COVID-19 pandemic in Uttarakhand

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COVID-19 pandemic in Uttarakhand
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Uttarakhand, India
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case Dehradun
Arrival date15 March 2020
(1 year, 8 months and 6 days) [1]
Confirmed cases2,402 (22 June 2020)
Active cases860
Recovered1,521 (22 June 2020)
Deaths
21 (12 June 2020)
Fatality rate0.87%
Government website
health.uk.gov.in

The first case of the COVID-19 pandemic in India was reported on 30 January 2020. Slowly, the pandemic spread to various states and union territories including the state of Uttarakhand. The first case was recorded in this region on 15 March. [1]

Contents

As on 24 May, the total number of confirmed cases in Uttarakhand was 244, including 188 active cases, 55 recoveries, and one death. [2] As of 5 June, this number has risen to 1,153 cases, of which 842 are active, and there have been 297 recoveries and 10 deaths. [3] Newly sworn Uttarakhand Chief Minister Tirath Singh Rawat has been criticised for placing faith before the pandemic and accused of double standards on restrictions of gatherings of different religions. [4] [5]

Timeline of Events

COVID-19 cases in Uttarakhand, India  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJun
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-15
1(n.a.)
2020-03-16
1(=)
2020-03-17
1(=)
2020-03-18
1(=)
2020-03-19
3(+200%)
2020-03-20
3(=)
2020-03-21
3(=)
2020-03-22
3(=)
2020-03-23
4(+33%)
2020-03-24
4(=)
2020-03-25
5(+25%)
2020-03-26
5(=)
2020-03-27
5(=)
2020-03-28
6(+20%)
2020-03-29
7(+17%)
2020-03-30
7(=)
2020-03-31
7(=)
2020-04-01
7(=)
2020-04-02
10(+43%)
2020-04-03
16(+60%)
2020-04-04
22(+38%)
2020-04-05
26(+18%)
2020-04-06
31(+19%)
2020-04-07
31(=)
2020-04-08
35(+13%)
2020-04-09
35(=)
2020-04-10
35(=)
2020-04-11
35(=)
2020-04-12
35(=)
2020-04-13
35(=)
2020-04-14
37(+5.7%)
2020-04-15
37(=)
2020-04-16
37(=)
2020-04-17
40(+8.1%)
2020-04-18
42(+5%)
2020-04-19
44(+4.8%)
2020-04-20
46(+4.5%)
2020-04-21
46(=)
2020-04-22
46(=)
2020-04-23
47(+2.2%)
2020-04-24
48(+2.1%)
2020-04-25
48(=)
2020-04-26
50(+4.2%)
2020-04-27
51(+2%)
2020-04-28
52(+2%)
2020-04-29
55(+5.8%)
2020-04-30
57(+3.6%)
2020-05-01
57(=)1(n.a.)
2020-05-02
59(+3.5%)1(=)
2020-05-03
60(+1.7%)1(=)
2020-05-04
60(=)1(=)
2020-05-05
61(+1.7%)1(=)
2020-05-06
61(=)1(=)
2020-05-07
61(=)1(=)
2020-05-08
61(=)1(=)
2020-05-09
67(+9.8%)1(=)
2020-05-10
68(+1.5%)1(=)
2020-05-11
68(=)1(=)
2020-05-12
68(=)1(=)
2020-05-13
70(+2.9%)1(=)
2020-05-14
75(+7.1%)1(=)
2020-05-15
79(+5.3%)1(=)
2020-05-16
88(+11%)1(=)
2020-05-17
92(+4.5%)1(=)
2020-05-18
93(+1.1%)1(=)
2020-05-19
104(+12%)1(=)
2020-05-20
120(+15%)1(=)
2020-05-21
132(+10%)1(=)
2020-05-22
151(+14%)1(=)
2020-05-23
173(+15%)2(+100%)
2020-05-24
298(+72%)3(+50%)
2020-05-25
332(+11%)4(+33%)
2020-05-26
400(+20%)4(=)
2020-05-27
469(+17%)4(=)
2020-05-28
493(+5.1%)4(=)
2020-05-29
716(+45%)5(+25%)
2020-05-30
749(+4.6%)5(=)
2020-05-31
907(+21%)5(=)
2020-06-01
929(+2.4%)5(=)
2020-06-02
1,043(+12%)7(+40%)
2020-06-03
1,066(+2.2%)8(+14%)
2020-06-04
1,145(+7.4%)10(+25%)
2020-06-05
1,215(+6.1%)11(+10%)
2020-06-06
1,303(+7.2%)11(=)
2020-06-07
1,355(+4%)13(+18%)
2020-06-08
1,411(+4.1%)13(=)
2020-06-09
1,537(+8.9%)13(=)
2020-06-10
1,562(+1.6%)15(+15%)
2020-06-11
1,637(+4.8%)15(=)
2020-06-12
1,724(+5.3%)21(+40%)
Source: Daily health bulletin form Department of Medical Health and Family Welfare, Government of Uttarakhand. [6]

