COVID-19 vaccine card

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A COVID-19 vaccine card is a record often given to those who have received a COVID-19 vaccine showing information such as the date(s) one has received the shot(s) and the brand of vaccine one has received, sometimes including the lot number. The card also contains information identifying the recipient and the location where the shot was given. Depending on the country, it could serve as an official document verifying one has received vaccination, which could be required by some institutions, such as a school or workplace, when boarding a cruise ship, or when crossing an international border, as proof that one has been vaccinated.

Contents

Some countries issue digital records while others issue paper records. In some or most EU countries, citizens might choose to have a digital record, a piece of paper, or both. [1]

By country

Australia

Australian Digital Covid-19 Vaccination Certificate Sample Australian Government Digital COVID-19 Vaccination Certificate Sample 20210604.png
Australian Digital Covid-19 Vaccination Certificate Sample

Australians, at the time they receive their vaccine, are given a digital record accessible on their smartphones. [2]

Brazil

In December 2020, the Brazilian senate approved digital cards. [3]

Canada

The Province of British Columbia announced plans to implement a vaccine passport system starting in September 2021. [4] The province of Manitoba implemented a vaccine passport for various indoor and outdoor events, starting in September 3, 2021. [5] The province of Quebec implemented a vaccine passport for various indoor and outdoor events starting September 1, 2021 [6]

China

China uses digital vaccine certificates for cross border travel. [7]

Egypt

Those who have received two doses of a vaccine receive a certificate that allows them to travel. [8]

EU Digital COVID Certificate (COVID-19 passport) downloaded from Polish governmental website EU Digital COVID Certificate (COVID-19 passport) downloaded from Polish governmental website.jpg
EU Digital COVID Certificate (COVID-19 passport) downloaded from Polish governmental website

France

Vaccine certificates in France are issued with a QR code — an EU Digital COVID Certificate — scanned onto the country's contact tracing app, TousAntiCovid. The app, which can also scan the QR Code of a test result, allows those vaccinated to show their vaccination status on their smartphone. [9]

Germany

In Germany vaccination is documented in the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, commonly known as "gelber Impfpass" (yellow vaccination passport) [10] There is also a digital version available, regularly issued since July 1 in vaccination centers for people receiving their vaccination and in pharmacies for those who were vaccinated before July. [11]

India

COVID-19 vaccination certificate issued by the Government of India after vaccination. The photo of the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, is shown. Indian COVID-19 Vaccination Certificate.jpg
COVID-19 vaccination certificate issued by the Government of India after vaccination. The photo of the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, is shown.

In India, once a person receives a dose of vaccine, a digital certificate is issued that can be downloaded from either the CoWIN portal or the Aarogya Setu mobile app. A provisional certificate is issued after the first dose, which contains the vaccinated person's personal details, the vaccine used, the vaccinator's name, and the window for the next dose. A final certificate is issued after the second dose. [12] For those traveling abroad, an option to link their passport is available. [13]

Indonesia

COVID-19 vaccination certificate issued by the Indonesian government for the second dose vaccination. Indonesian Covid-19 second vaccination certificate.jpg
COVID-19 vaccination certificate issued by the Indonesian government for the second dose vaccination.

In Indonesia, every person who have received at least a dose of vaccine will receive a vaccine card and vaccination certificate which can be downloaded from PeduliLindungi mobile app. [14] Vaccination card contains the vaccinated person's personal details, the vaccine used, the vaccinator's name, the batch number of the vaccine used, and the window for the next dose.

Ireland

A COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card issued by the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland HSE COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card.jpg
A COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card issued by the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland

On 12 July 2021, fully vaccinated people in Ireland began receiving their EU Digital COVID Certificates via email or post. [15] The EU digital certificate in Ireland was initially used for international travel as restrictions into and out of the country eased from 19 July, [16] but was also used in restaurants and bars as proof of vaccination to gain access to indoor hospitality. [17]

The Health Service Executive (HSE) issues a vaccine record card to those receiving a COVID-19 vaccine in Ireland that provides reminders for a follow-up appointment. The card contains the recipient's name, the dates on which the two doses were administered, the name of the vaccine, and its batch number. [18] The vaccine record card was also used as proof of vaccination in restaurants and bars. [19]

