2020 Tablighi Jamaat COVID-19 hotspot in Delhi

Last updated

2020 Tablighi Jamaat COVID-19 hotspot in Delhi
Date1–21 March 2020
Venue Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque
Location Nizamuddin West, Delhi
TypeReligious congregation
Organised by Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi

A Tablighi Jamaat religious congregation that took place in Delhi's Nizamuddin Markaz Mosque in early March 2020 was a COVID-19 super-spreader event, [1] with more than 4,000 confirmed cases [2] and at least 27 deaths linked to the event reported across the country. Over 9,000 missionaries may have attended the congregation, with the majority being from various states of India, [3] [4] and 960 attendees from 40 foreign countries. [5] On 18 April, 4,291 confirmed cases of COVID-19 linked to this event by the Union Health Ministry represented a third of all the confirmed cases of India. [6] [7] Around 40,000 people, including Tablighi Jamaat attendees and their contacts, were quarantined across the country. [6]


The Tablighi Jamaat has received widespread criticism from the Muslim community for holding the congregation despite a ban on public gatherings being issued by the Government of Delhi on 13 March. [8]

Criminal cases were registered against the congregation attendees in the courts across India. However, in a landmark judgement in August 2020, the Bombay High Court quashed three FIRs against 35 petitioners – 29 of them foreign nationals – who attended a Tablighi Jamaat congregation in Delhi's Nizamuddin in March and travelled from there to different parts of India. The court observed: "A political government tries to find the scapegoat when there is pandemic or calamity and the circumstances show that there is probability that these foreigners were chosen to make them scapegoats." [9] Some of the chargesheeted Muslims neither attended the Delhi congregation nor were they inclined to the Tablighi ideology, as evidenced in the case of eight chargetsheeted individuals, whose case was dismissed by the Saket district court on 25 August 2020. [10] The Chief Justice of India Sharad Bobde observed "evasiveness" in that the Government of India's affidavit filed in response to petitions challenging the discriminatory and communal coverage of the Tablighi Jamaat incident by some sections of the media. He termed the statements in the document as "unnecessary, nonsensical" averments. [11] On 16 December 2020, The Chief Metropolitan Magistrate of a Delhi Court, Arun Kumar Garg, acquitted the 36 foreign nationals from 14 countries of all the charges levelled against them. They were facing charges under Section 188 (disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant), Section 269 (negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Section 3 (disobeying regulation) of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 and Section 51 (obstruction) of Disaster Management Act, 2005. [12]

Senior BJP leaders like Shivraj Singh Chouhan attributed Tablighi Jamaat congregation for a spike in cases of COVID-19 in the country, a claim which was disputed by experts from Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College in Indore saying that they have no data to link the spread of the pandemic to the congregation. [13] On the other hand, according to the first report in India tabled before Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan by the Department of Biotechnology in July 2020 on the genome of SARS-CoV-2 has found that a particular variant of the virus brought into the country mainly by travellers from Europe had become the most prominent across the country. [14] India's first COVID-19 patient was a Keralite student from a state-run university in Wuhan city of China, the centre of the COVID-19 pandemic. [15]


Nizamuddin Markaz events

The Nizamuddin Markaz's calendar shows three events scheduled during March: Aalmi Mashwara (international executive committee meeting) [16] during 8–10 March, and provincial gatherings Andhra Pradesh jod during 15–17 March and Tamil Nadu jod during 22–24 March. [17] [ non-primary source needed ] [18] [ non-primary source needed ] [19] [lower-alpha 1] There is no indication of an ijtema held in March. [22] An ijtema would have been too large a gathering for the Markaz building to hold. [16] [lower-alpha 2]

The AalmiMashwara probably attracted 1500 persons from different states of India as well as various countries in Asia and Europe. [16] The Andhra Pradesh gathering would have also attracted similar numbers from Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the neighbouring states. [21] In addition to these, the Markaz receives a regular year-round traffic of visitors from India and abroad who come for preaching activity and are dispatched to various locations in India. It is common for them to stop at the Markaz for a few days at the beginning and end of their travel. [16]

The activities at the Markaz apparently went unhindered till 22 March, when a Janata curfew was observed throughout India at the instance of prime minister Narendra Modi. At the end of the Janata Curfew, a lockdown came into effect in Delhi. The group said that it was able to move out around 1,500 people on the following days with some difficulty. [20] [23] On 24 March, when a nationwide lockdown came into effect, the Markaz received a notice from the SHO of the Hazrat Nizamuddin Police Station (which is the next door neighbour of the Markaz) asking for the closure of the building. The following day, a tehsildar with a medical team visited the Markaz and many of the visitors were examined. On 26 March, the group was called for a meeting with the District Magistrate. From 27 March onward, small groups of visitors were taken for medical check-ups. On 29 March, the Markaz responded to a notice from the Assistant Commissioner of Police of Lajpat Nagar stating that it had abided by all orders and did not allow any new visitors to enter the premises during the lockdown. [20] [24]

On 30 March, the authorities evacuated the building and sent about 2300 inmates to hospital wards and quarantines. [1] Mawlāna Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi, the head of the Markaz, was not found in the building. He later responded to police enquiries stating that he was self-isolating at an unknown location.[ citation needed ]

Government measures

Delhi is a Union territory with a legislature, which in effect means that it has a divided government. Most governmental functions are under the control of the elected government, while law and order is under the control of the lieutenant governor. The Delhi Police reports directly to the Union Home Ministry, rather than any branch of the Delhi government. The parties in power in Delhi and the Union are rivals, adding to frictions and lack of coordination. [25] [26]

For its part, the Union government ordered thermal screening of passengers arriving from Malaysia, Indonesia and other Asian countries from the end of February. [27] From 4 March, thermal screening was extended to passengers from all countries. [28] None of the foreign attendees of the Tablighi events were caught by these measures. [21] As of 13 March the central government had maintained that there was no health emergency in the country. There were no restrictions on gatherings until this date. [29] [30] Home quarantine for international arrivals was not mandated until 17 March. [28]

On 13 March, the Delhi government issued an order prohibiting sports gatherings, conferences and seminars with over 200 people. [31] The order has been described as being vaguely worded. A second order was issued on 16 March, banning all gatherings over 50 people. The government also ordered the closure of gyms, clubs and spas. [26] [32] But it was not until 24 March that the Delhi Police sought the closure of the Nizamuddin Markaz. [24]

On 16 March, the same day the Delhi order was issued, ten Indonesians who had attended the Aalmi Mashwara event in Nizamuddin were being isolated in Hyderabad. Eight of the ten men eventually tested positive for COVID-19. The Home Ministry stated that it informed all the state governments about this development on 21 March. [33] On 21 March again, Jammu and Kashmir officials informed the Union Health Ministry's control room that a 65-year-old patient, who had been to the Nizamuddin Markaz, had tested positive for COVID-19. They said that he possibly contracted the virus from Indonesian or Thai Tablighi members in Delhi. [34]

