COVID-19 pandemic in Boston

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COVID-19 pandemic in Boston
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
First outbreak Wuhan, Hubei, China
Index case Dorchester [1]
Arrival dateFebruary 1, 2020
(1 year and 9 months)
Confirmed cases18,446 as of October 15 [2]
Hospitalized cases2,037 (cumulative) as of October 8 [note 1]
Recovered15,692 as of October 15 [2]
Deaths
769 as of October 15 [2]
Government website
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Boston
COVID-19 cases in Boston, Massachusetts, United States  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
2020202020212021
FebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNov
Last 21 daysLast 21 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-011(n.a.)0(n.a.)
1(=)0(n.a.)
2020-03-06
4(+300%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-07
4(=)0(n.a.)
2020-03-08
9(+125%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-09
9(=)0(n.a.)
2020-03-10
19(+111%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-11
19(=)0(n.a.)
2020-03-12
20(+5.3%)0(n.a.)
20(=)0(n.a.)
2020-03-15
29(+45%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-16
33(+14%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-17
42(+27%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-18
45(+7.1%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-19
61(+36%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-20
80(+31%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-21
102(+28%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-22
116(+14%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-23
133(+15%)0(n.a.)
2020-03-24
197(+48%)2(n.a.)
2020-03-25
284(+44%)2(=)
2020-03-26
364(+28%)2(=)
2020-03-27
477(+31%)2(=)
2020-03-28
614(+29%)2(=)
2020-03-29
735(+20%)2(=)
2020-03-30
825(+12%)2(=)
2020-03-31
938(+14%)3(+50%)
2020-04-01
1,057(+13%)7(+133%)
2020-04-02
1,233(+17%)10(+43%)
2020-04-03
1,366(+11%)10(=)
2020-04-04
1,618(+18%)13(+30%)
2020-04-05
1,877(+16%)15(+15%)
2020-04-06
2,035(+8.4%)19(+27%)
2020-04-07
2,287(+12%)25(+32%)
2020-04-08
2,502(+9.4%)30(+20%)
2020-04-09
2,812(+12%)34(+13%)
2020-04-10
3,138(+12%)44(+29%)
2020-04-11
3,676(+17%)50(+14%)
2020-04-12
3,916(+6.5%)58(+16%)
2020-04-13
4,086(+4.3%)69(+19%)
2020-04-14
4,286(+4.9%)84(+22%)
2020-04-15
4,528(+5.6%)105(+25%)
2020-04-16
4,763(+5.2%)122(+16%)
2020-04-17
5,096(+7%)143(+17%)
2020-04-18
5,400(+6%)158(+10%)
2020-04-19
5,516(+2.1%)175(+11%)
2020-04-20
5,749(+4.2%)187(+6.9%)
2020-04-21
6,010(+4.5%)196(+4.8%)
2020-04-22
6,560(+9.2%)221(+13%)
2020-04-23
6,958(+6.1%)232(+5%)
2020-04-24
7,617(+9.5%)256(+10%)
2020-04-25
7,910(+3.8%)271(+5.9%)
2020-04-26
8,159(+3.1%)302(+11%)
2020-04-27
8,421(+3.2%)315(+4.3%)
2020-04-28
8,613(+2.3%)333(+5.7%)
2020-04-29
9,055(+5.1%)340(+2.1%)
2020-04-30
9,271(+2.4%)357(+5%)
2020-05-01
9,590(+3.4%)410(+15%)
2020-05-02
9,794(+2.1%)411(+0.24%)
2020-05-03
9,929(+1.4%)426(+3.6%)
2020-05-04
10,077(+1.5%)442(+3.8%)
2020-05-05
10,241(+1.6%)449(+1.6%)
2020-05-06
10,443(+2%)473(+5.3%)
2020-05-07
10,598(+1.5%)486(+2.7%)
2020-05-08
10,761(+1.5%)496(+2.1%)
2020-05-09
10,953(+1.8%)516(+4%)
2020-05-10
11,047(+0.86%)525(+1.7%)
2020-05-11
11,106(+0.53%)533(+1.5%)
2020-05-12
11,168(+0.56%)533(=)
2020-05-13
11,284(+1%)542(+1.7%)
2020-05-14
11,395(+0.98%)551(+1.7%)
2020-05-15
11,527(+1.2%)558(+1.3%)
2020-05-16
11,767(+0.7% [lower-roman 1] )570(+2.2%)
2020-05-17
11,866(+0.84%)577(+1.2%)
2020-05-18
11,958(+0.78%)587(+1.7%)
2020-05-19
12,050(+0.77%)588(+0.17%)
2020-05-20
12,143(+0.77%)591(+0.51%)
2020-05-21
12,239(+0.79%)599(+1.4%)
2020-05-22
12,306(+0.55%)603(+0.67%)
2020-05-23
12,395(+0.72%)608(+0.83%)
2020-05-24
12,466(+0.57%)611(+0.49%)
2020-05-25
12,511(+0.36%)618(+1.1%)
2020-05-26
12,521(+0.08%)622(+0.65%)
2020-05-27
12,588(+0.54%)627(+0.8%)
2020-05-28
12,634(+0.37%)627(=)
2020-05-29
12,681(+0.37%)634(+1.1%)
2020-05-30
12,731(+0.39%)637(+0.47%)
2020-05-31
12,776(+0.35%)641(+0.63%)
2020-06-01
12,784(+0.06%)642(+0.16%)
2020-06-02
12,818(+0.27%)649(+1.1%)
2020-06-03
12,872(+0.42%)655(+0.92%)
2020-06-04
12,906(+0.26%)658(+0.46%)
2020-06-05
12,932(+0.2%)660(+0.3%)
2020-06-06
12,987(+0.43%)660(=)
2020-06-07
13,010(+0.18%)661(+0.15%)
2020-06-08
13,026(+0.12%)666(+0.76%)
2020-06-09
13,041(+0.12%)669(+0.45%)
2020-06-10
13,074(+0.25%)671(+0.3%)
2020-06-11
13,118(+0.34%)673(+0.3%)
2020-06-12
13,143(+0.19%)677(+0.59%)
2020-06-13
13,161(+0.14%)677(=)
2020-06-14
13,181(+0.15%)677(=)
2020-06-15
13,186(+0.04%)682(+0.74%)
2020-06-16
13,206(+0.15%)683(+0.15%)
2020-06-17
13,235(+0.22%)689(+0.88%)
2020-06-18
13,261(+0.2%)689(=)
2020-06-19
13,270(+0.07%)694(+0.73%)
2020-06-20
13,294(+0.18%)694(=)
2020-06-21
13,302(+0.06%)694(=)
2020-06-22
13,326(+0.18%)697(+0.43%)
2020-06-23
13,345(+0.14%)699(+0.29%)
2020-06-24
13,353(+0.06%)700(+0.14%)
2020-06-25
13,382(+0.22%)703(+0.43%)
2020-06-26
13,399(+0.13%)705(+0.28%)
2020-06-27
13,425(+0.19%)705(=)
2020-06-28
13,440(+0.11%)705(=)
2020-06-29
13,441(+0.01%)709(+0.57%)
2020-06-30
13,455(+0.1%)709(=)
2020-07-01
13,467(+0.09%)708(= [lower-roman 2] )
2020-07-02
13,491(+0.18%)711(+0.42%)
2020-07-03
13,514(+0.17%)711(=)
13,514(=)711(=)
2020-07-06
13,556(+0.31%)710(=)
2020-07-07
13,578(+0.16%)710(=)
2020-07-08
13,624(+0.34%)712(+0.28%)
2020-07-09
13,650(+0.19%)713(+0.14%)
2020-07-10
13,673(+0.17%)715(+0.28%)
2020-07-11
13,690(+0.12%)715(=)
2020-07-12
13,700(+0.07%)715(=)
2020-07-13
13,723(+0.17%)715(=)
2020-07-14
13,749(+0.19%)714(=)
2020-07-15
13,772(+0.17%)715(+0.14%)
2020-07-16
13,793(+0.15%)716(+0.14%)
2020-07-17
13,810(+0.12%)720(+0.56%)
13,810(=)720(=)
2020-07-20
13,856(+0.33%)722(+0.28%)
2020-07-21
13,860(+0.03%)722(=)
2020-07-22
13,888(+0.2%)722(=)
2020-07-23
13,924(+0.26%)723(+0.14%)
2020-07-24
13,944(+0.14%)726(+0.41%)
13,944(=)726(=)
2020-07-27
13,995(+0.37%)727(+0.14%)
2020-07-28
14,022(+0.19%)729(+0.28%)
2020-07-29
14,058(+0.26%)730(+0.14%)
2020-07-30
14,093(+0.25%)730(=)
2020-07-31
14,138(+0.32%)730(=)
14,138(=)730(=)
2020-08-03
14,271(+0.94%)732(+0.27%)
2020-08-04
14,323(+0.36%)735(+0.41%)
2020-08-05
14,377(+0.38%)735(=)
2020-08-06
14,405(+0.19%)736(+0.14%)
2020-08-07
14,446(+0.28%)741(+0.68%)
2020-08-08
14,471(+0.17%)741(=)
2020-08-09
14,501(+0.21%)741(=)
2020-08-10
14,571(+0.48%)741(=)
2020-08-11
14,609(+0.26%)743(+0.27%)
2020-08-12
14,657(+0.33%)743(=)
2020-08-13
14,695(+0.26%)743(=)
2020-08-14
14,750(+0.37%)743(=)
2020-08-15
14,800(+0.34%)743(=)
2020-08-16
14,862(+0.42%)743(=)
2020-08-17
14,916(+0.36%)746(+0.4%)
2020-08-18
14,940(+0.16%)746(=)
2020-08-19
14,987(+0.31%)746(=)
2020-08-20
15,018(+0.21%)746(=)
2020-08-21
15,084(+0.44%)746(=)
15,084(=)746(=)
2020-08-24
15,232(+0.98%)748(+0.27%)
2020-08-25
15,263(+0.2%)752(+0.53%)
2020-08-26
15,320(+0.37%)752(=)
2020-08-27
15,374(+0.35%)752(=)
2020-08-28
15,420(+0.3%)752(=)
2020-08-29
15,489(+0.45%)752(=)
2020-08-30
15,538(+0.32%)752(=)
2020-08-31
15,573(+0.23%)753(+0.13%)
2020-09-01
15,625(+0.33%)754(+0.13%)
2020-09-02
15,673(+0.31%)754(=)
2020-09-03
15,730(+0.36%)754(=)
2020-09-04
15,788(+0.37%)754(=)
2020-09-05
15,858(+0.44%)754(=)
2020-09-06
15,895(+0.23%)754(=)
2020-09-07
15,942(+0.3%)754(=)
2020-09-08
15,967(+0.16%)754(=)
2020-09-09
16,001(+0.21%)754(=)
2020-09-10
16,052(+0.32%)754(=)
2020-09-11
16,106(+0.34%)755(+0.13%)
2020-09-12
16,162(+0.35%)755(=)
