Delhi High Court

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Delhi High Court
दिल्ली उच्च न्यायालय
Established31 October 1966
Location New Delhi
Coordinates 28°36′32″N77°14′10″E / 28.6090°N 77.2361°E / 28.6090; 77.2361 Coordinates: 28°36′32″N77°14′10″E / 28.6090°N 77.2361°E / 28.6090; 77.2361
Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized by Constitution of India
Appeals to Supreme Court of India
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement at 62 years of age
Number of positions60 (45 permanent, 15 Additional)
Website delhihighcourt.nic.in
Chief Justice
Currently Dhirubhai Naranbhai Patel
Since7 June 2019

The High Court of Delhi (IAST: dillī uchcha nyāyālaya) was established on 31 October 1966. The High Court of Delhi was established with four judges, including Chief Justice K. S. Hegde, Justice I. D. Dua, Justice H. R. Khanna and Justice S. K. Kapur. [1] Presently, the High Court has a sanctioned strength of 45 permanent judges and 15 additional judges. [1]

Contents

History

On 21 March 1919, the High Court of Judicature at Lahore was established with jurisdiction over the provinces of Punjab and Delhi. This jurisdiction lasted until 1947 when India was partitioned.

The High Courts (Punjab) Order, 1947 established a new High Court for the province of East Punjab with effect from 15 August 1947. [2] The India (Adaptation of Existing Indian Laws) Order, 1947 provided that any reference in existing Indian law to the High Court of Judicature at Lahore be replaced by a reference to the High Court of East Punjab. [1]

The High Court of East Punjab started functioning from Shimla in a building called "Peterhoff". This building burnt down in January 1981.[ citation needed ]

When the Secretariat of the Punjab Government shifted to Chandigarh in 1954-55, the High Court also shifted to Chandigarh. The High Court of Punjab, as it later came to be called, exercised jurisdiction over Delhi through a Circuit Bench which dealt with the cases pertaining to the Union Territory of Delhi and the Delhi Administration. [1]

In view of the importance of Delhi, its population and other considerations, the Indian Parliament, by enacting the Delhi High Court Act, 1966, established the High Court of Delhi effective from 31 October 1966. [1]

By virtue of Section 3(1) of the Delhi High Court Act, the Central Government was empowered to appoint a date by notification in the official gazette, establishing a High Court for the Union Territory of Delhi. The appointed date was 31 October 1966.

The High Court of Delhi initially exercised jurisdiction not only over the Union Territory of Delhi but also Himachal Pradesh. The High Court of Delhi had a Himachal Pradesh Bench at Shimla in a building called Ravenswood. The High Court of Delhi continued to exercise jurisdiction over Himachal Pradesh until the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970 came into force on 25 January 1971. [1]

Current Judges

Sr. No.DesignationName
1Chief Justice Dhirubhai Naranbhai Patel
2JusticeVipin Sanghi
3JusticeSiddharth Mridul
4JusticeManmohan
5JusticeRajiv Sahai Endlaw
6JusticeJ.R. Midha
7JusticeRajiv Shakdher
8JusticeSuresh Kumar Kait
9Justice Mukta Gupta
10JusticeJayant Nath
11JusticeNajmi Wazir
12JusticeSanjeev Sachdva
13JusticeVibhu Bakhru
14JusticeV.Kameswar Rao
15Justice Anu Malhotra
16JusticeYogesh Khanna
17Justice Rekha Palli
18Justice Prathiba M. Singh
19JusticeNavin Chawla
20JusticeC. Hari Shankar
21JusticeSubramonium Prasad
22Justice Jyoti Singh
23JusticePrateek Jalan
24JusticeAnup Jairam Bhambhani
25JusticeSanjeev Narula
26JusticeManoj Kumar Ohri
27JusticeTalwant Singh
28JusticeRajnish Bhatnagar
29Justice Asha Menon
30JusticeJasmeet Singh
31JusticeAmit Bansal

[3]

Original Side Civil Jurisdiction

The High Court of Delhi is one of the five High Courts in India to have original civil side jurisdiction over their territory. [4] This means that civil cases can be filed directly in the High Court, whereas the High Court generally only has appellate civil jurisdiction otherwise. The other High Courts which have original side jurisdiction are Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, and Himachal Pradesh. [5]

Backlog

As per the report released on 2006-08, Delhi High court has a long list of pending cases. The backlog is such that it would take 466 years to resolve them. In a bid to restore public trust and confidence, Delhi court spent 5 minutes per case and disposed of 94,000 cases in 2008-10. [6]

Former Chief Justices

#Chief JusticesTenure
StartEnd
1 K. S. Hegde 31 October 196616 July 1967
- M K M Ismail 17 July 196713 November 1967
2 I. D. Dua 14 November 19671 August 1969
3 H. R. Khanna 1 August 196922 September 1970
4 Hardayal Hardy 22 September 197115 May 1972
5 Narain Andley 15 May 19724 June 1974
6 T. V. R. Tatachari 4 June 197416 October 1978
7 V. S. Deshpande 16 October 197827 March 1980
8 Prakash Narain 8 January 19816 August 1985
9 Rajinder Sachar 6 August 198522 December 1985
10 D. K. Kapur 22 December 198520 August 1986
11 T.P.S. Chawla 20 August 198616 August 1987
- R. N. Aggarwal (acting)16 August 198721 August 1987
12 Yogeshwar Dayal 21 August 198718 March 1988
13 Rabindranath Pyne 18 March 198828 September 1990
14 Milap Chand Jain 28 November 199021 July 1991
15 G. C. Mittal 5 August 19914 March 1994
16 M. Jagannadha Rao 12 April 199421 March 1997
17 Mahinder Narain 21 March 199730 December 1999
18 Sam Nariman Variava 31 December 199915 March 2000
19 Arijit Pasayat 10 May 200019 October 2001
20 S.B. Sinha 26 November 20011 October 2002
21 B. C. Patel 5 March 20037 August 2005
22 Markandey Katju 12 October 200510 April 2006
23 Mukundakam Sharma 4 December 20069 April 2008
24 Ajit Prakash Shah 11 May 200812 February 2010
25 Dipak Misra 24 May 201010 October 2011
26 D Murugesan 26 September 201210 June 2013
- Badar Durrez Ahmed (acting)10 June 20131 September 2013
27 N. V. Ramana 2 September 201316 February 2014
- Badar Durrez Ahmed (acting)17 February 201420 April 2014
28 G. Rohini 21 April 201413 April 2017
- Gita Mittal (acting)14 April 201710 August 2018
29 Rajendra Menon 11 August 20186 June 2019

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "History – Delhi HC". delhihighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  2. "The High Courts (Punjab) Order, 1947)" (PDF). Www.delhihighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  3. https://doj.gov.in/sites/default/files/HCs-01.10.2020_0.pdf/.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. "Delhi High Court (Original Side) Rules, 2018" (PDF). Delhi High Court.
  5. "Indian Courts". Daksh. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  6. "At 5 minutes per case, Delhi high court clears 94,000 in 2 years". The Times Of India. 30 May 2012.