Evacuations related to the COVID-19 pandemic

Last updated

This article lists major evacuations conducted by several countries as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Contents

The SARS-CoV-2 virus was first identified in the city of Wuhan, Hubei, China in mid-December 2019, when a group of people developed a pneumonia without clear causes, and existing treatments were found to be ineffective. The novel coronavirus has similar characteristics to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Within a number of weeks, several thousand people in Hubei's provincial capital of Wuhan were infected, and the Chinese central government imposed strict containment measures, including a lockdown of Hubei itself.

Due to the effective lockdown of Wuhan and Hubei, and the continued growth of the outbreak in these locations, several countries planned to evacuate their citizens and/or diplomatic staff from the area. This was done primarily through chartered flights of the home nations, which were provided prior clearance by Chinese authorities. Australia, [1] Belgium, [2] France, Germany, India, [3] Indonesia, [4] Japan, the Philippines, [5] Sri Lanka, Thailand, [6] and the United States [7] were among the first to plan the evacuation of their citizens. [8] Pakistan has said that it will not be evacuating any citizens from China due to lack of domestic facilities to help treat Pakistanis who may be infected. [9] [10]

International evacuations

Statistical overview

Organizing country/iesCitizens evac.Others evac.Total evac.As ofRef.
Flag of India.svg  India 4,582,000+ [lower-alpha 1] 2021-03-15 [11]
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 1,375,68615+ [lower-alpha 2] 1,375,701+2021-08-24 [13]
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union [lower-alpha 3] 82,06410,11692,1802020-09-10 [14]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 85,14160+ [lower-alpha 4] 85,200+2020-05-13 [15]
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 47,500 (est.) [lower-alpha 5] 800 [lower-alpha 5] 54,000+2020-04-05 [16] [17]

Military and organisation evacuations

The Peace Corps evacuated all volunteers, estimated at over 7,000 [lower-alpha 6] and suspended all volunteer programmes. [19]

Major civilian evacuations

From 15 March to 15 April, the Polish flag carrier LOT flew over 54,000 people, including Poles and other nationals, under the "LOTDoDomu" (LOT Flight Home) programme. [20] [17]

The government of India plans to evacuate citizens from around the world through the "Vande Bharat Mission" in May. The first phase, with over 15,000 Indian citizens planned to be evacuated from 7 to 13 May, focuses mostly on the Gulf states and other areas with high concentrations of Indians such as the US and UK, [21] [22] while the second phase, starting 15 May, will shift efforts to other European and Central Asian countries. [23] It has been predicted that this evacuation will surpass the 1990 airlift of Indians from Kuwait to be the biggest in the country's history, with estimates ranging as high as 192k-250k nationals to be brought home. [24] [25] As India closed its airspace to international flights in March, these flights are crucial for both citizens wanting to return to India as well as anyone who wants to leave the country via outbound flights. [21]