2020-09-13
16,194(+0.2%)755(=)
2020-09-14
16,245(+0.31%)757(+0.26%)
2020-09-15
16,310(+0.4%)759(+0.26%)
2020-09-16
16,370(+0.37%)759(=)
2020-09-17
16,430(+0.37%)759(=)
2020-09-18
16,514(+0.51%)760(+0.13%)
2020-09-19
16,584(+0.42%)760(=)
2020-09-20
16,619(+0.21%)760(=)
2020-09-21
16,676(+0.34%)761(+0.13%)
2020-09-22
16,703(+0.16%)761(=)
2020-09-23
16,766(+0.38%)761(=)
2020-09-24
16,836(+0.42%)762(+0.13%)
2020-09-25
16,924(+0.52%)762(=)
2020-09-26
16,977(+0.31%)762(=)
2020-09-27
17,017(+0.24%)762(=)
2020-09-28
17,140(+0.72%)763(+0.13%)
2020-09-29
17,186(+0.27%)763(=)
2020-09-30
17,247(+0.35%)763(=)
2020-10-01
17,329(+0.48%)764(+0.13%)
2020-10-02
17,427(+0.57%)764(=)
2020-10-03
17,505(+0.45%)764(=)
2020-10-04
17,557(+0.3%)764(=)
2020-10-05
17,649(+0.52%)764(=)
2020-10-06
17,712(+0.36%)764(=)
2020-10-07
17,774(+0.35%)764(=)
2020-10-08
17,842(+0.38%)764(=)
2020-10-09
17,937(+0.53%)764(=)
2020-10-10
18,002(+0.36%)764(=)
2020-10-11
18,038(+0.2%)764(=)
2020-10-12
18,136(+0.54%)764(=)
2020-10-13
18,275(+0.77%)768(+0.52%)
2020-10-14
18,338(+0.34%)768(=)
2020-10-15
18,446(+0.59%)769(+0.13%)
2020-10-16
18,558(+0.61%)769(=)
2020-10-17
18,610(+0.28%)769(=)
2020-10-18
18,697(+0.47%)769(=)
2020-10-19
18,834(+0.73%)771(+0.26%)
2020-10-20
18,904(+0.37%)772(+0.13%)
2020-10-21
19,029(+0.66%)772(=)
2020-10-22
19,117(+0.46%)776(+0.52%)
2020-10-23
19,301(+0.96%)776(=)
2020-10-24
19,366(+0.34%)776(=)
2020-10-25
19,481(+0.59%)776(=)
2020-10-26
19,754(+1.4%)777(+0.13%)
2020-10-27
19,880(+0.64%)777(=)
2020-10-28
19,986(+0.53%)778(+0.13%)
2020-10-29
20,170(+0.92%)782(+0.51%)
2020-10-30
20,358(+0.93%)783(+0.13%)
2020-10-31
20,470(+0.55%)783(=)
2020-11-01
20,607(+0.67%)783(=)
2020-11-02
21,206(+0.56% [lower-roman 3] )871(+0.58% [lower-roman 3] )
2020-11-03
21,275(+0.33%)871(=)
2020-11-04
21,395(+0.56%)874(+0.34%)
2020-11-05
21,596(+0.94%)876(+0.23%)
2020-11-06
21,847(+1.2%)877(+0.11%)
2020-11-07
22,062(+0.98%)877(=)
2020-11-08
22,255(+0.87%)877(=)
2020-11-09
22,407(+0.68%)884(+0.8%)
2020-11-10
22,646(+1.1%)884(=)
2020-11-11
22,841(+0.86%)884(=)
2020-11-12
23,196(+1.6%)884(=)
2020-11-13
23,433(+1%)884(=)
2020-11-14
23,587(+0.66%)884(=)
2020-11-15
23,866(+1.2%)884(=)
2020-11-16
24,159(+1.2%)888(+0.45%)
2020-11-17
24,393(+0.97%)889(+0.11%)
2020-11-18
24,630(+0.97%)892(+0.34%)
2020-11-19
24,861(+0.94%)895(+0.34%)
2020-11-20
25,105(+0.98%)899(+0.45%)
2020-11-21
25,372(+1.1%)899(=)
2020-11-22
25,542(+0.67%)899(=)
2020-11-23
25,775(+0.91%)902(+0.33%)
2020-11-24
25,962(+0.73%)903(+0.11%)
2020-11-25
26,160(+0.76%)906(+0.33%)
2020-11-26
26,160(=)906(=)
2020-11-27
26,627(+1.8%)908(+0.22%)
2020-11-28
26,859(+0.87%)908(=)
2020-11-29
26,994(+0.5%)908(=)
2020-11-30
27,228(+0.87%)919(+1.2%)
2020-12-01
27,635(+1.5%)919(=)
2020-12-02
28,053(+1.5%)925(+0.65%)
2020-12-03
28,595(+1.9%)929(+0.43%)
2020-12-04
29,062(+1.6%)931(+0.22%)
29,062(=)931(=)
2020-12-07
30,342(+4.4%)938(+0.75%)
2020-12-08
30,692(+1.2%)940(+0.21%)
2020-12-09
31,086(+1.3%)947(+0.74%)
2020-12-10
31,551(+1.5%)949(+0.21%)
2020-12-11
32,001(+1.4%)952(+0.32%)
32,001(=)952(=)
2020-12-14
33,323(+4.1%)953(+0.11%)
2020-12-15
33,735(+1.2%)960(+0.73%)
2020-12-16
34,143(+1.2%)963(+0.31%)
2020-12-17
34,687(+1.6%)964(+0.1%)
2020-12-18
35,201(+1.5%)965(+0.1%)
2020-12-19
35,553(+1%)967(+0.21%)
2020-12-20
35,807(+0.71%)969(+0.21%)
2020-12-21
36,223(+1.2%)972(+0.31%)
2020-12-22
36,476(+0.7%)975(+0.31%)
2020-12-23
36,830(+0.97%)981(+0.62%)
2020-12-24
37,366(+1.5%)988(+0.71%)
2020-12-25
37,894(+1.4%)990(+0.2%)
2020-12-26
38,127(+0.61%)990(=)
2020-12-27
38,547(+1.1%)996(+0.61%)
2020-12-28
38,872(+0.84%)999(+0.3%)
2020-12-29
39,182(+0.8%)1,002(+0.3%)
2020-12-30
39,751(+1.5%)1,008(+0.6%)
2020-12-31
40,325(+1.4%)1,012(+0.4%)
2021-01-01
40,733(+1%)1,014(+0.2%)
2021-01-02
41,026(+0.72%)1,014(=)
2021-01-03
41,416(+0.95%)1,018(+0.39%)
2021-01-04
41,847(+1%)1,020(+0.2%)
2021-01-05
42,195(+0.83%)1,025(+0.49%)
2021-01-06
42,838(+1.5%)1,030(+0.49%)
2021-01-07
43,589(+1.8%)1,033(+0.29%)
2021-01-08
44,318(+1.7%)1,039(+0.58%)
2021-01-09
45,001(+1.5%)1,042(+0.29%)
2021-01-10
45,433(+0.96%)1,051(+0.86%)
2021-01-11
45,844(+0.9%)1,052(+0.1%)
2021-01-12
46,206(+0.79%)1,060(+0.76%)
2021-01-13
46,558(+0.76%)1,067(+0.66%)
2021-01-14
47,175(+1.3%)1,077(+0.94%)
2021-01-15
47,607(+0.92%)1,082(+0.46%)
2021-01-16
47,834(+0.48%)1,084(+0.18%)
2021-01-17
47,834(=)1,084(=)
2021-01-18
48,493(+1.4%)1,094(+0.92%)
2021-01-19
49,137(+1.3%)1,102(+0.73%)
2021-01-20
49,379(+0.49%)1,107(+0.45%)
2021-01-21
49,840(+0.93%)1,113(+0.54%)
2021-01-22
50,325(+0.97%)1,113(=)
2021-01-23
50,838(+1%)1,118(+0.45%)
2021-01-24
51,190(+0.69%)1,128(+0.89%)
2021-01-25
51,506(+0.62%)1,133(+0.44%)
2021-01-26
51,718(+0.41%)1,136(+0.26%)
2021-01-27
52,139(+0.81%)1,140(+0.35%)
2021-01-28
52,474(+0.64%)1,145(+0.44%)
2021-01-29
52,704(+0.44%)1,153(+0.7%)
2021-01-30
53,197(+0.94%)1,157(+0.35%)
2021-01-31
53,398(+0.38%)1,158(+0.09%)
2021-02-01
53,602(+0.38%)1,161(+0.26%)
2021-02-02
53,789(+0.35%)1,163(+0.17%)
2021-02-03
54,065(+0.51%)1,167(+0.34%)
2021-02-04
54,279(+0.4%)1,183(+1.4%)
2021-02-05
54,584(+0.56%)1,188(+0.42%)
2021-02-06
54,905(+0.59%)1,191(+0.25%)
2021-02-07
55,106(+0.37%)1,192(+0.08%)
2021-02-08
55,236(+0.24%)1,194(+0.17%)
2021-02-09
55,404(+0.3%)1,196(+0.17%)
2021-02-10
55,637(+0.42%)1,204(+0.67%)
2021-02-11
55,872(+0.42%)1,210(+0.5%)
2021-02-12
56,079(+0.37%)1,214(+0.33%)
2021-02-13
56,326(+0.44%)1,221(+0.58%)
2021-02-14
56,470(+0.26%)1,225(+0.33%)
2021-02-15
56,585(+0.2%)1,230(+0.41%)
2021-02-16
56,711(+0.22%)1,232(+0.16%)
2021-02-17
56,830(+0.21%)1,236(+0.32%)
2021-02-18
57,031(+0.35%)1,241(+0.4%)
2021-02-19
57,246(+0.38%)1,242(+0.08%)
2021-02-20
57,376(+0.23%)1,245(+0.24%)
2021-02-21
57,549(+0.3%)1,248(+0.24%)
2021-02-22
57,675(+0.22%)1,248(=)
2021-02-23
57,794(+0.21%)1,251(+0.24%)
2021-02-24
58,020(+0.39%)1,256(+0.4%)
2021-02-25
58,202(+0.31%)1,259(+0.24%)
2021-02-26
58,414(+0.36%)1,262(+0.24%)
2021-02-27
58,593(+0.31%)1,267(+0.4%)
2021-02-28
58,782(+0.32%)1,271(+0.32%)
2021-03-01
58,901(+0.2%)1,273(+0.16%)
2021-03-02
58,917(+0.03%)1,274(+0.08%)
2021-03-03
59,148(+0.39%)1,277(+0.24%)
2021-03-04
59,337(+0.32%)1,281(+0.31%)
2021-03-05
59,538(+0.34%)1,281(=)
2021-03-06
59,752(+0.36%)1,284(+0.23%)
2021-03-07
59,872(+0.2%)1,286(+0.16%)
2021-03-08
59,953(+0.14%)1,286(=)
2021-03-09
60,058(+0.18%)1,287(+0.08%)
2021-03-10
60,221(+0.27%)1,295(+0.62%)
2021-03-11
60,387(+0.28%)1,301(+0.46%)
2021-03-12
60,636(+0.41%)1,303(+0.15%)
2021-03-13
60,801(+0.27%)1,307(+0.31%)
2021-03-14
60,938(+0.23%)1,309(+0.15%)
2021-03-15
61,025(+0.14%)1,313(+0.31%)
2021-03-16
61,126(+0.17%)1,313(=)
2021-03-17
61,299(+0.28%)1,318(+0.38%)
2021-03-18
61,509(+0.34%)1,320(+0.15%)
2021-03-19
61,746(+0.39%)1,322(+0.15%)
2021-03-20
61,921(+0.28%)1,323(+0.08%)
2021-03-21
62,093(+0.28%)1,326(+0.23%)
2021-03-22
62,170(+0.12%)1,327(+0.08%)
2021-03-23
62,294(+0.2%)1,329(+0.15%)
2021-03-24
62,539(+0.39%)1,331(+0.15%)
2021-03-25
62,874(+0.54%)1,331(=)
2021-03-26
63,164(+0.46%)1,333(+0.15%)
2021-03-27
63,395(+0.37%)1,338(+0.38%)
2021-03-28
63,618(+0.35%)1,339(+0.07%)
2021-03-29
63,748(+0.2%)1,341(+0.15%)
2021-03-30
63,993(+0.38%)1,341(=)
2021-03-31
64,321(+0.51%)1,345(+0.3%)
2021-04-01
64,605(+0.44%)1,348(+0.22%)
2021-04-02
64,887(+0.44%)1,350(+0.15%)
2021-04-03
65,190(+0.47%)1,350(=)
2021-04-04
65,371(+0.28%)1,352(+0.15%)
