COVID-19 pandemic in North America

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in North America
COVID-19 cases by territories of the countries of North America.svg
Map last updated: December 2020
  <500 confirmed cases
  500–1,000
  1,000–2,000
  2,000–5,000
  5,000–10,000
  10,000–50,000
  50,000–100,000
  100,000–200,000
  >200,000 confirmed cases
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
LocationNorth America
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case Snohomish County, Washington, United States
Arrival date22 January 2020 - 20 September 2021
(1 year and 9 months ago)
Confirmed cases49,457,037 [1]
Recovered38,438,299 [1]
Deaths
1,014,111 [1]
Territories
39 [1]

The first cases of the COVID-19 pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 in North America were reported in the United States on 23 January 2020. Cases were reported in all North American countries after Saint Kitts and Nevis confirmed a case on 25 March, and in all North American territories after Bonaire confirmed a case on 16 April. [2]

Contents

On 26 March 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest number of confirmed COVID-19 infections, with over 82,000 cases. [3] On 11 April 2020, the U.S. became the country with the highest official death toll for COVID-19, with over 20,000 deaths. [4] As of 21 November 2020 the total cases of COVID-19 are over 13,942,964 with over 383,084 total deaths. [5]

As of 24 May 2021, Canada has reported 1,361,564 cases and 25,265 deaths, [6] while Mexico has reported 2,396,604 cases and 221,647 deaths. [7] The most cases by state is California with 3,778,711 cases and 62,945 deaths as of 24 May 2021. [8]

As of 3 March 2021, Greenland reported its 31st confirmed case, but none in need of hospitalization. The last infected person had recovered on 9 March and there are no known active cases in Greenland. As of 9 March, there have been no new infections in Greenland. [9] [10] As of 12 July 2021 there are 55 cases in Greenland, no deaths.

Statistics by country and territory

Summary table of confirmed cases in North America (as of 19 October 2021) [11] [12]
Country/TerritoryCasesDeathsRecoveriesRef
Flag of the United States.svg United States 45,951,123743,65933,520,958 [13] [14]
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 3,762,689284,9253,125,540 [15]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada 1,690,25828,6441,631,815 [16] [17]
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba 938,5778,101922,735 [18]
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 591,46014,515566,261 [19] [20]
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 553,6616,880479,169 [21] [22]
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 470,3957,294447,466 [23] [24]
Flag of Honduras (darker variant).svg Honduras 373,20610,147107,563 [25] [26]
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 373,0404,095362,793 [27]
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico 151,0893,213no data [28]
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador 110,1883,52092,173 [29]
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica 87,7232,12955,946 [30]
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago 54,6231,62148,710 [31] [32]
Flag of France.svg Guadeloupe 54,152525no data [33]
Flag of France.svg Martinique 42,634670no data [34] [35]
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti 23,40665820,149 [36]
Flag of Belize.svg Belize 22,18742719,182 [37]
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas 22,04862620,065 [38]
Flag of Curacao.svg Curaçao 16,97217216,590 [39] [40]
Flag of Aruba.svg Aruba 15,76517015,435 [41]
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua 15,918206no data [42] [43]
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados 13,5531204,820 [44]
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia 12,31323711,606 [45]
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg United States Virgin Islands 7,099786,897 [46]
Flag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda 5,593955,240 [47]
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4,637542,940 [48]
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten 4,456744,335 [49]
Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica 4,412304,039 [50]
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda 3,939973,171 [51]
Flag of France.svg Collectivity of Saint Martin 3,888371,399 [52]
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Turks and Caicos Islands 2,936232,861 [53]
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg British Virgin Islands 2,725372,649 [54]
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis 2,589212,151 [55]
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire 2,326192,200 [56]
Flag of France.svg Saint Barthélemy 1,6594no data [57]
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada 1,61313298 [58]
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands 1,0952867 [59] [60]
Flag of Greenland.svg Greenland 7000629 [61]
Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla 6981625 [62]
Flag of Montserrat.svg Montserrat 41133 [63]
Flag of France.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon 31030 [64]
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius 28028 [65]
Flag of Saba.svg Saba 11011 [66]
Total49,457,0371,014,11138,438,299

Timeline by country and territory

Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.

