COVID-19 pandemic in Newfoundland and Labrador

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Newfoundland and Labrador
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Arrival dateMarch 14, 2020 [1]
(1 year, 10 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Confirmed cases14,522
Active cases2,666
Hospitalized cases18
Critical cases1
Recovered11,816
Deaths
30
Fatality rate0.21%
Vaccinations
  • 465,046 (96.20% aged 12+ with at least one dose)
  • 450,386 (93.17% aged 12+ fully vaccinated)
Government website
Newfoundland and Labrador Covid-19 Pandemic Update Hub

The COVID-19 pandemic in Newfoundland and Labrador is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As of January 21, 2022, there have been 14,522 cases and thirty deaths confirmed in Newfoundland and Labrador, and 464,060 tests have been completed.

Contents

The Province of Newfoundland and Labrador has the ninth-most cases (out of ten provinces and three territories) of COVID-19 in Canada. The province is leading Canada with the highest vaccination rates. [2]

The province announced its first presumptive case on March 14, 2020, and declared a public health emergency on March 18. Health orders, including the closure of non-essential businesses, and mandatory self-isolation for all travelers entering the province (even from within Canada) were enacted over the days that followed. After the initial outbreaks, the number of cases in Newfoundland remained relatively low, with several stretches of days with no cases over early-to-mid-2020. The province began a gradual lifting of restrictions on a five-stage scale on May 11, 2020.

Cases continued to remain relatively low and stable over the summer months of 2020, although several clusters (including the first case involving a school student) emerged in November and December. In February 2021, the province began to experience a major surge in new cases and community transmission, including its largest single-day increases to-date. On February 12, 2021, a second lockdown was declared after samples from these cases tested positive for the highly-transmissible SARS-CoV2 variant B.1.1.7. The province began to emerge from the second lockdown on February 27, returning to its prior state (Alert Level 2) with modifications on March 27, 2021.

Following the return to Alert Level 2 on March 27, cases remained low up until mid-December when they began to rise again as a result of multiple outbreaks caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant in Western Health and the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in Central, Eastern and Labrador-Grenfell Health authorities. Dr. Janice Fitzgerald moved the entire province to Alert Level 3 on December 23, 2021, and will remain there until January 10, 2022. Officials will reexamine where the province is in terms of epidemiology and make their decisions to move the province back to its previous level or keep the province where it's too, based on the evidence. [3]

However, on January 3, 2022, following days of high case counts and active caseloads, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, Premier Andrew Furey and Eastern Health Authority CEO David Diamond held an unexpected media briefing to announce that the entire province will move to a modified Alert Level 4, effective midnight on January 4, 2022. Dr. Fitzgerald stated this move is necessary due to Public Health operating at 100% capacity in trying to identify cases and their close contacts. Fitzgerald also asked those who are sick and showing symptoms of COVID-19 to assume they have the virus and isolate immediately, and to not get tested. Only those who are close contacts of a case and not showing symptoms of COVID-19 will avail to a PCR test; this will help ease the strain on the health-care system, and case management. This move to a modified Alert Level 4 will last for two weeks, at which time it will be reassessed. [4] On January 17, 2022, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced that the province will remain in Alert Level 4 until at least January 24, 2022. This is based on current epidemiological trends and hospitalizations. [5]

COVID-19 Vaccine for Children

On November 19, 2021, Public Health Agency of Canada approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children aged five to 11. [6] On November 21, 2021, Canada received 2.9 million dosages, enough to inoculate every child in the country with their first shot, and expected the rollout to begin that same week. [7]

Appointments were made available on the province's online portal on November 24, 2021, with officials expecting vaccines to arrive in the province on November 26, 2021. [8] However, the dosages arrived earlier than expected and the rollout began immediately.

Dr. Janice Fitzgerald administered some of the first shots, with a nine-year-old boy receiving his by Fitzgerald herself. He told reporters he was not nervous whatsoever, and besides a sore arm he was feeling no side effects. He and Dr. Fitzgerald celebrated with a high-five afterwards. [9]

As of January 17, 2022, 26,339 children (74.36% of the population aged 5–11) have received one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.

Timeline

Initial outbreaks, first lockdown

On March 14, the first presumptive case was announced in the province's capital city of St. John's. [1] On March 16, this increased to three cases. Chief Medical Officer Janice Fitzgerald stated that these new cases "are contacts to the previous case and are not unexpected." [10] The Newfoundland and Labrador English School District announced that it had suspended in-person classes. [11] A public health emergency was officially declared by Health Minister John Haggie on March 18, which introduced the first wave of health orders enforceable by law, with fines of $2,500 and up to six years imprisonment for individuals, and up to $50,000 for companies. [12]

On March 18, 2020, the province began to enact orders pursuant to the public health emergency; public gatherings were restricted to 50 people, and all arenas, bars, cinemas, and gyms were ordered closed. Restaurants were limited to 50% in-person capacity. [12] On March 20, the province mandated that anyone entering Newfoundland, including from other provinces, must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival. [13] On March 21, Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation stores were closed to in-person shopping. [13] [14] On March 23, the province ordered the closure of personal care services and non-essential retail stores. Gatherings were also limited to 10 people, and visitation at long-term care homes was prohibited province-wide that evening. [15]

On March 23, the number of cases in Newfoundland and Labrador increased to 24. [15] On March 24, a woman was arrested in Corner Brook for refusing to self-isolate after she returned from a trip outside the province. [16] By March 25, the number of cases had risen to 67; 44 of them were associated with an outbreak at Caul's Funeral Home in St. John's, which occurred between March 15 and 17. [17] [18] On March 30, the province reported Newfoundland's first COVID-19-related death, a 78-year-old with underlying conditions. The case had been linked to the Caul's outbreak. The province reached 148 cases. [19]