Israel

In February 2021, Israel rolled out its Green Pass system for those who had completed a week after taking their second dose of the vaccine or those who had recovered from the virus and were ineligible to take the vaccine. The Green Pass is issued by the Ministry of Health. It is a secure digital certificate that is required to enter certain crowded areas such as restaurants, gyms, theatres,, and synagogues that have registered themselves as part of the system. A vaccinated person has to either download the app or use the website to download the certificate. A QR Code is provided to allow the pass to be verified. When launched, the pass was valid for six months from the date of the second dose of the vaccine. [20] In May, the Ministry extended the validity of the Green Pass until the end of the year. [21]

Philippines

An International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines after being vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine in 2021. International Certificate of Vaccination for COVID-19 Vaccine from the Philippines.jpg
An International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines after being vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine in 2021.

Upon being vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine, the local government unit (LGU) or recognized private healthcare providers issue a vaccine card that shall act as proof of vaccination. The Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) is presently working with the Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) for a centralized registry for COVID-19 vaccinated residents under a common digital vaccine ID that shall feature an unique QR code and a person's photograph. [22]

Since 2021, the Bureau of Quarantine of the Philippines has updated the existing International Certificate of Vaccination (ICV) that shall include information for being vaccinated from COVID-19 and currently being issued to Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW) and residents going on international travel. The new ICV contains a unique QR code, which allows the verification of the authenticity of the said certificate. At presently, the ICV can only be issued to Filipino citizens and residents who have been vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine listed under the Emergency Use Listing (EUL) by the World Health Organization (WHO). [23]

South Africa

Digital Vaccine Card Used in South Africa COVID-19 Digital Vaccination Record Card South Africa.jpg
Digital Vaccine Card Used in South Africa

Current South African Covid-19 Vaccination Record Cards Contain Identification information and provision for 3 doses of vaccines. [24]

The eVaccine Card or Digital Vaccine Certificates can be assessed at https://vaccine.certificate.health.gov.za/

The Digital Certificate has the Department of Health Logo at the top with a QR Code on the right intended to be used in the future, said to be available by the end of 2021. [25] [26]

There 3 sections to the Certificate. [27]

The first section contains identification data including ID Document Used, ID Number, First Name, Surname and Date Of Birth. [28]

The second section contains vaccine dose information as in Vaccine Received, Vaccine Date and Proof of vaccination code. This will be on there twice if the individual has received more than one dose. [29]

The final section contains a card expiration date. [30]

South Korea

Those traveling to South Korea do not require a vaccine certification. [31]

Sweden

As of the 24th of August, the Swedish government have discussed implementing a vaccine card, restricting access to music and culture events to people with two vaccine doses. [32]

Switzerland

Digital and hard copy versions of COVID-19 vaccine cards are issued by the respective cantons upon full vaccination. The federal government provides an app and registration site, as well as QR coded documents for immunised Swiss residents. Such certification is valid for 365 days and must be provided upon entering certain premises and/or for international travel. So far, Switzerland has fully adhered to EU protocols, and digital EU vaccine certificates are approved in Switzerland, as are some of the Asian vaccines for certain travelers. [33]

Taiwan

A COVID-19 Vaccination Record card issued in the Republic of China (Taiwan). MOHW-CDC COVID-19 Vaccination Record blank 20210316.jpg
A COVID-19 Vaccination Record card issued in the Republic of China (Taiwan).

After inoculation, individuals receive an official yellow card like the one above that records individuals' vaccination information. [34]

United Kingdom

A vaccine card issued in the United Kingdom COVID-19 AstraZeneca Vaccine vial and NHS record card.jpg
A vaccine card issued in the United Kingdom

Those receiving a COVID-19 vaccine in the United Kingdom (except Scotland) are given a card the size of a credit card that provides reminders for a follow-up appointment. The card contains the recipient's name, the dates on which the two doses were administered, the name of the vaccine, and its batch number. [35] Vaccinated people looking to travel abroad can take a printout of their certificate from the website of the National Health Service (NHS). The QR Code present on the vaccination certificate can be used to store the details on a smartphone app. [36]

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced in July 2021 that once all adults have received their second dose of the vaccine, vaccine cards would be mandatory to gain access to crowded places such as nightclubs. [37]

United States

A CDC issued vaccination card in Florida. CDC COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card.jpg
A CDC issued vaccination card in Florida.