Antigua and Barbuda

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Antigua and Barbuda on 13 March 2020. [67]

As of 24 May 2021, Antigua and Barbuda reported 1,258 total cases, 16 active cases, and 42 deaths. [68]

The Bahamas

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Bahamas on 15 March 2020 with the announcement of the first case. [69]

As of 24 May 2021, the Bahamas reported 11,499 total cases, 1,002 active cases, and 225 deaths. This comes out to 493 deaths per one million population. [68]

Barbados

Barbados announced its first two confirmed cases on 17 March and declared a public health emergency on 26 March. [70] [71]

As of 26 January 2021, Barbados reported 1,401 total cases, 649 active cases, and ten deaths. [68] Between January and March the number of infections went up eight times. [72]

Belize

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Belize on 23 March 2020. [73]

As of 13 January 2021, Belize reported 11,366 total cases, 587 active cases, and 277 deaths. This comes out to 690 deaths per one million population. [68]

British Overseas Territories

Anguilla

The first two cases of the virus were confirmed on 26 March. [74] On 26 April 2020, all patients recovered. [75]

As of 13 January 2021, Anguilla reported 15 total cases, 13 recoveries, and two deaths. [68]

Bermuda

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda on 18 March 2020. [76] [77]

Cayman Islands

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of the Cayman Islands on 12 March 2020. [78]

On 17 December 2020, Mercer University pre-med student Skylar Mack, 18, from United States, and her boyfriend Vanjae Ramgeet, 24, of the Cayman Islands, were sentenced to four months in prison for her violating the island's mandatory two-week quarantine two days after arriving from the United States, and for his aiding and abetting her. [79] [80] The sentence was later reduced to two months. [81]

As of 13 January 2021, the Cayman Islands reported 362 total cases, 35 active cases, and two deaths. [68]

Montserrat

The territory's first case was confirmed on 17 March. Schools have been closed and public gatherings banned as a precautionary measure. [82] [83] By 15 May, all cases had fully recovered. [84] On 10 July, a 12th case was discovered. [85]

As of 13 January 2021, Monserrat reported 13 total cases, 12 recoveries, and one death. [68]

Turks and Caicos Islands

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands on 23 March 2020. [86] On 12 May, the last two cases recovered. There are currently no active cases, because one person left the country. [87] On 20 June, a new case was discovered. [88]

As of 13 January 2021, Turks and Caicos reported 1,011 total cases, 186 active cases, and six deaths. [68]

British Virgin Islands

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed. [89]

As of 13 January 2021, the British Virgin Islands reported 114 total cases, 18 active cases, and one death. [68]

Canada

As of 12 April 2021, Canada reported 1,078,579 total cases, and 23,331 deaths. This represents 2862.52 cases and 61.91 deaths per 100,000 persons. [90]

Alberta

British Columbia

A public health emergency was declared in the province on 17 March. On 18 March, BC Public Safety Minister Mike Farnworth declared a province-wide state of emergency. Several municipalities in the Metro Vancouver Regional District have declared local states of emergency, including Vancouver, New Westminster, Delta, Surrey, and Richmond.

Manitoba

New Brunswick

Newfoundland And Labrador

On 14 March, a presumptive case was announced in the province. [91] By 25 March, the number of cases had risen to 67, 44 of them associated with an outbreak at a funeral home, which occurred between 15 and 17 March.

On 3 July, the province joined three other provinces to create an Atlantic Bubble, allowing free travel amongst the member provinces and restricting access to travellers from outside provinces. On 17 August 2020, pursuant to section 28 of the Public Health Protection and Promotion Act, Chief Medical Officer Dr. Janice Fitzgerald, announced that non-medical masks will be mandatory for people in indoor public spaces, starting 24 August.

Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia

Nunavut

Until 6 November 2020, Nunavut remained the only province or territory in Canada, and the only place in North America, that had not yet recorded a confirmed case of COVID-19,[2][3] with two early presumptive cases later ruled to be false positives, and clusters of cases at mines in September and October involving employees flown in from outside of the territory.

On 6 November 2020, Nunavut recorded its first confirmed case of COVID-19 in-territory. By mid-November, evidence of community transmission began to emerge, prompting the territory to reimplement restrictions in the affected communities. Nunavut's Chief Medical Officer Michael Patterson announced on 16 November that a territory-wide restriction period would take effect on 18 November, reinstating the closure of schools and all non-essential businesses for at least two weeks.

Ontario

The COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Canada was announced on 25 January 2020, involving a traveler who had recently returned to Toronto from travel in China, including Wuhan. As of 10 November 2020, Ontario has the second-largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases among Canada's provinces and territories, behind only Quebec

With increasing transmission province-wide, a state of emergency was declared by Premier Doug Ford on 17 March 2020, including the gradual implementation of restrictions on gatherings and commerce. On 3 April, the province released modelling projecting that over the full course of the pandemic with no mitigation measures 100,000 deaths would have occurred, and with the then-current measures 3,000 to 15,000 deaths would occur. Projections for test-confirmed cases by 30 April were 12,500 (best case scenario), 80,000 (expected case scenario), and 300,000 (worst-case scenario).

From late spring to early summer, the majority of the deaths were residents of long-term care homes.[2] In late April, one out of five of all long-term care homes in Ontario had an outbreak and 70% to 80% of all COVID-19 deaths had been in retirement and long-term care homes. Following medical assistance and observation by the Canadian Armed Forces, the military released a report detailing "a number of medical, professional and technical issues" amongst 'for-profit' long-term-care homes including neglect and lack of equipment and allegations of elder abuse.

From May through August, the province instituted a three-stage plan to lift economic restrictions, subject to the employment of social distancing and other guidelines, and continued restrictions on the sizes of gatherings. A plan was implemented for the return-to-class of public schools, involving more than 2 million children.

On 14 January 2021 Ontario entered a second state of emergency. The state of emergency included a stay at home order where residents were instructed to stay home. Exceptions for the stay at home order included leaving the home for food, healthcare, exercise or work. [92]

Prince Edward Island

Quebec

Saskatchewan

Yukon

On 20 March 2020, the government of Yukon advised stopping all non-essential travel. On 22 March, after its first case, the government limited non-essential travel out of the territory or into remote communities to protect Yukon's most vulnerable citizens. On 17 April, minister of community services John Streicker signed the Ministerial Order, which allowed enforcement officers to deny entry to non-essential travellers.[6] All schools are currently closed.

On 22 March 2020, Premier Sandy Silver and the Chief Medical Officer, Brendan Hanley, announced that Yukon had its first cases of COVID-19 in Yukon, a couple who had attended a convention in the United States and then returned home to Whitehorse. On 30 October 2020, the territory reported its first COVID-19 death, who was a resident of Watson Lake.

Colombia

San Andrés and Providencia

Costa Rica

On 6 March, the first case in Costa Rica was confirmed, which was also the first such case in Central America. [93]

As of 13 January 2021, Costa Rica reported 182,156 total cases, 39,805 active cases, and 2,384 deaths. This comes out to 466 deaths per one million population. [68]

Cuba

On 11 March, the first cases in Cuba were confirmed. [94] As of 12 May, new cases had fallen to less than 20 per day, and a program of mass testing was beginning. [95]

Infections went up fourfold in January and February 2021. Cuba's death toll of 324 is well under the world average per capita, but health authorities worry that it is increasing. The government says two of its four vaccines should begin final trials in late March. [72]

Greenland (Kingdom of Denmark)