Easing restrictions, the Atlantic Bubble

By mid-April, the number of daily cases had lessened, including streaks of days with no new cases at all. [20] By April 30, 2020, there had been 258 cases and 3 deaths in Newfoundland and Labrador, no new cases in the last four days, and only two in the past 13. Fitzgerald announced a plan to gradually lift restrictions using a five-tier framework of "Alert Levels", with the existing restrictions classified as Alert Level 5. One immediate change was that households were now allowed to form a "bubble" with one other household for close contacts. [21]

On May 4, 2020, Newfoundland enacted a strict ban on entry into the province by non-residents unless otherwise exempted. [22] On May 5, 2020, the House of Assembly passed a bill to amend the Public Health Protection and Promotion Act, authorizing police officers to stop vehicles, enter any premises, and detain people and take them to the border if they are not complying with public health measures. [23] [24] [25] On May 7, 2020, the province reported its first increase in active cases since April 6. [26]

Newfoundland and Labrador entered "Alert Level 4" on May 11, which allowed some businesses and low-risk recreational activities to resume. [27] On May 20, the province reported its first new case in 20 days, bringing its total to 261. The case was identified as being related to travel. [28]

The province advanced to "Alert Level 3" on June 8, allowing the reopening of non-essential retail, in-person dining at restaurants, and "medium-risk" outdoor recreation. Fitzgerald stated that only one new, aforementioned case tied to travel had been recorded during the timeframe of Alert Level 4. She stated that the province could transition to "Alert Level 2" within at least three weeks, but that "there's a lot of things that we would be considering, and no one thing in particular will necessarily make that decision for us." [29] [30] On June 17, Fitzgerald announced that the province would move to Alert Level 2 on June 25, after having lasted 20 days without new cases. [31]

On June 24, 2020, it was announced that an "Atlantic Bubble" would be formed beginning July 3, under which residents of the Atlantic provinces would be able to travel between them without self-isolation requirements. Travel into the bubble from outside of the provinces would still be subject to restrictions, and was subject to rules enforced on a provincial basis. [32] [33] By July 3, Newfoundland had gone 36 days without new COVID-19 cases. [34] On July 10, the 43-day streak ended with one new case announced, involving a traveler who had recently returned from Ontario. [35] On July 21, Newfoundland reported another new case related to travel, followed by one more involving a close contact of said patient. [36]

On August 17, 2020, Fitzgerald announced that the province would mandate the wearing of face masks within enclosed public spaces beginning August 24. [37] The Newfoundland and Labrador English School District also unveiled its back-to-school plan for K-12 students. [38]

On October 3, 2020, the province reported its fourth COVID-19-related death, its first since April. The patient had returned from Central Africa on September 29, and died on October 1. [39]

Collapse of the Atlantic Bubble, increasing caseload

On November 18, 2020, Fitzgerald identified a potential outbreak at the Blue Crest Cottages retirement home in Grand Bank, with a cluster of four cases tied to the facility. [40]

On November 22, 2020, amid an increase in cases over the weekend in Newfoundland, the town council of Deer Lake issued a request for all non-essential businesses to close through December 7. [41] On November 23, 2020, the province announced that it had detected the first COVID-19 case within its school system, involving a student at Elwood Elementary in Deer Lake. Education Minister Tom Osborne announced that Elwood Elementary would close for the next two days. [42] Premier Andrew Furey announced that Newfoundland would suspend its participation in the Atlantic Bubble for at least 14 days. [43] [44]

By December 4, 2020, the province had reached 343 total cases, with 27 active. Premier Furey announced that the province had established a logistics team for distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, and stated that they would be "highly suggested" but not mandatory. [45]

On December 5, 2020, a cluster was identified in Harbour Breton after three people tested positive. Out of an abundance of caution, classes were suspended at St. Joseph's Elementary and King Academy on December 7. [46] [47] A mobile testing clinic was set up in the community, with public health officials encouraging all residents to be tested. [48]

UK variant outbreaks, second lockdown

On February 8, 2021, 11 new cases were reported, in Newfoundland's largest single-day increase since April 2020. The province reported that there had been a large number of close contacts associated with two positive cases at a St. John's high school. [49] 30 cases were reported on February 9, all in the Eastern health region. It was the province's second largest daily increase to-date. Fitzgerald stated that this was evidence of wide community transmission, and ordered a circuit breaker in St. John's effective at midnight. Gatherings held by "recognized" businesses and organizations were restricted to 20 participants, restaurants were capped at 50% capacity, and all recreational facilities were ordered closed. [50] [51]

On February 10, the province reported a single-day high of 53 new cases, with most said to be among those under the age of 20, and all among residents of the Eastern health region (including one who was tested in Central but resides in Eastern). Fitzgerald warned that low case counts in the province had led to complacency, and that "we are now seeing the repercussions." Additional restrictions were also announced, including the closure of all non-essential businesses in the St. John's metropolitan area, and the province-wide suspension of all group and team sports, and all group arts and cultural activities involving close contact. [52] The Newfoundland and Labrador English School District suspended all in-person classes in the area through at least February 26. [53]

On February 11, Newfoundland announced 100 new cases, its largest increase to-date, with all but one in the Eastern health region. The province issued various self-isolation orders for students who had participated in gatherings or team sports within the St. John's area, and made anyone showing a COVID-19 symptom eligible to receive testing. Fitzgerald commented on the surge, explaining that "'I'm not trying to say that they did anything wrong; I just think that it's what got us to where we are, I'm not judging anybody; it's just what has gotten us here and what we need to change so that we can get ourselves out of here." Fitzgerald also stated that health officials were sending out samples to be sequenced for SARS-CoV-2 variants. [54] In-person voting for 18 ridings in the 2021 Newfoundland and Labrador general election was postponed indefinitely. [54]

