The Tiwana family of Shahpur is a Punjabi Muslim feudal family part of the Tiwana Rajput clanThey are one of the largest landowning families in the Punjab and have played an influential role in Punjabi politics since the seventeenth century.History reveals that the Shahpur District was once headed by Council Member Mr. Mehr Khan Tiwana back in 1862 while his predecessors include Major Ishaq Tiwana ( a decorated pre-partition officer from Royal Indian Army & famous for his exceptionally gifted horse-riding skill, honesty & valour), Mr. Razzaq Tiwana ( current Lambardar of Shahpur & a retired bureaucrat), Chief Engineer Mumtaz Tiwana ( famous Merchant Navy Commander), Mr. Aasim Tiwana ( a well-reckoned bureaucrat & current affairs anchor on national media), Malik Khuda Baksh Tiwana (Former Minister), Malik Ghulam Muhammad Tiwana (Former MNA), Malik Ehsan Ullah Tiwana (MNA) and Ms. Sidra Tiwana (a federal bureaucrat of Pakistan). Other notables of Tiwana clan of Shahpur include Mr. Khaliq Yar Tiwana ( deceased Army & later Police Officer), Mr. Asim Yar Tiwana ( fashion designer), Mr. Shokat Tiwana ( retired senior Prisons Officer) & Shehzadi Omarzadi Tiwana ( former Minister ) who is also daughter of former Premier of Punjab Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana son of General Omar Hayat Tiwana.
Mir Ali Khan, the founder of the family, settled at Okhali Mohlah in the district of khushab in the mid 17th century.In around 1680 his son Mir Ahmad Khan built Mitha Tiwana.
Mir Ahmad Khan's successors Dadu Khan and Sher Khan continued to build up Mitha Tiwana helping it to become a thriving town in the region. Sher Khan considerably enlarged his territory at the expense of neighbouring Awan tribes and refused to pay tribute to his governors at Dera Ismail Khan.In 1745 he founded the village of Nurpur Tirwana. He later rebelled against Inayat Khan of the Jhang Sials who had placed him in charge of the village of Mari, driving the Sials out of Khai and laying siege to Kot Langar Khan. Inayat Kan would later defeat Sher Khan when he sent an army to relieve the siege. Sher Khan died in 1757, leaving two sons Khan Muhammad Khan and Khan Beg Khan.
Khan Beg Khan usurped his brother Khan Muhammad Khan as chief, when the latter had gone to Jhang to visit kinsmen. Khan Muhmmad subsequently raised an army from Nurpur Tirwana, defeated his brother and imprisoned him.Khan Muhammad was engaged in constant battles with neighbours. He marched on Lal Khan, the Chief of Khushab, opening fire on the town and tying prisoners to the guns to divert the fire of the enemy. Lal Khan called Mahan Singh Sukharchakia, an old friend of Khan Muhammad, to his aid, and Mahan Singh bought a large force compelling Khan Muhammad to retire.
Towards the end of his reign Khan Beg once again took up arms against Khan Muhammad. In 1803, Khan Muhammad agreed to pay Maharajah Ranjit Singh a subsidy of one lakh of rupees to defeat Khan Beg.Despite this victory over his brother, in 1804 he was compelled by his son Ahmad Yar Khan to yield the chiefship to him.
In 1817, Maharajah Ranjit Singh sent a force under Misr Diwan chand against Ahmad Yar Khan, who subsequently submitted to his authority, and was granted the jagir of Jhawrian worth around ten thousand rupees.Hari Singh Nalwa was granted the jagir of Mitha Tiwana in 1819. In 1821, Ahmad Yar Khan marched with the Maharajah against his old enemy the Nawab of Mankera. The Maharajah, impressed by the Tiwana Horse, insisted on a troop of fifty horsemen returning with him to Lahore. Ahmad Yar Khan's brother, Khuda Yar Khan was appointed rough rider to the Maharajah, and superintended his hunting expeditions until his death in 1837. Khuda Yar Khan's son Fateh Khan rose to prominence first serving under Hari Singh Nalwa and then through the patronage of Raja Dhyan Singh. He was involved in the murder of Pashaura Singh alongside Chattar Singh Attariwalla. He was killed at the outset of the Second Anglo-Sikh War by mutineers at his fort of Dalipnagar in Bannu.
A number of members of the family achieved recognition for assistance provided during Indian Rebellion of 1857.Fateh Sher Khan rendered service at Hissar and Jhajjar, whilst his cousin Sher Muhammad Khan assisted in the Doaba, Oudh and Bareilly. Each were rewarded with jagirs and the title Khan Bahadur. A further cousin Sahib Khan was also elevated to Khan Bahadur, granted nearly nine thousand acres of land in Kalpi and a jagir worth 1,200 rupees. Sahib Khan's son Umar Hayat Khan became a decorated soldier in the British Indian Army and was elected to the Council of the Secretary of State for India. His son Khizar Hayat Tiwana would be the last Premier of the Punjab in British India.
Derajat, the plural of the word 'dera', is a cultural region of central Pakistan, located in the region where the provinces of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan meet. Derajat is bound by the Indus River to the east, and the Sulaiman Mountains to the west.