As late as 5 April, various government agencies were trying to blame each other with none of them taking responsibility for the lapses. [35]


A cluster spread became apparent in the following days as cases traced back to the event were reported in several states. In Telangana, five people who attended the event died on 30 March. Dozens of people tested positive in other places such as Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. State governments scrambled to trace the whereabouts of the attendees. [36]

As of 3 April, more than 950 confirmed cases were detected across 14 states and union territories in the country, including 97 percent of the total cases confirmed in the country on 2 and 3 April (647 out of 664 cases). [37] [38] Tamil Nadu was the worst affected state, as 364 of the 411 people who tested positive had attended the event. [39] 259 of the 386 cases in Delhi [40] and 140 of the 161 cases in Andhra Pradesh were linked to the event. [41] All nine deaths reported in Telangana until 2 April were of people who had returned from the congregation. [42]

The Srinagar man who died on 26 March was identified as a super-spreader as he travelled by road, rail and air from Delhi to Srinagar via Uttar Pradesh, as officials feared that he may have spread it to several people along the way. [43]

Tracing of attendees

By 2 April, Maharashtra, Telangana and Karnataka traced down 1,325, 1,064 and 800 attendees of the event respectively. [44] [45] [46] Tamil Nadu identified and quarantined 1,103 of the 1,500-odd participants from the state. [47] Andhra Pradesh reportedly detected around 800 of the 1,085 people of the state who attended the congregation. [48] Gujarat Police identified 72 attendees from the state who attended the event. [49] Uttar Pradesh managed to track and quarantine 1,205 people who participated in the congregation by 5 April. [50] On 4 April, it was reported that the Delhi Police had found more than 500 foreign preachers "hiding in 16–17 places" in the city. [51]

Cases linked

According to health authorities, until 2 April, among 2000 positive cases in India nearly 400 cases can be epidemiologically traced to the Tablighi Jamaat cluster. [52] [53] By 3 April 647 cases are reported which are related to this cluster. [54] By 4 April, 1,023 cases with links to this cluster were reported which is about 30% of total cases in the country. [55] On 18 April, Union Health Ministry said 4,291 out of 14,378 confirmed cases in 23 Indian states and union territories have been linked to this event, around a third of all cases. [6] [7]

Following are some of the positive cases from different states as reported in media.

State or UTPositive CasesDeathsRef(s)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 9 [56]
Andhra Pradesh 2801 [57] [58] [59]
Arunachal Pradesh 1 [60]
Assam 331 [56] [61]
Bihar 1
Delhi10805 [62] [ non-primary source needed ][ better source needed ]
Gujarat 121 [63]
Haryana 106 [64] [65]
Himachal Pradesh 21 [66] [67] [68] [ non-primary source needed ]
Jammu and Kashmir 222 [56]
Jharkhand [69]
Karnataka 1071 [57] [70] [71] [ non-primary source needed ] [72]
Kerala 15 [73]
Madhya Pradesh 71 [74] [75]
Maharashtra 232 [76] [ better source needed ]
Puducherry 2 [56]
Punjab 26 [77] [ better source needed ]
Rajasthan 43 [78] [ better source needed ]
Tamil Nadu 11132 [79] [ non-primary source needed ]
Telangana 38811 [66] [80] [81] [ non-primary source needed ]
Uttar Pradesh 1138 [82] [ non-primary source needed ] [83] [ non-primary source needed ]
Uttarakhand 24 [69] [84] [85]
*These numbers are not complete as some States do not report hotspot sources for cases




The Union Home Ministry instructed state governments to track down the 824 foreign attendees of the congregation, asking them to screen, quarantine and deport such individuals. [105] On 2 April, the Home Ministry identified 960 foreigners who took part in the event and blacklisted their visas for violation of The Foreigners Act, 1946 (by violating visa norms by entering India with a tourist visa and indulging illegally in missionary work) and the Disaster Management Act, 2005, and asked the DGPs of respective states and union territories to initiate legal action against them. [106]

The Delhi government ordered an FIR against Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi, the head of Nizamuddin faction of the Tablighi Jamat, on 30 March. [107] [108] On 1 April, the Delhi Police launched an investigation into a leaked audio clip in which Kandhlawi was allegedly heard asking his followers to not be afraid of the COVID-19 pandemic and to gather in mosques to pray. He was also heard saying, "This is not the time when you leave your prayers or meeting people just because doctors are saying. When Allah has given this disease, then no doctor or medicine can save us." [109] On 16 April, Kandhlawi was charged with manslaughter over the gathering. [110]

According to reports, around 160 attendees who were quarantined at a railway facility in Delhi "misbehaved" and "spat on" doctors and healthcare personnel who were attending to them. They also allegedly raised objection to the food served and roamed around the facility in violation of the norms of the isolation ward. [111] Attendees quarantined at a facility in Ghaziabad reportedly roamed around naked in the facility and made lewd comments and directed vulgar signs at the nurses. [112] [113] However, a medical officer with the Delhi government, who also helped evacuate the Nizamuddin Markaz, told The Hindu that she did not face any incidents of misbehaviour from the suspects. She stated that they mostly kept to themselves, reading namaaz, and seemed unaware of what was happening beyond their world. [114]

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath condemned the actions and invoked the National Security Act against them. [115] In Bihar, stones were pelted at police officers who had gone for tracking Tablighi Jamaat attendees. [116] On 6 April, news sources reported that some television anchors and journalists were being threatened by Tablighi Jamaat members for covering the "role of Tablighi Jamaat in the spread of coronavirus." [117]

On 14 April, Patna Police arrested 28 preachers (17 of whom were foreigners) [118] [119] and on 23 April, Tablighi members (including foreigners from Bangladesh and Malaysia) were arrested at Thane, Maharashtra. All were arrested for not following lockdown rules and visiting mosques. [120]

As of 8 May, 3,013 members of the Tablighi Jamaat were still waiting for their release, despite being under the long quarantine period and testing negative. [121]

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) had initiated a preliminary inquiry into the financial affairs of the Jamaat for "dubious cash transactions" and for concealing foreign funding from the government. [122] However, the union government submitted before the Supreme Court that there was no need for a probe by the CBI in connection with the congregation. [123]

The Karnataka High Court placed a 10-year restriction on visiting India on at least nine foreigner Tablighi Jamaat members who had attended the Nizamuddin Markaz event. However, this order was struck down by the Supreme Court in response to a plea by one of the attendees for its repeal. The court directed the Government of India that in the event of these participants applying for visa to visit India, their applications be treated on merits uninfluenced by the state high court's order. [124]


On 15 December 2020, the Delhi High Court acquitted 36 foreigners who were detained for allegedly violating COVID-19 norms after the prosecution failed to "prove the presence of accused inside the Markaz premises" and due to the contradictory statements given by the witnesses. [125]