On February 12, the province announced 50 new cases. [55] Later that night, Fitzgerald announced that 19 samples sent to a laboratory in Winnipeg had sequenced for Lineage B.1.1.7 (the "UK variant"), and that all recent outbreaks would be assumed to have involved this strain. Fitzgerald therefore declared a second lockdown with a province-wide rollback to Alert Level 5, including the closure of all non-essential businesses, and strict restrictions on gatherings. It was concurrently announced that due to the lockdown, all in-person voting for the 2021 general election would be cancelled, with the election being conducted exclusively with mail-in ballots—the first election to do so in Canadian history. [56] [57] [58]

On February 24, the province announced its fifth COVID-19-related death, its first since October 2020. Fitzgerald stated that an update on provincial restrictions would be issued on February 26, but that "as long as the variant circulates outside our province, it will make its way back into our province. This means we are always at risk for another outbreak if we don't remain vigilant.". She also warned residents to not take the recent decline in cases as a "false sense of security". [59] The province confirmed a sixth death and four new cases on February 27. [60]

On February 26, 2021, Fitzgerald announced that due to community transmission being limited outside of the St. John's region (with only five presently-active cases being outside of the Eastern region), the rest of the province outside of the Avalon would revert to Alert Level 4 effective 12:01 a.m. on February 27. The Avalon remained at Alert Level 5, and all alert levels would be re-evaluated in two weeks. [61] [62] On March 13, all levels were decreased by one, with the Avalon downgraded to Alert Level 4, and the remainder of the province at Alert Level 3. [63]

On March 24, Fitzgerald announced that the entire province would return to Alert Level 2 effective 12:01 a.m. on March 27, but with modifications in order to discourage excessive close contacts. Most gatherings will be capped at 50 people, and households may form a social bubble with up to 20 close, consistent contacts. Team sports leagues must obtain permission to resume competitive play by submitting proposals to the health authority. [64]

Information on Cases, Changes, and Deaths

Cases in Newfoundland and Labrador remained relatively low since the province emerged from their second lockdown caused by the Alpha variant in February 2021, which prompted Dr. Fitzgerald to remove Newfoundland and Labrador's mask mandate on August 13, 2021. However, on September 18, 2021, Dr. Fitzgerald reintroduced the mask mandate citing concerns of the highly-contagious Delta variant and the fourth wave worsening in other parts of the country. [65]

ed. However, on September 18, 2021, Dr. Fitzgerald reintroduced the mask mandate province-wide citing concerns of the Delta variant in other parts of the country. [66]

On September 27, 2021, following an outbreak in Central Newfoundland, health officials announced their eighth new death; the first since February 24, 2021. The man was between the ages of 60–69 years of age. [67]

On September 28, 2021, health officials announced that Newfoundland and Labrador's participation in the Atlantic Bubble will be suspended on September 30, 2021, until further notice. [68] This requires all travelers, regardless of which province you reside in, to submit the Declaration Form found on the government's website. [69] The suspension is in response to the Delta-driven fourth wave across the Atlantic region, and the change in Newfoundland and Labrador's epidemiology curve.

On October 1, 2021, Newfoundland and Labrador announced their ninth and tenth death; a male in the Central Health region and a female in the Eastern Health region, both age 70 years and older. [70]

Health officials announced the province's eleventh death on October 8. A female in the Central Health region who was over the age of 70 years. [71]

On October 12, 2021, Newfoundland and Labrador announced 21 new COVID-19 cases, 62 recoveries and two deaths over the Thanksgiving long weekend. The two deaths were in the Central Health region and involved two males, one between 60 and 69 years of age and the other over the age of 70 years. [72]

The province announced their fourteenth and fifteenth deaths on October 18, 2021, raising the death toll to 15 since the start of the pandemic. [73]

On October 27, 2021, health officials announced 20 new COVID-19 cases, nine recoveries, and one death, bringing the death total to 16 since March 2020. [74]

Provincial health officials announced their seventeenth death on November 15, 2021. The man, aged 70 years or older, resided in the Central health region. [75] This is the first death in the province related to COVID-19 since October 18, 2021, raising the death toll to 17.

Four new cases were announced on November 17, 2021, along with 13 recoveries, leaving 22 active cases; the lowest active case count in months.

On November 22, 2021, health officials announced three new cases and 10 recoveries, leaving 12 active cases. The last time the province saw a low active case count was on August 18, 2021. [76]

Health officials announced four new cases, two recoveries, and one new death on November 24, 2021. The new death increases the provincial death toll to eighteen. According to officials, the male was a resident in the Central Health region and was over the age of 70 years. [77]

Newfoundland and Labrador reported six new COVID-19 cases and five recoveries on Friday, November 26, 2021, leaving the province with 14 active cases. [78]

Officials announced nine new cases and two recoveries on November 29, 2021, leaving 21 active cases in the province. [79]

Newfoundland and Labrador Health and Community Services announced on December 13, 2021, that based on guidance from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI), the province will be changing the eligibility criteria for booster shots. Starting in January 2022, anyone 18 years and older will be eligible to receive a booster shot if six months has passed since they received their primary series. NACI has recommended that individuals in the 18-29 age group should receive the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine for their booster, and anyone 30 years and older should receive the Moderna vaccine for their booster. The media release stated that due to supply issues and the pediatric vaccine rollout, the Pfizer vaccine will only be offered at Public Health clinics. [80] On January 4, 2022, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador announced 100,000 eligible residents received have their booster shots. By January 21, 2022, over 200,000 eligible residents in Newfoundland & Labrador received their booster shots.