List of international evacuations

Departure dateOrganizing country/iesEvacueesNationalities [lower-alpha 7] Departure airportArrival airportNotes
2020-01-30 to 2020-03-17Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Beijing, Moscow, Minsk, Istanbul Turkmenabat Airport Turkmenistan removed all its citizens from countries with coronavirus. [26] [27]
2020-01-24 to 27Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 200 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 200 Da Nang International Airport
Cam Ranh International Airport
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Vietnam permitted four exceptional flights to take tourists and others from Wuhan home in the period 24–27 January, [28] and organised a flight to evacuate citizens and diplomats. [29]
2020-01-29Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
300 (est.) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport On 26 January, ABC News's exclusive report showed over 100 Australian children were trapped in Wuhan as the Foreign Minister Marise Payne said diplomatic staff were making effort on evacuation plans. [30] On 29 January, Australia and New Zealand announced that they would cooperate in the evacuation of their citizens from Wuhan. There are between 50 and 82 New Zealanders in Wuhan and 600 Australians in Hubei including 140 Australian children in Wuhan. [31] [32] The New Zealand Government chartered a Boeing 777-200ER aircraft from the national carrier Air New Zealand to assist in evacuation efforts, subject to approval from Chinese officials. [33] [34] [35] While prioritising New Zealand nationals, Australian and Pacific Island citizens were also carried. [36]
2020-01-29Flag of the United States.svg  United States 195 March Air Reserve Base First US evacuation flight, with a fuel stop in Anchorage. [37]
2020-01-29Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 206 Tokyo Haneda Airport This was Japan's first evacuation flight. Three passengers later tested positive for the virus, with two of them becoming Japan's first asymptomatic cases. [38]
2020-01-30210This was Japan's second flight from Wuhan. [39]
2020-01-30Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 92 Singapore Changi Airport Singaporeans were evacuated from Wuhan via a special Scoot flight, crewed by volunteers from the airline after co-ordination between Singapore and Chinese authorities facilitated the flights. However, not all Singaporeans were evacuated as some displayed symptoms before the flight. Two of the evacuees were later confirmed as the first Singaporeans to have the virus. Both were asymptomatic during the flight but were found to have a fever upon arrival. [40]
2020-01-31Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 149 Tokyo Haneda Airport Japan's third flight from Wuhan. [41]
2020-01-31Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 368 [42] Flag of South Korea.svg Gimpo International Airport
2020-01-31Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 110 [43] Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 83
Flag of Europe.svg 27
Royal Air Force Brize Norton Passengers left Wuhan with military medics from the UK, arriving at RAF Brize Norton in England. The British passengers were quarantined at a segregated block of Arrowe Park Hospital on the Wirral; all passengers were tested before and during the flight, with none having the virus. The other EU nationals were flown on to Spain from Brize Norton. More Britons (up to 150) were supposed to be on the flight, which was planned to leave a day earlier, but China initially declined permission, and then anyone who had a Chinese passport (including infants and a newborn to British parents) were told they could not leave. Shortly before the flight departed, this decision was reversed, but it was too late for people to get to the airport even though the plane was also delayed for several hours. The British government plans to send another plane if necessary. [44] [45] [46]
2020-01-31Flag of France.svg  France 180 [47] Istres-Le Tubé Air Base
2020-01-31Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 76 [48] Flag of Thailand.svg Suvarnabhumi International Airport Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
2020-01-31124 [49] Flag of Malaysia.svg Kota Kinabalu International Airport
2020-01-31111 [50] Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo Haneda Airport
2020-01-31Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 124 [51] [52] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Frankfurt Airport The German Air Force plane was denied a stopover in Moscow after its starting point in Wuhan, according to the German Minister of Defence. Originally, the plane had received approval for a layover in Moscow to stop for refuelling and a change of crew personnel. The aircraft evacuated 102 German and 26 non-German citizens. The plane made a stopover in Helsinki on its way to Frankfurt Airport. The German Minister of Health stated that all passengers showed no symptoms of the coronavirus. [53] On its way to Wuhan, the aeroplane carried 10,000 suits of protective equipment as requested by the Chinese government. [54] Two passengers later tested positive for the virus. [55]
2020-02-01Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 333 Flag of South Korea.svg Gimpo International Airport South Korea's second flight, operated by Korean Air. [56]
2020-02-01Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 33 Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport A special Sri Lankan Airlines plane flew from Wuhan after co-ordination between the Sri Lankan Government and Chinese authorities. After arrival all passengers were quarantined at a segregated block at Diyatalawa Garrison of the Sri Lanka Army. [57]
2020-02-01Flag of India.svg  India 324 Indira Gandhi International Airport This was India's first evacuation flight. [58] There were three minors, 211 students and 110 working professionals, and the flight was operated by Air India. [59] [60]
2020-02-01Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 42 Flag of Turkey.svg 32
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg 10
