Brisout de Barneville, 1846
Tomicodon is a genus of clingfishes native to the Western Hemisphere, with these currently recognized species:
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian and east of the antimeridian. The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere.
Charles Nicolas François Brisout de Barneville was a French entomologist who specialised in Orthoptera and Coleoptera.
David Starr Jordan was an American ichthyologist, educator, eugenicist, and peace activist. He was president of Indiana University and the founding president of Stanford University.
Charles Henry Gilbert was a pioneer ichthyologist and fishery biologist of particular significance to natural history of the western United States. He collected and studied fishes from Central America north to Alaska and described many new species. Later he became an expert on Pacific salmon and was a noted conservationist of the Pacific Northwest. He is considered by many as the intellectual founder of American fisheries biology. He was one of the 22 "pioneer professors" of Stanford University.
Etheostoma is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Percidae native to North America. Most are restricted to the United States, but there are also species in Canada and Mexico. They are commonly known as darters although the term "darter" is shared by several other genera. Many can produce alarm pheromones that serve to warn nearby fish in case of an attack.
Percina is a genus of small bony fishes of the family Percidae from North America. Like similar Etheostomatinae, they are called "darters". More specifically, the genus as a whole is known as roughbelly darters, while certain species of Percina with a pattern of vertical bars on the flanks are called logperches.
Sebastes is a genus of fish in the family Sebastidae, most of which have the common name of rockfish. A few are called ocean perch, sea perch or redfish, instead. Most of the Sebastes species live in the north Pacific, although two live in the South Pacific/Atlantic and four live in the North Atlantic. The coast off Southern California is the area of highest rockfish diversity, with 56 species living in the Southern California Bight.
Clingfishes are fishes of the family Gobiesocidae, belonging to the order Gobiesociformes. These fairly small to very small fishes are widespread in tropical and temperate regions, mostly near the coast, but a few species in deeper seas or fresh water. Most species shelter in shallow reefs or seagrass beds, clinging to rocks, algae and seagrass leaves with their sucking disc, a structure on their chest.
Cyprinella is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known as the satinfin shiners. They are native to North America, and some are among the most common freshwater fish species on the eastern side of the continent. Conversely, several Cyprinella species with small distributions are threatened and the Maravillas Creek subspecies of the red shiner is extinct.
Symphurus is a genus of fish in the family Cynoglossidae found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Most species mainly occur in relatively shallow water, including estuaries. Some species are also found in deeper water, including S. thermophilus that lives at hydrothermal vents. These species are distinguished by merged dorsal, caudal and anal fins, the absence of a lateral line and pectoral fins, and the presence of only one pelvic fin. They are sinistral flatfishes, meaning that as adults, their crania are asymmetrical, with both eyes on the left side. The largest species grows to about 32 cm (1 ft) long.
Chasmodes is a small genus of combtooth blennies found in the western Atlantic Ocean.
Prionotus is a genus of searobins found in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Hypsoblennius is a genus of combtooth blennies found in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
Anchoa is a genus of fishes in the family Engraulidae. It currently consists of 35 species.
Arcos is a genus of clingfishes.
Aspasmogaster is a genus of clingfishes native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Derilissus is a genus of clingfishes found in the western Atlantic Ocean.
Gobiesox is a genus of clingfishes found in the Americas, including offshore islands. Most species inhabit coastal marine and brackish waters, but G. lanceolatus is a deep-water species found at a depth of around 300 m (980 ft), and seven species are from fast-flowing rivers and streams. These seven are the only known freshwater clingfish.
Lepadichthys is a genus of clingfishes native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Pherallodiscus is a genus of clingfishes native to the central eastern Pacific Ocean along the coast of Mexico. Based on genetic studies the genus should be merged into Gobiesox.
Rimicola is a genus of clingfishes found along the coasts of the eastern Pacific Ocean.
Ancylopsetta is a genus of large-tooth flounders mostly found along the Atlantic coast of the Americas with one species found along the Pacific coast.
Paralichthys is a genus of large-tooth flounders. Most species are native to the coastal waters of the Americas, but P. olivaceus is from northeast Asia. The largest species reaches about 1.5 m (5 ft) in length.
Ptereleotris is a genus of dartfishes found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans.
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