On January 7, 2022, Chief Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, announced changes in the province's isolation guidelines. This is in response to research surrounding the Omicron variant. [81]

Effective 12:01AM on January 8, 2022, the following isolation guidelines will be enforced:

Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced on January 12, 2022, that immunocompromised individuals will be offered a fourth dose if 22-weeks have passed since their third dose. This is based on advice from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization.

On January 20, 2022, Fitzgerald announced that effective Monday, January 24, 2022, all travelers arriving in the province who are fully-vaccinated can now leave isolation after 24-hours and two negative rapid test results. All other isolation requirements remain the same for those partially-vaccinated and unvaccinated.

Outbreaks since the Second Lockdown

December 2021 COVID-19 (Omicron Variant) Outbreak

Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced on December 15, 2021, during the media briefing that the province has confirmed its first SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant case; the individual, a resident of the Eastern Health region, has been isolating since they returned to the province from travel within Canada. There were also 13 new cases, leaving 34 active cases. [82]

Newfoundland and Labrador reported a spike in new cases on December 17, 2021, with officials reporting 46 new cases of COVID-19, along with four recoveries. The province is reporting 76 active cases. [83] Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced during the snap media briefing that the province is also reporting more cases of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, with numbers unknown at the time due to results still being processed; however, she stated she is certain the tests will become positive for the new variant.

In a rare weekend live media briefing on December 19, 2021, officials announced 61 new COVID-19 cases; 18 in the Eastern Health; 32 in Central Health; and 10 in Western Health. There were also 10 recoveries leaving 127 active cases. No one is hospitalized due to COVID-19. [84] Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced that the province has nine confirmed Omicron cases and 34 presumptive; five Omicron cases located in the Eastern Health region, with seven presumptive, and in Central Health there are four confirmed Omicron cases and 27 presumptive positive cases. Education Minister Tom Osborne stated during the same media briefing that in response to the recent uptick in COVID-19 cases, as well as the arrival of Omicron, all schools in Newfoundland and Labrador will close two days earlier on December 21, 2021, for Christmas holidays. He stated "classes are still scheduled to resume on January 4th". He continued, "let me be very clear: public health continues to advise that schools are safe to remain open, and we have not made a decision to pivot to online learning at this time. However, in light of the uncertainty of where things are going with this variant (SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant) we are eering on the side of caution and preparing for that possibility." [85] Students transitioned to online learning on January 4, 2022, following their return from Christmas break. [86]

Twenty-seven new cases was reported on December 20, 2021, with no new recoveries, the province is reporting 154 active cases. [87]

Officials reported 27 new COVID-19 cases for the second day in a row on December 21, 2021. Six recoveries were also announced, leaving 175 active cases.

During the live media briefing on December 22, 2021, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced 60 new cases of COVID-19 and 12 recoveries, leaving 223 active cases; the highest active caseload since February 2021. [88] Dr. Fitzgerald also announced that three out of four health authorities are now dealing with an outbreak; Eastern Health, Central Health and Western Health. Fitzgerald said during the briefing, "our active case count has jumped from 30 to 223 in one week." This prompted Fitzgerald to announce that the entire province will be moving to Alert Level 3 effective 12:01AM on December 23, 2021, and will remain in effect until January 10, 2022, at which time the situation will be reassessed.

Newfoundland and Labrador Health and Community Services announced a spike in cases on December 23, 2021, with 100 new COVID-19 cases, the majority in Eastern Health (73). There were nine recoveries, leaving 314 active cases; the highest since February 2021. Fortunately, no one is hospitalized due to COVID-19. [89]

Eighty-five new cases were reported on December 24, 2021, along with ten recoveries, leaving 389 active cases. One person is hospitalized due to COVID-19. [90]

Since the last media advisory on December 24, 2021, health officials recorded 357 new COVID-19 cases over the Christmas holiday. The province is now reporting its highest active caseload since the pandemic began, with 677 active cases. Officials did not provide an update on recoveries, but did mention that one person is now in hospital due to COVID-19. [91]

Officials recorded 194 new COVID-19 cases on December 28, 2021. [92] The active case count is now 843; the highest since the pandemic began.

During an unexpected media briefing on December 29, 2021, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced a record-breaking, one-day increase of 312 new COVID-19 cases. Premier Andrew Furey announced that all schools will not reopen for in-class instruction on January 4, 2022; instead, classes will pivot to virtual learning. Education minister Tom Osborne (Canadian politician) stated they will assess the situation on a week by week basis, and will return to in-class instruction if the case counts and risk levels decline. During the same briefing, it was announced that Labrador-Grenfell health is also experiencing a surge in cases, with officials reporting 16 new cases. Since then, cases have been steadily rising in that health authority. The province now has outbreaks in all four health authorities.

Health officials recorded another record-breaking, single-day increase on December 30, 2021, with 349 new cases. There were also 32 recoveries, leaving 1,428 active cases. There is now one person in hospital due to COVID-19. There are also nine confirmed cases of individuals who were tested outside of a Regional Health Authority.

Another record-breaking, single-day increase of 431 new COVID-19 cases were announced on December 31, 2021. Also announced were 113 recoveries, as well as the province's nineteenth death due to COVID-19; [93] the first death since November 24, 2021. There are now 1,746 active cases; the highest ever recorded in the province.

