|Founded by||Chandragupta Maurya|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Munger Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Ruma Raj|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Srikant Shastri|
|• Total||18 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||43 m (141 ft)|
|• Rank||11th in Bihar|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|• Others||English, Angika, Maithili|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
811201 to 811214 , 813201
Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the 11th largest city of Bihar by population.
Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.It is situated 60
The climate of Munger is subtropical (warm in summer and cold during winter). The Köppen climate classification sub-type for this climate is humid subtropical.
|Climate data for Munger, India|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||9.4|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||15|
As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation and Jamalpur Municipal Council has a total population of 213,101 out of which 113,173 were males and 99,928 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population between 0 to 6 years was 29,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent.
Munger has two railway stations such as: Jamalpur Junction and Munger Railway Station. The former is the main railhead for the city while the latter, which was earlier called Purabsarai Railway Station, acts as suburban facility. Stations are connected with Sahibganj Loop.
The rail system provides connection to cities such as New Delhi, , Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Surat, Yesvantpur Junction, Jamshedpur, Jammu Tawi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Agartala, Hyderabad, Deoghar Junction, Muzaffarpur Junction and Dhanbad. The Munger Ganga Bridge, which takes both rail and road-traffic, connects Munger to the nearby cities of Begusarai, Saharsa Junction, Katihar and Khagaria Junction as well as various districts of North Bihar.The bridge is the third-largest rail-cum-road bridge in India.
Munger is connected to major parts of India by various National and State Highways. The major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand - such as Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Bihar sharif, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga - can be reached by
The Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction (Road part) and will link Munger to various districts of North Bihar and north-eastern India by 2021.[ citation needed ]
Munger Airport is located in Safyabad, which is 5kms from Munger. It was re inaugurated by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 24 May 2016. km away, which is served by all major airlines. Nearest international airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata Which is around 480 km away from Munger.Munger has no international airport with commercial service. Domestic airport with commercial service is Jay Prakash Narayan Airport in Patna around 180
Indian Railways operates of Asia's largest and oldest railway workshops at Jamalpur. This was set up by the British Raj in 1862.
Munger has also ITC Factory established by British. Ordinance Gun Factory Munger , ITC Milk Dairy and many others.[ citation needed ]
Dhanbad is the second-most populated city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Dhanbad ranks 33rd largest city in India and ranks 42nd largest million-plus urban agglomeration in India. It has been ranked 94th among 111 cities for the Ease of Living Index and is the 96th fastest growing urban area of the world by City Mayors. Dhanbad shares its land borders with Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal. Dhanbad is also called Coal Capital of India for housing one of the largest coal mines of India. The prestigious institute, Indian School of Mines is also situated in Dhanbad.
Gaya is of historical significance and is one of the major tourist attractions in the southern part of the state of Bihar. Gaya is 116 kilometres (72 mi) south of Patna, the capital city of Bihar. It is the state's second-largest city, with a population of 470,839, and is the headquarters of Gaya district and Magadh division. The city is surrounded on three sides by small, rocky hills, with the Phalgu River on its eastern side.
Satyananda Saraswati, was a sannyasin, yoga teacher and guru in both his native India and the West. He was a student of Sivananda Saraswati, the founder of the Divine Life Society, and founded the Bihar School of Yoga in 1964. He wrote over 80 books, including his popular 1969 manual Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha.
The Bihar School of Yoga is a modern school of yoga founded by Satyananda Saraswati in Munger, Bihar, India, in 1963. An Institute of Yogic Studies was created in 1994.
The East Central Railway is one of the 18 railway zones in India. It is headquartered at Hajipur and comprises Sonpur, Samastipur, Danapur, Mughalsarai, and Dhanbad divisions.
Jamalpur is a city in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 8 km from Munger city center. Jamalpur is a part of Munger-Jamalpur twin cities. The name Jamalpur literally means Jamal (beautiful) pur (town). Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. And Annual Turnover is Rs. 10.56 billion with a no. of staffs is 1,11,485 and this is Asia's Largest and Oldest locomotive Railway Workshop. City was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub. The city has become developed with four shopping malls and complexes and Royal Enfield showroom. Students from Jamalpur are studying in top Govt. and Private institutes in Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Patna. And this is the reason the literacy rate of Jamalpur is so high.