2021-04-05
65,474(+0.16%)1,353(+0.07%)
2021-04-06
65,728(+0.39%)1,355(+0.15%)
2021-04-07
65,992(+0.4%)1,355(=)
2021-04-08
66,247(+0.39%)1,355(=)
2021-04-09
66,505(+0.39%)1,356(+0.07%)
2021-04-10
66,710(+0.31%)1,356(=)
2021-04-11
66,851(+0.21%)1,356(=)
2021-04-12
66,977(+0.19%)1,358(+0.15%)
2021-04-13
67,138(+0.24%)1,358(=)
2021-04-14
67,327(+0.28%)1,361(+0.22%)
2021-04-15
67,527(+0.3%)1,361(=)
2021-04-16
67,685(+0.23%)1,361(=)
2021-04-17
67,685(=)1,361(=)
2021-04-18
67,961(+0.41%)1,362(+0.07%)
2021-04-19
68,031(+0.1%)1,363(+0.07%)
2021-04-20
68,114(+0.12%)1,363(=)
2021-04-21
68,255(+0.21%)1,363(=)
2021-04-22
68,390(+0.2%)1,364(+0.07%)
2021-04-23
68,520(+0.19%)1,364(=)
2021-04-24
68,635(+0.17%)1,364(=)
2021-04-25
68,733(+0.14%)1,364(=)
2021-04-26
68,795(+0.09%)1,364(=)
2021-04-27
68,885(+0.13%)1,365(+0.07%)
2021-04-28
69,032(+0.21%)1,365(=)
2021-04-29
69,154(+0.18%)1,365(=)
2021-04-30
69,234(+0.12%)1,367(+0.15%)
2021-05-01
69,321(+0.13%)1,369(+0.15%)
2021-05-02
69,390(+0.1%)1,370(+0.07%)
2021-05-03
69,441(+0.07%)1,370(=)
2021-05-04
69,501(+0.09%)1,370(=)
2021-05-05
69,620(+0.17%)1,370(=)
2021-05-06
69,717(+0.14%)1,370(=)
2021-05-07
69,785(+0.1%)1,370(=)
2021-05-08
69,864(+0.11%)1,372(+0.15%)
2021-05-09
69,897(+0.05%)1,372(=)
2021-05-10
69,944(+0.07%)1,373(+0.07%)
2021-05-11
69,998(+0.08%)1,374(+0.07%)
2021-05-12
70,079(+0.12%)1,375(+0.07%)
2021-05-13
70,123(+0.06%)1,376(+0.07%)
2021-05-14
70,173(+0.07%)1,377(+0.07%)
2021-05-15
70,266(+0.13%)1,377(=)
2021-05-16
70,266(=)1,381(+0.29%)
2021-05-17
70,297(+0.04%)1,381(=)
2021-05-18
70,324(+0.04%)1,381(=)
2021-05-19
70,350(+0.04%)1,381(=)
2021-05-20
70,400(+0.07%)1,381(=)
2021-05-21
70,456(+0.08%)1,381(=)
2021-05-22
70,456(=)1,381(=)
2021-05-23
70,456(=)1,381(=)
2021-05-24
70,529(+0.1%)1,382(+0.07%)
2021-05-25
70,546(+0.02%)1,382(=)
2021-05-26
70,576(+0.04%)1,383(+0.07%)
2021-05-27
70,609(+0.05%)1,383(=)
2021-05-28
70,628(+0.03%)1,383(=)
2021-05-29
70,628(=)1,383(=)
2021-05-30
70,628(=)1,383(=)
2021-05-31
70,628(=)1,383(=)
2021-06-01
70,676(+0.07%)1,384(+0.07%)
2021-06-02
70,694(+0.03%)1,384(=)
2021-06-03
70,724(+0.04%)1,384(=)
2021-06-04
70,755(+0.04%)1,386(+0.14%)
2021-06-05
70,755(=)1,386(=)
2021-06-06
70,755(=)1,386(=)
2021-06-07
70,810(+0.08%)1,386(=)
2021-06-08
70,825(+0.02%)1,386(=)
2021-06-09
70,842(+0.02%)1,386(=)
2021-06-10
70,864(+0.03%)1,388(+0.14%)
2021-06-11
70,875(+0.02%)1,388(=)
2021-06-12
70,875(=)1,388(=)
2021-06-13
70,875(=)1,388(=)
2021-06-14
70,906(+0.04%)1,389(+0.07%)
2021-06-15
70,912(+0.01%)1,389(=)
2021-06-16
70,919(+0.01%)1,389(=)
2021-06-17
70,926(+0.01%)1,389(=)
2021-06-18
70,932(+0.01%)1,389(=)
2021-06-19
70,932(=)1,389(=)
2021-06-20
70,932(=)1,389(=)
2021-06-21
70,932(=)1,389(=)
2021-06-22
70,957(+0.04%)1,391(+0.14%)
2021-06-23
70,967(+0.01%)1,391(=)
2021-06-24
70,975(+0.01%)1,391(=)
2021-06-25
70,984(+0.01%)1,391(=)
2021-06-26
70,984(=)1,391(=)
2021-06-27
70,984(=)1,391(=)
2021-06-28
70,998(+0.02%)1,392(+0.07%)
2021-06-29
71,008(+0.01%)1,392(=)
2021-06-30
71,017(+0.01%)1,392(=)
2021-07-01
71,029(+0.02%)1,393(+0.07%)
2021-07-02
71,029(=)1,393(=)
2021-07-03
71,029(=)1,393(=)
2021-07-04
71,029(=)1,393(=)
2021-07-05
71,029(=)1,393(=)
2021-07-06
71,058(+0.04%)1,393(=)
2021-07-07
71,069(+0.02%)1,393(=)
2021-07-08
71,083(+0.02%)1,394(+0.07%)
2021-07-09
71,101(+0.03%)1,394(=)
2021-07-10
71,101(=)1,394(=)
2021-07-11
71,101(=)1,394(=)
2021-07-12
71,143(+0.06%)1,394(=)
2021-07-13
71,181(+0.05%)1,394(=)
2021-07-14
71,220(+0.05%)1,394(=)
2021-07-15
71,266(+0.06%)1,394(=)
2021-07-16
71,309(+0.06%)1,394(=)
2021-07-17
71,309(=)1,394(=)
2021-07-18
71,309(=)1,394(=)
2021-07-19
71,399(+0.13%)1,395(+0.07%)
2021-07-20
71,457(+0.08%)1,395(=)
2021-07-21
71,519(+0.09%)1,395(=)
2021-07-22
71,600(+0.11%)1,396(+0.07%)
2021-07-23
71,689(+0.12%)1,396(=)
2021-07-24
71,689(=)1,396(=)
2021-07-25
71,689(=)1,396(=)
2021-07-26
71,846(+0.22%)1,396(=)
2021-07-27
71,914(+0.09%)1,398(+0.14%)
2021-07-28
72,001(+0.12%)1,398(=)
2021-07-29
72,085(+0.12%)1,399(+0.07%)
2021-07-30
72,205(+0.17%)1,399(=)
2021-07-31
72,205(=)1,399(=)
2021-08-01
72,205(=)1,399(=)
2021-08-02
72,422(+0.3%)1,400(+0.07%)
2021-08-03
72,529(+0.15%)1,400(=)
2021-08-04
72,680(+0.21%)1,400(=)
2021-08-05
72,825(+0.2%)1,400(=)
2021-08-06
72,955(+0.18%)1,400(=)
2021-08-07
72,955(=)1,400(=)
2021-08-08
72,955(=)1,400(=)
2021-08-09
73,228(+0.37%)1,400(=)
2021-08-10
73,343(+0.16%)1,400(=)
2021-08-11
73,531(+0.26%)1,400(=)
2021-08-12
73,659(+0.17%)1,400(=)
2021-08-13
73,796(+0.19%)1,401(+0.07%)
2021-08-14
73,796(=)1,401(=)
2021-08-15
73,796(=)1,401(=)
2021-08-16
74,052(+0.35%)1,401(=)
2021-08-17
74,153(+0.14%)1,402(+0.07%)
2021-08-18
74,321(+0.23%)1,402(=)
2021-08-19
74,478(+0.21%)1,402(=)
2021-08-20
74,642(+0.22%)1,403(+0.07%)
2021-08-21
74,642(=)1,403(=)
2021-08-22
74,642(=)1,403(=)
2021-08-23
74,940(+0.4%)1,403(=)
2021-08-24
75,047(+0.14%)1,404(+0.07%)
2021-08-25
75,214(+0.22%)1,404(=)
2021-08-26
75,388(+0.23%)1,405(+0.07%)
2021-08-27
75,541(+0.2%)1,406(+0.07%)
2021-08-28
75,541(=)1,406(=)
2021-08-29
75,541(=)1,406(=)
2021-08-30
75,888(+0.46%)1,406(=)
2021-08-31
76,036(+0.2%)1,406(=)
2021-09-01
76,186(+0.2%)1,406(=)
2021-09-02
76,384(+0.26%)1,407(+0.07%)
2021-09-03
76,563(+0.23%)1,410(+0.21%)
2021-09-04
76,563(=)1,410(=)
2021-09-05
76,563(=)1,410(=)
2021-09-06
76,563(=)1,410(=)
2021-09-07
77,015(+0.59%)1,411(+0.07%)
2021-09-08
77,126(+0.14%)1,412(+0.07%)
2021-09-09
77,332(+0.27%)1,412(=)
2021-09-10
77,549(+0.28%)1,412(=)
2021-09-11
77,549(=)1,412(=)
2021-09-12
77,549(=)1,412(=)
2021-09-13
78,077(+0.68%)1,412(=)
2021-09-14
78,234(+0.2%)1,413(+0.07%)
2021-09-15
78,460(+0.29%)1,414(+0.07%)
2021-09-16
78,652(+0.24%)1,415(+0.07%)
2021-09-17
78,652(=)1,415(=)
2021-09-18
78,652(=)1,415(=)
2021-09-19
78,652(=)1,415(=)
2021-09-20
79,268(+0.78%)1,418(+0.21%)
2021-09-21
79,393(+0.16%)1,418(=)
2021-09-22
79,518(+0.16%)1,420(+0.14%)
2021-09-23
79,518(=)1,420(=)
2021-09-24
79,821(+0.38%)1,420(=)
2021-09-25
79,821(=)1,420(=)
2021-09-26
79,821(=)1,420(=)
2021-09-27
80,106(+0.36%)1,420(=)
2021-09-28
80,242(+0.17%)1,423(+0.21%)
2021-09-29
80,367(+0.16%)1,424(+0.07%)
2021-09-30
80,475(+0.13%)1,424(=)
2021-10-01
80,610(+0.17%)1,427(+0.21%)
2021-10-02
80,610(=)1,427(=)
2021-10-03
80,610(=)1,427(=)
2021-10-04
80,885(+0.34%)1,429(+0.14%)
2021-10-05
80,971(+0.11%)1,429(=)
2021-10-06
81,081(+0.14%)1,431(+0.14%)
2021-10-07
81,214(+0.16%)1,433(+0.14%)
2021-10-08
81,378(+0.2%)1,435(+0.14%)
2021-10-09
81,378(=)1,435(=)
2021-10-10
81,378(=)1,435(=)
2021-10-11
81,378(=)1,435(=)
2021-10-12
81,716(+0.42%)1,438(+0.21%)
2021-10-13
81,829(+0.14%)1,438(=)
2021-10-14
81,934(+0.13%)1,438(=)
2021-10-15
82,047(+0.14%)1,440(+0.14%)
2021-10-16
82,047(=)1,440(=)
2021-10-17
82,047(=)1,440(=)
2021-10-18
82,255(+0.25%)1,444(+0.28%)
2021-10-19
82,255(=)1,444(=)
2021-10-20
82,483(+0.28%)1,445(+0.07%)
2021-10-21
82,596(+0.14%)1,445(=)
2021-10-22
82,690(+0.11%)1,446(+0.07%)
2021-10-23
82,690(=)1,446(=)
2021-10-24
82,690(=)1,446(=)
2021-10-25
82,855(+0.2%)1,447(+0.07%)
2021-10-26
82,996(+0.17%)1,450(+0.21%)
2021-10-27
83,110(+0.14%)1,450(=)
2021-10-28
83,230(+0.14%)1,451(+0.07%)
2021-10-29
83,330(+0.12%)1,452(+0.07%)
2021-10-30
83,330(=)1,452(=)
2021-10-31
83,330(=)1,452(=)
2021-11-01
83,577(+0.3%)1,453(+0.07%)
Number of cases and deaths: Cumulative totals reported to date

