COVID-19 pandemic in Bermuda

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Bermuda
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Bermuda
Index case 18 March 2020
Arrival date18 March 2020
(1 year, 8 months and 1 day)
Confirmed cases2,335
Active cases676
Hospitalized cases28
Critical cases8
Recovered1,636
Deaths
23
Fatality rate0.99%
Vaccinations
  • 48,464 [1] (total vaccinated)
  • 47,365 [1] (fully vaccinated)
  • 101,341 [1] (doses administered)
Government website
Government of Bermuda https://www.gov.bm/coronavirus

Ministry of Health

Crowdsourced Community Spread Data

http://healthiq.bm

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed by diagnostic test to have reached the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda on Wednesday, the 18 of March 2020; and the individuals arrived from the UK and US. Those individuals had been traced to back to the fourth and sixth of March. This was the first it was confirmed and some believe that COVID-19 could have been on island undetected with asymptomatic individuals before that time.

Contents

The Government of Bermuda has pushed to keep its people safe from COVID-19 and to reduce social media rumors. To assist in the reduced rumors on social media, the official government website (to the left) was updated with a direct link for information relating to Bermuda. They also used WhatsApp to communicate with the general public. Therefore, due to the size of Bermuda and limited published worldwide data the below data can be verified via the media links below.

The Ministry of Health also did not report on some data information until the identifications of individuals could be protected. Bermuda is a small community and using process of elimination identities could be revealed when numbers are small. Therefore, data regarding details, flights, race, and age did not get published until privacy could be maintained.

Response

The government announced a 14-day 24-hour "Shelter in Place" starting 4 April, where residents were only allowed to leave home for groceries, pharmaceuticals, or medical emergencies. On 14 April, it was announced that the "Shelter in Place" would be extended 14 more days. [2]

Government Quarantine Facilities (GQFs) had been designated and those locations had prohibited access as the general public was not permitted. Individuals who had been required to stay at these facilities had been restricted to their rooms and once departures had been completed the sites had been cleaned thoroughly using standards as approved by the department of health. These facilities are being used until technology based tools, similar to that used in Hong Kong (CITV Bermuda press conference broadcast dated 2020-05-20 on YouTube) could be used to ensure people comply with the quarantine orders to stay at home. Due to the sensitive nature of COVID-19, the facilities have not been identified in this article, it will only state that one to three sites had been used at different times during the pandemic.

The head of KEMH announced on Wednesday, 20 May 2020 that they are prepared to use convalescent plasma therapy and have six treatments in stock. (CITV Bermuda press conference broadcast dated 2020-05-20 on YouTube)

Background

On Sunday, the 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. [3] [4]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [5] [6] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [7] [5] From 19 March, Public Health England no longer classified COVID-19 as a "High consequence infectious disease". [6]

Timeline

As this is a current event, all information contained within the subsection of a date occurred on that day. The information is in reference to Bermuda and how it responded to the COVID-19 pandemic.

March 2020

Wednesday, 11 March

Government started public addresses to the general public via CITV, and social media the CITV Bermuda YouTube channel video published today (11 March). These public addresses continued almost daily and they were daily from the Monday, 30 March 2020 until Monday, 18 April 2020. At which time they changed to Monday, Wednesday, and Friday and have continue as such up to this update on Friday, 15 May 2020. This is important to note because the Government of Bermuda improved its online standard and presence during the pandemic. Encouraged due to the social distancing guidance at the time. From this version of video aired on the 11 March, with a photo and voice over, they moved to live streaming and clear images. Also producing many government informational clips that were shown on YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. These clips had been informational in nature to provide the general public with directions on the pandemic and videos of gratitude for the many essential workers like cashiers, dockworkers, doctors, firemen, nurses, Police, Royal Bermuda Regiment, and Sanitation personal to name a few.