Sir Malik Khizar Hayat TiwanaKCSI, OBE was an Indian statesman, landowner, army officer, politician belonging to the Punjab Unionist Party. He served as the prime minister of the Punjab Province of British India between 1942 and 1947. He opposed the Partition of India and the ideology of Muslim League. He was eventually ousted from office by the Muslim League through a civil disobedience campaign, plunging Punjab into communal violence that led to the parition of the province between India and Pakistan.
The National Unionist Party was a political party based in the Punjab Province during the period of British rule in India. The Unionist Party mainly represented the interests of the landed gentry and landlords of Punjab, which included Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs. The Unionists dominated the political scene in Punjab from World War I to the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. The party's leaders served as Prime Minister of the Punjab.
Samthar is a city and a municipal board in Jhansi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Historically before independence of India, it was also known as Samshergarh erstwhile capital of Samthar State
Shahpur District was a district in what is now Pakistan from 1893, during the British Raj, till 1960. From 1893 to 1914 Shahpur was the district headquarters. In 1914 the district headquarters were moved from Shahpur to Sargodha, although the district continued to be known as Shahpur. In 1960 the Sargodha District was created and Shahpur District became Shahpur Tehsil.
Mian Mumtaz Daulatana, was a Pakistani politician and a key supporter of Pakistan Movement in British India. After independence, he served as the second Chief Minister of West Punjab in Pakistan.
Khan Sahib, Qazi Zafar Hussain came from a qadi's family which had, since the 16th century, been prominent among the landed aristocracy of the Soon Valley. He belonged to Awans tribe of ancient repute. He was awarded the title of Khan Sahib by the British Crown. This was a formal title, a compound of khan (leader) and sahib (Lord), which was conferred in Mughal Empire and British India. Although his father, Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad forbade his descendants to establish Dargah, he was considered Sajjada Nashin by the people of his area. "Sajjada nashins" David Gilmartin asserts, "claimed to be the descendants of the Sufi, 'saints', intermediaries between the Faithful and their God, and this cut against the grain of Islamic orthodoxy ... in kind, of their special religious status, these sajjada nashins had become men of local standing in their own right." However he never claimed to be a Sajjada Nashin. In the Punjab, the sajjada nashin or pir families were not so rich in terms of land as the great land lords of Punjab but these sajjada nashin or pir families exerted great political and religious influence over the people. The British could not administer the area without their help and no political party could win the election without their help.
When the All-India Muslim League was founded at Dacca, on 30 December 1906 at the occasion of the annual All India Muhammadan Educational Conference, It was participated by the Muslim leaders from Punjab, i.e., Sir Mian Muhammad Shafi, Mian Fazl-i-Hussain, Abdul Aziz, Khawaja Yusuf Shah and Sh. Ghulam Sadiq. Earlier Mian Muhammad Shafi organised a Muslim Association in early 1906, but when the All-India Muslim League was formed, he established its powerful branch in the Punjab of which he became the general secretary. Shah Din was elected as its first president. This branch, organised in November 1907, was known as the Punjab Provincial Muslim League.
Samthar State was a princely state in India during the British Raj. The state was administered as part of the Bundelkhand Agency of Central India. The state was ruled by GURJARS and was entitled to a 13 gun salute. Its capital, known then as Samshergarh, is located in a level plain in the Bundelkhand region crossed by the Pahuj and the Betwa Rivers.
The Treaty of Kalat was an 1875 agreement between the British Raj and the Baloch tribes bordering the Punjab region in modern-day Pakistan.
Raja Muhammad Akbar Khan was a landlord and a politician from Jhelum during British rule in India. He was the twenty eighth Raja of Bhimber. He was elected for the first time in 1920 in thirty eight member Punjab legislative council from Jhelum.
The Nawab of Mamdot was the title of the hereditary rulers of Mamdot, a princely state, near Firozpur, in the Punjab region of British India.
Malik Sahib Khan TiwanaCSI was a Punjabi Muslim Jatt landowner during the British India.
Malik Fateh Khan Tiwana was a Punjabi landowner and politician during the Sikh Empire.
The Mian or miyan is a royal title of the Indian subcontinent, also sometimes used as a surname. Begum or Beygum, is used to describe the wife of a Mian. It is used by several monarchs of Indian states.
Raja Surat Singh (1810–1881) was a Punjabi Jagirdar, a military officer in the Khalsa Army, and a member of the renowned Majithia family.
Sultan Mahmud Khan was a commander of the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of Sarkar e Khalsa. His derah of artillery was designated as Topkhana Sultan Mahmud. He is regarded as one of the best commanding officers of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The siege of Mankera, also known as the fall of Mankera was fought from 7 December 1821 to 1 January 1822 by the Sikh forces led by Maharaja Ranjit Singh and the Mankera forces led by Nawab Hafiz Ahmad Khan.
Sial dynasty was a Punjabi chieftaincy that ruled over the Sial state (c.1727–1818) in central Punjab during 18th century. It was centred in Jhang.