COVID-19 pandemic in Madhya Pradesh

Last updated
COVID-19 pandemic in Madhya Pradesh
India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 map.svg
Map of districts with confirmed cases
India Madhya Pradesh COVID-19 deaths map.svg
Map of COVID-19 deaths
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Madhya Pradesh
First outbreak Wuhan, China
Index case Jabalpur
Arrival date21 March 2020
(1 year, 8 months and 5 days)
Confirmed cases791,998 (14 August 2021)
Active cases4 (26 November 2021)
Recovered781,353 (14 August 2021)
Deaths
10,514 (14 August 2021)
Fatality rate1.3%
Territories
51 Districts
Government website
Official website
www.mohfw.gov.in

The first four cases of the COVID-19 pandemic in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh were confirmed on March 20, 2020. [1] As of August 14, 2021, Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 791,998 cases, and has recorded 10,514 deaths. [2]

Contents

Timeline

As of August 13, 2021, COVID-19 vaccines have been administered to 36,739,380 people in Madhya Pradesh. [3]

April 2021

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. [6] The WHO was first notified of these cases on 31 December 2019. [6] The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 is much lower than SARS, but the transmission rate is significantly higher, resulting in a significantly larger loss of life. [7]

Lockdown

Phase 1 (25 March – 14 April 2020)

The lockdown restricted people from stepping out of their homes. [8] All transport services including road, air and rail were suspended with exceptions for transportation of essential goods, fire, police and emergency services. [9] Educational institutions, industrial establishments and hospitality services were also suspended. [9] Services such as food shops, banks and ATMs, petrol pumps, other essentials and their manufacturing were exempted. [10] The Home Ministry said: “Anyone who fails to follow the restrictions can face up to a year in jail.” [9]

Phase 2 (15 April – 3 May 2020)

On 14 April 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the nation announced that the nationwide lockdown which was supposed to end on 14 April 2020 has now been extended to 3 May 2020. [11]

Phase 3 (4–17 May 2020)

On 1 May, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and the Government of India (GoI) further extended the lockdown period to two weeks beyond 4 May, with some relaxations. [12]

Phase 4 (18–31 May 2020)

On 17 May, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and the MHA extended the lockdown for two weeks beyond 18 May, with additional relaxations. [13] During this phase, the state government imposed fines of ₹2000 (27.29 US dollars) on those violating the quarantine rules for COVID-19. The government also stated that a second violation would lead to a transfer to a government quarantine center. [14]

Phase 5 (1 – 30 June 2020)

The MHA issued fresh guidelines for the month of June, stating that the phases of reopening would "have an economic focus". Lockdown restrictions would only be imposed in containment zones, while activities would be permitted in other zones in a phased manner. [15]

On 16 June the Madhya Pradesh state government stated that they will be using pulse oximeters in areas across the state to upgrade the survey and screening of people for the COVID-19 virus. A pulse oximeter is a device used to monitor the amount of oxygen contained in the body of an individual. [16]

Public health

Medical professionals in Madhya Pradesh were sent to national training on COVID-19 preparedness. Preparation of hospitals for the treatment of COVID-19 including postponing elective surgeries to ensure adequate supply of PPE. [17] To grant certain rights to establish effective control over outbreak-affected areas and take swift actions, Section 71 of the Madhya Pradesh Public Health Act, 1949 was invoked. This section of the act provides all Chief Medical and Health Officers, Civil Surgeons, and Chief Hospital Superintendents rights set out therein. [18]

Economic impact

The state government is carrying out a more targeted demolition of the existing labour laws. These new rules are aimed at significantly reducing the regulatory processes a business has to undertake. [19] In addition to that, the state government has let companies hire contract workers for a longer duration, allowed them not to recognize trade unions for collective bargaining in a number of sectors such as textiles, cement and auto, and does not provide any mechanism for raising industrial disputes for new firms. [19]

There has been a major change in the use of industrial oxygen. The government has restricted the use of industrial oxygen and established rules to have the oxygen convert from industrial use to medical use. [20] This has had a positive impact, resulting in a surplus of about 20 metric tons of oxygen.

Vaccination

In Madhya Pradesh, citizens have access to the COVID-19 vaccine. Covishield (Oxford-AstraZeneca) is the main vaccine administered. This vaccine is given in two doses, 12 to 16 weeks apart. [20] As of May 16, 2021, Madhya Pradesh has reached and succeeded its goal of 179,000 people vaccinated to 182,378 people vaccinated. [20]

The Government of India suggested both doses of the vaccine should only be given to those who are from the ages of 18 to 44. The second dose of vaccine is suspended to those who are 45 years or older. [20]

Statistics

DistrictTotal casesRecoveriesDeathsActive cases
Total7,91,9707,81,30710,514149
Agar Malwa 3,3033,235680
Alirajpur 3,5013,453480
Anuppur 9,2299,140890
Ashoknagar 3,6703,613570
Balaghat 9,0909,017649
Barwani 8,3638,267906
Betul 12,89912,59027732
Bhind 2,9942,960322
Bhopal 1,23,3201,22,121972227
Burhanpur 2,5682,529390
Chhatarpur 7,6077,5069110
Chhindwara 6,7326,6121200
Damoh 8,1207,84118693
Datia 6,9586,874786
Dewas 7,7237,672510
Dhar 12,53212,38813014
Dindori 4,6234,588296
Guna 5,1325,085443
Gwalior 53,09152,42763331
Harda 5,0554,954965
Hoshangabad 10,68010,5709911
Indore 1,53,0031,51,4101,391202
Jabalpur 50,64049,89667074
Jhabua 7,6887,619645
Katni 9,3659,2421203
Khandwa 4,0403,946940
Khargone 13,96513,71623910
Mandla 5,1875,159253
Mandsaur 8,6378,552841
Morena 8,2368,135956
Narsinghpur 11,20011,115814
Neemuch 7,9247,8288412
Niwari 3,7113,654489
Panna 7,3177,250634
Raisen 9,2339,0301949
Rajgarh 8,6988,49017236
Ratlam 17,85317,43838530
Rewa 16,43116,2701556
Sagar 16,59116,15439047
Satna 11,96511,8291333
Sehore 10,13610,057736
Seoni 6,7746,739287
Shahdol 10,0809,9581184
Shajapur 6,3496,273742
Sheopur 3,9983,919781
Shivpuri 12,39312,2611257
Sidhi 9,2199,132870
Singrauli 8,7938,706825
Tikamgarh 6,8636,7421147
Ujjain 18,89618,7201724
Umaria 6,2936,224636
Vidisha 11,91811,6772374
As of 2021-08-09 [21]

Testing

Summary of test results
Samples tested246,973
Positive10,641
Positive %
Tests per million people [note 1] 3,003
As of 13 June 2020 [23]

As of 22 July 2020, 645003 tests were performed in the state out of which 24842 were found positive. [24] [23]

Source: Department Of Public Relations, Madhya Pradesh

Graphs and charts

COVID-19 daily graph by total number of cases

Sources: [25]

Daily new cases

Daily new recoveries

Daily new deaths

Active cases

Semilog plot of SARS-CoV-2 spread and COVID-19 recoveries and deaths

Total numbers of active, recovered and deceased cases

Note: This is a Stacked Area chart. View the height of each section separately. Recovered + Active + Death = Total cases.

See also

Notes

  1. Population based on 2019 estimates from National Health Mission [22]

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