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Greenland – an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of Denmark – in March 2020. [96] There have been 31 confirmed cases, but none in need of hospitalization. The last infected person had recovered on 9 March and there are no known active cases in Greenland. As of 9 March, there have been no new infections in Greenland. [9]

Dominica

On 22 March, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the island of Dominica. It was a woman who recently came back from the UK. [97]

As of 13 January 2021, Dominica reported 109 total cases, eight active cases, but no deaths. [68]

Dominican Republic

On 1 March, the first case in the Dominican Republic was confirmed, which was also the first case in the Caribbean. [98]

As of 13 January 2021, the Dominican Republic reported 186,383 total cases, 43,738 active cases, and 2,428 deaths. This comes out to 223 deaths per one million population. [68]

Dutch Caribbean

Aruba

On 13 March 2020, Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes announced the first two confirmed cases of coronavirus on the island. [99]

As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens. [99] They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of 16 March, as well as all large-scale public gatherings. [100] On 29 May, all cases recovered. [101] On 29 June, two more cases had been discovered. [102]

As of 13 January 2021, Aruba reported 6,228 total cases, 624 active cases, and 52 deaths. This comes out to 486 deaths per one million population. [68]

Curaçao

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic was documented for the first time in Curaçao on 13 March 2020. The case was a 68-year-old man who was on vacation from the Netherlands. [103] By 9 July, all cases recovered. [104] On 15 July, a new case was discovered. [105] On 6 August, all cases resolved. [106]

As of 13 January 2021, Curaçao reported 4,488 total cases, 373 active cases, and 19 deaths. This comes out to 116 deaths per one million population. [68]

Sint Maarten

As of 18 March there has been one confirmed case in Sint Maarten. [107] Schools have been shut for a period of two weeks. [107] By 15 June, all cases recovered. [108] On 1 July, a new case was discovered, [109] which resolved 3 July. [110] On 15 July, a 79th case was discovered. [111]

As of 13 January 2021, Sint Martin reported 1,589 total cases, 102 active cases, and 27 deaths. [68]

Caribbean Netherlands

As of 13 January 2021, the Caribbean Netherlands reported 249 total cases, 65 active cases, and three deaths. [68]

Bonaire

On 16 April 2020, Edison Rijna, Island Governor of Bonaire announced the first case of COVID-19 on the island. [112] The island was already closed to international travel. [113] On 28 April 2020, all cases had recovered. [114] On 14 July, two new cases had been discovered. [115]

Saba

On 12 April, the first case was confirmed in Saba. Schools, bars and 'non-essential services' are all currently shut. [116] On 12 May, all cases on Saba recovered. [117] On 1 August, two new cases were discovered. [118]

Sint Eustatius

On 31 March 2020, the first two cases were confirmed, [119] they were two young men from the Netherlands who arrived on 15 March and self isolated after arrival. [120] On 5 May all cases recovered. [121]

El Salvador

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached El Salvador on 18 March 2020. [122]

As of 13 January 2021, El Salvador reported 49,539 total cases, 4,282 active cases, and 1,447 deaths. This comes out to 222 deaths per one million population. [68]

Overseas France

Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation. [123] According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports, [124] as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy. [125] As of 5 April, St. Pierre and Miquelon recorded its first verified case. [126]

Region of Guadeloupe

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the French overseas department and region of Guadeloupe on 12 March 2020. [127]

As of 13 January 2021, Guadeloupe reported 8,776 total cases, 6,380 active cases, and 154 deaths. This comes out to 385 deaths per one million population. [68]

Region of Martinique

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas department and region of Martinique on 5 March 2020. [128]

As of 13 January 2021, Martinique reported 6,184 total cases, 6,043 active cases, and 43 deaths. This comes out to 115 deaths per one million population. [68]

Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Barthélemy on 1 March 2020. [129] The last positive case was on 31 March. [130] On 21 April, the last case recovered. [131] Between 18 and 24 July, a new case was imported. [132]