Newfoundland and Labrador started the 2022 year with another record-breaking high of 442 new COVID-19 cases. The province also announced 38 new recoveries, leaving 2,150 active cases. One person is still hospitalized due to COVID-19. [94] Minister of Health and Community Services, John Haggie, announced on his Facebook page that he has tested positive for COVID-19. Haggie stated that he was "feeling well with regular symptoms and isolating." He also thanked the health-care workers who are working tirelessly to identify cases and keeping Newfoundlanders and Labradorians safe. [95]

The Ministry of Health reported 466 new COVID-19 cases, along with 19 recoveries, leaving 2,597 active cases. [96]

On January 3, 2022, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, Premier Andrew Furey, and Eastern Health Authority CEO David Diamond held an unexpected live media briefing to announce 519 new COVID-19 cases, 134 recoveries, and one new death; bringing the active caseload to 2,925 (another record). The death involved a woman in her 50's who resided in the Central Health region. Following days of high case numbers and active caseloads, Dr. Fitzgerald announced that the entire province will move to a modified Alert Level 4, effective midnight on January 4, 2022. Fitzgerald asked residents to stick to their "Tight 10" in order to help a "public health system that is already running at 100% capacity in trying to identify positive-cases and their close contacts." Fitzgerald also stated that "The reality of this virus is that it's so infectious, most people will acquire it, but our health-care system can't stand the pressure of everyone acquiring it at the same time." The move to Alert Level 4 will remain for a period of two weeks, at which time it will be reassessed based on hospitalizations and daily new cases. Eastern Health Authority CEO David Diamond announced that 625 hospital staff are now in isolation, with 333 of them in the Eastern Health region, due to being exposed to COVID-19, or testing positive themselves. [97]

Health and Community Services announced 493 new COVID-19 cases on January 4, 2022, along with 164 recoveries, leaving a record 3,254 active cases. [98]

There were 479 new COVID-19 cases announced on January 5, 2021, along with 68 recoveries, leaving 3,665 active cases. There are now three people in hospital. [99]

Officials reported another spike in cases on January 6, 2022, with the province reporting 503 new COVID-19 cases and 109 recoveries, leaving 4,059 known, active cases. There are now four people in hospital. Jerry Earle, the President of NAPE, which represents health-care workers in the province, spoke to VOCM on January 6, 2022, and stated "around 1,000 health-care workers are in isolation due to COVID-19 exposures". [100] The Department of Education extended online learning for the following week, with another decision to be made on January 13, 2022. [101]

Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced on January 7, 2022, that the province is reporting 480 new COVID-19 cases and 168 recoveries, leaving 4,370 active cases. Fitzgerald also announced one new death; a woman in her 60's who resided in the Central Health region. [81]

Health and Community Services announced on January 8, 2022, that the province is reporting 412 new COVID-19 cases and 118 recoveries, leaving 4,664 active cases. There are still four people in hospital. [102]

The ministry tweeted on January 9, 2022, that there were 367 new COVID-19 cases, 87 recoveries, and six people in hospital. There are now 4,944 active cases. [103]

On January 10, 2022, health officials reported 455 new COVID-19 cases. However, the Department stated in a news release that between December 29, 2021 to January 6, 2022, testing capacity at the provincial laboratory was exceeded. As a result, the province sent swabs out-of-province to be tested for COVID-19. The out-of-province laboratory confirmed 680 historical cases, and those cases were added to the caseload released January 10, 2022, for a grand total of 1,135. Minister Haggie stated the province sent approximately 3,000 swabs out-of-province for testing, and those results should arrive between January 10 and January 11. There were also 122 new recoveries, and two new deaths. The deaths were both in the Eastern Health region and over the age of 70 years. There are now 5,955 active cases. [104]

Officials reported 427 new COVID-19 cases on January 11, 2022, along with 494 recoveries. Due to the testing backlog and having to send swabs out-of-province for testing between December 29, 2021, to January 6, 2022, officials are also reporting an additional 323 historical COVID-19 cases, for a total of 750. There are five people now in hospital due to COVID-19 and the province is reporting 6,211 known, active cases. [105]

During the live media briefing on January 12, 2022, Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced 502 new COVID-19 cases (in the last 24-hours) and 229 historical cases, 494 recoveries, and seven people in hospital. The province is now reporting 6,443 active cases throughout Newfoundland and Labrador, with the majority of which located in the Eastern Health (4,481) and Labrador-Grenfell Health (1,250) regions. CBC Reporter Peter Cowan asked Health Minister John Haggie if there are patients in ICU due to COVID-19, to which the Minister said yes; however, Haggie declined, initially, to say how many people are in ICU due to COVID-19 because of privacy reasons, but did say there are fewer than 10. A few moments later, Haggie told the reporter there were three people in ICU due to COVID-19. [106] Dr. Fitzgerald said "Our goal now is to keep flattening the curve and protecting our most vulnerable", and cautioned "we are not out of the woods yet" as the province needs another week or two to see if hospitalizations will spike like other jurisdictions. [107] [108]

On January 13, 2022, officials reported 520 new COVID-19 cases (in the last 24-hours), 166 historical cases, and 998 recoveries, leaving an active caseload of 6,131. There was also one more person admitted to hospital in the last 24-hours, bringing the total to eight patients; five in non-critical care and three in the ICU. [109] The Department of Education announced in a news release that January 24, 2022, has been set as a tentative date for students to return to in-person learning. The release stated the distribution of Rapid antigen test kits are underway and will be rolled out to students, teachers, and staff once the return date has been finalized. All students, teachers, and staff will be required to complete two tests 72 hours prior to the return of in-person instruction; one test should be taken on Friday, January 21, 2022, and the other on Monday, January 24, 2022. [110]

Officials reported 404 new COVID-19 cases (in the last 24-hours) on January 14, 2022, along with 71 historical cases, for a total of 475 new cases. There were also 1,029 recoveries and one new death. The death was a female in the Western Health region who was 70 years of age or older. The province is reporting 5,583 active cases. [111] There is still eight people in hospital, five in non-critical care and three in ICU.