Those who receive their vaccination in the United States are given a card with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) logo that records their name, the date of each dose, and the brand of the vaccine they have received. [38]

Some states provide a digital record of vaccination to their residents, using a QR code that can be verified with a scanner app. New York State has the Excelsior Pass which also records the results of COVID-19 tests while California has the California Digital COVID-19 Vaccine Record. [39] [40]

The Biden administration has repeatedly declined to issue a national app, or provide an official digital vaccine certificate approved for international travelers. The US has only implemented private issuances of digital vaccine records, and relies on "flimsy" paper cards that can be easily counterfeit. This has put international travelers from the US at a disadvantage compared to those from Europe and Asia. [41]

Issues

Posting on social media

Many vaccine recipients have posted pictures of their vaccine cards on social media. This risks the exposure of personal information that is unsafe to share with the public. [42]

Forgery

Fake vaccine cards have been sold on the Internet. Sales of these cards have increased substantially since some businesses started requiring proof of vaccination to gain entry. Existing laws prohibit the sale and use of these forgeries. [43]

In September 2021, a woman in the United States was arrested for using a fake vaccine card to bypass mandatory vaccination requirements. The arrest was made after it came to light that the card said Maaderna instead of Moderna in the vaccine name. [44] The same month, U.S. Customs and Border Protection seized more than 6,000 counterfeit vaccine cards across the country with two mail packages in Pittsburg originating from China. [45] Prior to this, several vendors were found selling fake vaccine cards on e-commerce platforms such as Amazon. [46]

In Russia, a black market for fake vaccine cards emerged soon after the government started requiring them for various activities. [47]

Theft of authentic cards

A Chicago pharmacist sold 125 authentic vaccination cards online to 11 different buyers and was charged with 12 counts of theft of government property, with a potential sentence of ten years in prison for each count. [48] A contractor at the Pomona Fairplex in California stole 528 blank vaccination cards and was charged with felony grand theft. [49]

Related Research Articles

The Electronic Vaccination Data System or EVDS is the South African Self vaccination portal. Registration is currently available for everyone over the age of 18, with registration to open for those aged 12 to 18 to open on the 20th of October 2021.

International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis International certificate of vaccination

The International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP), also known as the Carte Jaune or Yellow Card, is an official vaccination report created by the World Health Organization (WHO). As a travel document, it is a kind of medical passport that is recognised internationally and may be required for entry to certain countries where there are increased health risks for travellers.

Immunity passport Medical record for travel purposes

An immunity passport, immunity certificate, health pass or release certificate is a document, whether in paper or digital format, attesting that its bearer has a degree of immunity to a contagious disease. Public certification is an action that governments can take to mitigate an epidemic.

Vaccination requirements for international travel are the aspect of vaccination policy that concerns the movement of people across borders. Countries around the world require travellers departing to other countries, or arriving from other countries, to be vaccinated against certain infectious diseases in order to prevent epidemics. At border checks, these travellers are required to show proof of vaccination against specific diseases; the most widely used vaccination record is the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis.

The following is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in Northern Ireland during 2021. There are significant differences in the legislation and the reporting between the countries of the UK: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales.

The COVID-19 vaccination program in the Philippines is an ongoing mass immunization campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country.

COVID-19 vaccination in India Immunisation programme against COVID-19 in India

India began administration of COVID-19 vaccines on 16 January 2021. As of 23 October 2021, India has administered over 1.02 billion doses overall, including first and second doses of the currently-approved vaccines. In India, nearly half the eligible population has got at least one shot, and 19 per cent received both nine months after the vaccine rollout.

COVID-19 vaccination in Australia Ongoing COVID-19 vaccine program in Australia

The general COVID-19 vaccination in Australia program began on 22 February 2021 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and will continue with the goal of vaccinating all willing Australians before 2022. Front-line workers and aged care staff and residents will be the first Australians to be inoculated, before a gradual phased release to less-vulnerable and lower-risk population groups throughout 2021. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) approved four vaccines for Australian use in 2021: the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine on 25 January, the Oxford–AstraZeneca vaccine on 16 February, Janssen vaccine on 25 June and the Moderna vaccine on 9 August. Although approved for use, the Janssen vaccine is not included in the Australian vaccination program.