Thursday, 12 March

Public Health - Overseas Arrivals

Quarantine (Travel Ban) Order 2020 listed the following countries in its travel ban China, Iran, Italy, and Republic of Korea: Daegu or Cheongdo. [8]

Wednesday, 18 March

At 6:50 p.m. the Premier of Bermuda announced in a press conference that the first two diagnosed cases in Bermuda were confirmed. [9] [10] It was also reported that these cases had been imported from overseas by the follow means:

  • Flight from Miami, Florida of the United States onboard American Airlines (AA305) on Wednesday, 4 March;
  • Flight from London, Gatwick, of the United Kingdom onboard British Airways (BA2233) on Friday, 6 March.

In light of the presence of COVID-19 on the island since those flights the government moved quickly and announced the closure of some facilities/locations including schools. [11] Also, a moved to close the L.F. Wade International Airport to all arriving passenger flights containing non-residence was announced.

Thursday, 19 March

Custom Officer concerns made and work stoppage regarding concerns with COVID-19. [12]

Friday, 20 March

Bermuda showed up on the World Health Organization Situation Report. [13]

Public Health - Overseas Arrivals

Quarantine (Travel Ban) Order 2020 ban on arrivals to Bermuda by general visitors. [14]

Bermuda L.F. Wade International Airport set to close to all passengers, non-resident, as of 11:59 p.m. today (20 March). [11]

Saturday, 21 March

Public Health - Closures

Order to close the following in the interest of public health, pursuant to section 88 of the Public Health Act 1949.

  • Schools
  • Swimming pools in hotels, Airbnb and guest houses
  • Gyms
  • Beauty salons, spas and barbers
  • Church services (except funerals)
  • Organized sports club activities with more than 50 people
  • Concerts with more than 50 people

Monday, 23 March

Sanitation workers halted garbage collection [15] voicing concerns and talks with the Bermuda Industrial Union occurred and the trash collection was resumed the following Monday, 30 March 2020. These concerns had been addressed by a meeting with health personal explaining COVID-19 and answering many questions as at this time the virus was not well understood by the general public, and understandable with the rapidly changing events in the world at that time.

Public Health - Closures

Order to close the following in the interest of public health, pursuant to section 88 of the Public Health Act 1949; with effect from 5:00 p.m. until the Monday, 30 March 2020 at 5:00 p.m. [16]

  • Bars and clubs
  • Beauty salons, spas and barbers
  • Church services (except funerals)
  • Cinemas
  • Concerts
  • Gyms
  • Organized sports club activities with more than 10 people
  • Restaurant dine-in services
  • Retail stores (except supermarkets, grocery stores, pharmacies, health supplies, utilities and IT support)
  • Schools and day care
  • Swimming pools in hotels, Airbnb and guest houses
Public Health - Overseas Arrivals

Order to monitor individuals arriving to the island via flights at the airport. The order applies to all flights arriving in Bermuda on the 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20 March 2020 and in each case is to be of a fourteen day duration. Details of the impacted flights can be found at the reference. [17]

Fines for none compliance with the Ministry of Health with this order up to three months in prison, or $6,000.00 to $10,000.00 fine, or both prison and fine.

Friday, 27 March

The start of a 'Rolling Curfew' were hours of movement had been restricted each night from 8:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. [18] this continued until the 'Shelter in Place'. Bernews has identified this to start on Sunday, 29 March. [19]

Fines for none compliance with the curfew at this time had been up to six months in prison, or up to $2,880.00, or both prison and fine.

Saturday, 28 March

Public Health - Closures

Order to close the following in the interest of public health, pursuant to section 88 of the Public Health Act 1949. [20]

  • Bars and clubs
  • Beauty salons, spas and barbers
  • Church services (except funerals)
  • Cinemas
  • Concerts
  • Golf Courses
  • Gyms
  • Organized sports club activities with more than 10 people
  • Restaurant dine-in services
  • Retail stores (except supermarkets, grocery stores, pharmacies, health supplies, utilities and IT support)
  • Schools and day care
  • Swimming pools in hotels, Airbnb and guest houses

April 2020

Wednesday, 01 April

Proclamation by His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over Bermuda and in accordance with section 14(3) of the Constitution of Bermuda, the Governor in consultations with the Premier of Bermuda have declared that a state of emergency exists in Bermuda due to the COVID-19 global pandemic.