As of 13 January 2021, Saint Barthélemy reported 206 total cases, 33 active cases, and one death. [68]

Collectivity of Saint Martin

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin on 1 March 2020. [129]

As of 13 January 2021, Saint Martin reported 1,025 total cases, 158 active cases, and 12 deaths. [68]

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon on 5 April 2020. [133]

As of 13 January 2021, Saint Pierre and Miquelon reported 16 total cases, all of whom had recovered. [68]

Grenada

On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed. [134]

As of 13 January 2021, the British Virgin Islands reported 132 total cases, eight active cases, and one death. [68]

Guatemala

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Guatemala on 13 March 2020. [135]

As of 13 January 2021, Guatemala reported 145,986 total cases, 8,362 active cases, and 5,117 deaths. This comes out to 283 deaths per one million population. [68]

Haiti

On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed. [136]

As of 13 January 2021, Haiti reported 10,569 total cases, 1,443 active cases, and 238 deaths. This comes out to 21 deaths per one million population. [68]

Honduras

On 10 March, the first two cases in Honduras were confirmed. [137]

President Juan Orlando Hernandez and his wife tested positive for COVID-19 in June. [138]

As of 13 January 2021, Honduras reported 129,805 total cases, 67,122 active cases, and 3,294 deaths. This comes out to 330 deaths per one million population. [68]

78-year-old Cardinal Óscar Rodríguez Maradiaga was diagnosed with COVID-19 on 4 February 2021. [139]

28-year-old nursing student Keyla Patricia Martínez was arrested in La Esperanza, Intibucá Department and was murdered by choking while in police custody. [140] [141] Her death was originally called a suicide, but following protests it was reclassified as homicide. [142] [140]

Jamaica

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation. [143] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February. [144]

On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany, and Spain. [145]

On 11 March, the country's health minister confirmed the second "imported corona virus [ sic ]" case. [146]

As of 13 January 2021, Jamaica reported 13,852 total cases, 1,967 active cases, and 317 deaths. This comes out to 107 deaths per one million population. [68]

Confirmed cases doubled in the first two months of 2021, and the death toll stood at 422 on 1 March. All beds dedicated to COVID-19 isolation were full as of 26 February. Jamaica will receive a vaccine donation from India of 50,000 vaccine doses on 4 March, 124,800 doses via COVAX later in March, and 1.8 million from the African Medical Supply Platform in April. [72]

Mexico

On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. [147] The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection. [148] Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact. [149]

Mexico began vaccinating health workers in Mexico City and Coahuila on 24 December. [150] Vaccinations were expanded to 879 hospitals in all 32 federal entities on 13 January 2021. [151] As of this date Mexico reported 1,556,028 confirmed cases (13th highest in the world), 251,992 active cases, and 135,682 deaths. This is 1,046 deaths per one million inhabitants. [68]

Nicaragua

An ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was shown to have spread to Nicaragua when the first case, a Nicaraguan citizen who had returned to the country from Panama, was confirmed on 18 March 2020. [152]

As of 13 January 2021, Nicaragua reported 6,152 total cases, 1,760 active cases, and 167 deaths. This comes out to 25 deaths per one million population. [68]

Panama

The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases. [153]

On 9 March, the health ministry (MINSA) announced Panama's first coronavirus case, a Panamanian woman in her 40s who had returned from Spain. [154] [155]

On the following day, the MINSA announced seven more COVID-19 cases and one coronavirus-related death. [156] [157] [158]

As of 13 January 2021, Panama reported 288,408 total cases, 56,673 active cases, and 4,594 deaths. This comes out to 1,056 deaths per one million population. [68]

Puerto Rico (United States)

As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases. [159] On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines. [160]

Saint Kitts and Nevis

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed. [161] By 19 May, all cases recovered. [162]

As of 13 January 2021, Saint Pierre and Miquelon reported 34 total cases, three active cases, but no deaths. [68]