Reconciliation efforts

In a letter issued on 19 April, Maulana Saad urged all the Tablighi Jamaat members that had survived COVID-19 to donate their blood plasma for the treatment of others. [126] Hundreds of recovered Tablighi Jamaat members came forward or expressed willingness to donate their blood plasma in an organised way in Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Delhi. [127] [128] [129] [130] [131] However, in late April, the Union Health Ministry stated that there was no concrete evidence yet to support plasma therapy. [132] In response to this, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal stated that the Delhi government would not stop plasma therapy trials since the "initial results have been promising". [133] As of 1 May 2020, the plasma of over 300 recovered attendees was extracted. [134] Since the plasma donation was done during the daytime in the month of Ramadan, the donors broke their fast during the process. [135] In some quarantine facilities, female Jamaat members donated their plasma. [136] One of the Tablighi donated multiple times. [137] They considered blood donation as their duty towards the nation. [138]

In the immediate aftermath of the Delhi event, at least three mosques of the Tablighi Jamaat were turned into quarantine centres. These included the Jama Masjid Moazzampura in Mallepally and the Masjid-e-Alamgir in Shanti Nagar, both of which are located in Hyderabad. [139]

In Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh, a man was shot dead for making remarks against Tablighi Jamaat. [140] In Una district in Himachal Pradesh, a man hanged himself due to taunts from fellow villagers for having come in contact with Tablighi Jamaat missionaries. [141] Several truckers belonging to the Muslim community were allegedly beaten up in Arunachal Pradesh, following which they fled to neighbouring Assam, leaving their vehicles behind, on 5 April 2020. [142] A Muslim man in Delhi was beaten up by a mob which accused him of spreading coronavirus. [143]

Discrimination against Muslims

Some social media users projected Muslims as the spreaders of COVID-19 in the light of Tablighi event in Delhi. As a result, Muslim vegetable vendors were barred from selling on the streets at many places by the locals in India, including Delhi, [144] Uttar Pradesh [145] [146] and Karnataka, especially Dakshina Kannada. [147]

The Hindu Mahasabha national secretary [148] and two BJP MLAs from Uttar Pradesh [149] [150] [151] were arrested for their discriminatory remarks about Muslims and members of the Jamaat. Muslims and their families were attacked in parts of the country. [152] [153] [154] In some cases, Muslim women were attacked [155] and pregnant Muslim women were denied timely healthcare, ultimately leading to the loss of their babies' lives. [156] [157] Multiple cases of healthcare professionals discriminating against Muslims were reported across the country. [158] [159] [160] In one such case in Ahmedabad, Hindu and Muslim coronavirus patients were allegedly separated from each other. [161] [162] Muslim students, too, faced discrimination while appearing for the class XII Board exams. [163] [164] According to media reports, in the wake of coronavirus spread, Muslims converted to Hinduism in several villages of Haryana, for a variety of reasons. [165] [166] [167] [168] [169]


Union Minister for Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi urged people to not hold the entire Muslim community for the "crime" of one group. [170] However, he further criticized the Tablighi Jamaat for organizing the events. [171]

Responding to the spate of attacks on Muslims in Karnataka in the wake of Tablighi event, Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa issued a stern warning, stating, "The entire Muslim community cannot be held responsible for an isolated incident that happens somewhere. I’ve given strict orders that action must be taken against the people responsible for violence against Muslims." [172]

Maharashtra Home Minister Anil Deshmukh criticised the Delhi Police for inaction. He questioned why the Tabligh event at Nizamuddin was allowed to go ahead. [173] Former Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis criticized the Tablighi Jamaat attendees and demanded their tracking and screening. [174] The incumbent Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray warned against communalising the fight against coronavirus, saying, "This COVID-19 sees no religion". [175]

Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani blamed the Tablighi Jamaat event for the sharp rise in the number of coronavirus cases in the state. [176] However, the opposition Congress blamed Namaste Trump event organised by the state BJP government on 24 February as principal reason for the spread of coronavirus in the state and demanded an independent probe by a Special Investigation Team (SIT) into the matter. [177] On 24 February, US President Donald Trump along with Prime Minister Narendra Modi took part in a road show in Ahmedabad which was attended by thousands of people. [178] [179]

A group of Indian scientists who were not virologists or involved in medical research but grouped to bust coronavirus-related myths, [180] had expressed the view that "data do not support speculation that the primary blame for the continued growth of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in the country lies with the Tablighi Jamaat convention in Delhi" and that they "strongly condemn any attempt to communalise the pandemic". [181]

A group of Indian scientists expressed the view that "data do not support speculation that the primary blame for the continued growth of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in the country lies with the Tablighi Jamaat convention in Delhi" and that they "strongly condemn any attempt to communalise the pandemic". [181]

Michael Ryan, executive director of the World Health Organization's Health Disaster Program, said in response to a question regarding the incident that patients infected with coronavirus should not be classified on the basis of race, religion or opinion. [182]

Princess Hend bint Faisal Al-Qasimi, a member of the royal family of the United Arab Emirates, called out a series of "Islamophobic posts" on Twitter which targeted the Tablighi Jamaat's congregation and linked it to the spread of coronavirus in India. [183]

The Tamil Nadu BJP spokesman Narayanan Thirupathy thanked the Tablighi attendees who donated their plasma, on behalf of his party. [184]

The Uttar Pradesh state government filed an FIR against Siddharth Varadarajan and The Wire for a report on the spread of coronavirus post the Jamaat congregation while recalling UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath's plans, as late as 18 March, to proceed with a religious fair at Ayodhya and his flouting of the national lockdown and social distancing norms by taking part in a religious ceremony along with others on 25 March. More than 4,600 jurists, academics, actors, artists, writers and people from all walks of life endorsed a statement expressing shock at the action of the Uttar Pradesh government. These included two former Chiefs of Naval Staff, Admiral Ramdas, and Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat who have also signed the statement, along with Yashwant Sinha, former external affairs and finance minister of India. [185]

Editors of the English Wikipedia deleted and later restored an entry about the incident called "2020 Tablighi Jamaat coronavirus hotspot in Delhi", which project co-founder Jimmy Wales said "was incredibly poorly written and had zero sources". [186] [187] Wales responded to accusations on Twitter stating that Wikipedia did not accept payment for the article's deletion. [188] [189]

A reference book for the second year MBBS students published in 2021 in Maharashtra had been withdrawn after objections were raised over some part its contents that allegedly linked the Tablighi Jamaat's congregation in New Delhi to the outbreak of coronavirus in India. The authors tendered an apology for linking the two events. [190] This follows a representation by the Students Islamic Organisation of India (SIO). [191]

In November 2021, Delhi High Court reprimanded Delhi Police for failing to prove any offence committed in their initial status report, and reminding the Police that since a nationwide lockdown was imposed, giving Jamaat members a shelter to stay was not a crime and a humane step. [192]