Another proclamation was made, same day, in accordance with section 14(4) to summon both Houses of the Legislature to meet on Monday, 6 April 2020 at 10:00 a.m.

Public Health - Business

Order to require all businesses to work remotely from home where it can be done by passing the Occupational Safety and Health (COVID-19) Temporary Regulations 2020. [21]

Friday, 03 April

The Government of Bermuda passed the "Emergency Powers (COVID-19 Shelter in Place) Regulations 2020", [22] and subsequent amendments spoken about in this article shall be referred to as "Emergency Powers" in general as amendments did occur.

Saturday, 04 April

Shelter in Place, also known as 'lockdown' in the general public and other jurisdictions at the time, started at 6:00 a.m. that Saturday morning for a period of fourteen days until Saturday, 18 April 2020 at 6:00 p.m. The legislation, the legal 'cease to have effect' date was on Wednesday, 15 April 2020 at 6:00 p.m. unless extended, which it was extended until Saturday, 18 April 2020 at 6:00 p.m. and again to Saturday, 02 May 2020 at 6:00 p.m.

The phrase "Shelter in Place" was chosen to reduce the mental impact of words like "lockdown" and how they impact the community.

Fines for none compliance with the Shelter in Place at this changed to up to six months in prison, or up to $10,000.00 fine, or both prison and fine.

Monday, 06 April

It was announced that there had been the first two COVID-19 deaths on the island.

Published by Governor's Notice (GN371/2020) [23] an extension to the 'Shelter in Place' until Saturday, 18 April 2020 at 6:00 a.m. was published to the official gazette, approved by the House of Assembly and Senate.

Thursday, 09 April

The Shelter in Place was amended a first time, [24] to give the Minister of National Security the ability to permit restricted movement and other general administrative items to assist the country at the time of this pandemic.

Tuesday, 14 April

There were 5 deaths from COVID-19. [25]

Thursday, 16 April

There were 83 cases on the island out of which 26 were imported, 45 were community spread, 12 were pending investigation, and 35 of those cases were recovered.

Friday, 17 April

First time in history the Parliament of Bermuda held a virtual meeting to extend the Shelter in Place and enact legislation to continue restrictions for the safety of public health going forward.

Monday, 20 April

The legislation "Emergency Powers" was amended a second time, to assist the country and its people to allow further assistance regarding grocery shopping and food for pets, it also identified what days people can go to the grocery stores. [26] Shopping days at this time changed to all those with a surname beginning with the letter shown below, can proceed to shop or get needed supplies.

  • Monday and Thursday (A to F)
  • Tuesday and Friday (G to Q)
  • Wednesday and Saturday (R to Z)
  • Sundays (Persons aged 55 years and over, the disabled, and essential workers)

It was also allowed that anyone who was able to move/shop on Sunday will also be allowed to do so in accordance with their surname. This was in part due to the observation and encouragement for family to assist those who live alone and needed assistance. This was a change from the previous name structure, see above 4 April, as it was noticed to be less efficient and added stress to individuals.

Tuesday, 21 April

An order to extend quarantine of individuals already in quarantine who test positive. [27]

Friday, 24 April

"Emergency Powers" amended a third time, to further assist with working from home to allow an office or computer supply store to operate. [28]