March 2020

15 March: The first case was reported in March, in Dehradun when an Indian Forest Service official returned from Spain. [7]

19 March: 2 more IFS trainees tested positive. [8]

May 2020

June 2020

July 2020

August 2020

September 2020

October 2020

November 2020

December 2020

January 2021

February 2021

March 2021

April 2021

May 2021

June 2021

July 2021

August 2021

September 2021

October 2021

State Government Response

The Department of Medical Health and Family Welfare, Government of Uttarakhand has released guidelines on Covid-19 on their website. [15]

The state has also formed a committee of experts to improve its responses to the spike in COVID-19 patients in the state. [16]

Containment

On 24 March, the Uttarakhand Police sealed the hotel where IFS officials were staying. [17] The Kanwar Yatra has been cancelled in view of the pandemic. [18] As of 8 June, there are 55 containment centres in the state. [19]

Screening and Contact Tracing

On June 14, the state government stated that it would screen the entire population of Uttarakhand in the next ten days. [20]

As of 8 June, 6,294 contact traces of 1,380 COVID-19 patients has been done in the state. [19] 1,30,000 people are reportedly in quarantine, of which most are in-home quarantine. [19]

Public Health Services

24 March: State government takes control of all private hospitals which have more than 100 beds and reserved 25% of these for COVID-19 patients. [17]

The government has also approved Rs 578.34 lakh for an oxygen supply pipeline in the district and sub-district hospitals. [21]

According to the Chief Secretary of Uttarakhand Utpal Kumar Singh, there are 20,000 COVID-19 beds of which 243 are with ICU, and only 126 with ventilators. [19] It has been proposed that 150 ventilators are to be added. [22] However, the Government Doon Medical College, Dehradun has been declared a 'Centre of excellence for clinical management of COVID-19' in the state. [23] On 25 May, the Chief Minister of Uttarakhand Trivendra Singh Rawat had announced Rs 50 lakh for every hospital dealing with COVID-19 in the state. [24]

Shortages

Primary Health Centres and Community Health Centres are experience a huge shortages of safety gear (PPE equipment) for health professionals. [25] ASHA workers and other health professionals at the frontline too have to spend money from their pocket to buy sanitisers, gloves and masks. [25] There is a dearth of staff and other medical professionals across urban and rural health care centres in the state. [25]

Post-response

In view of the controversy [26] around people opposing the last rites of individuals deceased because of COVID-19, the Governor of Uttarakhand Baby Rani Maurya has asked the state government to find a solution. The Chief Minister has stated that the cremation of individuals is being carried out under the guidelines of the Union Government, and that officials have been directed to open electric crematoriums in Haldwani and Haridwar, apart from Dehradun. [27]

The state government has decided to audit every death related to the pandemic. [27]

Statistics and Testing

District wise details

DistrictTotal casesRecoveriesDeathsActive cases
Total3,42,4233,28,5697,3686,486
Almora 12,13511,330194611
Bageshwar 5,6985,6026036
Chamoli 12,13811,82662250
Champawat 7,5427,29453195
Dehradun 1,11,9311,07,6543,511766
Haridwar 51,38949,0081,0041,377
Nainital 39,07437,998943133
Pauri Garhwal 17,53916,512313714
Pithoragarh 10,1549,818180156
Rudraprayag 8,7368,457106173
Tehri Garhwal 15,81814,816107895
Udham Singh Nagar 37,80636,222761823
Uttarkashi 12,46312,03274357
As of 2021-08-09 [28]

COVID-19 Vaccines with Approval for Emergency or Conditional Usage

Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visiting the GTB Hospital, Shahdara to review the preparedness of Dry Run of COVID-19 vaccine, in Delhi on January 02, 2021. The Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visiting the GTB Hospital, Shahdara to review the preparedness of Dry Run of COVID-19 vaccine, in Delhi on January 02, 2021 (2).jpg
Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visiting the GTB Hospital, Shahdara to review the preparedness of Dry Run of COVID-19 vaccine, in Delhi on January 02, 2021.

Covishield

On January 1, 2021, the Drug Controller General of India, approved the emergency or conditional use of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 (marketed as Covishield). [29] Covishield is developed by the University of Oxford and its spin-out company, Vaccitech. [30] It's a viral vector vaccine based on replication-deficient Adenovirus that causes cold in Chimpanzees. It can be stored, transported and handled at normal refrigerated conditions (two-eight degrees Celsius/ 36-46 degrees Fahrenheit). It has a shelf-life of at least six months.

On 12 January 2021 first batches of Covishield vaccine was despatched from the Serum Institute of India. [31]

Covaxin

On January 2, 2021, BBV152 (marketed as Covaxin), first indigenous vaccine, developed by Bharat Biotech in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Virology received approval from the Drug Controller General of India for its emergency or conditional usage. [32]

On 14 January 2021 first batches of Covaxin vaccine was despatched from the Bharat Biotech, albeit it was still in the third phase of testing. [33]

Others

On 19 May 2021, Dr Reddy's Labs received Emergency Use Authorisation for anti-COVID drug 2-DG. [34]

See also

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