Ankara Esenboğa Airport A cargo plane delivered medical equipment to China before taking the evacuees to Ankara. All passengers were quarantined in a local disused hospital. [61]
2020-02-01Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 71 Flag of Jordan.svg 55
Flag of Palestine.svg 7
Flag of Oman.svg 3
Flag of Tunisia.svg 3
Flag of Bahrain.svg 1
Flag of Lebanon.svg 1
Queen Alia International Airport Flown by Royal Jordanian, making it the first Wuhan evacuation flight by a flag carrier. [62]
2020-02-01Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 31 Chinggis Khaan International Airport The flight was operated by MIAT Mongolian Airlines for the government. Passengers were quarantined at the National Center for Communicable Diseases. [63]
2020-02-01Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 59 Mandalay International Airport Myanmar National Airlines operated the flight. [64] [65]
2020-02-01Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 312 [66] Shahjalal International Airport Using a chartered Boeing 777-300ER of Biman Bangladesh Airlines, the government evacuated many people in Wuhan, mostly students studying there. After arrival they were taken to hajj camp which was turned into quarantine near Dhaka airport for 14 days. 3 people who had high temperature was taken to CMH hospital. [67]
2020-02-01Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 167Mostly students and staff of the country's embassy to China. Passengers were quarantined for 20 days instead of the standard 14. [68]
2020-02-01Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 89 [69] Flag of Thailand.svg Phuket International Airport Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
2020-02-02Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 238 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Hang Nadim International Airport Government of Indonesia chartered a Batik Air aircraft with 18 crews and 30 medics to evacuate around 200 Indonesian citizens from Hubei Province. [70] [71] All passengers were then transferred to Raden Sadjad Air Force Base, in Ranai, Natuna Island using one Boeing 737 and two C-130 Hercules from Indonesian Air Force. [72] [73] [74]
2020-02-02Flag of India.svg  India 330 Flag of India.svg 323
Flag of Maldives.svg 7
Indira Gandhi International Airport This was India's second flight. All passengers were quarantined in Delhi and Manesar, Haryana. [75]
2020-02-02Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 46+ Flag of Algeria.svg 36
Flag of Tunisia.svg 10
Flag of Libya.svg Unspecified number of students
Flown by Air Algérie. Also delivered supplies to China. [76]
2020-02-02Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 10King Khalid International AirportMostly students, flight to Riyadh operated by Saudia. [77]
2020-02-03Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 56 [78] Italians and Poles Pratica di Mare Air Base Flown by a specially equipped KC-767. [79]
2020-02-03Flag of France.svg  France 254 Istres-Le Tubé Air Base The flight had 65 French nationals on board as well as residents of 29 other countries. [80]
2020-02-03Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 243 [81] Christmas Island Airport Qantas flight chartered by the Australian government evacuated about 240 people, including 84 children and 5 infants, to the Australian mainland, before they were flown on smaller planes to the Christmas Island Detention Centre for quarantine. [82] [83] The inbound flight delivered medical supplies including masks, protective suits and gloves. [84]
2020-02-03Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 247 Taoyuan International Airport Charter flight operated by China Eastern Airlines [85]
2020-02-04Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 144 Flag of Russia.svg 128
16 from post-Soviet states
Roshchino International Airport Two military planes evacuated passengers to Tyumen, Siberia for quarantine. [86]
2020-02-04Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 107 Kuala Lumpur International Airport Chartered AirAsia flight with Malaysians as well as non-Malaysian family members on board. [87]
2020-02-04Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 190 [88] Flag of New Zealand.svg 98 [lower-alpha 8]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 35 [lower-alpha 9]
Flag of East Timor.svg 17
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg 17
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 8
Flag of Samoa.svg 5
Flag of Tonga.svg 4
Flag of Fiji.svg 2
Flag of Kiribati.svg 1
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg 1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg 1
Auckland Airport Aircraft operated by New Zealand Airlines NZ1942. Except for the Australian residents, who were subsequently sent to Australia, others were sent to Whangaparaoa military base, 25 km away from Auckland, for two weeks of quarantine. [82] [89] [90]
2020-02-04Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 144 U-Tapao International Airport While the flight left from Don Mueang International Airport in Bangkok, it flew to a different airport in order for passengers to be quarantined at nearby Sattahip Naval Base. [91]
2020-02-04Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 84 Imam Khomeini International Airport 59 Iranians, 24 Syrians and one Lebanese citizen were evacuated by a flight operated by Mahan Air. [92]
2020-02-04Flag of the United States.svg  United States 350 (est.) [93] Travis Air Force Base
Marine Corps Air Station Miramar
There were two flights, one of which went to Travis AFB near San Francisco, and the other which refuelled there and continued to MCAS Miramar near San Diego. Passengers on both flights were quarantined for 14 days. On 10 February, one passenger was confirmed infected and became the 13th case in the United States. [94]
2020-02-05Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 147 Roshchino International Airport Two Russian Air Force Il-76TDs evacuated people who were taken to a quarantine base in Tumen rehabilitation center. [95]