May 2020

Consolidated Testing Update: Government of Bermuda WhatsApp Notification
DateTimeTotal TestsNegative ResultsConfirmed CasesPositive Cases Age RangePositive Cases Average AgeConfirmed Cases ImportedLocal TransmissionConfirmed Cases Local Transmission (Known Contact/Source)Confirmed Cases Local Transmission (Unknown Contact/Source)Under InvestigationRecoveredHospitalizedHospitalized Age RangeHospitalized Average AgeDeceasedDeceased Age RangeDeceased Average Age
1 May11:552555234111418-95603859----17481657-91766----
2 May13:252791254811418-95603859----17481657-91766----
3 May11:482819270511418-95603859----17511657-91767----
4 May10:573144302911518-95593859----18511657-91767----
5 May12:573270315511518-95593865----12541657-91767----
6 May11:013374325911518-95593866----11541657-91766----
7 May12:193569345111818-101603870----10591564-91777----
8 May10:343719360111818-101603870----10611564-91777----
9 May11:533854373611818-101603870----10641564-91777----
10 May12:054020390211818-101603870----10641164-91777----
11 May--:------------------------------------
12 May12:574489437011918-101603973----766868-89778----
13 May11:384642452112118-101593975----766768-8978857-9175
14 May13:494646452512118-1015939--717466768-8978857-9175
15 May11:424691456912218-1015939--717566768-8978957-9174
16 May15:364935481212318-1016039--727569768-8976957-9174
17 May11:345017489412318-1016039--728473670-8978957-9174
18 May--:------------------------------------
19 May17:025549542412518-1015939--748477470-7874957-9174
20 May12:125705558012518-1015939--7410278470-7874957-9174
21 May14:515719559412518-1015939--74102803----957-9174
22 May15:135784565912518-1015939--7410280470-8477957-9174
23 May--:------------------------------------
24 May--:------------------------------------
25 May--:------------------------------------
26 May--:------------------------------------
27 May--:------------------------------------
28 May--:------------------------------------
29 May--:------------------------------------
30 May--:------------------------------------
31 May--:------------------------------------

The above information can be verified by watching the CITV Bermuda press releases for each day, the data is read at the beginning of each press meeting.

Saturday, 02 May

Government of Bermuda has moved to a phased reopening approach. This will be done in four parts as shown in the image below. Phase One will start at 6:00 a.m. as the official end of "Shelter In Place". Legislation passed to move into this phased approach, with the hours for curfew during Phase 1 to be 10:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. each night. [29] The closure of some business still mandatory while others are on restricted hours. It was made clear in the press conference that this Phased approached does not have any dates and it is subject to change, the priority of this Government is the protection of the people. Also, this is when the term 'social distancing' was changed to Physical distancing to reflect what was actually trying to be achieved.

Friday, 08 May

Racial reporting started to identify the number of persons who contracted COVID-19 based on race. This was becoming more important as it was being reported that race may have an impact on COVID-19 patients.

The Continuing Precautions Regulations was amended a first time, [30] to add money service business which are needed as individuals/families have overseas persons that they cannot send funds and to provide cash chequeing abilities to those who do not have access to a banking facility (no bank account holders). The regulations also prohibit scuba diving as all oxygen was being restricted for use at the hospital and should an accident occur, the hyperbaric chamber would need to use the oxygen in stock.

Thursday, 14 May

Reporting format for the data changed from just "Local Transmission" to "Local Transmission Known Contact/Source" and "Local Transmission Unknown Contact/Source". This data change has been reflected in the table above for May.

Saturday, 16 May

Bermuda Hospitals Board

BHB announced the following information. Admissions to King Edward VII Hospital (KEMH) for COVID-19 since the beginning of the pandemic to date are 37. The highest number of COVID-19 patients at any one time was 16. BHB also confirmed that no cases of COVID-19 have been found at Mid-Atlantic Wellness Institute to date. There have been 60 surgeries (emergency, urgent and cancer-related) performed over the last four weeks and 53 babies have been born between Wednesday, 1 April and Tuesday, 12 May.

Wednesday, 20 May

Public bus service returns with restrictions, all passengers must wear a face mask and maintain a minimum of one meter (3 feet) distance when seated. Maximum capacity will be 17 passengers with no standing allowed, the number was reduced in a meeting on the Monday, 18 May and is currently unknown. Normal seating is about 40/42 and standing allowed to fill the bus. Details for passes here.

Further issues with public transportation was expressed in the press conference today (20 May) when the press presented a question regarding the drivers will stop work if minibuses are used and that they are allowing only nine people onto the bus; no answer was given at the time because the Minister of Tourism and Transport was not in attendance. After review of some comments regarding new articles on this topic, the general public is not happy with the concerns. Reasons given include, but not limited to, drivers had been paid for a service that had not been running for over a month with money paid for by the tax payers/public funds. Also, that like other industries, restaurants, bars, and hotels they should be laid off or have furlough days and apply for the government financial assistance if they do not wish to work. Others pointed out that cashiers, tellers, and supermarket personnel are working and they cannot understand why they did not work. These concerns have validity and have come from a history of work stoppages made by the public transportation works, many times inconveniencing the general public to a point were the general support in this regard has been reducing. It has reduced to the point that some online comments have outright said to fire them all.

