COVID-19 pandemic in Vanuatu

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Vanuatu
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Vanuatu
First outbreak Wuhan, China
Index case Port Vila
Arrival date11 November 2020 [1]
(1 year, 1 week and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases6 [1] [2]
Active cases2
Suspected cases0
Recovered3
Deaths
1 [3]
Government website
https://covid19.gov.vu/
Suspected cases have not been confirmed by laboratory tests as being due to this strain, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Vanuatu is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Vanuatu on 11 November 2020. [1]

Contents

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. [4] [5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [6] [7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [8] [6]

Timeline

March 2020

On 16 March 2020, travel restrictions and quarantine measures were put in place for those entering Vanuatu. [9] On 22 March, Vanuatu's health authorities confirmed that tests for a resort worker with a suspected case of coronavirus had returned negative. [10] On 26 March President Tallis Obed Moses declared a state of emergency in the country. [11] A tourist on a cruise ship visiting the island of Aneityum had tested positive for the virus, prompting a lockdown on the island. Blood samples from locals on the island were also sent to New Caledonia for testing. [11]

November 2020

On 11 November, Vanuatu confirmed its first asymptomatic case, belonging to a man who had traveled to the islands from the United States via Sydney and Auckland. The man had arrived in Vanuatu on 4 November and underwent managed isolation and quarantine with no symptoms. He tested positive on 10 November. [1]

December 2020

On 2 December, Vanuatu confirmed that the man who tested positive for COVID-19 earlier in November has since tested negative. [12]

March 2021

April 2021

May 2021

October 2021

November 2021

Statistics

New cases per day

Deaths per day

Vaccination

On 2 June 2021, Vanuatu launched its COVID-19 vaccine roll-out campaign. On 27 July 2021, 20,000 AstraZeneca vaccines were received in Vanuatu through a bilateral arrangement between the governments of the Republic of Vanuatu and Australia, a further 24,000 AstraZeneca doses have been provided by COVAX, and 20,000 Sinopharm BIBP vaccine doses received from the Chinese Government. [18]

The total number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered between 2 June 2021 and 8 August 2021 was 31,028. These have been prioritised to health workers, front line workers (e.g. border workers, quarantine facility staff, public transport drivers), the elderly (55 and over), and 4,314 people aged 35 years and over with known underlying medical conditions. Those who have received both of the two recommended doses of either Sinopharm or AstraZeneca vaccines are considered fully vaccinated. As of 8 August, 1,721 people in Vanuatu are considered fully vaccinated (0.6% of the population). [18]

See also

Notes

    Related Research Articles

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Iraq is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. During the pandemic, Iraq reported its first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections on 22 February 2020 in Najaf. By April, the number of confirmed cases had exceeded the hundred mark in Baghdad, Basra, Sulaymaniyah, Erbil and Najaf.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Egypt

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Egypt on 14 February 2020.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Oceania Ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Oceania

    The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Oceania on 25 January 2020 with the first confirmed case reported in Melbourne, Australia. It has since spread elsewhere in the region, although many small Pacific island nations have thus far avoided the outbreak by closing their international borders. Two Oceania sovereign states and one dependency have yet to report a case. Australia and New Zealand were praised for their handling of the pandemic in comparison to other Western nations, with New Zealand and each state in Australia wiping out all community transmission of the virus several times even after re-introduction in the community.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Cambodia

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Cambodia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first imported case in Cambodia was detected in Sihanoukville on 27 January 2020. Although a number of imported cases and transmission to direct contacts were confirmed throughout 2020, no community transmission was detected until 29 November 2020. As of July 2021, Phnom Penh has been the most affected province with the majority of infections and deaths. Banteay Meanchey has the second-highest number of infections, whereas Kandal has second-highest number of deaths.

    The COVID-19 pandemic in the Maldives is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to the Maldives on 7 March 2020 from a 69-year-old Italian tourist who had returned to Italy after spending holidays in Kuredu Resort & Spa. The Health Protection Agency of the Maldives confirmed two cases in the Maldives, both employees of the resort. Following this, the hotel was locked down with several tourists stranded on the island. As of 11 March, the resorts of Kuredu, Vilamendhoo, Batalaa, and Kuramathi island were also placed under temporary quarantine. Schools were closed as a precaution.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Papua New Guinea

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Papua New Guinea on 20 March 2020. On 4 May 2020, Papua New Guinea was declared COVID-19 free. However, on 20 June, the government confirmed another case of COVID-19, meaning that the disease was present again within the country.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Samoa Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Samoa

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Samoa is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Samoa on 18 November 2020. Samoa has only official declared one confirmed case of COVID-19 to the WHO.