2020-02-06Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 176 [96] Canadian Forces Base Trenton The flight was operated by an Airbus A330 (registration number 9H-STY), stopped at Vancouver International Airport to refuel, and then flew to CFB Trenton near Toronto. [97] Quarantine was lifted on 21 February and no one was infected. [98]
2020-02-06Flag of the United States.svg  United States 300 (est.) Flag of the United States.svg 240 (est.)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 60+
Plane 1
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Vancouver International Airport
Marine Corps Air Station Miramar
Plane 2
Lackland Air Force Base
Eppley Airfield
Consisted of two flights, one of which had a fuel stop in Vancouver were Canadians disembarked. [99]
2020-02-07Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 198 Tokyo Haneda Airport Fourth Japanese flight from Wuhan. [100]
2020-02-07Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 40 Flag of Brazil.svg 34
Flag of Poland.svg 4
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1
Flag of India.svg 1
Flag of Poland.svg Warsaw
Flag of Brazil.svg Fortaleza
The Brazilian Air Force used two E-190 planes. One had a fuel stop in Las Palmas, where no one disembarked. All non-Brazilians got off in Warsaw. [101] [102]
2020-02-07Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 2Brunei International AirportOperated by Royal Brunei Airlines and arrived the next day. [103]
2020-02-08Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 61 Bali International Airport Wuhan Tianhe International Airport A flight chartered by the Chinese Consulate-General picked up 49 adults and 12 children from Bali to Wuhan. [104]
2020-02-09Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 30 [105] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Clark Air Base
2020-02-09Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 258 Darwin International Airport Operated by Qantas Airways, with a total of 266 people evacuated including 8 Pacific Islanders. [106] Everyone was quarantined in an unused mining camp near Darwin. [107]
2020-02-09Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 174 Changi International Airport SIngaporeans were flown home on another special Scoot flight, numbered TR5121. [108] On 16 February, one passenger was diagnosed with the virus. On 21 February, another confirmed diagnosis was announced. [109]
2020-02-09Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 200 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 105 (incl. family members)
95 others
Royal Air Force Brize Norton Second British flight from Wuhan. [110]
2020-02-10Flag of France.svg  France 35 Istres-Le Tubé Air Base
2020-02-10Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 185 [111] Canadian Forces Base Trenton
2020-02-10Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 30 Noi Bai International Airport Flight to Hanoi operated by Vietnam Airlines. [112]
2020-02-11Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 140 [113] Flag of South Korea.svg Gimpo International Airport
2020-02-16Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 175 Tribhuvan International Airport The flight to Kathmandu was operated by Nepal Airlines. The original number of Nepalese to be evacuated was 185, however, 4 of them decided to stay back and 6 were barred to board the flight due to medical reasons. [114] [115]
2020-02-17Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 65 Tokyo Haneda Airport Fifth evacuation by Japan from Wuhan. [116]
2020-02-17Flag of the United States.svg  United States 380+ Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo Haneda Airport Travis Air Force Base
Lackland Air Force Base
Eppley Airfield
Evacuated passengers on the Diamond Princess [117]
2020-02-19Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 7 Flag of South Korea.svg 6
Flag of Japan.svg 1 (spouse)
Flag of South Korea.svg Gimpo International Airport Air Force flight evacuating Diamond Princess passengers [118]
2020-02-20Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 106 Flag of Hong Kong.svg 84
18 passengers of other nationalities, possibly Hong Kong residents
Hong Kong International Airport First Hong Kong evacuation flight for Diamond Princess passengers. [119]
2020-02-20Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 164 Darwin International Airport Two passengers later tested positive. [120]
2020-02-20Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 72 Flag of Ukraine.svg 45
Flag of Argentina.svg 8
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg 5
Flag of Ecuador.svg 5
Flag of El Salvador.svg 4
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg 2
Flag of Costa Rica.svg 2
Flag of Israel.svg 1
Flag of Montenegro.svg 1
Flag of Panama.svg 1
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Almaty International Airport
Kharkiv International Airport
Another 3 Ukrainian citizens and 1 foreign national were denied boarding the flight by Chinese authorities due to medical reasons. Two Kazakhstan citizens have left the airliner during the intermediate landing in Almaty, Kazakhstan. All remaining evacuees were taken to Kharkiv Airport and then they were transported by ground to the National Guard sanatorium in Novi Sanzhary for 14 days quarantine. [121]
2020-02-21Flag of France.svg  France 64 Flag of France.svg 28
36 others
Paris (Airport unknown)All passengers were quarantined in Normandy. [122]
2020-02-21Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 200+ Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo Haneda Airport Canadian Forces Base Trenton Flight for Diamond Princess passengers. After landing in Canada, passengers were held in quarantine in an hotel. [123]
2020-02-21Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 19 Taoyuan International Airport Evacuated Diamond Princess passengers. [124]
2020-02-21Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 84 Flag of Hong Kong.svg 82
Flag of Macau.svg 2
Hong Kong International Airport Second Hong Kong flight for Diamond Princess passengers. Macaunese passengers were taken to their homes by land over the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge. [125]