Sources: Reports from city health officials and news reports cited inline, plus:

Contents

  • "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Boston". Boston.gov.
  • "Boston COVID-19 Home". Boston Public Health Commission.
  • "Boston Public Health (@HealthyBoston)". Twitter.
  1. The May 16th data includes 76 newly reported cases, representing a 0.7% increase, plus another 164 cases dating back to April 25th that had previously been omitted due to a reporting error by a lab testing partner. [3]
  2. Massachusetts Department of Public Health identified 41 deaths as duplicates on June 30. As a result, Boston Public Health Commission subtracted one death from the June 30 total, which was found to be a duplicate. [3]
  3. 1 2 The November 2nd data includes 118 newly reported cases, representing a 0.56% increase, plus another 481 cases dating back to August 18th that had previously been omitted due to a reporting error. The data also includes 5 newly reported deaths, representing a 0.58% increase, plus another 83 deaths dating back to May 18th that had previously been omitted due to a reporting error. [3]

The COVID-19 pandemic in Boston is part of an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Massachusetts city of Boston. The first confirmed case was reported on February 1, 2020, and the number of cases began to increase rapidly by March 8. Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker declared a state of emergency on March 10. Mayor Marty Walsh declared a public health emergency on March 15. [4] By March 21, more than a hundred people in Boston had tested positive for COVID-19. Most early cases were traceable to a company meeting held in late February by the biotechnology firm Biogen in Boston.

In May, Boston was first in Massachusetts for overall number of cases and eighteenth for cases per capita citywide. [5] New cases per day peaked on April 24, 2020, at 659, and began to decline after. [6] [7] As of October 14,2020, Boston has the highest number of cases in Massachusetts and the 38th-highest number of cases per capita. [8]

As of March 8,2021, there were 59,953 cumulative cases and 1,286 deaths due to COVID-19 in Boston. 11.4% of cases required hospitalization, 2.7% of cases resulted in death, and 84.6% of cases have recovered. [note 1] 9.8% of cases were healthcare workers, [note 1] and 46% of deaths were in long-term care facilities. [3] As of October 12, Boston had completed 308,851 molecular tests, 4.5% of which came back positive in the preceding week. Citywide, 45% of residents had been tested. [3]

Timeline

2020

February

The first confirmed case of COVID-19 was reported by state officials on February 1. The individual, a male in his 20s, had recently returned from Wuhan, China and began experiencing symptoms. He sought medical care but did not require hospitalization, and was therefore able to self-isolate and recover at home. [1] [4]

175 executives of Biogen, a biotechnology company based in Cambridge, held a two-day leadership conference from February 26–28 at the Boston Marriott Long Wharf hotel. [9] On February 29, a Biogen executive began to develop symptoms and sought treatment at a Boston area hospital. Suspecting COVID-19 was the cause of the illness, the executive requested a test, but was told by hospital staff that it was not necessary. [9] [10] [11]

March

On March 4, staff from Biogen contacted the Massachusetts Department of Public Health to report two executives who had attended the February employee meeting had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 upon returning home from Europe. The same day, a "significant number" of Biogen employees asked to be tested for the virus. [12] On March 5, Biogen reported that three individuals who had attended the company event in Boston the previous week had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. [13] [14]

On March 6, the Boston Public Health Commission announced three new presumptive cases of SARS-CoV-2. [4] Governor Charlie Baker declared a state of emergency for the state of Massachusetts on March 10. [4] On March 13, the 2020 Boston Marathon was postponed to September 14, 2020. [4] Boston Mayor Marty Walsh announced the closure of all Boston schools from March 17 until April 27. [4]

On March 12, the Boston Marriott Long Wharf hotel, which had hosted the Biogen company gathering, closed temporarily. In a letter to their guests, the hotel said it made the decision in cooperation with the Boston Public Health Commission. [15] On March 15, Mayor Walsh declared a public health emergency due to the concerns over COVID-19. Restaurants, bar rooms, and nightclubs were required to reduce their capacity by at least 50 percent. [4] Governor Charlie Baker limited gatherings to below 25 people. [4]

On March 15, Baker ordered all schools in Massachusetts to close for three weeks, from March 17 through April 7. The same day, he also banned eating at restaurants, banned gatherings of more than 25 people, and relaxed unemployment claim requirements. [16] On March 16, Mayor Walsh announced the closure of the Boston Public Library system. The MBTA also announced that service would be reduced starting March 17. Mayor Walsh also announced the closure of all construction sites starting March 17. [4] On March 18, the City of Boston closed all playgrounds. [4]

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) announced that, starting March 17, it would run the subway and buses at Saturday levels of service during the week. [17] The next day, service was increased on the Blue Line, Green Line E branch, and some bus lines to reduce crowding. Frequency on Massport shuttles to Logan International Airport was reduced or canceled. [18]

On March 23, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker issued an order for all employers that do not provide essential services to close their workspaces. The limit of gatherings was lowered to 10 people. Massachusetts Department of Public Health issued a two-week stay-at-home advisory. [4] On March 25, Governor Baker extended the closure of schools to May 4. [4] On March 31, Governor Baker extended his non-essential business closure to May 4. [4] On March 31, the Boston Police Department confirmed that 19 officers and three civilian employees had all tested positive. [19]

April

On April 2, Mayor Walsh announced plans to convert the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center (BCEC) into a field hospital with 500 beds assigned to the homeless and 500 to accept COVID-19 patients from city hospitals. [20] On April 5, Mayor Walsh announced new regulations for social distancing in Boston. He encouraged everyone to wear a face covering when outside. The BPHC ordered for everyone except essential workers stay at home from 9:00 pm to 6:00 am every day, enforcing a curfew. [4]

On April 5, Boston City Hall was closed to the public except for Tuesdays and Fridays, from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. Every individual entering City Hall, including employees, was required to complete a self-screening for COVID-19 symptoms. [4] On April 9, MIT published a study of sewage samples taken in the Boston area on March 25, to determine the extent of COVID-19 infections. The study suggested that approximately 115,000 of the Boston region's 2.3 million people were infected. At the time of sampling, Boston had only 284 confirmed cases in the area. [21] [22]

An empty Northeastern University in Boston after most of the students were required to leave Empty Northeastern University campus, March 2020.jpg
An empty Northeastern University in Boston after most of the students were required to leave

On April 10, Boston reduced parking near the Arnold Arboretum. [23] On April 16, Mayor Walsh announced that a thousand residents will be invited to a Massachusetts study related to COVID-19 antibody testing. [4] On April 21, Governor Baker announced the closure of all K-12 schools in Massachusetts through the end of the school year. [4] On April 22, former 2020 Democratic presidential candidate and U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren from Massachusetts announced that her oldest brother had died from COVID-19 in Oklahoma. [24]

On April 25, Governor Baker addressed the topic of when stay-at-home measures and closures of non-essential businesses would end. When restrictions were originally announced in mid-March, they were to end at noon on April 7; later their projected end date was pushed to May 4. Baker said it was unlikely restrictions would be lifted by then because the surge of cases had hit later than expected May 4 presumed a surge in early April. Baker said the process of reopening will begin when hospitalizations start to decline consistently, and when there is "some evidence that we are in fact over the hump ... with respect to the surge." [25]

On April 27, Boston Public Health Commission extended the public health emergency declaration until further notice. [4] On April 28, Governor Baker extended the stay-at-home advisory and non-essential business closure to May 18. He also said that once the advisory expires, the process of reopening will begin in stages, and not happen all at once. [4] [26] On April 29, the Public Health Advisory enforcing a curfew in Boston was extended to May 18. [4]

May

On May 1, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker ordered all residents to wear a mask in public places when social distancing measures are not possible. This order goes into effect on May 6. [4] On May 6, the city of Boston launched a major expansion in the public testing of COVID-19 in Boston. [27] On May 8, Boston city officials announced that all parades and festivals were to be suspended to and on September 7. [28]

On May 13, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker announced his guidelines for reopening, starting May 18. He mentioned that the reopening will be in four phases. The first phase, will be very strict reopening, with just a few businesses opening again with social distancing and mask wearing regulations. The second phase will be cautious, with strict regulations remaining but more businesses reopening. The third phase will be a vigilant phase where most businesses open, but with very strict regulations. The fourth and final phase, as Baker stated, will be when a COVID-19 vaccine allows resumption of a new normal. [29]

Exterior of the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center. The BCEC was converted to a field hospital, but stopped accepting new patients in May. Boston Convention and Exhibition Center 05.jpg
Exterior of the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center. The BCEC was converted to a field hospital, but stopped accepting new patients in May.