    COVID-19 pandemic in South Sudan Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in South Sudan

    The COVID-19 pandemic in South Sudan is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached South Sudan on 5 April 2020. The first four confirmed cases were all UN workers.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Belize Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Belize

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Belize is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Belize on 23 March 2020.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Fiji Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Fiji

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Fiji is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first case of the disease in Fiji was reported on 19 March 2020 in Lautoka. As of 18 October 2021, the country has had a total of 51,846 cases as of which 2,288 are currently active and 663 deaths, with cases reported on the main islands of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, and outer islands of Malolo, Naviti, Ovalau, Gau, Beqa and Kadavu. Apart from the COVID-19 deaths, 547 COVID-19 positive patients have died from pre-existing non-COVID-19 related illnesses. In March 2021, Fiji became the first Pacific island country to receive COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX initiative with frontline workers and first responders the first to be vaccinated. As of 17 October 2021, out of the target population of 618,173, more than 590,000 (96%) Fijians have received their first jab of the vaccine and almost 500,000 (84%) Fijians have received their second jab and are fully vaccinated. To date, only the AstraZeneca vaccine, Moderna vaccine and the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine have been deployed in the country. Vaccination is mandated, however only to the adult population.

    COVID-19 pandemic in Kiribati

    The COVID-19 pandemic in Kiribati is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Kiribati on 18 May 2021.

    The COVID-19 pandemic in the Isle of Man is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached the British crown dependency of the Isle of Man on 19 March 2020, when a man returning from Spain via Liverpool tested positive. Community transmission was first confirmed on 22 March on the island.

    COVID-19 pandemic in the Falkland Islands Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the Falkland Islands

    The COVID-19 pandemic in the Falkland Islands is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to be in the islands on 3 April 2020. During the first wave, the number of cases peaked at 13, with all being from the military base at Mount Pleasant leaving none from the general population. All 13 patients recovered. On 10 November, a new case was discovered. As of 6 October 2021 a total of 68 people were confirmed to have been infected.

    The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in India was reported on 30 January 2020, originating from China. Slowly, the pandemic spread to various states and union territories including the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Two suspected cases with high virus load were detected and isolated on 4 March in Government Medical College, Jammu. One of them became the first confirmed positive case on 9 March 2020. Both individuals had a travel history to Iran.

    The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in India was reported on 30 January 2020, originating from China. Slowly, the pandemic spread to various states and union territories including the state of Telangana. The first case was recorded in this region on 2 March from a man who had travel history with the UAE.

    The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in India was reported on 30 January 2020. Slowly, the pandemic spread to various states and union territories including the state of Uttarakhand. The first case was recorded in this region on 15 March.

    The COVID-19 pandemic in American Samoa is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the unincorporated United States territory of American Samoa on 9 November 2020.

    This article lists links to articles relating to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic within Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

    References

    1. 1 2 3 4 "Vanuatu has its first Covid-19 case". Radio New Zealand . 11 November 2020. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
    2. "Vanuatu: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard With Vaccination Data". covid19.who.int. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
    3. "Vanuatu's main island halts outward travel after Covid discovery". RNZ. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
    4. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    5. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN   1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
    6. 1 2 "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    7. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
    8. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
    9. "Pacific nations take further measures against coronavirus". Radio New Zealand . 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
    10. "Covid-19 tests in Samoa, Vanuatu come back negative". Radio New Zealand . 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
    11. 1 2 "Vanuatu declares State of Emergency over Covid-19". Radio New Zealand . 26 March 2020. Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
    12. "Vanuatu PM declares Covid contained". RNZ. 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
    13. "Vanuatu has two more Covid-19 cases in quarantine". RNZ. 6 March 2021. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
    14. 1 2 3 4 5 "Reported Cases and Deaths by Country, Territory, or Conveyance". Worldometer. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
    15. "Vanuatu's main island halts outward travel after Covid discovery". RNZ. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
    16. "Vanuatu receives 24,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX Facility". www.who.int. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
    17. "Vanuatu Ministry of Health COVID-19 Updates - COVID-19 cases in quarantine: Alert Level 1". covid19.gov.vu. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
    18. 1 2 "Vanuatu Situation Report #47 – 10 August 2021" (PDF). Ministry of Health. 10 August 2021. Retrieved 25 August 2021.