It was also confirmed that KEMH had found a positive case of COVID in the Cooper Ward of a patient recently. They quarantined the ward and started testing and found another individual was positive, a nurse. No further cases have developed at this time however, both of these individuals had been a systematic, showing no symptoms.

Premier of Bermuda added that 1015 antibody test had been completed to date and provided details of that fact. (CITV Bermuda press conference broadcast dated 2020-05-20 on YouTube)

The head of KEMH also was pleased with the physical distancing people are doing as they are seeing a flat curve, related to the number of cases.

Announced press conference meetings will be changed starting next week to twice a week.

Thursday, 21 May

Bermuda Government approved the move to Phase 2 on Sunday, 17 May to start on today (21 May) and continue until Tuesday, 30 June. The government published the below to assist the public in known what can open at this time.

COVID-19 Bermuda Phase 2 Reopening version 2020-05-18 COVID-19-Bermuda Phase 2 version 2020-05-18.jpg
COVID-19 Bermuda Phase 2 Reopening version 2020-05-18

Monday, 25 May

Press conference meetings will now be twice a week on Monday and Thursday.

The educational support program for parents who have to return to work only, starts for primary, middle aged children.

Wednesday, 27 May

The educational support program for parents who have to return to work only, starts for preschool aged children.

Racial reporting

Reporting on race did not occur until later to protect the identification of individuals.

Consolidated Racial Statistics of Positive Cases: Government of Bermuda WhatsApp Notification
DateTimeBlackWhiteOther or Unknown
8 May10:3456%38%6%
9 May11:5356%38%6%
14 May13:4957%39%4%

Travel

All incoming people arriving on flights had initially been required to self quarantine at home for flights arriving in March. This was changed to GQFs later. At the start GQFs had been at no charge and later charges of $100.00 per day had been implemented and waived if financial hardship was identified.

Air-Bridge Flights

Residence of Bermuda had been stranded overseas due to the rapid closing of borders both overseas and locally, and cancellation of flights due to COVID-19. Bermuda Government arranged flights to try to bring its people home.

Saturday, 16 May

Residence returned home, from the Atlanta - United States, on a charter flight operated by Delta and arranged by Travel Edge, returning 104 Bermuda residents many of which were students or individuals who had been overseas for medical treatment. The flight returned to the United States with 100 passenger of different nationalities, among them three inmates being deported back to the United States reported bernews [31] and Royal Gazette. [32]

Wednesday, 20 May

Five residence returned from Canada via a private plane earlier this week, no date given. (CITV Bermuda press conference broadcast dated 2020-05-20 on YouTube)

Community

Many events had to be cancelled or postponed during the pandemic; too many to list exhaustively. A few of the most notable are:

To observe physical distancing one school, Warwick Academy, prepared a bus that went around the island to many if not all of their students to make the event memorable with photographs with the school mascot. This was a creative and 'out of the box' type of thinking that was needed during the pandemic. [33]

Economy

With the forced closures starting on the 21 March, the Bermuda economy started a slowdown. Many business had struggled to stay open, especially those in the service industry like restaurants and hotels.

Government

Unemployment Benefit

The Government created a temporary unemployment benefit [34] to assist people financially who had been unemployed as a result of COVID-19. This legislation was amended as time went on to assist as many as possible and even those who did not pay taxes in the past on the condition they register with the tax office. The aim was to be a bridge between the financial assistance program and the loss of employment during these times, as you have to be unemployed for twelve weeks before you can apply for financial assistance. More than two thousand payments had been processed however, some have still not received payments (15 May 2020) due to the processes within the government offices and the inability to clearly identify individual identities.