Maharashtra Minister Aslam Shaikh said the same people who accused the Tablighi Jamaat of spreading COVID-19 in the country have allowed thousands of people to gather at Kumbh Mela. [193]

See also


  1. Media reports have variously mentioned a "congregation" held on 11–13 March, [20] 13–15 March, [21] or other dates, which however do not appear on the Markaz's calendar.
  2. A Delhi provincial ijtema was held during 22–24 February at Shahi Eidgah. [17] [18] [19]

Related Research Articles

Tablighi Jamaat Islamic missionary movement

Tablighi Jamaat is a transnational Sunni Islamic missionary movement that focuses on exhorting Muslims to be more religiously observant and encouraging fellow members to return to practising their religion as per the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and secondarily to impact non-Muslims. "One of the most widespread Sunni" islah (reform) and daʿwa (missionary) organizations "in the world today", and called "one of the most influential religious movements in 20th-century Islam," the organisation is estimated to have between 12 and 80 million adherents worldwide, in over 150 countries, with the majority living in South Asia.

Haji Muhammad Abdul Wahhab (Urdu: حاجی راو محمد عبد الوہاب, Ḥājī Muḥammad ‘Abdul-Wahhāb was an Islamic preacher who was the emir of Tablighi Jamaat in Pakistan.

Nizamuddin Markaz, also called Banglewali Masjid, is a mosque located in Nizamuddin West in South Delhi, India. It is the birthplace and former global centre of the Tablighi Jamaat, the missionary and reformist movement started by Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi in 1926.

Social Democratic Party of India Indian political party

Social Democratic Party of India, popularly known as SDPI, is an radical Islamist, fundamentalist Indian political party founded on 21 June 2009 in New Delhi. It is the political wing of the Islamic organization Popular Front of India (PFI). It was registered with the Election Commission of India on 13 April 2010. MK Faizey is the party's National President.

Superspreading event Event in which 3 or more people attend and an infectious disease is spread much more than usual

A superspreading event (SSEV) is an event in which an infectious disease is spread much more than usual, while an unusually contagious organism infected with a disease is known as a superspreader. In the context of a human-borne illness, a superspreader is an individual who is more likely to infect others, compared with a typical infected person. Such superspreaders are of particular concern in epidemiology.

Zubair-ul-Ḥassanc. was an Indian Islamic scholar and emir of Tablighi Jamaat in India.

Muhammad Saad Kandhlawi is an Indian Muslim scholar and preacher. He is the great-grandson of the Tablighi Jamat founder Muhammad Ilyas Kandhlawi. He heads one faction of the Tablighi Jamat.

Jama Masjid, Nerul Mosque in Mumbai, India

The Jama Masjid Nerul or Nerul Aalami Markaz is a mosque located in Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is the oldest, largest mosque in Nerul & one of the main mosques of Navi Mumbai. It serves as the headquarter for the shura faction of the Tablighi Jamaat and is led by scholars like Ahmad Laat and Ebrahim Dewla.

COVID-19 pandemic in Uttar Pradesh Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Uttar Pradesh, India

COVID-19 Pandemic spread to Uttar Pradesh in March 2020. While the World Health Organization praised the UP government for its contact tracing efforts, there were several other issues in its management of the pandemic, including under reportage of cases by the government, vaccine shortages and dismal conditions of COVID-19 hospitals.

COVID-19 pandemic in Delhi Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Delhi, India

The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Indian capital of Delhi was reported on 2 March 2020. Delhi has the seventh-highest number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in India. The total number of cases reported as of Apr 2022, is 1,867,572 consisting of 26,158 deaths and 1,840,342 who have recovered.

Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in India (January–May 2020) Sequence of major events in ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in India

The following is the timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in India from January 2020 through May 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in West Bengal, India

The COVID-19 pandemic was first confirmed in the Indian state of West Bengal on 17 March 2020 in Kolkata. The Health and Family Welfare department of Government of West Bengal has confirmed a total of 13,43,442 COVID-19 positive cases, including 1,09,806 active cases, 15,120 deaths and 12,18,516 recoveries, as of 28 May 2021.

Indian state government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic Responses of Indian state governments towards ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in India

The Indian state governments have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in India with various declarations of emergency, closure of institutions and public meeting places, and other restrictions intended to contain the spread of the virus.

COVID-19 pandemic in Assam Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Assam, India

The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Indian state of Assam was reported on 31 March 2020. As of 22 May 2022, the Government of Assam has confirmed a total of 89,468 positive cases of COVID-19 including 67,641 recoveries, three migrations and 234 deaths in the state. The state's as well as northeast's largest city, Guwahati, has been worst affected by coronavirus.

The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu was reported on 7 March 2020.

A Tablighi Jamaat religious congregation that took place in Lahore's Raiwind Markaz in early March 2020 was a COVID-19 super-spreader event with more than 539 confirmed cases linked to the event being reported across the country. Science and Technology Minister Fawad Chaudhry blamed the "stubbornness of the clergy" for the event having gone ahead despite the COVID-19 pandemic.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on crime Consequences of COVID-19 pandemic for crime

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted crime and illicit economies such as organised crime, terrorism, street crime, online crime, illegal markets and smuggling, human and wildlife trafficking, slavery, robberies and burglaries.

Stone pelting in India refers to criminal assault in the form of stone throwing by individuals or mob who pelt, bombard or throw stones at security personnel, police forces and healthcare workers. Stone pelting began with incidents of stone pelting in Kashmir, but became less frequent after the revocation of article 370 of the Constitution of India and the conversion of the state into union territories. These incidents were later reported in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in 2019 in protest of the citizenship amendment act. In 2020, such incidents started occurring in various parts of India on doctors and policemen after the coronavirus lockdown.

A Tablighi Jamaat religious conference that took place at the "Masjid Jamek Sri Petaling" in Kuala Lumpur's Sri Petaling district between 27 February to 1 March 2020 became a COVID-19 super-spreader event with more than 3,300 cases being linked to the event. By 19 May 2020, the Malaysian Director-General of Health Noor Hisham Abdullah confirmed that 48% of the country's COVID-19 cases (3,347) had been linked to the Kuala Lumpur Tablighi Jamaat cluster. Additionally, nearly 10% of attendees were overseas visitors, causing COVID-19 to spread to other countries in Southeast Asia. On 8 July 2020, this cluster was declared over by the Ministry of Health.

Maridhas Malaichamy, known by his YouTube channel Maridhas Answers, is a right-wing YouTuber and social media influencer from Madurai, Tamil Nadu. He promotes the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) through his social media posts.