Saint Lucia

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia on 13 March 2020. [163] On 22 April 2020, it was announced that all confirmed cases had recovered. [164] On 28 April 2020, two new cases were discovered. [165]

As of 11 October 2021, Saint Lucia reported 12,017 total cases, 837 active cases, and 224 deaths. [68] Infections increased ten times between January and March. [72]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

On 11 March, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines confirmed its first case. [166]

St. Vincent and Grenadines registered its first COVID-19 death in 2021 and by 1 March had eight fatal victims. [72]

Trinidad and Tobago

On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19. [167]

As of 13 January 2021, Trinidad and Tobago reported 7,305 total cases, 285 active cases, and 129 deaths. This comes out to 92 deaths per one million population. [68]

United States

COVID-19 outbreak USA per capita cases map.svgCOVID-19 pandemic in GeorgiaCOVID-19 pandemic in American Samoa
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people by state, as of October 17

On 20 January, the United States confirmed its first case, of a 35-year-old man who had returned on 15 January to the state of Washington after visiting family in Wuhan, China. The man sought clinical assistance on 19 January. [168]

On 27 February, the CDC reported a case in California which may be the first instance of community transmission in the US. [169]

On 29 February, officials of Washington State confirmed the first reported death from COVID-19 in the US. [170]

By 11 March, the U.S. had tested fewer than 10,000 people. [171] By the end of the month, over 1,000,000 people had been tested. [172] However, health experts stated that this level of testing was still inadequate. [173]

On 26 March, the United States surpassed China and Italy as the country with the most confirmed COVID-19 cases, with a figure above 82,000. [174] [175] The U.S. federal government's health inspectors surveyed 323 hospitals in late March; reporting "severe shortages" of test supplies, "widespread shortages" of personal protective equipment (PPE), and other strained resources due to extended patient stays while awaiting test results. [176]

On 11 April, the United States surpassed Italy as the country with the most confirmed COVID-19 deaths, with a total of over 20,000. [177] The U.S. also became the first to record 2,000 deaths in a single day. [178] Wyoming became the 50th state to be issued a disaster declaration. [179]

By 20 April, the federal government stated it was conducting 150,000 tests per day, and claimed that this number would be enough to allow for schools and businesses to reopen. Health experts estimate that 500,000 to 1,000,000 tests per day would be needed to properly track the spread of the COVID-19, to avoid a new wave of infections. [180]

On 1 October it was announced first that Hope Hicks had tested positive, and a few hours later it was announced that both President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania had tested positive for COVID-19, who were all part of the broader White House COVID-19 outbreak. [181] [182] Both Trumps recovered from the disease.

On 9 November, the U.S. surpassed 10 million COVID-19 cases, according to data from Johns Hopkins. [183]

On 11 December, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized for the emergency use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. [184] Following the issuing, it was estimated that 20,000,000 could be vaccinated over the course of a few weeks. [185]

As of 17 February 2021, the U.S. has recorded more than 27 million cases of COVID-19; 483,000 have died. [186]

Alaska

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Alaska on 12 March 2020. [187]

California

Florida

New Jersey

New York

Ohio

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Ohio on 9 March 2020, when the state's first cases were reported. The first death from COVID-19 in Ohio was reported on 19 March. Subsequently, records supported by further testing showed that undetected cases had existed in Ohio since early January, with the first confirmed death on 17 March. By 23 April, Ohio had 656 confirmed deaths; by 1 May, there were 1002 confirmed deaths. Accurate data was difficult to obtain due to limited test availability. By 12 December, a total of 553,461 cases had been reported leading to 31,803 hospitalizations and 7,477 deaths.

Texas

Washington State

The first confirmed case relating to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States was announced by the state of Washington on 21 January 2020. Washington made the first announcement of a death from the disease in the U.S. on 29 February and later announced that two deaths there on 26 February were also due to COVID-19. Until mid-March, Washington had the highest absolute number of confirmed cases and the highest number per capita of any state in the country,until it was surpassed by New York state on 10 April 2020. Many of the deceased were residents of a nursing home in Kirkland, an Eastside suburb of Seattle in King County.