The ministry tweeted on January 15, 2022, that the province is reporting 314 new COVID-19 cases (in the last 24-hours) and three historical cases, along with 412 recoveries, and one new death. The death was a male over the age of 70 years who resided in the Eastern Health region. One more person was hospitalized in the last 24-hours, bringing the total to nine people. There are now 5,171 active cases across Newfoundland and Labrador. [112]

On January 16, 2022, there were 384 new COVID-19 cases announced, along with 355 recoveries, leaving the province with 5,503 active cases. The ministry also announced one new death; a female, over the age of 70, located in the Eastern Health region. Hospitalizations also took a spike, with the province reporting 12 people in hospital receiving care due to COVID-19. [113]

Officials reported a drop in new cases on January 17, 2022, with the province reporting 239 COVID-19 cases. With 416 recoveries, there are now 5,325 known, active cases. Fifteen people are in hospital due to COVID-19, with 12 in non-critical care and three in ICU. [114] During a media briefing the same day, Minister Haggie was asked by The Telegram reporter Peter Jackman how many long-term care homes in the province currently have cases within their staff and residents. Haggie stated there are "80 cases" and that includes staff and residents within acute, long-term care, congregate and personal care homes. Haggie told another journalist that there are currently 826 health-care workers in isolation, as of the morning of January 17, 2022.

There were 295 new COVID-19 cases reported on January 18, 2022, along with 2,453 recoveries and two deaths. The deaths were both males who resided in the Eastern Health region, and were 70 years of age and above. There are 14 people in hospital receiving care due to COVID-19, 11 in non-critical care and three in critical care. The province is now reporting 3,166 active cases. [115] As well, the Department of Education announced that their decision on whether students will return to in-class instruction on Monday, January 24, 2022, has been deferred to Thursday, January 20, 2022. [116]

On January 19, 2022, officials announced a spike in cases, with the ministry reporting 511 new COVID-19 cases. There were also 471 recoveries in the last 24-hours, leaving 3,205 active cases. Four more people were admitted to hospital due to COVID-19 since yesterday's update; there are now 14 in non-critical care and four in critical care. [117]

During the live media briefing on January 20, 2022, Premier Andrew Furey announced that students will return to in-person classes starting January 25, 2022. Furey stated that the Canadian Pediatric Society has endorsed a return to school and that "97% of students across the country are in school right now." Dr. Fitzgerald said that "there are some children who live with violence, and school is their safe place." When asked by a reporter why other businesses are not allowed to reopen with the students returning to school, Dr. Fitzgerald said, "If we open the top too quickly, we are going to cause a flood. So we don't want to do that, and we just want to open that tap just enough so we can keep the water flowing and it doesn't overflow the sink." Minister Haggie was asked what the actual number of hospitalizations are in the province, as reporters are receiving conflicting numbers from both the provincial government and health-care workers. Haggie stated there are "55 patients in acute-care facilities with COVID-19," However, out of that 55, 20 patients were admitted because COVID-19 was their first diagnosis, and the remaining 35 were admitted with other health complications, but contracted COVID-19 while in hospital [118] . Fitzgerald went on to announced 360 new COVID-19 cases, 764 recoveries, and two more deaths; bringing the active caseload to 2,801. The two deaths were males from the Western and Eastern Health region and were 70 years of age and above. There were also two more hospitalizations in the last 24-hours, bringing that total to 20 people in hospital due to COVID-19. There are 16 patients in non-critical care and four in critical care [119] ; a new record for hospitalizations.

On January 21, 2022, health officials reported 324 new COVID-19 cases and 458 recoveries, leaving 2,666 known, active cases. There are now 18 people in hospital; 17 in non-critical care and one in critical care. [120]

Burin Peninsula COVID-19 (Delta Variant) Outbreak

On October 20, 2021, health officials announced a cluster of cases in the Marystown area on the Burin Peninsula. Since then, the investigation into the source has been ongoing. Prior to the announcement, on October 19, 2021, Newfoundland and Labrador's Acting Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Rosann Seviour announced that four schools were involved in the recently announced cases. The schools involved are Bayview Academy in St. George's, Heritage Collegiate in Lethbridge, Anthony Paddon Elementary in Musgravetown, and Sacred Heart Academy in Marystown. [121]

On October 22, 2021, Chief Medical Officer of Health Dr. Janice Fitzgerald held a media briefing to announce 30 new COVID-19 cases. She also confirmed that the recently announced cases on the Burin Peninsula, specifically in Marystown, is now forming into a new cluster. As of the same date, there were 25 confirmed cases in the Marystown region, with 22 of those cases involving school-aged children. As a result, Dr. Fitzgerald announced that communities in the Marystown and Burin areas will move to Alert Level 3 effective 12:01am on Saturday, October 23, 2021. The communities affected are: Red Fox Harbour south to Epworth-Grand Salmonier including Rock Harbour, Spanish Room, Beau Bois, Marystown, Burin, Lewin's Cove, Jean de Baie, Fox Cove-Mortier, Frenchman's Cove and Garnish. [122]

On October 25, 2021, Public Health officials announced 36 new COVID-19 cases, eight recoveries and no deaths. Out of the 36 new cases, 35 of them were connected to the Marystown cluster, and included 23 cases in those under the age of 20. Marystown mayor Brian Keating announced on VOCM Morning Show on October 25, 2021, that there are now 58 cases linked to the cluster. Later that day, Public Health officials confirmed this number in a news release. [123]

Fifteen of the 20 new cases reported on October 27, 2021, were associated with this cluster.

As of November 5, 2021, 83 cases have been linked to the Marystown cluster.