  1. 1 2 Slater, Joanna; Masih, Niha; Irfan, Shams (2 April 2020). "India confronts its first coronavirus 'super-spreader' – a Muslim missionary group with more than 400 members infected". The Washington Post.
  2. "30 Per Cent Of Coronavirus Cases Linked To Delhi Mosque Event: Government". NDTV. 4 April 2020.
  3. "Coronavirus: About 9,000 Tablighi Jamaat members, primary contacts quarantined in country, MHA says". The Times of India. Press Trust of India. 2 April 2020.
  4. "How Nizamuddin markaz became Covid-19 hotspot; more than 8,000 attendees identified". Hindustan Times. 2 April 2020.
  5. "379 Indonesians among foreigners from 40 countries attended Tablighi Jamaat gathering: Sources". ANI. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 ABP News Bureau (18 April 2020). "Tablighi Jamaat Responsible For 30% Total Coronavirus Cases in India: Health Ministry". ABP News.
  7. 1 2 "Coronavirus | Nearly 4,300 cases were linked to Tablighi Jamaat event, says Health Ministry". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 18 April 2020.
  8. "Tablighi Jamaat draws widespread condemnation from Muslim society". Business Line. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  9. ‘Unjust and unfair’: What three High Courts said about the arrests of Tablighi Jamaat members
  10. Eight Tablighis discharged, Delhi court says no evidence to show presence at Markaz – Cities News,The Indian Express
  11. Supreme Court slams Centre on Tablighi affidavit
  12. Tablighi case: court acquits 36 foreigners
  13. ‘No data to link Tablighi Jamaat to COVID-19 spread’
  14. Variant of coronavirus brought in by travellers from Europe most dominant in India
  15. "Wasn't Easy To Remain Isolated," Recalls India's 1st Coronavirus Patient
  16. 1 2 3 4 Raja Muzaffar Bhat (3 April 2020). "Not a Tableegi Virus". Greater Kashmir.
  17. 1 2 "Nizamuddin Ijtema". Facebook. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  18. 1 2 "Reconstruction of Ummah". delhimarkaz.com. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  19. 1 2 "Panic Grips Tablighi Jamaat Ijtema: Maulana Saad On The Run". News-Communique.com. 5 April 2020.
  20. 1 2 3 Beg, Mirza Arif (31 March 2020). "Communal Corona? Is It Justified To Blame Tablighi Jamaat For Nizamuddin Outbreak?". Outlook.
  21. 1 2 3 Mustafa, Faizan (16 April 2020). "The Coronavirus Spread and the Criminal Liability of the Tablighi Jamaat". The Wire.
  22. Mahurkar, Uday (1 April 2020). "Tablighi Jamaat's defiance spreads concern". India Today. There was no formal convention as previously believed, but there was a bigger than usual gathering of preachers this month.
  23. "The Religious Retreat That Sparked India's Major Coronavirus Manhunt". The New York Times. Reuters. 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
  24. 1 2 Trivedi, Saurabh (30 March 2020). "Coronavirus | 200 people in Nizamuddin develop symptoms; area cordoned off". The Hindu.
  25. Saikumar, Rajgopal (30 June 2015). "National Capital Territory of Delhi: Towards a Unique Diarchy (...and Away from a Monarchy)". The Hindu Centre for Politics and Public Policy.
  26. 1 2 "Authorities playing blame game over Nizamuddin Markaz". Outlook. 1 April 2020.
  27. "Coronavirus: Indian Airports To Now Screen Passengers From Four More Countries Including Nepal". Outlook. 23 February 2020.
  28. 1 2 Penkar, Ahan (16 April 2020). "Modi's speech: Unfounded half-truths at best, blatant denial of accountability at worst". The Caravan.
  29. Radhakrishnan, Sruthi (1 April 2020). "Tablighi Jamaat and COVID-19: The story so far". The Hindu.
  30. "Questions Remain About How Delhi's Nizamuddin Became a Coronavirus Hotspot". The Wire. 31 March 2020. Going by the spread of the coronavirus, however, it appears that the Delhi government's advisory itself came too late.
  31. "COVID-19: Govt. bans IPL in Delhi till further orders". The Hindu. 13 March 2020.
  32. Tiwari, Ayush (1 April 2020). "Coronavirus and Nizamuddin: TV news returns to bigotry with a bang". Newslaundry.
  33. "Questions Remain About How Delhi's Nizamuddin Became a Coronavirus Hotspot". The Wire. 31 March 2020. Going by the spread of the coronavirus, however, it appears that the Delhi government's advisory itself came too late.
  34. Singh, Vijaita (31 March 2020). "MHA tells States to track foreign Tablighi members". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  35. Trivedi, Saurabh; Ravi, Sidharth; Babu, Nikhil M. (5 April 2020). "Who is to blame for virus going viral from Nizamuddin?". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X.
  36. "Delhi area under watch: Officials link 5 Telangana deaths to Nizamuddin mosque, trace 1,600 people". The Indian Express. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  37. "647 COVID-19 Cases in Last 2 Days Linked To Islamic Sect Meet in Delhi". NDTV. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  38. "647 coronavirus positive cases in two days linked to Tablighi Jamaat". The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  39. "102 new Covid-19 cases in Tamil Nadu; state's tally reaches 411". Livemint. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  40. "2 more deaths in Delhi, one a Tablighi Jamaat man; 93 new Coronavirus cases reported". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  41. "Covid-19: AP reports first death; 140 of 161 cases linked to Markaz Nizamuddin". Livemint. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  42. "Three more Covid-19 deaths in Telangana, all linked to Markaz event". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  43. "Coronavirus Outbreak: Delhi Police books Tablighi Jamaat head as Nizamuddin centre emerges as hotspot; 1,339 workers quarantined, says MHA". Firstpost. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  44. "Tablighi Jamaat: 1,325 of 1,400 attendees traced in State". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  45. "Nine Delhi returnees die in Telangana, 21 new COVID-19 cases". Pune Mirror. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  46. "1,500 from Karnataka attended Tablighi Jamaat". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  47. "Coronavirus: How difficult was tracking the Jamaat event attendees from Tamil Nadu?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  48. "Tablighi attendees' motive under police scanner". The Sunday Guardian. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  49. "Coronavirus | 72 Tabligh attendees traced in Gujarat; one dead of COVID-19". The Hindu. 1 April 2020.
  50. "1,205 Tablighi Jamaat attendees quarantined so far in UP: Govt official". India Today. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  51. "Over 500 Foreigners Who Attended Tablighi Jamaat Found Hiding in Delhi Mosques". News18. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  52. Yadavar, Swagata (2 April 2020). "One in India's five Covid-19 patients is linked to Tablighi Jamaat and its Delhi event". ThePrint.
  53. "400 COVID-19 cases with linkage to Tablighi Jamaat found: Health Ministry". The Times of India. 2 April 2020.
  54. "647 coronavirus positive cases from 14 states in last two days are linked to Tablighi Jamaat: Health Ministry". The Economic Times. 3 April 2020.
  55. "1,023 Covid-19 positive cases with links to Tablighi Jamaat reported from 17 states: Health ministry". India Today. Press Trust of India. 4 April 2020.
  56. 1 2 3 4 "400 COVID-19 cases with linkage to Tablighi Jamaat found: Health Ministry". The Times of India. 2 April 2020.