On May 16, Mayor Walsh released results of antibody testing among Boston residents. He stated that antibodies were present in 9.9% of the 750 residents tested. 2.6% of the residents were asymptomatic and tested positive for COVID-19. Mayor Walsh stated that most residents of Boston have not been yet exposed to the virus. [30]

On May 18, Governor Baker released the details of the plan to reopen businesses in Massachusetts, and renamed the stay-at-home advisory to a "safer at home" advisory. The plan allows places of worship, essential businesses, manufacturing businesses, and construction sites to reopen with strict restrictions on May 18. Baker also announced that people who choose to ride the MBTA will be required to wear masks. [31]

On May 26, all construction was to be allowed in Boston, with social distancing and mask wearing. [4] On May 26, Governor Baker announced that the Boston Hope field hospital would no longer be accepting new patients. [32] On May 28, the Boston Marathon was cancelled for the first time in 124 years. Instead, the marathon was to be held as a virtual event. [33]

On May 28, Mayor Walsh announced a new "healthy streets" program to promote social distancing in the roads of Boston. The buses and MBTA trains would not accept as many passengers. Bike lanes would be built fast, to allow social distancing for bikes. [34] On May 29, the City of Boston released a "return to workplace framework" to safely reopen workplaces. Social distancing of 6 feet was to be enforced in all workplaces. Workplaces were to reduce capacity, ensure access to handwashing facilities, and clean and disinfect frequently. [35]

June

Massachusetts Governor Baker announced on June 6 that Phase 2 of his reopening plan was to begin on June 8. This was to allow childcare, day camps, lodging retail stores, and outdoor seating at restaurants to reopen with restrictions. [36] On June 8, the Public Health Advisory enforcing a curfew in Boston from 9:00 pm to 6:00 am was lifted. [37] This came with the start of Phase 2 of the state's reopening plan. [3]

On June 9, Mayor Walsh and the East Boston Neighborhood Health Center set up a new pop-up testing site in Roxbury. This is as a result of the recent protests in and around Boston over the murder of George Floyd. [38] On June 11, the Cambridge-based biotech company Moderna announced they had developed a COVID-19 vaccine ready to be tested in a large scale. Moderna had 30,000 volunteers ready to test the vaccine in July, to see its effects. [39]

On June 11, Massachusetts announced a study with 150 volunteers to test if COVID-19 survivor plasma can prevent COVID-19. Thousands of COVID-19 patients worldwide have been treated with convalescent plasma already. [40] On June 12, Boston Public Library announced the launch of their "BPL to Go" program on June 22. This program allowed patrons to "order" library items by placing a hold on the item, and then safely picking up the item from a branch library. [41]

On June 15, Boston reopened all city playgrounds for the first time in three months. As the city was reopening, Mayor Walsh stated that playgrounds should reopen, although with strict restrictions in place. [42] On June 17, the state of Massachusetts urged everyone who participated in the George Floyd protests in Massachusetts to get tested for COVID-19. The state had set up over 50 pop-up free testing sites specifically for these protesters. These testing sites were to be open only on June 17 and June 18. [43]

On June 19, Massachusetts Governor Baker announced that Step 2 of Phase 2 of reopening in Massachusetts was to begin on June 22. This change came as Governor Baker stated that the trends of COVID-19 statewide have been positive. This will allow indoor dining, nail salons, and tanning salons to begin opening. Also, workplaces in Boston, which were previously required to reduce capacity to 25%, were now allowed to increase capacity to 50% of their original capacity before the pandemic. [44]

On June 23, Governor Baker announced the test results of those who has participated in Black Lives Matter protests. He announced that only 2.5% of the protesters who tested were positive, and Governor Baker stated that he was very pleased with these results. [45]

On June 30, Governor Baker stated that Massachusetts may begin Phase 3 of reopening as early as July 6. Although he was still looking at the data, he announced his plan for Phase 3 of reopening in the state. Phase 3 was to allow museums, fitness centers, moderate-size movie theaters, overnight youth camps, sports for all ages, and indoor recreational facilities to open with social distancing and mask wearing restrictions remaining in place. [46]

July

On July 1, a new COVID-19 testing site opened in North End of Boston. NEW Health, an affiliate of Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston Medical Center, offered a new testing site on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. [47]

On July 2, Massachusetts announced that Step 1 of Phase 3 of reopening in Massachusetts was to begin on July 6, in all of Massachusetts except Boston. Boston was to enter Step 1 of Phase 3 one week later, on July 13. This was to allow indoor gatherings of up to 25 people, and outdoor gatherings of up to 100 people. Movie theaters, museums, and sports were allowed to resume. However, social distancing restrictions were to remain in place, with 40% capacity limits on movie theaters and gyms. Masks were also to remain mandatory in all public places. [48]

On July 7, Mayor Walsh stated in a press conference that Boston may be the first city to truly recover from COVID-19. He stated if the residents continue to follow COVID-19 precautions, Boston could recover from COVID-19 within just a few months. [49] On July 13, the City of Boston included the casino Encore Boston Harbor in the list of businesses that could open in Phase 3. However, customers were to be required to wear masks, have temperature screening at entry, and practice social distancing [50]

On July 16, Mayor Walsh urged all Boston residents to get tested for COVID-19. Boston Health and Human Services Chief Marty Martinez stated anyone who has not been practicing social distancing or wearing a face mask should be tested. [51] On July 21, the Massachusetts Interscholastic Athletic Association's Board of Directors voted to delay the start of the fall sports season until September 14. This decision was made in compliance with state guidelines for K-12 sports in the state. [52] On July 21, Mayor Walsh announced another free pop-up testing site had opened in Allston. The City of Boston partnered with East Boston Neighborhood Health Center to make this testing site available. [53]

LED matrix sign over I-93 in Boston displaying the COVID-19 travel restriction in Massachusetts Electronic road sign displaying Massachusetts COVID-19 travel order.jpg
LED matrix sign over I-93 in Boston displaying the COVID-19 travel restriction in Massachusetts

On July 24, Massachusetts Governor Baker announced a new travel restriction for the state, which was to go into effect on August 1. All individuals coming into Massachusetts from another state was required to fill out a "Massachusetts Travel Form" and quarantine at home for 14 days. The originally exempt states were Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, Maine, Hawaii, New Jersey, and New York. For a state to be exempt, the seven-day average of daily cases was required to be less than six per 100,000, and the positive test rate was required to be less than five percent. This order was to be punishable by a $500 fine for each day a traveler was not following the order. [54]

August

On August 1, Mayor Walsh announced that Boston Public Schools would not return to 100% in-person learning even if in-class learning would resume in the fall. He stated that students would participate in a hybrid of in-school and remote learning. He also gave parents the option to have their children participate in 100% remote learning. [55]

On August 7, Massachusetts Governor Baker took steps to slow reopening in the state. He reduced the limit on outdoor gatherings from 100 to 50 people, which would apply in both public and private property. He also said restaurant guidelines would be updated so that alcoholic beverages were not served. Baker said he was creating a COVID Enforcement and Intervention Team for enforcement in high-risk communities. The state was to postpone Step 2 of Phase 3 of reopening indefinitely. [56]

On August 18, Mayor Walsh stated in a press conference that encouraging trends in COVID-19 in Boston had resumed, but urged residents to remain vigilant. “The uptick that we saw in the second half of July has leveled off,” Mayor Walsh stated during his coronavirus briefing. He said that the weekly positive test rate for the week ending August 10 was 2.6%, down from 2.8% the previous week. [57]

On August 19, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health announced that all children aged six months and older would need to receive a flu vaccine by December 31, 2020, in order to attend childcare, K–12 schools, and colleges and universities in the state. There is an allowance for medical or religious exemptions, and homeschooled K–12 students or higher education students who are not going on campus will not be required to receive the vaccination. [58]

On August 21, Mayor Walsh announced that Boston Public Schools would begin the school year 100% remotely before transitioning into a hybrid model. "On September 21st — one month from today — all students will begin with remote learning," he said. "The first students will not return to our classrooms until October 1st." The BPS superintendent and Mayor Walsh formed a 4-phase return to a hybrid model. [59]

September

On September 10, Governor Baker said he "couldn't imagine a reason" to not go back to in-person or hybrid learning in the state's green and white communities in terms of spread in COVID-19. However, he has been encouraging communities in the yellow and red zones to stick with remote learning. [60]

On September 11, testing for COVID-19 at Orig3n, a Boston lab, was suspended after 383 false positives were recorded. In response, MDPH and BPHC gave the lab until September 14 to write a plan of correction in order to resume testing. [61]

By mid-September, Boston College began seeing a significant spike in COVID-19 cases. About a dozen cases in August had turned into an outbreak in the swimming teams at the college. Mayor Walsh said this outbreak is a "serious matter" and that he had been communicating with state officials. [62]

On September 15, Massachusetts Governor Baker announced a plan to "re-engage" colleges on testing, contact tracing, in response to the Boston College outbreak. He said his administration was reviewing all the protocols for testing, tracing, quarantine, and isolation in colleges across the state. Mayor Walsh also said he will meet with college leaders on September 16 to address the issue to them. [63]

On September 29, Governor Baker announced that communities in the state classified by the state as "lower risk" would be allowed to move into Step 2 of Phase 3 of the state's reopening plan beginning on October 5. [64] At the time, Boston had been considered a "red zone" community, meaning they were to remain at Step 1 of Phase 3 of reopening. [65]

October

The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education announced on October 2 that they would begin providing weekly reports on the number of COVID-19 cases detected in schools. In the first report, covering the period from September 24 to September 30, 63 cases were found among students and 34 among staff. [66]

On October 7, Boston delayed the next phase of in-person learning in Boston Public Schools, in response to an uptick in cases. The positive test rate in the city had increased to 4.1%, prompting city officials to put a pause on moving forward with in-person learning. High-needs students were to continue in-person learning. Both Boston officials and the Boston Teachers Union agreed with this decision. [67]