Siwan is a city and nagar parishad in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the administrative headquarters of Siwan district and one of the urban settlements out of three in the district. It is located close to Uttar Pradesh.
Swami Niranjanananda Saraswati is the successor of Satyananda Saraswati, founder of Satyananda Yoga, who passed on the worldwide coordination of Satyananda Yoga to Niranjanananda in 1988.
Maheshpur is a village in Lakhisarai district, Bihar, India. It has population of roughly 5785 people. It is located in Surajgarha block.
Bakhtiyarpur is a block and a notified area in Patna district in the state of Bihar, India. Bakhtiyarpur is under the Patna Sahib, and is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Bihar in Patna District under the Barh sub-division of Bihar. It is a major railway junction in Danapur railway division, ECR. The incumbent Chief Minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar belongs to Bakhtiyarpur.
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. The city of Patna had an estimated city population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With an area of 250 square kilometres (97 sq mi) and population over 2 million people, the Patna urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna serves as the seat of Patna High Court. One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Patliputra, was the capital of the Magadh Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. It was home to many astronomers and scholars including Aryabhata, Vātsyāyana and Chanakya. During the Maurya period its population was about 400,000. Patna served as the seat of power, political and cultural centre of the Indian subcontinent during the Maurya and Gupta empires. With the fall of the Gupta Empire, Patna lost its glory. It was revived again in the 17th century by the British as a centre of international trade. Following the partition of Bengal presidency in 1912, Patna became the capital of Bihar and Orissa Province.
Dharhara is a community development block in Munger District of Bihar, India.
Jamalpur Junction railway station, station code JMP, is the railway station serving the Munger-Jamalpur twin cities in the Munger district in the Indian State of Bihar.
The Digha–Sonpur rail–road bridge or J.P Setu is a bridge across river Ganga, connecting Digha Ghat in Patna and Pahleja Ghat in Sonpur, Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar. The rail-cum-road bridge provides easy roadway and railway link between northern and southern parts of Bihar. It is a steel truss bridge. Regular scheduled passenger rail service was inaugurated on this route on 3 February 2016. This bridge of 4,556 metres (14,948 ft) length is the second longest rail-cum-road bridge in India, after Bogibeel Bridge in Assam. This is second railway bridge in Bihar after Rajendra Setu that connects North Bihar to South Bihar. Indian railways has constructed two railway stations on either sides of the bridge – Patliputra Junction railway station (PPTA) and Bharpura Pahleja Ghat Junction railway station (PHLG). The distance between the Digha-Sonpur bridge and Digha Bridge Halt is around 2 km.
Srikrishna Setu Munger Ganga Bridge, is a rail-cum-road bridge across the Ganges, at Munger in the Indian state of Bihar. The bridge connects Munger District Munger-Jamalpur twin cities to various districts of North Bihar. Srikrishna Setu Munger Ganga Bridge is the third rail-cum-road bridge over Ganga in Bihar.
The Mokama–Barauni section connects Mokama Junction and Barauni in the Indian state of Bihar.
Patna Junction is a major railway station in the capital city of Patna in the Indian state of Bihar. Situated in heart of the city, it is the main railway station serving Patna. It falls under the Danapur division of the East Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Patna Junction is one of the busiest railway stations of the country.
Patliputra Junction, station code PPTA, is a railway station in the Rukanpura area in the West End of Patna, Bihar. The station, which is governed by East Central Railway and managed by Danapur railway division, lies on the Patna-Sonepur-Hajipur Section. Located 12 kilometres north-west of Patna Junction, it has primarily been developed to ease pressure on the city's other two railway stations, through which roughly 350 trains pass daily. It is located near Bailey Road, an important western thoroughfare in Patna.
Bhagalpur Junction railway station,, is a railway station serving the city of Bhagalpur in the Bhagalpur district in the Indian state of Bihar.
The state of Bihar has a number of bridges, extending from few metres to a few kilometres. The history of long bridges goes back to the British Empire when the site for the Koilvar bridge( now called Abdul Bari) was surveyed in 1851. Since then a number of small and large bridges have crept up. Some are even largest of their kind. Gandhi Setu, joining Patna and Hajipur is Asia's second longest river bridge.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Monghyr .|