  57. 1 2 "COVID-19 pandemic: Nizamuddin Markaz trail widens with sharp spike in cases in Telangana, Delhi and UP". Jagran English. 3 April 2020.
  58. ANI (6 April 2020). "266 cases of coronavirus in Andhra Pradesh, 243 of them Tablighi Jamaat attendees, their contacts". Business Standard India.
  59. "Steady rise in Covid-19 cases in Andhra, Telangana". Hindustan Times. 7 April 2020.
  60. "Coronavirus Outbreak: Arunachal Pradesh registers first COVID-19 case after 31-year-old Tablighi Jamaat attendee tests positive". Firstpost. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  61. "Coronavirus: 2 more cases bring Assam total to 25". indiatoday.in. 4 April 2020.
  62. Delhi, C. M. O. (17 April 2020). "Delhi Health Bulletin and Testing Status – 17th April 2020 #DelhiFightsCoronapic.twitter.com/cXaItp9hNn". @CMODelhi. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  63. "Tablighi Jamaat had major role in spreading the virus, says Nitin Patel". The Indian Express. 8 April 2020.
  64. "तब्‍लीगी जमातियों के कारण दक्षिण हरियाणा के चार जिलों में बढ़ सकता है लॉकडाउन". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  65. "Nearly 80% Covid-19 patients in Haryana attended Tablighi Jamaat event: Minister". Livemint. 9 April 2020.
  66. 1 2 "Tablighi super spreaders cause Covid-19 explosion in India". Daijiworld.com. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  67. "Coronavirus: हिमाचल प्रदेश में कोरोना वायरस के 126 सैंपल की जांच रिपोर्ट नेगेटिव". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  68. ANI (9 April 2020). "At present, 21 #COVID19 positive cases are in isolation wards. It's sad that all these cases are linked with Jamaat, some of them are those who had attended the Markaz event in Delhi & others are those who had come in contact with the attendees: Himachal Pradesh CM Jairam Thakurpic.twitter.com/xRYJC7uvXK". @ANI. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  69. 1 2 "647 coronavirus positive cases from 14 states in last two days are linked to Tablighi Jamaat: Health Ministry". The Economic Times. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  70. "Media Bulletin" (PDF). Drpartment of health and family welfare services,Karnataka. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  71. ANI (9 April 2020). "16 more #COVID19 cases reported in Karnataka in the last 24 hours, including 10 cases with close contact to other patients & three with travel history to Delhi. Total number of coronavirus cases in the state stands at 197: Karnataka Health Departmentpic.twitter.com/TQr6u0BZBb". @ANI. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  72. "COVID −19 Government of Karnataka – Official Dashboard". covid19dashboard.karnataka.gov.in. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  73. "More Tablighi meet returnees test positive for COVID-19 in southern states". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  74. Mamtany, Sidhant (4 April 2020). "36-year-old COVID-19 patient dies in Chhindwara; MP case tally rises to 158 including 11 deaths". indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  75. Joshi, Manas (5 April 2020). "Bhopal COVID-19 count rises by 23 in a single day, reaches 40". indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  76. "Maharashtra sees 60 new coronavirus cases, total 1,078". Sahara Samay. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  77. "पंजाब में तेज हुआ कोरोना वायरस का हमला, एक ही दिन में 20 पॉजिटिव केस की पुष्टि, छह जमाती". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  78. "Coronavirus in Rajasthan: Tablighi Jamaat members tested positive across various districts; positive cases of COVID-19 touches 200". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  79. ANI (15 April 2020). "38 more #COVID19 cases reported in Tamil Nadu today, of these 34 are those who attended "single source event in Delhi" & their contacts. Total coronavirus cases in the state now at 1242, including 1113 who attended "single source event in Delhi" & their contacts: State Governmentpic.twitter.com/l13BMlb5Rn". @ANI. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  80. Bisht, Akash; Naqvi, Sadiq (7 April 2020). "How Tablighi Jamaat event became India's worst coronavirus vector". Al Jazeera.
  81. ANI (9 April 2020). "471 positive reported cases so far, out of these 388 related to Markaz. Today 665 samples were tested & only 18 positive cases were found – indicates a decrease in cases. People related to Markaz,who returned on 25, 26 & 27 March,are also being tested today: Telangana Health Minpic.twitter.com/Dehwl87xIr". @ANI. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  82. UP, ANI (24 April 2020). "111 new #COVID19 cases reported today till 6 pm in the state. Total cases rise to 1621 including 226 cured/discharged. 1370 are active cases and 25 deaths have been reported: State Health Departmentpic.twitter.com/hwWgr3yfZi". @ANINewsUP. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  83. अनुराग (2 May 2020). "pic.twitter.com/ueEPJsQwyR". @News24X7_. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  84. "Uttarakhand DGP warns Tablighi members: 'Report to authorities by April 6 or face murder bid charge if any case reported'". The Indian Express. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  85. "coronavirus: उत्तराखंड में तीन जमातियों समेत चार कोरोना पॉजिटिव, 35 पहुंची संख्या". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  86. "Coronavirus in India: High alert in Telangana after 8 Indonesians test positive for Covid-19". India Today. Indo-Asian News Service. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  87. "COVID-19: Telangana's Karimnagar reports eight COVID-19 positive cases; city under lockdown". Deccan Herald. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  88. "Karimnagar: Six secondary contacts of Indonesian preacher shifted to isolation ward". Telangana Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  89. "Markaz leadership resisted, then NSA Ajit Doval dropped by at 2 am". Hindustan Times. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  90. M, Serena Josephine (30 March 2020). "25 of 67 patients directly or indirectly linked to Thai nationals". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  91. "Tamil Nadu reports 17 fresh coronavirus cases; tally now 67". Deccan Herald. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  92. "Tracking COVID-19 'super spreader': From J-K to Tablighi event in Delhi and back via UP". The Economic Times. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  93. Lobo, Shalini (31 March 2020). "Tamil Nadu reports 57 new Covid-19 cases in one day, 79% attended Tablighi Jamaat. State tally at 124". India Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  94. Jaiswal, Priya (4 April 2020). "Coronavirus in Mumbai: Dharavi man who died due to COVID-19 hosted 10 Tablighi Jamaat members". indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  95. Marpakwar, Chaitanya; Dalvi, Vinay; Marpakwar, Lata MishraChaitanya; Dalvi, Vinay; Mishra, Lata (4 April 2020). "Dharavi man who died hosted 10 Tablighi Jamaat members". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  96. Lobo, Shalini (1 April 2020). "Tamil Nadu reports 110 new coronavirus cases, all linked to Nizamuddin event". India Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  97. "Tamil Nadu reports 102 new COVID-19 cases, total rises to 411". The News Minute. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  98. AuthorANI. "44 new positive COVID-19 cases in UP, 42 attended Nizamuddin event". Telangana Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  99. "Coronavirus | TN reports 74 new cases; total goes up to 485". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 4 April 2020. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  100. "Assam Coronavirus-Infected Man Met 111, Search For "Silent Carrier" On". NDTV.com. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  101. "TamilNadu Media Bulletin 05.04.2020 6 pm" (PDF). tn.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  102. "CoronaVirus death in UP : उत्तर प्रदेश में कोरोना वायरस से तीसरी मौत, अब तक 284 पॉजिटिव". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  103. Pathak, Analiza (5 April 2020). "58 new COVID-19 cases reported in Delhi, tally rises to 503". indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  104. "93 New COVID-19 Cases in Delhi Linked To Mosque Event, 426 Of 669 Overall". NDTV. 9 April 2020.