2020-02-22Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 32 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 30
Flag of Ireland.svg 2
Special plane for Diamond Princess passengers. [126]
2020-02-23Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 5 (excluding government workers) Hong Kong International Airport Third evacuation flight by Hong Kong for Diamond Princess passengers. [127]
2020-02-24Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport Taoyuan International Airport Evacuated a haemophiliac and his mother. [128]
2020-02-25Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 309 Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo Haneda Airport Clark Air Base Repatriates consist of 440 crew members and 5 tourists from the Diamond Princess. [129] The 445 Filipino repatriates were evacuated on two separate flights. [130]
136
2020-02-26Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 66 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Kuala Lumpur International Airport Second Malaysian flight from Wuhan, operated by AirAsia. [131]
2020-02-27Flag of India.svg  India 111 Flag of India.svg 76
Flag of Bangladesh.svg 23
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 6
Flag of Myanmar.svg 2
Flag of Maldives.svg 2
Flag of South Africa.svg 1
Flag of the United States.svg 1
Flag of Madagascar.svg 1
Indira Gandhi International Airport This was the third evacuation flight sent by India to Wuhan. India also provided 15 tonnes of medical assistance comprising masks, gloves and other emergency medical equipment to China through the same Indian Air Force flight. [132] [133]
2020-02-27124 Flag of India.svg 119
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg 2
Flag of Nepal.svg 1
Flag of South Africa.svg 1
Flag of Peru.svg 1
Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo(Airport unknown) Indira Gandhi International Airport This flight mostly had crew members of the Diamond Princess as passengers. [134]
2020-02-27Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 23 Flag of Colombia.svg 15
Flag of Spain.svg 5
Flag of Mexico.svg 3
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Military Transport Air Command The flight was operated by the Colombian Air Force. Upon arrival, they were quarantined at a sports villa in Bogotá. [135]
2020-03-02Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 11 Istanbul Airport Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taoyuan International Airport After an Israeli passenger on another Turkish Airlines flight tested positive, the airline ran a special flight to take a Taiwanese tour group on the same flight as the confirmed case home. [136]
2020-03-04Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 215 [137] Flag of Yemen.svg 58 [138]
Unknown number of nationals from nearby countries
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Dubai International Airport
2020-03-04, 05Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 311/309 Flag of Iran.svg Imam Khomeini International Airport Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport Two flights, with the first one being operated by China Southern Airlines, evacuated Chinese citizens to the western city. [139] A cluster of cases in Gansu, where Lanzhou is located, were linked to the evacuation. [140]
2020-03-04, 05Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 533 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Hong Kong International Airport The Hong Kong government arranged four charter flights to bring back 533 of its residents from Wuhan. Upon arrival, they were quarantined in Chun Yeung Estate in Fo Tan. [141]
2020-03-07Flag of Macau.svg  Macau 57 [142] Macau International Airport
2020-03-07Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 167 Flag of Macau.svg Macau International Airport Ninoy Aquino International Airport Charter flight organised to bring Overseas Filipino Workers home. [143]
2020-03-10Flag of India.svg  India 58 Flag of Iran.svg Tehran(Airport unknown) Hindon Airport The Indian Air Force used a C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft to evacuate Indian pilgrims from Iran. [144]
2020-03-10, 11Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 361 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Taoyuan International Airport After some conflict between the Chinese and Taiwanese governments, two flights, one operated by China Airlines with 169 evacuees and another by China Eastern Airlines carrying 192, arrived around 11 pm on 10 March and 4 am on the 11th respectively. [145]
2020-03-11Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 164[ citation needed ] Flag of Iran.svg Imam Khomeini International Airport Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
2020-03-11Flag of India.svg  India 83 Flag of India.svg 74
Flag of Italy.svg 6
Flag of the United States.svg 3
Flag of Italy.svg Milan Malpensa Airport Indira Gandhi International Airport The flight was operated by Air India. All the non-Indian citizens were of Indian origin. All evacuees were placed under quarantine for 14 days. [146]
2020-03-13Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 114 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Polokwane International Airport 112 South African citizens [147] [148] were evacuated on a South African Airways aircraft chartered by the South African Government. Medical screening was performed prior to departure, four South Africans who were showing signs of coronavirus were left behind to mitigate risk. Only South Africans who tested negative were repatriated. Test results cleared all the South Africans, including the flight crew, pilots, hotel staff, police and soldiers who, as a precautionary measure, all remained under observation and in quarantine for a 14-day period [147] [148] at The Ranch Resort. [149] [150] [151] [152] [153] [154]
2020-03-14Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 89 Flag of Italy.svg Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport U-Tapao International Airport 89 Thai students and tourist were evacuated from Italy on a Thai Airways flight organised by Thai government. They were quarantined for 14 days in Sattahip Naval Base.

