Munger

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Munger
MungerFort.jpg
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Munger
Location in Bihar, India
India location map.svg
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Munger
Munger (India)
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Munger
Munger (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°22′52″N86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465 Coordinates: 25°22′52″N86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Bihar
District Munger
Founded by Chandragupta Maurya
Government
  Type Municipal Corporation
  BodyMunger Municipal Corporation
   Mayor Ruma Raj
   Municipal Commissioner Srikant Shastri [1]
Area
  Total18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total213,101
  Rank11th in Bihar
  Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mungeri
Language
  Official Hindi [3]
  Additional official Urdu [3]
  Others English, Angika, Maithili
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
811201 to 811214 , 813201
Telephone code+91-6344
Vehicle registration BR-08
Website munger.nic.in

Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar. [4] It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the 11th largest city of Bihar by population. [5]

Contents

Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. [6] It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

Kastaharni Ghat Gangariver 23220.jpg
Kastaharni Ghat

Climate

The climate of Munger is subtropical (warm in summer and cold during winter). The Köppen climate classification sub-type for this climate is humid subtropical. [7]

Climate data for Munger, India
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.6)
32.5
(90.5)
37.0
(98.6)
37.9
(100.3)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.1)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.8
(87.5)
Average low °C (°F)9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.9
(62.4)
21.8
(71.3)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.5)
20.9
(69.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10
(50)
19.1
(66.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
41
(1.6)
170
(6.8)
300
(11.7)
280
(11)
230
(8.9)
81
(3.2)
5.1
(0.2)
2.5
(0.1)
1,160
(45.7)
Source: weatherbase [7]

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation and Jamalpur Municipal Council has a total population of 213,101 out of which 113,173 were males and 99,928 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population between 0 to 6 years was 29,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent. [8]

Religion in Munger
Religion
Hinduism
81.01%
Islam
18.02%
Christians
0.20%
Sikhism
0.04%
Others
0.34%
Distribution of religions [9]

Places of interest

Transport

Rail

Munger has two railway stations such as: Jamalpur Junction and Munger Railway Station. The former is the main railhead for the city while the latter, which was earlier called Purabsarai Railway Station, acts as suburban facility. Stations are connected with Sahibganj Loop.

The rail system provides connection to cities such as New Delhi, , Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Surat, Yesvantpur Junction, Jamshedpur, Jammu Tawi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Agartala, Hyderabad, Deoghar Junction, Muzaffarpur Junction and Dhanbad. The Munger Ganga Bridge, which takes both rail and road-traffic, connects Munger to the nearby cities of Begusarai, Saharsa Junction, Katihar and Khagaria Junction as well as various districts of North Bihar. [10] The bridge is the third-largest rail-cum-road bridge in India. [11]

Road

Munger is connected to major parts of India by various National and State Highways. The major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand - such as Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Bihar sharif, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga - can be reached by NH33-IN.svg NH 33 , NH80-IN.svg NH 80 and NH333-IN.svg NH 333 and various state Highways. Regular bus service are provided by BSRTC for all the major cities and other destinations. Citybuses, Taxies, Autorikshaw, E-Rickshaw, etc. are available all the times in the entire city for transportation.

The Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction (Road part) and will link Munger to various districts of North Bihar and north-eastern India by 2021.[ citation needed ]

Air

Munger Airport is located in Safyabad, which is 5kms from Munger. It was re inaugurated by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on 24 May 2016. [12] [13] Munger has no international airport with commercial service. Domestic airport with commercial service is Jay Prakash Narayan Airport in Patna around 180 km away, which is served by all major airlines. Nearest international airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata Which is around 480 km away from Munger.

Economy

Industry

Indian Railways operates of Asia's largest and oldest railway workshops at Jamalpur. This was set up by the British Raj in 1862. [14]

Munger has also ITC Factory established by British. Ordinance Gun Factory Munger , ITC Milk Dairy and many others.[ citation needed ]

Institutes

Notable people

Educational institutions

Related Research Articles

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