On October 15, Boston Mayor Walsh announced new COVID-19 enforcement measures in the city amidst a spike in cases. He said that too many violations of COVID-19 restrictions and safety rules have led him to this decision. He mentioned a plan to tighten gathering limits, restrictions on public events, and activities in parks. Walsh stated he was considering fines for violations of these new safety rules. On Wednesday, he partnered with Whittier Street Health Center to open a second mobile testing facility in Nubian Square. [68]

On October 16, Massachusetts state officials loosened travel restrictions amid an uptick in cases. The state changed the threshold for being a lower-risk state to 10 cases per 100,000 people, in a seven-day rolling average. States below that, and a 5% test rate on a 7-day moving average, were to be exempt from the travel order laid out in July. State officials said this would put Massachusetts on standard with other states' COVID-19 travel restrictions. [69]

On October 16, Boston further delayed Phase 3 of in-person learning to October 29. Mayor Walsh decided to further delay in-person learning to October 29, after an initial delay one week ago. This was done in response to the city's positive test rate further increasing to 4.4% in the preceding week. [70]

2021

Epidemiology

Spread among population groups

As of October 15, Boston had 18,446 confirmed cases of COVID-19. [2] As of October 8, a total of 1,756 cases (9.8%) were healthcare workers. [note 1] As of October 8, a cumulative total of 2,037 cases (11.4%) had required hospitalization. [note 1] Deaths in Boston have been concentrated among the elderly. As of October 15, Boston had 769 reported deaths due to SARS-CoV-2. [2] Many deaths from COVID-19 have been at long-term care facilities. As of October 13, a total of 352 COVID-19 related deaths (46%) in Boston were in long-term care facilities. [3] As of April 23, a total of 453 cases (6.5%) were among the homeless. [71]

Cases and deaths by ethnicity

Many Boston COVID-19 confirmed cases were attributed to a race/ethnicity by the Boston Public Health Commission. BPHC updates these numbers on weekdays.

Total cases by race [3] as of October 15, 2020
Race/ethnicityTotal casesPercent
Total race-identified16414100%
Asian6624%
Black/African-American507931%
Latino/Hispanic530332%
White423526%
Other11357%

Most Boston COVID-19 deaths were also identified to a race/ethnicity. BPHC updates these numbers on weekdays as well.

Total deaths by race [3] as of October 15, 2020
Race/ethnicityTotal deathsPercent
Total race-identified769100%
Asian517%
Black/African-American26735%
Latino/Hispanic9012%
White33944%
Other223%

Cases by age group

Case rates have been significantly higher among the elderly.

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Boston by age as of October 8
ClassificationCases
TotalRate per 100,000 % of total cases
Age80+12666448.57.1%
70–7912483899.17%
60–6920693676.711.6%
50–5927833791.715.6%
40–4926043488.514.6%
30–3930502620.217.1%
20–2934792086.719.5%
10–198921163.75%
0–9428669.82.4%
Unknown23N/A0.13%
Total178422626.1100%
Source: Boston Public Health Commission COVID-19 Report [note 1]

Cases by sex

Overall, cases and case rates have been approximately equal across both genders in Boston.

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Boston by gender as of October 8
ClassificationCases
TotalRate per 100,000 % of total cases
SexMale85462613.547.9%
Female91352589.251.2%
Unknown161N/A0.9%
Total178422626.1100%
Source: Boston Public Health Commission COVID-19 Report [note 1]

Cases by category

The Boston Public Health Commission has rolled out a data dashboard for COVID-19 which is updated daily through Boston's government website.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Boston [2] [3]
CasesDeathsRecoveriesHospitalizations
DateTotal ConfirmedIncrease % ChangeTotal DiedIncrease % ChangeTotal RecoveredIncrease % ChangeCumulativeSource
September 1516310+65+0.4%759+2+0.3%12827+124+1%2000 [2] [note 2]
September 1616370+60+0.4%75900%12935+108+1%2000 [2] [note 2]
September 1716430+60+0.4%75900%13045+110+1%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 1816514+84+1%760+1+0.1%13180+135+1%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 1916584+70+0.4%76000%1318000%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 2016619+35+0.2%76000%1318000%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 2116676+57+0.3%761+1+0.1%13357+177+1%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 2216703+27+0.2%76100%13467+110+1%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 2316766+63+0.4%76100%13605+138+1%2003 [2] [note 3]
September 2416836+70+0.4%762+1+0.1%13734+129+1%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 2516924+88+1%76200%13852+118+1%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 2616977+53+0.3%76200%1385200%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 2717017+40+0.2%76200%1385200%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 2817140+123+1%763+1+0.1%14046+194+1%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 2917186+40+0.3%76300%14174+128+1%2012 [2] [note 4]
September 3017247+61+0.4%76300%14253+79+1%2012 [2] [note 4]
October 117329+82+0.5%764+1+0.1%14399+146+1%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 217427+98+1%76400%14529+130+1%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 317505+78+0.5%76400%1452900%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 417557+52+0.3%76400%1452900%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 517649+92+1%76400%14723+194+1%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 617712+63+0.4%76400%14857+134+1%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 717774+62+0.4%76400%14981+124+1%2029 [2] [note 5]
October 817842+68+0.4%76400%15099+118+1%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 917937+95+1%76400%15175+76+1%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1018002+65+0.4%76400%1517500%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1118038+36+0.2%76400%1517500%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1218136+98+1%76400%1517500%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1318275+139+1%768+4+1%15445+270+2%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1418338+63+0.3%76800%15594+149+1%2037 [2] [note 1]
October 1518446+108+1%769+1+0.1%15692+98+1%2049 [2] [note 6]
DateTotal ConfirmedIncrease % ChangeTotal DiedIncrease % ChangeTotal RecoveredIncrease % ChangeCumulativeSource
CasesDeathsRecoveriesHospitalizations

    Cases by district

    Most Boston COVID-19 cases were traced to a district by Boston Public Health Commission. BPHC releases a public weekly report including COVID-19 cases by district in Boston.

    Boston COVID-19 cases (cumulative) by district [3]
    Date
    Unknown
    Source
    March 2829471041372526131329181626285 [note 7]
    April 28086291301754610452721317378667038 [note 8]
    April 918812950238444682281241693231621981122829736 [note 9]
    April 16318185734107059141325329856930233517537220856 [note 10]
    April 234362361036881033122617376440878405475216531291111 [note 11]
    April 3055129911997113851767934995481199522677339665353175 [note 12]
    May 7643328140118716102288905756171390585777387701386154 [note 13]
    May 14698347149128117462529586056681514631846397727407169 [note 14]
    May 217504341591387189026210206347101617677880413807417182 [note 15]
    May 287944541721457194527110566527331650691909420821428181 [note 16]
    June 48204591821495198128210736647441684707928431836441179 [note 17]
    June 118354631871542200528210696677531713724953438868444175 [note 18]
    June 188394701891582201628310726827611725730966442878453173 [note 19]
    June 258464791921607203828610766877651740734975448884455170 [note 20]
    July 18504861951635204729410796907661745729979452892456172 [note 21]
    July 98654971991665207230010886967761763737990467905458172 [note 22]
    July 1686850620216882090302109970278217817411000483913464172 [note 23]
    July 2387951120416972114306110371478917957421020495918464173 [note 24]
    July 3089051920617262129309111071880418277491035504923468176 [note 25]
    August 690753521117892169319113073681618647631052519933476186 [note 26]
    August 1391955021518642203326114574783019007831075525943480190 [note 27]
    August 2093256422219702226342116075184219448011102529962481190 [note 28]
    August 2795757522721052258366116976984919838121124534972484190 [note 29]
    September 398458823521972285390118279686120248231156542979491197 [note 30]
    September 10102060023822602307417119081086920648391184554989505206 [note 2]
    September 17110162823522892336439120282787520748641223588989523237 [note 3]
    September 241133642241234823794651225843883213288112636211000531249 [note 4]
    October 11197663246242024314871257855904219890912896611019543250 [note 5]
    October 81248683251246425105091294881916228092213307021033555264 [note 1]
    Date
    Allston and Brighton
    Back Bay, Beacon Hill,
    North End, West End, Downtown
    Charlestown
    East Boston
    Dorchester
    Fenway
    Hyde Park
    Jamaica Plain
    Mattapan
    Mid Dorchester
    Roslindale
    Roxbury
    South Boston
    South End
    West Roxbury
    Unknown
    Source
    District
    pop.
    (2010)
    66,865
    42,046
    16,439
    43,265
    71,623
    54,566
    28,488
    34,837
    21,964
    60,413
    29,826
    40,527
    38,100
    33,881
    25,861
    [72]

    Government response

    Closures and orders

    Mayor Marty Walsh announced the closure of all playgrounds until further notice. Playground closed sign.jpg
    Mayor Marty Walsh announced the closure of all playgrounds until further notice.

    On March 10, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker declared a state of emergency for the state. [4] On March 15, Mayor Walsh declared a public health emergency due to the spread of COVID-19 in the city. Restaurants and bar rooms were required to reduce capacity, each by at least 50%. [4] On April 27, BPHC extended the public health emergency until further notice. [4]

    On March 13, Mayor Walsh announced the closure of all Boston Public Schools. [4] On March 15, Governor Baker closed all schools in the state for three weeks, from March 17 to April 7. [4] On March 25, the Massachusetts school closures were extended to May 4. [4] On April 21, Governor Charlie Baker closed all K-12 schools for the remainder of the school year. [4]

    On March 13, the Boston Marathon was postponed to September 14. [4] On May 28, the Boston Marathon was cancelled for the first time in 124 years. Mayor Walsh stated that the Boston Marathon, which usually attracts over 30,000 runners was not feasible in 2020. [33] On May 8, all parades and festivals were suspended to and on Labor Day of 2020. [28]

    On March 15, Massachusetts Governor Baker limited gatherings to 25 people. [4] On March 23, the limit on public gatherings was lowered further to 10 people. [4]

    On March 16, Mayor Walsh announced the closure of the Boston Public Library. [4] On March 17, Mayor Walsh announced the closure of construction sites. [4] On March 18, Boston closed all playgrounds in the city. [4]

    On March 23, Massachusetts Governor Baker issued an order to all employers that do not provide essential services to close. MDPH issued a two-week stay-at-home advisory for all residents through April 7. [4] On March 31, Massachusetts Governor Baker extended both the statewide stay-at-home advisory and the non-essential business closure to May 4. [4] On April 28, Massachusetts Governor Baker extended the statewide stay-at-home advisory and non-essential business closure to May 18. [4]

    On April 5, Mayor Walsh encouraged all Boston residents to wear a face mask in public. [4] On May 1, Governor Baker ordered all residents statewide to wear a face covering in public starting May 6, when social distancing is not possible. [4]

    On April 5, the Boston Public Health Commission enforced a daily curfew from 9:00 pm to 6:00 pm. [4] On April 29, BPHC extended the nightly curfew in Boston to May 18. [4] On May 16, this curfew was extended indefinitely until further notice. [4] On June 8, the public health emergency enforcing a curfew was lifted by Mayor Walsh, as the city was reopening. [3]