Also on November 5, 2021, health officials announced that all towns and communities on the Burin Peninsula will return to Alert Level 2, effective immediately. Public health officials stated that although a source has yet to be determined, the risk of residents in this area contracting COVID-19 is deemed low. [124]

Health officials announced that as of Monday, November 23, 2021, they have not been able to confirm a source that caused this outbreak. Eighty-four confirmed cases was recorded during the investigation. [125]

Impact on Schools

Public Health officials notified the Newfoundland and Labrador English School District (NLESD) on October 21, 2021, that a number of students attending Sacred Heart Academy in Marystown had tested positive for COVID-19. This prompted the NLESD to move classes to online learning, effective immediately, until Public Health says otherwise. [126] Three days later on October 24, 2021, the NLESD announced that a student attending Donald C. Jamieson Academy in Burin had tested positive for COVID-19 and students will be transitioning to online learning effective Tuesday, October 26, with Monday, October 25, being a transition day for teachers to gather their resources.

The NLESD announced on October 26, 2021, that two students at Pearce Junior High School in Marystown have tested positive for COVID-19. [127] Furthermore, the District also announced the same day that a "small number" of students at Marystown Central High School may have been exposed to COVID-19 after a student tested positive. [128] Unlike the elementary schools that are experiencing an outbreak in the same area, the District opted to keep both schools open, rather than moving students to online learning until the investigation is completed.

Chief Public Health Officer Dr. Janice Fitzgerald held a media briefing on October 29, 2021, and announced that the Delta variant was the cause of the outbreak currently happening in the Marystown area. Moreover, Dr. Fitzgerald announced that the COVID protocols in elementary schools have been amended and will include masking for all children in grades K-3. Prior to this, masking was required for children from grades 4–12. Regulated child care centres were also included and staff at those centres will now be required to wear a mask. [129]

The NLESD announced on November 2, 2021, that both Anthony Paddon Elementary and Heritage Collegiate can return to a "low risk" protocol, meaning both schools will resume in-person learning. [130] [131]

Provincial response

Alert level system

On April 30, Fitzgerald unveiled A Foundation for Living with COVID-19, a framework of five Alert Levels that would allow for restrictions to be gradually lifted. Fitzgerald explained that the term "alert level" was used rather than terms such as "phase", to encourage residents to remain "alert, vigilant and aware" even at lower levels. [21]

All alert levels are subject to other public health orders and guidance, including practicing social distancing, proper hygiene, wearing face masks when in an enclosed public space, limiting non-essential travel, and conducting remote work whenever possible. [132]

Foundation for Living with COVID-19 alert level system [21] [30]
Alert LevelRestrictions
Alert Level 1The province will consider lifting long-term restrictions.
Alert Level 2
  • Gatherings organized by recognized businesses and organizations are limited to 50 people. [133]
  • Households may form a social bubble with up to 20 close, consistent contacts. [133]
  • Wakes are prohibited at funerals.
  • Sports and recreational facilities, performance spaces, and indoor entertainment facilities are limited to 50 people.
  • Bars and restaurants may operate at 50% capacity. [64]
  • Campsites may offer overnight camping.
  • Places of worship may operate with restrictions.
Alert Level 3
  • Outdoor gatherings, and weddings and funerals limited to 20 people. Visitations are permitted.
  • Restaurants may offer in-person dining with a reduced capacity. Buffets are prohibited.
  • All bars and lounges must close.
  • Outdoor pools may re-open with reduced capacity, and "medium-risk" outdoor recreation may resume. Gyms, arenas, and fitness facilities remain closed.
  • Campsites may offer limited overnight camping.
Alert Level 4
  • Outdoor gatherings, weddings, funerals, and burial services limited to 10 people.
  • Households may form a "bubble" with one other household.
  • Some health care services may resume.
  • Non-essential retail stores, personal care services, private health clinics, and animal grooming services may re-open, subject to restrictions.
  • Low-risk outdoor recreation such as fishing and golf are permitted, subject to guidance.
  • Restaurants may not offer in-person dining.
  • All campsites must close.
  • Professional services, workplace training, gardening centres, and animal daycares may resume in-person operations.
Alert Level 5
  • Gatherings, burials, and weddings limited to five people. Funerals are prohibited.
  • All non-urgent health care is suspended. All private health clinics, except those of a physician or nurse practitioner, must close to non-urgent care.
  • All retail businesses that do not provide "services essential to life, health or personal safety of individuals and animals" must close.
  • All gyms and recreational facilities, performance spaces, cinemas, campsites, and playgrounds must close.

Travel restrictions

On March 18, 2020, Newfoundland mandated that anyone entering the province from outside of Canada must self-isolate for 14 days upon their return. [12] On March 20, Newfoundland mandated that anyone entering the province from elsewhere in Canada must also self-isolate. [13] On April 22, a partial exception was introduced for employees of the agriculture, hydroelectricity, mining, oil and gas, transport, and trade sectors; they must still self-isolate from the general public for 14 days, but may attend work if they do not show any signs of COVID-19 symptoms. [134]

On May 4, 2020, the province enacted a strict travel ban; only residents of the province, employees of the aforementioned industrial businesses, and those otherwise approved by the Chief Medical Officer, are allowed to travel into Newfoundland. [22]

On May 20, 2020, the travel ban was challenged in the Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador by Nova Scotia resident Kim Taylor and the Canadian Civil Liberties Association. Taylor had been barred from entering the province to attend her mother's funeral, and argued that the travel ban violated the guarantee of freedom of movement in Section 6 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. [135] In September 2020, the Court upheld the ban. Although agreeing with the opinion that the ban did violate Section 6 of the Charter, Justice Donald Burrage ruled that the ban was a reasonable limit as allowed by Section 1. He stated that "while restrictions on personal travel may cause mental anguish to some, and certainly did in the case of Ms. Taylor, the collective benefit to the population as a whole must prevail", and that "[her] right to mobility must give way to the common good." [136]