COVID-19 vaccination in Malaysia

The National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme, abbreviated as NIP or PICK, is a national vaccination campaign that is currently being implemented by the Malaysian government as an approach in curbing the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to end the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia by successfully achieving the herd immunity among its citizens and non-citizens that are residing in Malaysia. It is the largest immunisation programme implemented in the history of the country and it is being administrated by The Special Committee For Ensuring Access To COVID-19 Vaccine Supply (JKJAV) since early 2021.

COVID-19 vaccination in South Africa Plan to immunize against COVID-19 in South Africa

COVID-19 vaccination in South Africa is an ongoing immunisation campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country.

COVID-19 vaccination in the United States Plan to immunize against COVID-19

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in the United States is an ongoing mass immunization campaign for the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first granted emergency use authorization to the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine on December 10, 2020; mass vaccinations began on December 14, 2020. The Moderna vaccine was granted emergency use authorization on December 17, 2020, and the Janssen vaccine was granted emergency use authorization on February 27, 2021. By April 19, 2021, all U.S. states had opened vaccine eligibility to residents aged 16 and over. On May 10, 2021, the FDA approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for adolescents aged 12 to 15. On August 23, 2021, the FDA granted full approval to the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine for individuals aged 16 and over.

COVID-19 vaccination in New Zealand Ongoing COVID-19 vaccine programme in New Zealand

COVID-19 vaccination in New Zealand began on 20 February 2021, and will continue throughout the year with the goal of vaccinating all willing New Zealanders aged 12+. As of 1 September, anyone in New Zealand is eligible to be vaccinated.

Trials to assess the effectiveness of an immunity passport scheme, also known as a COVID passport or COVID certification scheme, were confirmed by the UK government on 3 April 2021 as a way of helping to restart public events in England during the COVID-19 pandemic. The announcement was made following much discussion and speculation about the idea by politicians and in the British media. The government announced that trials of a scheme for England would begin on 16 April, starting with a comedy evening in Liverpool.

Various kinds of software have been developed and used for mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic. These include mobile apps for contact tracing and notifications about infection risks, digital passports verifying one's vaccination status, software for enabling – or improving the effectiveness of – lockdowns and social distancing in general, Web software for the creation of related information services, and software for the research and development for COVID-19 mitigation.

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Quebec is an ongoing provincial effort to distribute and administer the vaccine against COVID-19.

COVID-19 vaccination in Singapore Plan to immunize against COVID-19

COVID-19 vaccination in Singapore is an ongoing immunisation campaign against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in response to the ongoing pandemic in the country. As of 22 October 2021, Singapore has administrated a total of 9,752,204 doses under its national vaccination programme.

COVID-19 vaccination in Ukraine

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Ukraine is an ongoing mass immunization campaign for the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine.

COVID-19 vaccine misinformation and hesitancy Misinformation regarding the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and the resulting hesitancy towards it

Anti-vaccination activists and other people in multiple countries have spread a variety of unfounded conspiracy theories about COVID-19 vaccines based on misunderstood science, religion, and other factors. Theories including overblown claims about side effects, a story about COVID-19 being spread by childhood vaccines, misrepresentations about how the immune system works, and when and how COVID-19 vaccines are made have proliferated, contributing to widespread vaccine hesitancy among the public. This has led to governments around the world introducing measures to encourage vaccination, which has in turn led to further misinformation about the legality and effect of these measures themselves.

COVID-19 vaccination mandates in the United States Mandates for people to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in the U.S.

COVID-19 vaccine mandates have been enacted by numerous states and municipalities in the United States, and also by private entities. In September 2021, President Joe Biden announced that the federal government would take steps to mandate COVID-19 vaccination for certain entities under the authority of the federal government or federal agencies.

Vaccine passports during the COVID-19 pandemic Use of immunity passports for COVID-19 vaccination

A vaccine passport or proof of vaccination are immunity passports which have been employed as a credential in a number of countries and jurisdictions as part of efforts to control the COVID-19 pandemic via vaccination. They are typically issued by a government or health authority, and have consisted of a scannable barcode, QR code or are accessible in paper form or as part of a mobile app. They may or may not use a COVID-19 vaccine card as a basis of authentication. As of 5 October 2021, more than 46 percent of the world population has been vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine.

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See also