    On July 24, Governor Baker announced a new travel restriction for the state, which was to go into effect on August 1. All travelers enetering Massachusetts from another state was required to fill out a "Massachusetts Travel Form" and quarantine for 14 days. The originally exempt states were Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, Maine, Hawaii, New Jersey, and New York. For a state to be exempt, the 7-day average of daily cases was required to be less than 6 per 100,000, and the positive test rate was required to be less than 5%. This order was to be punishable by a $500 fine for each day a traveler was not following the order. [54]

    On October 16, Massachusetts state officials loosened travel restrictions amid an uptick in cases. The state changed the threshold for being a lower-risk state to 10 cases per 100,000 people, in a seven-day rolling average. States below that, and a 5% test rate on a 7-day moving average, were to be exempt from the travel order laid out in July. State officials said this would put Massachusetts on standard with other states' COVID-19 travel restrictions. This change added California, Hawaii, New Jersey, and Washington to the list of exempt states. [69]

    On August 19, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health announced that all children aged six months and older would need to receive a flu vaccine by December 31, 2020, in order to attend childcare, K–12 schools, and colleges and universities in the state. There is an allowance for medical or religious exemptions, and homeschooled K–12 students or higher education students who are not going on campus will not be required to receive the vaccination. [58]

    On October 15, Boston Mayor Walsh announced new COVID-19 enforcement measures in the city amidst a spike in cases. He said that too many violations of COVID-19 restrictions and safety rules have led him to this decision. He mentioned a plan to tighten gathering limits, restrictions on public events, and activities in parks. Walsh stated he was considering fines for violations of these new safety rules. On Wednesday, he partnered with Whittier Street Health Center to open a second mobile testing facility in Nubian Square. [68]

    Mask supply

    Secretary of Health and Human Services Marylou Sudders said a shipment of three million masks the state had negotiated to buy from BJ's Wholesale Club, was impounded by the federal government from the Port of New York and New Jersey on March 18. A further order from MSC Industrial Supply for 400 masks to be delivered on March 20 was also claimed by the federal government. [73] Governor Baker reached out to the New England Patriots professional American football team, who used the team plane "AirKraft" to bring approximately 1.2 million N95 masks from China to Boston. [74]

    Field hospitals and testing sites

    Interior of the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center, pictured during a 2016 conference. The BCEC was converted to a field hospital. ASM show at BCEC.agr.jpg
    Interior of the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center, pictured during a 2016 conference. The BCEC was converted to a field hospital.

    On April 2, Mayor Walsh announced plans to convert the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center (BCEC) into a field hospital with 500 beds assigned to the homeless and 500 beds to accept COVID-19 patients from hospitals. This was the largest field hospital in the state, with the name of Boston Hope. It cost $12 million and consisted of 1,000 single rooms separated by sheetrock walls, of which 200 rooms were equipped with oxygen lines, and six set up with intensive care units. It received its first patient on April 10 and treated some 720 acute-care patients over seven and a half weeks, including homeless people and recuperating COVID-19 patients. [20]

    On June 9, Mayor Walsh and the East Boston Neighborhood Health Center set up a new free pop-up testing site in Boston. This testing site was to be open June 10 and June 11 from 12pm to 7pm to the general public in Washington Park Mall's parking lot. This particular testing site was to be temporary, situated in the accessible district of Roxbury. Mayor Walsh stated that he wanted to make a highly accessible COVID-19 testing site, for the Boston residents who participated in protests and demonstrations over the murder of George Floyd and Black Lives Matter. [38]

    In July and August, many free testing sites were set up in several neighborhoods in Boston, including Charlestown, Mattapan, and Roxbury. This was done in response to CDC's recommendation to expand testing in America. [75]

    On October 13, Boston Logan International Airport announced that they would begin offering COVID-19 testing beginning in November. The testing facility was to be set up in Terminal E, offering three types of tests. The facility was to offer a rapid molecular test for $200, a PCR test for $75, and a Blood Antibody test for $75. [76]

    Reopening

    On May 13, Governor Baker announced his 4-phase plan for reopening, beginning May 18. He said the four phases would be slow in changing as Massachusetts would slowly resume normal life. He planned for the state to start reopening, then move on to a cautious phase. Then after more months the state would move onto a regulated vigilant state before a vaccine allowed resumption of a new normal. Baker said in any of the first three phases, the state may have to move back a phase. He mentioned that more details were to be stated on May 18. [29]

    On May 18, Governor Baker released the details of the plan to reopen businesses in Massachusetts. The plan allows places of worship, essential businesses, manufacturing businesses, and construction sites to reopen with strict restrictions on May 18. Also as of May 18, hospitals and health centers may begin providing urgent preventive care and treatment services to high-risk patients. Baker also announced that people who choose to ride the MBTA will be required to wear masks. Beginning on May 25, additional businesses will be able to open, also with restrictions. Although Baker's plan includes office buildings in the list of businesses allowed to open on May 25, offices within Boston will not be allowed to open until June 1. [31]

    MBTA signs showing coronavirus-related service changes, March 2020 MBTA signs showing coronavirus-related service changes, March 2020.jpg
    MBTA signs showing coronavirus-related service changes, March 2020

    Governor Baker announced on June 6 that Massachusetts would begin entering phase two of the reopening plan starting on June 8, following positive trends in access to testing and decreasing hospitalizations. The first portion of the phase will allow childcare, day camps, lodging retail stores, outdoor seating at restaurants, and children's sports programs to reopen with strict precautions. All professional sports teams would have to be tested for COVID-19 before using any team facilities. Additional services, including indoor dining and nail and tanning salons, will be allowed to reopen at an unspecified later date as a part of phase two if the positive trends in COVID-19 cases continue. [36]

    On June 8, the public health emergency enforcing a curfew was lifted by Mayor Walsh, as the city was reopening. [3] On June 12, Boston Public Library announced a new "BPL to Go" program where patrons can place a hold on an item and pick it up safely at a branch library. [41] On June 15, all Boston playgrounds were reopened, as part of Phase 2 of reopening in Massachusetts. [42]

    On June 19, Governor Baker stated that Step 2 of Phase 2 of reopening in the state was to begin on June 22. This announcement came following continuous positive trends of COVID-19 statewide. This was to allow nail salons, tanning salons, and indoor dining to reopen statewide. Also, the capacity of which Boston workplaces were to reduce to was raised from 25% to 50%, in all workplaces in Boston. Governor Baker advised residents to still keep precautions as the virus was still not eradicated. [44]

    Although Governor Baker was still looking at the data in the state, he announced his plan for Phase 3 of reopening in the state on June 30. Phase 3 was to allow museums, fitness centers, moderate-size movie theaters, overnight youth camps, sports for all ages, and indoor recreational facilities to open with restrictions remaining in place. Governor Baker announced that Massachusetts may move into Phase 3 as early as July 6. [46] On July 2, the state confirmed that Step 1 of Phase 3 of reopening was allowed to start on July 6, in all of Massachusetts except for Boston, which was to start Phase 3 one week later, on July 13. [48] On July 13, the City of Boston decided to include the casino Encore Boston Harbor for reopening during Phase 3, with temperature screening upon entry and masks being mandatory. [50]

    On August 7, Massachusetts Governor Baker took steps to slow and pause reopening in the state. He reduced the outdoor gathering limit from 100 to 50 people, started requiring masks at private gatherings of 10 or more people from different households, authorized state police to start issuing fines to event hosts, and created the COVID Enforcement and Intervention Team for operations in high-risk communities. The state was to postpone Step 2 of Phase 3 of reopening indefinitely, which would have allowed higher-contact sports and small theater and music venues to operate indoors. To prevent "bars masquerading as restaurants" he required that alcoholic beverages be accompanied by food in restaurants. [56]

    On September 29, Governor Baker announced that communities in the state classified by the state as "lower risk" would be allowed to move into Step 2 of Phase 3 of the state's reopening plan beginning on October 5. This step was to include allowing both indoor and outdoor performance venues to open at 50% capacity (up to 250 people); fitting rooms to open in retail stores; and gyms, museums, libraries, and driving and flight schools to increase capacity to 50%. [64] At the time, Boston had been considered a "red zone" community, meaning they were to remain at Step 1 of Phase 3 of reopening. Mayor Walsh warned the public in late September that Boston was approaching red zone in terms of COVID-19. Not long after, the state classified Boston as a red zone community. [65]

    Prevention measures

    A sign in Boston explaining the Healthy Streets plan Sign promoting Healthy Streets plan in Boston, September 2020.jpg
    A sign in Boston explaining the Healthy Streets plan

    On May 28, Mayor Walsh announced a new "healthy streets" program to promote social distancing in the roads of Boston. The buses and MBTA trains would not accept as many passengers. Many bus and train stops would relocate or close down altogether. Mayor Walsh announced that bike lanes would be built fast, to allow social distancing for bikes. The city would also be supporting small businesses in Boston. The city will help move some restaurants outdoors, to further allow social distancing. This would be implemented with transportation barriers, to allow more space. [34]

    On May 29, the Mayor Walsh released a "return to workplace framework" to safely reopen businesses and workplaces. Social distancing of 6 feet was to be enforced. Workplaces were to reduce capacity to 25% of their original capacity before COVID-19. All workplaces were required to ensure access to handwashing facilities on site, including soap and running water. Workplaces were to avoid sharing office materials. Cleaning and disinfecting frequently were to be enforced in all workplaces and businesses in Boston. In businesses, customers were to social distance inside the business as well as outside. Masks were to be required from all employees and customers, in all workplaces and businesses in Boston. [35]

    Societal effects

    Food supplies and supermarkets

    Panic buying, especially since March 11, led to shortages of some products, as well as causing crowds at grocery stores as early in the day as 7:00 a.m. [77] Pandemic supplies like sanitizing supplies and masks remained difficult to get for weeks. Grocery retailers, as required by state law, offered older and more vulnerable people a time in the early morning when they could shop separately. [78] Later, emergency orders required grocery stores to implement stricter measures, including limiting the number of people allowed inside stores at a time, and marking queues to maintain social distancing. [79] They installed plastic guards to reduce contact between customers and cashiers, and designated some aisles one-way. By the end of May, grocery stores started expanding hours, with toilet paper back on shelves, but home baking supplies like yeast and flour in low quantity.