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The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Africa on 14 February 2020, with the first confirmed case announced in Egypt. The first confirmed case in sub-Saharan Africa was announced in Nigeria at the end of February 2020. Within three months, the virus had spread throughout the continent, as Lesotho, the last African sovereign state to have remained free of the virus, reported a case on 13 May 2020. By 26 May, it appeared that most African countries were experiencing community transmission, although testing capacity was limited. Most of the identified imported cases arrived from Europe and the United States rather than from China where the virus originated.

COVID-19 pandemic in Tunisia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Tunisia

The COVID-19 pandemic in Tunisia is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was confirmed to have reached Tunisia on 2 March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in South America Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in South America

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached South America on 26 February 2020 when Brazil confirmed a case in São Paulo. By 3 April, all countries and territories in South America had recorded at least one case.

COVID-19 pandemic in Honduras Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Honduras

Honduras has a total population of 9,478,505 .The COVID-19 pandemic in Honduras the pandemic is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was first confirmed to have spread to Honduras on 10 March 2020, when two women tested positive for the virus after one of them landed on Toncontín International Airport in a flight from Madrid, Spain, and the other on Ramón Villeda Morales International Airport in a flight from Geneva, Switzerland. Confirmed cases have been reported in all 18 departments of the country, with the majority of cases located in Cortés and Francisco Morazán.

COVID-19 pandemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 10 March 2020. The first few confirmed cases were all outside arrivals.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Gabon is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Gabon in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Angola Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Angola

The COVID-19 pandemic in Angola is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Angola in late March 2020, with the first two cases being confirmed on 21 March.

COVID-19 pandemic in Cape Verde Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Cape Verde

The COVID-19 pandemic in Cape Verde is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Cape Verde in March 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Eswatini is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Eswatini in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Mauritania Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Mauritania

The COVID-19 pandemic in Mauritania is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Mauritania in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Mozambique Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Mozambique

The COVID-19 pandemic in Mozambique is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Mozambique in March 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Uganda is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Uganda in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Zimbabwe Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Zimbabwe

The COVID-19 pandemic in Zimbabwe is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 .The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Zimbabwe in March 2020. Some of Zimbabwe's provinces, especially Manicaland, Masvingo and Mashonaland East, also struggled with a malaria outbreak at the same time. Though malaria is treatable, the healthcare system faces drug shortages and increased strain with the spread of COVID-19.

COVID-19 pandemic in Aruba Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Aruba

The COVID-19 pandemic in Aruba is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was documented for the first time in Aruba on 13 March 2020. As of 29 May, all cases recovered. On 29 June, two new cases were discovered.

COVID-19 pandemic in São Tomé and Príncipe Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in São Tomé and Príncipe

The COVID-19 pandemic in São Tomé and Príncipe is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached São Tomé and Príncipe on 6 April 2020. The first death was recorded on 30 April.

COVID-19 pandemic in East Timor Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in East Timor

The COVID-19 pandemic in East Timor is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached East Timor in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in the Comoros Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the Comoros

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Comoros on 30 April 2020, and by 4 May the first death was announced. On 21 July, all cases on the island of Mohéli resolved.

COVID-19 timeline by country in Africa Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Africa on 14 February 2020, with the first confirmed case announced in Egypt. The first confirmed case in sub-Saharan Africa was announced in Nigeria at the end of February. Within three months, the virus had spread throughout the continent, as Lesotho, the last African sovereign state to have remained free of the virus, reported a case on 13 May. By 26 May, it appeared that most African countries were experiencing community transmission, although testing capacity was limited. Most of the identified imported cases arrived from Europe and the United States rather than from China where the virus originated. It is believed that there is widespread under-reporting in many African countries with less developed healthcare systems.

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