[155] [156]

2020-03-15Flag of India.svg  India 218 Flag of Italy.svg Milan Malpensa Airport Indira Gandhi International Airport Air India operated the flight. The evacuees brought to New Delhi will be shifted to Indo-Tibetan Border Police's camp in Chhawla area where they will be quarantined for 14 days. [157]
2020-03-15234 Flag of Iran.svg (Airport unknown) Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport 131 students and 103 pilgrims, among others, were evacuated from Iran on a Mahan Air flight organised by the Indian Embassy. They were quarantined for 14 days in Indian Army's wellness centre facility in Jaisalmer. [158] [159]
2020-03-1653 Flag of Iran.svg Tehran and Shiraz(Airport unknown) Jaisalmer Airport 52 students and 1 teacher were evacuated by Air India and were then quarantined at an Army Wellness Centre in Jaisalmer. [160]
2020-03-18Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 96 Flag of India.svg New Delhi, Chennai and Mumbai (Airport unknown) Kuala Lumpur International Airport First batch of few hundred Malaysians stranded in India by an AirAsia flight. [161]
2020-03-19Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 80 Flag of South Korea.svg 74
Flag of Iran.svg 6 (family members of SK nationals)
Flag of Iran.svg Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport Flag of South Korea.svg Incheon International Airport An Iran Air charter flight took the passengers from Tehran to Dubai's Al Maktoum International Airport, where they transferred to an Asiana Airlines charter flight going to Incheon. [162]
2020-03-19Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 72 Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Miami International Airport A group of 72 Taiwanese tourists flew from Lima to Miami on a privately chartered jet arranged by the Taiwanese government, after Peru declared a state of emergency due to the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak and closed its borders on 16 March to all commercial traffic. [163]
2020-03-22Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 444 Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca Mohammed V International Airport Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport An Air Canada Charted flight brought 444 Canadians from Casablanca to Montréal. [164]
2020-03-23Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 250+ Flag of Italy.svg Rome and Milan(Airport unknown) Ben Gurion Airport Israir operated two flights from Italy to Tel Aviv, with mostly students on board. [165]
2020-03-24, 25Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 402 Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Toronto Pearson International Airport An Air Canada Charted flight brought 402 Canadians from Lima to Peru. [166]
2020-03-25Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1000+ Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta International Airport On 25 March, the US government has repatriated over 1000 Americans from Peru. [167]
2020-03-25 Flag of Liberia.svg Monrovia Roberts International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Washington Dulles International Airport A chartered medical flight with limited capacity that gave preference to the elderly flew from Monrovia to Washington DC. [168]
2020-03-25Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 500+ Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong International Airport A total of four flights will be chartered by the government to vacate citizens living in Hubei province outside of Wuhan city. [169]
2020-03-25Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 66 Flag of Peru.svg Cusco International Airport Flag of Brazil.svg Porto Velho Air Force Base The two Hércules C-130 planes, of the Brazilian Air Force, carried out the rescue of 66 Brazilians who were stranded in Cuzco, Peru. [170]
2020-03-25, 26, 30, 31Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 1160+160 Flag of Ireland.svg
Flag of Europe.svg
4 Flag of Hong Kong.svg (dual citizenship with British National Overseas Passport)
Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport
Arequipa International Airport
Cusco International Airport
Pucallpa International Airport
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow International Airport The UK government has arranged 7 British Airways charted flights to bring back over 1160 British, Irish and EU Nationals from Lima to London. [171]
2020-03-26Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 314+ Flag of India.svg New Delhi Ben Gurion Airport Air India operated a flight from New Delhi, India to Tel Aviv. [172]
2020-03-26Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 198 Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport Flag of South Korea.svg Incheon International Airport An Aeroméxico Charted flight brought 198 Korean from Lima to Incheon. [173]
2020-03-27Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 432 Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca Mohammed V International Airport Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport An Air Canada Charted flight brought 432 Canadians from Casablanca to Montréal. [174]
2020-03-29Flag of the United States.svg  United States 153 Flag of Colombia.svg Bogota El Dorado International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Atlanta International Airport The U.S. Embassy, in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, organised an evacuation flight for U.S. citizens from El Dorado Airport in Bogota to Atlanta. [175]
2020-03-29Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 139 Flag of the Republic of China.svg 55
Flag of Japan.svg 29
Flag of the United States.svg 34
Flag of Singapore.svg 14
Flag of Malaysia.svg 7
Flag of Peru.svg Cusco International Airport
Lima International Airport
Flag of the United States.svg Miami International Airport The flight, chartered by LATAM Airlines, departed from Cusco, a southeastern city in Peru, with 38 Taiwanese on board, then flew to the capital, Lima, to pick up an additional 17 Taiwanese Nationals. Another 84 passengers of four different nationalities—Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the U.S. – bringing the total number of passengers to 139. The flight landed in Miami and all the passengers can choose to stay in the city or bound to their own country. [176] [177]
2020-03-30 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shanghai Pudong International Airport Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taoyuan International Airport Two flights operated by China Airlines between Taoyuan and Shanghai will be opened to transport Taiwanese nationals in Hubei Province home. [178]
2020-03-31Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 260 Flag of Peru.svg Lima International Airport Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney International Airport A group of about 260 Australians who paid at least $5,160 each for an evacuation flight out of Peru have returned home. [179]
2020-03-31Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 309 Flag of Italy.svg Milan Malpensa Airport Flag of South Korea.svg Incheon International Airport A Korean Air Charted flight brought 309 Korean from Milan to Incheon. [180]
2020-04-01Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Colombia.svg Bogota El Dorado International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Eglin Air Force Base The U.S. Embassy, in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Defense, has organised an evacuation flight for U.S. citizens from El Dorado Airport in Bogota to Eglin Air Force Base in Destin, FL. [181]
2020-04-01300 Flag of Liberia.svg Monrovia Roberts International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Washington Dulles International Airport The Embassy of the United States in Liberia has announced the arrival of a second charted flight to evacuate its citizens from Liberia though the country has reported only three confirmed cases of Covid-19. [168]
2020-04-01Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 203 Flag of Switzerland.svg
Flag of Norway.svg
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Flag of Europe.svg
Flag of Hong Kong.svg (dual citizenship with British National Overseas Passport)
Flag of Myanmar.svg Yangon International Airport Flag of Switzerland.svg Zurich Airport An Edelweiss Air Charted flight brought 203 Swiss, British, Norwegian, EU, American and Canadian nationals from Yangon to Zurich. The first direct flight from Myanmar to Europe. [182]
2020-04-01Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 205 Flag of Italy.svg Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