    The Greater Boston Food Bank said that it experienced double the normal demand for food, distributing more food per month than it ever had before. It also said that because food donations from restaurants and grocery stores plummeted, it was spending about 50 times as much money to buy food, though the Massachusetts government provided cash assistance, and the federal government provided surplus food purchased from farmers (the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program). [80]

    Schools and universities

    Spring 2020

    School closures began in early March, when Massachusetts Institute of Technology announced on March 9 that it was moving to online-only classes for the remainder of the spring semester. [81] Northeastern University, which had already closed their satellite campuses in San Francisco and Seattle, hesitated to close their main campus for fear of international students losing their F visa status. On March 6 the university publicly called on the Department of Homeland Security to grant clemency for international students so the university could close. [82]

    On March 10, Harvard University announced that its classes would be online-only for the rest of the spring semester. [83] [84] [85] The University of Massachusetts Boston informed faculty that they should prepare to teach remotely. [86]

    Empty Leon Street in Boston due to the COVID-19 pandemic, March 2020 Leon Street in Boston, March 2020.jpg
    Empty Leon Street in Boston due to the COVID-19 pandemic, March 2020

    On March 11, Northeastern University and Boston University moved all classes online. [87] [88] On March 14, Northeastern University informed students they would need to vacate their dormitories by 5:00 p.m. on March 17. [89] [90] Up to this point students were taking online classes but allowed to remain on university property. [91] Boston College moved all classes online, and all students were told to vacate their dorms by March 15. [92]

    On March 13, Boston Mayor Walsh announced that Boston Public Schools would be closed starting on March 17 until April 27. [4] On March 15, Governor Baker ordered all schools in Massachusetts closed for three weeks from March 17 through April 7. [4] On March 25, he extended the closing through May 4. [93] On April 21, he extended it to the remainder of the school year. [94]

    Fall 2020

    On August 1, Mayor Walsh announced that Boston Public Schools would not return to 100% in-person learning even if in-class learning would resume in the fall. He stated that students would participate in a hybrid of in-school and remote learning. He also gave parents the option to have their children learn 100% remotely. [55]

    On August 21, Mayor Walsh announced that Boston Public Schools would begin the school year 100% remotely before transitioning into a hybrid model. "On September 21st — one month from today — all students will begin with remote learning," he said. "The first students will not return to our classrooms until October 1st." The BPS superintendent and Mayor Walsh formed a 4-phase return to a hybrid model. On October 1, the students with the highest needs were to return. On October 15 and 19, K0, K1, and K2 students were to return. On October 22 and 26, grades 1–3 were to go back to the classroom. On November 5 and 9, grades 4–8 were to return to the classroom. On November 16 and 19, grades 9–12 were to return. [59]

    On October 7, Boston delayed the next phase of in-person learning to October 22 in Boston Public Schools, in response to an uptick in cases. The positive test rate in the city had increased to 4.1%, prompting city officials to put a pause on moving forward with in-person learning. High-needs students were to continue in-person learning. Both Boston officials and the Boston Teachers Union agreed with this decision. They plan to keep the remainder of the phases the same, over the course of October and November. [67] On October 16, in-person learning was further delayed to October 29. [70]

    Some colleges in Boston began moving students in to dorms in mid-August. By late-August, students were beginning to move in to on-campus housing at Boston University in Boston. [95]

    On September 10, Governor Baker said he "couldn't imagine a reason" to not go back to in-person or hybrid learning in the state's green and white communities in terms of spread in COVID-19. However, he has been encouraging communities in the yellow and red zones to stick with remote learning. He noted that not all cities and towns were following that guidance. Communities in the red zone, such as Chatham, had begun or were planning to resume in-person learning. Governor Baker instructed the town to continue remote learning. [60]

    By mid-September, Boston College began seeing a significant spike in COVID-19 cases. About a dozen cases in August had turned into an outbreak in the swimming teams at the college. Mayor Walsh said this outbreak is a "serious matter" and that he had been communicating with state officials. Also, Boston officials asked BC to begin contact tracing. The college was reported to have agreed. [62]

    Sports and recreation

    The Boston Marathon, pictured in 2005, was cancelled in 2020 by Mayor Walsh Boston marathon mile 25 beacon street 050418.jpg
    The Boston Marathon, pictured in 2005, was cancelled in 2020 by Mayor Walsh

    Several leagues began postponing or suspending their sports seasons starting March 12, and Major League Baseball canceled the remainder of spring training. On March 16, after the CDC recommended restricting events of more than 50 people for the next eight weeks, the major league baseball season was postponed indefinitely. [96] Also on March 12, the National Basketball Association announced the season would be suspended for 30 days. [97] The National Hockey League season was suspended indefinitely. [98] Boston Celtics player Marcus Smart announced on March 18 that he had tested positive for COVID-19, having been tested five days prior. [99]

    In college sports, the National Collegiate Athletic Association canceled all winter and spring tournaments, most notably the Division I men's and women's basketball tournaments, affecting colleges and universities statewide. [100]

    The Boston Athletic Association canceled the 2020 Boston Marathon on May 28. In March they had postponed the race, which usually takes place in April, until September. However, Boston Mayor Walsh said on May 28, "There's no way to hold this usual race format without bringing large numbers of people into close proximity. While our goal and our hope was to make progress in containing the virus and recovering our economy, this kind of event would not be responsible or realistic on September 14 or any time this year." 2020 was the first year in the race's 124-year history that the event was postponed or canceled. Runners will still be able to participate "virtually" in September, and will receive a medal and other items if they send proof that they complete the race in under six hours. Those who qualified for the 2020 marathon will be eligible to compete in the 2021 race. [33]

    On June 12, the Boston Bruins team announced that one of their players had tested positive for COVID-19. Phase 2 of the reopening plan required all Bruins players to be tested before using any team facilities. The team was told that the player, whose identity remains confidential, was asymptomatic so far. [101]

    On July 21, the Massachusetts Interscholastic Athletic Association's Board of Directors voted to delay the start of the fall sports season until September 14. This decision was made in compliance with state guidelines for K-12 sports in the state. [52]

    On October 8, Boston College announced that they were cancelling 5 field hockey games after a player contracted the virus. This prompted all other team players to go through a process of contact tracing. Once done, they were ordered to quarantine for 14 days. [102]

    On October 11, a New England Patriots facility was shut down after a player tested positive for the virus. The team was supposed to play Denver on Monday, but the game was postponed. ESPN reported that this was the team's fourth case within 8 days. [103]

    Traffic and transit

    The sudden surge of cases in Boston during the week of March 9 led many organizations to ask employees to work from home, and prompted museums and libraries to close. This led to a noticeable decline in Boston's rush hour traffic; in some cases, drive times for major highways dropped by 30 to 50 percent. [104]

    Following the beginning of reopening Massachusetts on May 18, the Greater Boston Area began to see the return of severe traffic congestion during rush hour, especially seen on the Southeast Expressway. [105] Concerns were raised with the MBTA's response to coronavirus, with worsening traffic congestion. [106] 14 miles of bus lanes was added for MBTA buses in late 2020, with the statement that the pandemic has helped move things along. [107] The possibility of significant, permanent, service cuts and fare hikes on the MBTA was raised, with a significant shortfall of revenue due to COVID-19 and uncertainty of state and federal relief, and its impact on low income riders and rush hour traffic. A need to look at route by route and surveying employers would be used in determining service changes after COVID-19. [108]

    In October, various proposals of service cuts across the transit system was presented to the agency's governing board, which public transit advocates warned of devastation. [109] Various proposals included ending subway and commuter rail service earlier in the evening at 9pm, closure of various stations, and elimination of midday and weekend transit service. These service cuts would affect two thirds of bus service, all rail service, and ferries. The changes would go into effect in spring 2021.

    Statistics

    District [lower-alpha 1] CasesDeaths [lower-alpha 2] [lower-alpha 3] Recov. [lower-alpha 2] [lower-alpha 4] Tests [lower-alpha 5] Pop.
    (2010)
    [lower-alpha 6]
    Cases
    /100k
    [lower-alpha 7]
    Tests
    /100k
    [lower-alpha 8]
    16 / 1617,84276415,099297,125621,0742,626.143,732.6
    Allston and Brighton 1,24829,30166,8651,874.344,005.4
    68325,00942,0461,225.744,880.9
    Charlestown 2516,49316,4391,292.933,444.9
    East Boston 2,46418,16643,2655,250.738,711.2
    Dorchester 2,51023,59571,6233,103.429,172.8
    Fenway 50939,65154,566930.172,452.4
    Hyde Park 1,29411,83228,4883,781.134,573.2
    Jamaica Plain 88118,44934,8372,181.945,691.9
    Mattapan 9168,03921,9643,095.527,167
    Mid Dorchester 2,28021,77960,4133,547.133,883
    Roslindale 92211,09929,8262,730.232,856.5
    Roxbury 1,33022,50940,5273,083.952,192.4
    South Boston 70214,97838,1001,750.937,357.2
    South End 1,03318,84433,8812,88952,701.6
    West Roxbury 5558,71025,8611,948.330,575.4
    Unknown264n/an/an/an/a
    Updated October 8, 2020
    Data is publicly reported by Boston Public Health Commission [note 1]
    1. District where an individual with a positive case was diagnosed. Location of original infection may vary.
    2. 1 2 "—" denotes that no data is currently available for that district, not that the value is zero.
    3. BPHC is not providing death numbers by district.
    4. BPHC is not providing recovered case numbers by district.
    5. Total number of positive and negative molecular tests conducted in Boston
    6. Population records from 2010 U.S. Census [72]
    7. The number of cases per 100K residents
    8. The number of tests per 100K residents

    The data in these charts are recorded by the date the test result was recorded, not the day the test was administered. This may result in backlog in the charts on a few days.

    Weekly % COVID-19 like illness in ED

    Weekly percentage COVID-19 like illness in Emergency Department :

    See also

    Notes

    1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 "Boston COVID-19 Report October 8" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
    2. 1 2 3 "Boston COVID-19 Report September 10" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
    3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Boston COVID-19 Report September 17" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
    4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Boston COVID-19 Report September 24" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
    5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Boston COVID-19 Report October 1" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
    6. "Boston COVID-19 Report October 15" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
    7. "Boston COVID-19 Report March 28" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    8. "Boston COVID-19 Report April 2" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    9. "Boston COVID-19 Report April 9" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    10. "Boston COVID-19 Report April 16" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    11. "Boston COVID-19 Report April 23" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    12. "Boston COVID-19 Report April 30" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    13. "Boston COVID-19 Report May 7" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
    14. "Boston COVID-19 Report May 14" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
    15. "Boston COVID-19 Report May 21" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
    16. "Boston COVID-19 Report May 28" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
    17. "Boston COVID-19 Report June 4" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
    18. "Boston COVID-19 Report June 11" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
    19. "Boston COVID-19 Report June 18" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
    20. "Boston COVID-19 Report June 25" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
    21. "Boston COVID-19 Report July 1" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
    22. "Boston COVID-19 Report July 9" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
    23. "Boston COVID-19 Report July 16" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
    24. "Boston COVID-19 Report July 23" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
    25. "Boston COVID-19 Report July 30" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
    26. "Boston COVID-19 Report August 6" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
    27. "Boston COVID-19 Report August 13" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
    28. "Boston COVID-19 Report August 20" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
    29. "Boston COVID-19 Report August 27" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
    30. "Boston COVID-19 Report September 3" (PDF). Boston Public Health Commission. Retrieved September 14, 2020.

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