  105. "Home Ministry asked States to identify 824 foreign Tablighi members". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  106. "960 foreigners linked to Tablighi Jamaat blacklisted, visas cancelled by MHA". India Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  107. "Nizamuddin congregation: Arvind Kejriwal orders FIR against maulana". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 30 March 2020.
  108. "Nizamuddin congregation: Arvind Kejriwal orders FIR against maulana". India Today. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  109. "It's time to stay in mosques, Allah will save us: Tablighi Jamaat chief told followers in leaked audio". India Today. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  110. "India coronavirus: Tablighi Jamaat leader on manslaughter charge over Covid-19". BBC. 16 April 2020.
  111. "Tablighi Jamaat attendees misbehave with staffers, spit at doctors at Delhi quarantine units". India Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  112. "Tabligh members undergoing treatment not cooperating: Doctors to Delhi govt". The Economic Times. 3 April 2020.
  113. "Tablighi Jamaat patients making vulgar signs, roaming nude inside hospital: Ghaziabad CMO tells police". India Today. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  114. "'Tablighi Jamaat members didn't misbehave during evacuation'". The Hindu . 9 April 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  115. "Ghaziabad: Tablighi Jamaat members misbehave with nurses; UP govt to invoke NSA". The Times of India. 3 April 2020.
  116. "3 held in Bihar's Madhubani for pelting stones at cops tracking Tabligi Jamaat attendees". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  117. "TV Journos Receive 'Threats' Over Tablighi Jamaat-Coronavirus Report, NBA Expresses Concern". News18. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  118. Chaurasia, Manoj (14 April 2020). "11 Malaysians among 28 foreign nationals jailed for violating visa norms". The Statesman.
  119. Srivastava, Amitabh (14 April 2020). "Bihar: 17 foreign preachers sent to jail for violating visa norms during Covid-19 pandemic". India Today.
  120. "Thane: 21 foreigners who had attended Tablighi meet arrested | Thane News". The Times of India. 23 April 2020.
  121. Kapoor, Cheena (8 May 2020). "India: 3,000 Muslims forced to quarantine after 40 days". Anadolu Agency . Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  122. Tiwary, Deeptiman. "CBI begins preliminary inquiry into Tablighi Jamaat financial affairs". The Indian Express . Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  123. "No need for CBI probe in Tablighi Jamaat congregation case: Centre tells SC". Times of India . Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  124. SC does away with 10 year travel restriction on 9 foreigner Tablighi Jamaat members
  125. "Tablighi case: All foreigners freed, court slams police, says no proof". The Indian Express. 16 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  126. "Covid-19 survivors should donate blood plasma: Tablighi Jamaat leader Maulana Saad". India Today. 21 April 2020.
  127. "Tablighi Jamaat Attendees in TN Coordinate to Donate Plasma, Feel Struggles Should not go Unnoticed". News18. 23 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  128. Sanjay, Satviki (22 April 2020). "Recovered Tablighi Jamaat Members, Once a COVID-19 Cluster, Want to Donate Plasma to Help Infected People". Vice. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  129. Ameen, Furquan (24 April 2020). "Plasma therapy trials in Delhi encouraging, says Kejriwal". The Telegraph. Kolkota. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  130. "After COVID-19 Recovery, 300 Tablighi Jamaat Members Sign Up To Donate Plasma". NDTV India . NDTV.com. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  131. "Hundreds Of Recovered Tablighi Jamaat Members Donate Blood Plasma For COVID-19 Patients". Outlook India . Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  132. "Plasma therapy: No evidence yet to support that plasma therapy can be used for Covid-19 treatment: Health ministry". The Times of India. 28 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  133. Swati Bhasin, Sharad Sharma. ""Won't Stop Plasma Therapy Trial": Arvind Kejriwal After Centre's Caution". NDTV India .
  134. "Karnataka Government Issues Notice to IAS Officer for Tweet on Tablighi Jamaat Members". News18 . News18. May 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  135. Mohammad Ali, Qaiser. "150 Tablighi Jamaat Members Break Ramzan Fast To Donate Plasma For Covid Treatment". Outlook India . Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  136. Gupta, Poorvi (May 2020). "Recovered Women Tablighis Donate Blood Plasma For COVID-19 Patients". SheThePeople.TV . Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  137. "कोरोना हारेगा: तब्लीगी जमात के सदस्य ने कहा- दो बार प्लाज्मा डोनेट किया, 10 बार करना पड़ा तो भी पीछे नहीं हटूंगा". Dainik Bhaskar . Bhaskar.com. 2 May 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  138. ‘It’s Only Blood, Ready to Die for Nation’: Tablighi Plasma Donor
  139. Mohammed, Syed (26 April 2020). "Ready to donate plasma for therapy: Tablighi Jamaat". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  140. Abhishek, Kumar (5 April 2020). "UP man shot dead at tea shop for blaming Tablighi Jamaat for coronavirus spread". India Today.
  141. Mohan, Lalit (5 April 2020). "Taunted over coronavirus spread after Tablighi meet, Himachal man commits suicide". The Tribune (Chandigarh).
  142. "Muslim Truckers 'Beaten Up' in Arunachal, Concern Over Supplies of Essential Items". News18. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  143. Ellis-Petersen, Hannah; Azizur Rahman, Shaikh (13 April 2020). "Coronavirus conspiracy theories targeting Muslims spread in India". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 April 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  144. Bhardwaj, Amit (8 April 2020). "How fake news, rumours are driving call for ban on Muslim vendors in NW Delhi". Asia Ville News. Asia Ville News. Archived from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  145. Pandey, Alok (13 April 2020). "Abused, Stopped From Selling Vegetables, Allege Muslim Vendors in UP". NDTV India . NDTV.
  146. "Muslim Vendors in UP's Mahoba Approach Admin, Say People Refused to Buy Veggies from Them". News 18. 13 April 2020.
  147. Mohammad, Akram (8 April 2020). "Muslim vendors barred after social media misinformation". Deccan Herald.
  148. "Hindu Mahasabha office-bearer, husband arrested in Aligarh for 'inflammatory' statement". Deccan Herald . 7 April 2020.