First payments had been paid out the last week of March (30 March to 3 April) with some 819 completed application as of Wednesday, 31 March. Usually payments are made on the Thursday and Friday of each week. As of Wednesday, 20 May it was reported that approximately nine thousand individuals had been paid and twenty-three million paid out in relation to the unemployment benefit, with 1241 payments made for the first time last week.

Government Plans

A further 150 million in a financing agreement by the government with a local institution to public funds.

Government Ministers will lead by example and take 15% cut in pay to be tabled on Friday, 22 May.

Economic advisory committee members are listed [35] (20 May) and the Minister of Finance also presented some of what is being done to help the economy.

  • Payroll Tax to be set to Zero until 30 June 2020.
  • Deferment of Customs Duty up to 6 months with a possible extension >6 months if circumstances justify.
  • Pensions-Private Pension Programs (mandatory) no payment required until 30 June 2021; voluntary payments permitted.
  • Pensions-Social Insurance (mandatory) no payment required until 30 June 2021; voluntary payments permitted.

Public Transportation

Public transportation was to resume on Monday, 18 May with a changed schedule [36] and March 2020 Bus Passes can be used up to Sunday, 31 May. While other passes for April 2020 and May 2020 can be exchanged at the Central Terminal by Sunday, 21 June 2020. The delay of public transportation was reported to be a "lack of communication" and was reset to start on Wednesday, 20 May 2020. [37]

Banks

Bermuda has four banks and each opened one day a week to the public during the 'Shelter in Place'. [38] These notices had been online for the most part on rolling notices and other none linkable items as the situation was described as 'very fluid' or 'things changing fast'. The banks started to resume basic services to clients on Monday, 4 May 2020 and not all banks opened on that day.

Service was maintained by all banks via their online banking platforms and ATM's with limited servicing.

BNTB

Thursday, 19 March 2020 they announced deferrals on residential and personal mortgages/loans for three months, and on credit cards for two months. [39] Tuesday, 24 March 2020 they announced reduced hours 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. due to COVID-19. [40] Friday, 27 March 2020 they open teller services at Rosebank, temporary, to assist with social distancing at the time. [41] Wednesday, 1 April 2020 they announced they would suspend planned rate changes. [42]

BCB

Friday, 20 March they announced a delay in their sale to Permanent Capital as a result of COVID-19 [43] due to market volatility.

Clarien

Thursday, 19 March 2020 they closed their Paget Branch. [44] Wednesday, 25 March 2020 they announced reduced hours 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. due to COVID-19. [45] Friday, 27 March 2020 they announced deferrals on mortgages/loans for a period of three months. [46]

HSBC

Friday, 20 March 2020 they announced waive of late payment fees and over limit fees of credit cards for three months and for clients to make contact with them should they need assistance with mortgages/loans. [47] Tuesday, 24 March 2020 the announced reduced hours, [48] they also closed their Church Street Branch at some point.

Utilities

BELCO, the islands only power supplier, suspended disconnections for 30 days announced on Friday, 20 March 2020. [49]

Closures of Business

The following are closures link to the COVID-19 pandemic of Bermuda businesses.

  1. The Swizzle (first published notification [50] )
  2. Connections Shoes (no reference to COVID-19 specifically as no comment by owner) [51]

See also

Official links are to government websites and the few online news reporting we have in the country, in alpha order.

The confirmation of many details can be found in the 'CITV Bermuda' video publications online with YouTube, Wikipedia has a few restrictions on YouTube links however, you may research the videos there for confirmation of some of the details above.

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The COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Lucia is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia on 13 March 2020. As of 4 November 2021, there are a total of 12,675 confirmed cases, of which 12,094 have recovered and 260 deaths have occurred.

