United Nations Security Council Resolution 911

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UN Security Council
Resolution 911
Flag of Liberia.svg
Date21 April 1994
Meeting no.3,366
CodeS/RES/911 (Document)
SubjectThe situation in Liberia
Voting summary
15 voted for
None voted against
None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council resolution 911, adopted unanimously on 21 April 1994, after reaffirming resolutions 813 (1993), 856 (1993) and 866 (1993), the Council welcomed progress made towards establishing the Liberian National Transitional Government but was concerned about subsequent delays in implementing the Cotonou Peace Agreement, and extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) until 22 October 1994. [1]

United Nations Security Council Resolution 813 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 813, adopted unanimously on 26 March 1993, after reaffirming Resolution 788 (1992) and determining that the situation in Liberia constituted a threat to international peace and security, the Council condemned the failure of the parties in the country – the Armed Forces of Liberia, ULIMO, National Patriotic Front of Liberia and Independent National Patriotic Front of Liberia among others, to implement the Yamoussoukro IV Accord.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 856 1993 UN Security Council resolution on Liberia

United Nations Security Council resolution 856, adopted unanimously on 10 August 1993, after reaffirming Resolution 813 (1993) and welcoming a peace agreement signed, under the auspices of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), between the Interim Government of National Unity of Liberia (IGNU), the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), and the United Liberation Movement for Democracy (ULIMO), the Council approved a dispatch of 30 military observers to Liberia.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 866 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 866, adopted unanimously on 22 September 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 813 (1993) and 856 (1993), the Council noted that United Nations involvement would contribute significantly to the effective implementation of the Peace Agreement in Liberia and went on to establish the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL).

Contents

Concern was expressed over renewed fighting the parties in Liberia and its negative impact on the disarmament process and humanitarian relief efforts. The role of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the peace process was commended and for the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) to assist in the implementation of the peace process. The close co-operation between UNOMIL and ECOMOG was commended and this was extended to African states that had contributed to ECOMOG. It was also noted that the amended timetable for the peace process called for elections to be held on 7 September 1994.

Disarmament act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons

Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons. Disarmament generally refers to a country's military or specific type of weaponry. Disarmament is often taken to mean total elimination of weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear arms. General and Complete Disarmament was defined by the United Nations General Assembly as the elimination of all WMD, coupled with the “balanced reduction of armed forces and conventional armaments, based on the principle of undiminished security of the parties with a view to promoting or enhancing stability at a lower military level, taking into account the need of all States to protect their security.”

Humanitarian aid material or logistical assistance for people in need

Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people who need help. It is usually short-term help until the long-term help by government and other institutions replaces it. Among the people in need are the homeless, refugees, and victims of natural disasters, wars and famines. Humanitarian aid is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian relief efforts including natural disasters and man-made disaster. The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity. It may therefore be distinguished from development aid, which seeks to address the underlying socioeconomic factors which may have led to a crisis or emergency. There is a debate on linking humanitarian aid and development efforts, which was reinforced by the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016. However, the approach is viewed critically by practitioners.

Economic Community of West African States intergovernmental economic union

The Economic Community of West African States, also known as ECOWAS, is a regional political and economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa. Collectively, these countries comprise an area of 5,114,162 km2 (1,974,589 sq mi), and in 2015 had an estimated population of over 349 million.

The Council extended the mandate of UNOMIL on the understanding that it will review the situation in Liberia by 18 May 1994 on whether or not the Council of State of the Liberian National Transitional Government has been fully installed and there had been substantive progress in the peace talks. By 30 June 1994, a review would take place concerning the operation of the transitional government, progress in disarmament and demobilisation, and the preparation of the elections.

Demobilization

Demobilization or demobilisation is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status. This may be as a result of victory in war, or because a crisis has been peacefully resolved and military force will not be necessary. The opposite of demobilization is mobilization. Forceful demobilization of a defeated enemy is called demilitarization.

All parties were called upon to cease hostilities and to work towards disarmament, the installation of the transitional government and a National Assembly so that a unified civil administration of the country can be established. The parties were also urged to ensure the safety of UNOMIL personnel and contribute to the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

Member States were encouraged to contribute to ECOMOG financially to facilitate the sending of reinforcements by African states. Furthermore, the assistance they provided was praised and the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's efforts to encourage dialogue were welcomed.

Boutros Boutros-Ghali 6th Secretary-General of the United Nations

Boutros Boutros-Ghali was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996. An academic and former Vice Foreign Minister of Egypt, Boutros-Ghali oversaw the UN over a period coinciding with several world crises, including the breakup of Yugoslavia and the Rwandan genocide. He was then the first Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie from 16 November 1997 to 31 December 2002.

See also

The First Liberian Civil War was an internal conflict in Liberia from 1989 until 1997. The conflict killed about 250,000 people and eventually led to the involvement of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and of the United Nations. The peace did not last long, and in 1999 the Second Liberian Civil War broke out.

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References

  1. "General elections set for September may be delayed". UN Chronicle . September 1994.