Flag of Italy.svg Milan Malpensa Airport

Flag of South Korea.svg Incheon International Airport A Korean Air Charted flight brought 205 Korean from Rome and Milan to Incheon. [183]
2020-04-02Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Colombia.svg Bogota El Dorado International Airport Flag of the United States.svg Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport The U.S. Embassy announced that Spirit Airlines will operate a humanitarian flight from Bogota, Colombia on 2 April 2020. The flight will depart from El Dorado International Airport and arrive at Fort Lauderdale – Hollywood International Airport in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. [184]
2020-04-03Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 76 Flag of Hong Kong.svg 65
Flag of Malaysia.svg 6
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 5
Flag of Peru.svg Cusco International Airport
Lima International Airport
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Heathrow International Airport The Hong Kong Government has arranged a charted flight to bring 65 Hong Kongers, 6 Malaysians and 5 Britons from Lima to London, then the Hong Kongers will go on board a regular connecting flight with secured bookings from London to Hong Kong. For those Hong Kongers and Malaysians who are stranded in Cusco, they will also take a domestic charted flight arranged by the Hong Kong government flying to Lima. [185]
2020-04-18Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 60 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai International Airport Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport The Taiwanese government organised an Emirates charter flight taking 60 Taiwanese nationals back from UAE to Taiwan. [186]
2020-04-21Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 368 Hanoi–Noi Bai International Airport

Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi Airport

Medan–Kuala Namu International Airport

São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport A Garuda Indonesia plane chartered by Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs repatriated a total of 368 Brazilians from Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia to São Paulo with stopover in Amsterdam. The flight was planned to depart on 16 April but later rescheduled after Qatari government denied the flight to make stopover in Qatar. [187]
2020-04-28Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 259 Flag of the United States.svg Miami International Airport Flag of Ukraine.svg Kyiv International Airport [188]
2020-04-30Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 319 Flag of Pakistan.svg Islamabad International Airport Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong International Airport The very first flight to take back Hong Kongers from Pakistan after the nationwide lockdown. An estimated number of 2000 Hong Kong citizens are stranded in different parts of the country. [189]
2020-04-30Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Flag of Australia (converted).svg Melbourne International Airport Flag of Fiji.svg Nadi International Airport All guests are advised that only Fiji citizens (Fijian passport holders) are able to enter Fiji at this time. As with all recent evacuation flights arrivals, all arriving guests will be required to go into self-isolation at a Fijian Government-mandated facility for 28 days. [190]
2020-05-18Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 249 Flag of India.svg Indira Gandhi International Airport Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong International Airport The very first flight to take back Hong Kongers from India after the nationwide lockdown. An estimated number of 3500 Hong Kong citizens are stranded in different parts of the country. [191]

