
Flag of South Korea.svg Samsung Biologics
-
0.4 million Flag of Switzerland.svg Lonza An offer from Romania
Novavax Approved for use40 million Flag of South Korea.svg SK Bioscience -
Sputnik V Pre-reviewNone Flag of South Korea.svg Hankook Korus Pharm-

Timetable

VaccineManufacturerSubmitted EUA ApprovalDeployment
Green check.svg Oxford-AstraZeneca Flag of South Korea.svg SK Bioscience 4 January 2021None10 February 2021 [15] 26 February 2021 [16]
Flag of Italy.svg Catalent 4 January 202112 May 202121 May 202114 May 2021
Green check.svg Pfizer–BioNTech Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Pfizer 25 January 20213 February 2021 [17] 5 March 2021 [18] 27 February 2021 [19]
Green check.svg Janssen Flag of the United States.svg Emergent BioSolutions 27 February 2021None7 April 2021 [20] 10 June 2021 [21]
Green check.svg Moderna Flag of Switzerland.svg Lonza 12 April 2021None21 May 2021 [22] 17 June 2021 [23]
Flag of South Korea.svg Samsung Biologics PendingPendingPendingPending
Novavax Flag of South Korea.svg SK Bioscience PendingPendingPendingPending

Production

AstraZeneca signed a deal with South Korea's SK Bioscience to manufacture its vaccine products. The collaboration calls for the SK Bioscience to manufacture AZD1222 for local and global markets. [24] The World Health Organization approved AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use on February. The initial approval covers doses produced by AstraZeneca and South Korea's SK Bioscience. [25]

South Korea's Korus Pharm has formed a consortium to produce Russia's Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine. the consortium will produce 500 million doses of the vaccine. [26] However, The Sputnik V doses manufactured in South Korea are not for domestic use. [27] The vaccine is to be exported to Russia and UAE. [28]

Novavax will license out its NVX-CoV2373 vaccine technology to SK Bioscience for contract manufacturing purposes. SK Bioscience will manufacture 40 million doses of Novavax vaccines. [29]

Vaccines in trial stage

On 2 March 2022, SK Bioscience submitted investigational new drug for GBP510 COVID-19 vaccine candidate to Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, for Phase III clinical trial. SK Bioscience plans its Phase III trial in form of comparative effectiveness clinical trial, targeting 4,000 people in South Korea.

VaccineType (technology)Phase IPhase IIPhase III
INO-4800 DNAGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedIn progress
GX-19 (GX-19N)DNAGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressIn progress
EuCorVac-19 SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
GBP510 SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedGreen check.svg CompletedIn progress
AdCLD-CoV19 Viral vectorGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
GLS-5310DNAGreen check.svg CompletedIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
NBP2001SubunitGreen check.svg CompletedDark Red x.svg Not YetDark Red x.svg Not Yet
EG-COVIDmRNAIn progressIn progressDark Red x.svg Not Yet
IN-B009SubunitIn progressDark Red x.svg Not YetDark Red x.svg Not Yet

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References

  1. South Korea COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Provinces Map. By George Karabassis.
  2. "코로나19 백신 및 예방접종: 안전하고, 신속하게 추진합니다" (Press release) (in Korean). Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  3. "어제 1차 접종자 '0명'… 백신 부족에 접종속도 급격히 느려져" [Yesterday's 1st vaccination '0'... Vaccination rate is rapidly slowed]. Asian Economy. 5 July 2021.
  4. 1 2 "백신 보릿고개 韓, 기한 다된 이스라엘 화이자 백신 빌린다" [Vaccine shortage, Korea borrows expiring Pfizer vaccine from Israel]. JoongAng Ilbo. 7 July 2021.
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  26. Choi, Moon-hee (26 February 2021). "South Korean Companies to Produce Russia's Sputnik V Vaccine". Businesskorea. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
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  28. Kim, Byeong-ho (23 February 2021). "주문량만 6억5000도스, 국내 생산 러 백신 공장 가보니". Maeil Business (in Korean). Retrieved 1 March 2021.
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