COVID-19 pandemic in Guam Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Guam

Guam confirmed its first case of the COVID-19 pandemic on March 15, 2020, and the first death on March 22. The Government of Guam ordered the general lockdown of the island in mid-March. Governor Lou Leon Guerrero announced the implementation of a four-step "Pandemic Condition of Readiness" (PCOR) on April 30, 2020. Travelers to Guam from designated high-risk areas must provide a recent negative COVID-19 test or undergo mandatory quarantine in a government-approved facility. Guam moved from PCOR 1 to PCOR 2 on May 10, allowing some business activity with restrictions, and then to PCOR 3 on July 20. An outbreak in mid-August was not controlled for several months, resulting in the 7-day rolling test positivity rate to spike above 15% in early October 2020, as well as infections in both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor. Guam announced a return to the lockdown conditions of PCOR 1 on August 14 to control the outbreak, which was not loosened to PCOR 2 until January 15, 2021. It was further relaxed to PCOR 3 on February 21, 2021. From December 2020 to July 2021 cases stayed very low until a surge in August 2021 largely as a result of the delta variant. By October 2021, 90% of the population was vaccinated.

This article documents the timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey.

COVID-19 pandemic in Fiji Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Fiji

The COVID-19 pandemic in Fiji is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first case of the disease in Fiji was reported on 19 March 2020 in Lautoka. As of 18 October 2021, the country has had a total of 51,846 cases as of which 2,288 are currently active and 663 deaths, with cases reported on the main islands of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, and outer islands of Malolo, Naviti, Ovalau, Gau, Beqa and Kadavu. Apart from the COVID-19 deaths, 547 COVID-19 positive patients have died from pre-existing non-COVID-19 related illnesses. In March 2021, Fiji became the first Pacific island country to receive COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX initiative with frontline workers and first responders the first to be vaccinated. As of 17 October 2021, out of the target population of 618,173, more than 590,000 (96%) Fijians have received their first jab of the vaccine and almost 500,000 (84%) Fijians have received their second jab and are fully vaccinated. To date, only the AstraZeneca vaccine, Moderna vaccine and the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine have been deployed in the country. Vaccination is mandated, however only to the adult population.

COVID-19 pandemic in Montserrat Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Montserrat

The COVID-19 pandemic in Montserrat is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of Montserrat on 17 March 2020. The first death occurred on 24 April 2020. By 15 May, all patients had recovered. On 10 July, a new case was discovered. On 7 August, there were no more active cases.

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Isle of Man is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached the British crown dependency of the Isle of Man on 19 March 2020, when a man returning from Spain via Liverpool tested positive. Community transmission was first confirmed on 22 March on the island.

COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis

The COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis is part of the ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached Saint Kitts and Nevis on 24 March 2020. By 19 May, all cases had recovered, with the disease reappearing on 4 July. By 10 August, all cases had again recovered.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Saba is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached the Dutch Caribbean island of Saba on April 12, 2020. The island has a population of 1,905 people. As of 12 May, all cases were reported to have recovered. On 1 August, two new cases were imported which resolved on 9 September.

COVID-19 pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville's confirmed its first case of the COVID-19 pandemic on Friday, August 7, 2020, in Arawa, Bougainville. The first documented arrival of COVID-19 in Bougainville occurred just before the start of the Bougainvillean general and presidential elections, which took place over the course of three weeks beginning on August 12, 2020, and ending on September 1, 2020.

Economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland Overview of the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a deep impact on the Irish economy, leading it into a recession. Essential public health measures announced by the Irish Government to contain the spread of COVID-19 resulted in the largest monthly increase in unemployment in the history of the Republic of Ireland during March 2020. By 24 April, there were more than one million people in receipt of support interventions to the labour market, including those in receipt of the COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment and the COVID-19 Temporary Wage Subsidy Scheme. While there were job losses in all sectors, individuals working in tourism, hospitality, food and retail have seen the largest job losses.

National responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa Internal responses of African nations

Africa's first confirmed case of COVID-19 was announced in Egypt on 14 February 2020. Many preventive measures have been implemented in different countries in Africa, including travel restrictions, flight cancellations, event cancellations, school closures, and border closures. Other measures to contain and limit the spread of the virus has included curfews, lockdowns, and enforcing the wearing of face masks. The virus has spread throughout the continent. Lesotho, the last African sovereign state to have remained free of the virus, reported a case on 13 May 2020.

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