Large-scale domestic evacuations

France

The French government has strategically moved coronavirus patients from harder-hit areas to those with less cases to spread out the strain on the hospital system. Evacuations done for this purpose include one from Corsica using a naval ship [192] and a series of high-speed TGV trains from Grand-Est to other regions. [193] [194]

India

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic in India, the country's central and state governments coordinated numerous international and domestic evacuations.[ citation needed ]

Philippines

The national and local governments of Philippines have established and facilitated a program to evacuate its citizens and local migrant workers from COVID-19 hit regions to their home provinces.[ citation needed ]

Controversies and issues

Quarantine locations

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced plans in late January 2020 to quarantine Australian citizens evacuated from Wuhan, including children and the elderly, for a period of 14 days on Christmas Island. The decision to repatriate those citizens using controversial detention facilities formerly used to detain asylum seekers before they were shut down in 2018 has received criticism. [195] Controversially, the government plan also necessitates those evacuees to pay a fee of A$1,000, and would take them to Perth after the quarantine period, where they would need to arrange their own transportation back to their home cities. [196] The Australian Medical Association, in a statement on the same day, stated that the decision to hold Australian citizens in "a place where has been previously the focus of populations under enormous mental and physical trauma and anguish, is not a really appropriate solution." [197]

In some places, local residents rallied against the decision to quarantine evacuees in their region. Residents of Nautana protested against the Indonesian government in early February 2020 for letting the evacuees stay there. Hundreds staged demonstrations and burned tires. As a result, Brimob and Indonesian National Armed Forces troops were deployed to ensure stable security conditions. [198] To protect and give health assurance to local people, President Joko Widodo ordered Health Minister Terawan Agus Putranto to open a temporary office in Natuna. [199]

In the Philippines, the usage of the New Clark City development as a quarantine site was met with opposition from the municipal council of Capas. The local legislative said that they were not consulted by the national Department of Health and the Bases Conversion and Development Authority regarding the plan and suggested the national government to consider a more isolated area as a quarantine site. [200]

After healthy Ukrainian evacuees returned from Wuhan to Ukraine on 20 February 2020, misinformation caused riots as protestors railed against the decision to quarantine the passengers nearby the day after they flew back, and the evacuees' bus was attacked. [201] [202]

Fees and payment responsibility

Due to the nature of evacuation flights, being flown empty one-way and being arranged by charter airlines in many cases at short notice, many passengers have had to pay substantial fees for a seat. [203] In the United States, a bill was introduced in Congress to propose waiving waiving travel expenses for US citizens evacuated [204] and in Nigeria, flights have been subsidised by the government. [205] Indian migrant workers also suffered with high prices, which were compounded by their lack of income due to the lockdown and economic downturn. [206] [207] In response, the Jharkhand government and Congress Party branch said it would pay train fares for migrants leaving the state as well as organise special trains for residents to get to their hometowns. [208]

Improper procedures

In the United States, a Department of Health and Human Services employee claimed that the workers who received Americans from the first evacuation from Wuhan were inadequately trained and equipped. [209] [210]

Notes

  1. Includes Non-resident Indians (NRIs) and persons of Indian origin (PIOs). PIOs, are technically foreign citizens.
  2. At least 15 foreign citizens were evacuated. This figure was based on a 25 May flight which evacuated South Korean, Japanese, and American citizens. [12]
  3. Only flights activated under and/or sponsored by the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.
  4. Exact number not given in the article, this number is based on a 6 February flight that evacuated 60+ Canadians.
  5. 1 2 As of 2 April 2020.
  6. As of 30 September 2019, the Peace Corps had 7,334 members serving or being trained. [18]
  7. If all passengers were nationals of the country that organised the evacuation, no note is made.
  8. 54 New Zealand citizens and 44 Chinese New Zealand permanent residents
  9. 23 Australian citizens and 12 Chinese Australian permanent residents

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