  149. Pandey, Alok (28 April 2020). ""Was I Wrong?" BJP MLA Says Boycott Muslim Vegetable Sellers, Defiant". NDTV India .
  150. "Caught on camera: UP BJP MLA Brij Bhushan Rajput threatens to beat up Muslim vegetable vendor". Scroll.in . 30 April 2020.
  151. "Another UP BJP MLA targets Muslim vendors". Sabrang India. 1 May 2020.
  152. Ellis-Petersen, Hannah; Shaikh Azizur Rahman (13 April 2020). "Coronavirus conspiracy theories targeting Muslims spread in India". The Guardian.
  153. Jha, Bagish (6 April 2020). "Gurugram: Youths assault neighbour, 6 of them arrested". The Times of India.
  154. Helen Regan, Priyali Sur, Vedika Sud. "India's Muslims feel targeted by rumors they're spreading Covid-19". CNN . Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  155. Yasir, Sameer (22 April 2020). "India Is Scapegoating Muslims for the Spread of the Coronavirus". Foreign Policy.
  156. Iqbal, Mohammed (5 April 2020). "Pregnant woman refused attention in government hospital, alleges Rajasthan Minister". The Hindu . Retrieved 3 May 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  157. Angad, Abhishek (19 April 2020). "In Jharkhand, pregnant woman says told to clean up blood, loses child". The Indian Express. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  158. "Meerut hospital issues advertisement asking Muslim patients to get tested for COVID-19". The Hindu. 19 April 2020. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 3 May 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  159. Web Desk, NH. "COVID postive[sic] muslims are terrorists, should be killed, says Principal of Kanpur Medical College". National Herald . Nationalheraldindia.com. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  160. Mukherjee, Deep (8 June 2020). "Rajasthan hospital faces probe after anti-Muslim WhatsApp posts by staff". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  161. Jha, Satish (15 April 2020). "Govt hospital in Ahmedabad allegedly separates Hindu, Muslim coronavirus patients; govt denies". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  162. TRIVEDI, DIVYA. "Targeting a community". Frontline . Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  163. "Muslim students appearing for exams made to sit separately: Muslim community were portrayed as super-spreaders of COVID-19 following the Tablighi Jamaat incident". The Siasat Daily . Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  164. "Madhya Pradesh: Congress MLA Arif Masood says Muslim students forced to write exam outside the examination hall". The Free Press Journal . Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  165. Ahmed, Syed Ali. "After Mob Attacks and Trade Boycott, Muslims Being Forced to Convert to Hinduism in Delhi and Haryana Villages". IndiaTomorrow.net. India Tomorrow. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  166. Sameer (9 May 2020). "Over 250 Muslims convert to Hinduism". Siasat Urdu daily . Siasat Newspaper Website. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  167. Mukesh, Kumar. "Haryana: 40 Muslim families convert to Hinduism – Gurgaon News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  168. India, Clarion. "Under Threat 12 Muslim Families 'Convert' to Hinduism in Haryana". Clarion India. Clarion. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  169. "Six Muslim families convert in Haryana's Jind district". The Hindu . 23 April 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  170. "Entire Muslim community can't be held responsible for one group's 'crime': Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi on Tablighi Jamaat row". The Times of India. 23 April 2020.
  171. Venugopal, Vasudha (2 April 2020). "Tablighi Jamaat is a Talibani crime, not negligence: Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi". The Economic Times . Retrieved 1 May 2020.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  172. Ahmed Sayeed, Vikhar (8 April 2020). "Karnataka C.M. issues stern warning against attacks on Muslims". The Hindu .
  173. Deshpande, Alok (2 April 2020). "Maharashtra denied permission for Ijtema near Mumbai in mid-March". The Hindu . Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  174. Press Trust of India (8 April 2020). "Tablighi returnees from Delhi are like human bombs, says Devendra Fadnavis". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  175. Srinivasan, Chandrashekar. ""Didn't Let What Happened in Delhi...": Uddhav Thackeray On Mosque Event". NDTV India . NDTV.com. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  176. Web Desk, India Today. "At E-Agenda Aaj Tak, Rupani fourth BJP CM to blame Tablighi Jamaat for Covid-19 surge". India Today. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  177. "Covid-19: Congress blames 'Namaste Trump' event for 800 deaths in Gujarat, BJP calls it 'baseless'". scroll.in.
  178. "Namaste Trump event to blame for over 800 coronavirus deaths in Gujarat: Congress". Indiatoday.in.
  179. ""Namaste Trump" Event Spread Coronavirus in Gujarat: State Congress". NDTV India . NDTV.com. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  180. "These scientists are not medical experts but are still trying to help fight coronavirus". Theprint.in.
  181. 1 2 Mudur, G.S. (11 April 2020). "No basis yet to blame Tablighi: Scientists". The Telegraph.
  182. Jain, Harshita (7 April 2020). "WHO's big statement on Tablighi Jamaat corona case". News Track Live. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  183. Krishnan, Revathi. "'Will not go unnoticed': UAE royal slams posts by man who abused Tablighis over Delhi event". The Print. TP. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  184. Express News Service. "BJP welcomes Tablighi participants' wish to donate plasma". The New Indian Express . Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  185. "4,600+ Jurists, Scholars, Actors, Artists, Writers Condemn UP Police's Charges Against The Wire". The Wire. TW. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  186. Chitra, Rachel. "On Wikipedia, Quora & Twitter, battle rages against communalisation of Covid-19, Jamaat event". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  187. Jena, Smrutisnat (19 April 2020). "Wikipedia Founder Responds To Angry Indians Who Ask Him If He Knows How Wikipedia Works". ScoopWhoop . Archived from the original on 23 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  188. Gaur, Viraj (18 April 2020). "Twitter Users Accuse Wikipedia of Taking Bribes, Founder Responds". The Quint . Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  189. "Wikipedia's befitting reply to 'bribe to delete Tablighi' page". The Siasat Daily . 19 April 2020. Archived from the original on 19 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  190. "MBBS book that linked Tablighi event to COVID-19 outbreak withdrawn". The New Indian Express. TNIE. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  191. "Authors of MBBS book linking Tablighi Jamaat to Covid-19 spike promise revision". Hindustan Times. HT. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  192. Ahsan, Sofi (12 November 2021). "'What is the offence committed?': Delhi HC asks police on those who provided shelter to Tablighis". Indian Express. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  193. "'They are same people who defamed Tablighi Jamaat': Maharashtra minister slams Kumbh Mela amid COVID-19 surge". Times Now Digital. Times Now. Retrieved 25 April 2021.