Due to the number of cases within Atlantic Canada being relatively low, Premier of Prince Edward Island Dennis King suggested in June 2020 that a travel corridor could be formed among them as early as July. Premier Dwight Ball stated that "first and foremost, any final decision that would be made on this would be have to be made in consultation with our public health officials." [137] On June 24, 2020, the Council of Atlantic Premiers announced that they had agreed to form a travel corridor, the "Atlantic Bubble", which would allow residents of the Atlantic provinces to travel between them without being required to self-isolate on arrival. The agreement would begin on July 3 [32]

On November 23, 2020, amid an increase in cases, Premier Andrew Furey announced that Newfoundland would suspend its participation in the Atlantic Bubble for 14 days. Essential travel by residents of Atlantic provinces would not require an exemption, but became subject to a self-isolation requirement. [43] On December 7, Premier Furey ruled out plans to rejoin the bubble until at least 2021, as other provinces also began to suspend their participation due to local spikes. [138] On March 18, 2021, plans were announced to reform the Atlantic Bubble no earlier than April 19, although this was later delayed to May due to outbreaks and lockdowns in New Brunswick. [139] [140] Newfoundland and Labrador suspended their involvement in the Atlantic Bubble in September 2021 due to growing case numbers in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, as well as Newfoundland and Labrador's change in epidemiology. [141]

Newfoundland and Labrador opened their borders to the rest of the country on July 1, 2021. Fully-vaccinated travelers did not need to isolate, as long as they uploaded their vaccination documents to the province's travel form. Partially-vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers would have to isolate for the full 14 days, unless they get tested on day 7. If the test result returns negative, the traveler may leave isolation. [142]

However, on December 21, 2021, in response to growing case numbers that were non-epidemiologically linked, meaning there were signs of community transmission within N.L., Dr. Janice Fitzgerald announced that anyone entering the province, regardless of their vaccination status or province of residency, will have to isolate. Fully-vaccinated travelers have to isolate for five days and take a rapid test each day; if each rapid test returns a negative result, the traveler may leave isolation after their five days, or if 120 hours have passed. Partially-vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers have no changes to their isolation requirements, however, they are given rapid tests to complete on a voluntary basis. [143]

Impact

The Liberal Party delayed its leadership election from May to August as a result of the pandemic. [144]

Related Research Articles

Dwight Ball Canadian politician

Dwight Ball is a Canadian politician who served as the 13th premier of Newfoundland and Labrador from 14 December 2015 to 19 August 2020 and an MHA. He represented the electoral district of Humber Valley in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly and has served as leader of the Liberal Party since November 2013.

Paul Lane is a Canadian politician in the provincial legislature of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. He represents the electoral district of Mount Pearl-Southlands in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly.

John Alastair Haggie is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly in the 2015 provincial election. He represents the electoral district of Gander as a member of the Liberal Party.

2021 Newfoundland and Labrador general election

The 2021 Newfoundland and Labrador general election was held on March 25, 2021, to elect members of the 50th General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The 2020 Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador leadership election was held due to the announcement by Dwight Ball on February 17, 2020 that he would be resigning as Liberal Party leader and Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador effective when the party elects his successor. Provincial legislation requires that a general election must occur no more than one year following a Premier's resignation.

COVID-19 pandemic in Canada Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Canada

The COVID-19 pandemic in Canada is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019. It is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Most cases over the course of the pandemic have been in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia and Alberta. Confirmed cases have been reported in all of Canada's provinces and territories.

COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Ontario, Canada

The COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Canada was announced on January 25, 2020, involving a traveller who had recently returned to Toronto from travel in China, including Wuhan. Ontario has had the largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases among Canada's provinces and territories, but due to having the largest population, only ranks fourth adjusted per capita.

The COVID-19 pandemic in British Columbia forms part of an ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On January 28, 2020, British Columbia became the second province to confirm a case of COVID-19 in Canada. The first case of infection involved a patient who had recently returned from Wuhan, Hubei, China. The first case of community transmission in Canada was confirmed in British Columbia on March 5, 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Nova Scotia is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On March 15, 2020, three presumptive cases in Nova Scotia were announced. All three were travel-related.

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The COVID-19 pandemic in Alberta is part of an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The province of Alberta has the third-most cases of COVID-19 in Canada, behind only Ontario and Quebec.

The COVID-19 pandemic in New Brunswick is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The province of New Brunswick has the eight-most cases of COVID-19 in Canada, having confirmed their first case on March 11, 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Saskatchewan is part of an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19], a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The province of Saskatchewan, throughout the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada ranks sixth amongst provinces and territories in terms of overall cases, and third in total cases per-million residents.

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COVID Alert Canadian contact-tracing app for COVID-19

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The Atlantic Bubble was a special travel-restricted area created on July 3, 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada. The area was an agreement between the four Atlantic Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador which allowed unrestricted travel among provincial residents and restricts travel from Canadians who are residents of outside provinces. Residents wishing to travel to the Atlantic Bubble are subjected to screening and are required to quarantine for 14 days before moving freely throughout the bubble. Individual provinces have specific rules toward travellers from outside of Atlantic Canada. The provinces in the bubble have seen the lowest numbers of COVID-19 compared to other Canadian provinces throughout the pandemic.

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This is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Saskatchewan.

Her Majestys Penitentiary

Her Majesty's Penitentiary, primarily known by the acronym (HMP) refers to Newfoundland and Labrador's prison system. Its name is derived from the English prison system known as Her Majesty's Prison Service (HMPS). The Newfoundland and Labrador prison system consists of five provincial prison's and two short-term holding facilities which include:

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