Waverly, January 2011
|Location||2319 Waverly Mansion Drive, Marriottsville, Maryland|
|Area||4 acres (1.6 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||74000958|
|Added to NRHP||October 18, 1974|
Waverly, or Waverley, is a historic home located at Marriottsville in Howard County, Maryland, USA. It was built between 1756 and 1800 by different accounts. It is a 2 1⁄2-story stone house, covered with stucco, with extensions completed about 1900. Also on the property are a small 1 1⁄2-story stone dwelling, a supposed combination storehouse and slave jail, a 2-story frame-and-stone corn crib, and the ruins of a log slave quarter. A newspaper account claimed as many as 999 slaves worked on the plantation at one time. It was a property developed on land first patented by Charles Carroll of Carrollton and later part of the 1703 survey "Ranter's Ridge" owned by Thomas Browne. The land was resurveyed in 1726 as "The Mistake". Nathan Browne inherited half of the land in 1756. It was purchased by John Dorsey and willed to Nathan and Sophia Dorsey as the next owners by 1760.
Marriottsville is an unincorporated community in Howard County, Carroll County, and Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. Marriottsville is located along Marriottsville Road near the Carroll County line, 10.3 miles (16.6 km) north-northwest of Columbia.
Howard County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 287,085. Its county seat is Ellicott City.
Charles Carroll, known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly-named relatives, was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence. He is sometimes referred to as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, although he was not involved in framing the United States Constitution. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress and later as first United States Senator for Maryland. He was the sole Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. Carroll was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, and the longest lived. Carroll was known contemporaneously as the "First Citizen" of the American Colonies, a consequence of his editorials in the Maryland Gazette. Carroll was the wealthiest, the longest-lived survivor, and possessed the highest formal education of all of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. A product of his 17-year Jesuit education in France, Carroll spoke five languages fluently.
Colonel John Eager Howard, Governor of Maryland from 1788 to 1791, bought 650 acres and later added more land to "the Mistake" totaling 1,313 acres. He is said to have given the property to his son, George Howard (who served as Governor of Maryland from 1831 to 1833) as a wedding present in 1811, and deeded it to him in November, 1822 where he hosted events such as partridge hunts.The slave plantation was renamed Waverly, (without the e) after the 1814 novel, Waverley by Walter Scott. There is a tombstone onsite for George Howard's son John Eager Howard named after his grandfather dated 1838. The stone was placed against the house, leaving the grave site unmarked and unidentified on the property.
John Eager Howard was an American soldier and politician from Maryland. He was elected as governor of the state in 1788, and served three one-year terms. He also was elected to the Continental Congress, the Congress of the United States and the U.S. Senate. In the 1816 presidential election, Howard received 22 electoral votes for vice president on the Federalist Party ticket with Rufus King. The ticket lost in a landslide.
George Howard was the 22nd Governor of the State of Maryland in the United States from 1831 to 1833. Howard was well known as a fervent anti-Jacksonian during his term in office. He was the only son of a governor to have been elected governor.
Waverley is a historical novel by Sir Walter Scott (1771–1832). Published anonymously in 1814 as Scott's first venture into prose fiction, it is often regarded as the first historical novel in the western tradition.
In 1854 297.5 acres of the Waverley estate patented as "Delaware Bottom" were sold by William Howard. He described the land containing for a lime quarry, and lime kiln as heavily timbered without improvements and suitable for wheat and corn.During this time, the nearby Roland Maxwell house was used as a slave quarters for Waverley. Another stacked slate building ruins stands behind an office park next to a pond at 10275 Birmingham Way. Noted with little background in county records simply as the Alexander Hassan ruins after the last property purchaser, the building was part of the 600 acre property when Judick owned the farm, and kept in good condition until Hassan's ownership.
Other owners included Peoples Bank of Baltimore director Joeseph H. Judick who bought the mansion and 300 acres on 23 November 1858 for $15,462.28 adding surrounding parcels totaling 600 acres.It was sold to the Brosennes family on Judick's death until 1964. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. The property was purchased by Larry Realty in 1964, and left vacant. Hassan-Glickfield and Larry Reality teamed together to propose the site to become the next Howard County landfill. When Alpha Ridge was selected instead, the site was subdivided from 279 acres down to 25.2 acres, then to 9.8 acres and again to 3.4 acres which were donated in 1975 to the Society for the Preservation of Maryland Antiques. In 1976 The State of Maryland funded $150,000 followed by $150,000 in federal matching money in 1978 for a restoration. Restoration started in June 1979 with a new roof and modern kitchen installation. In 1981 The Maryland Historical trust donated $32,000 to complete the restoration, using Columbia landscape architect Robert Shaw. Historic Waverly, Inc. was formed in 1985 to operate the facility for meetings and receptions. In 1988 Howard County conducted paid Golf Resources Associates to review land for golf course installations. The consultant recommended Larry Realty property with expansion to the east for a low cost facility. The Estate property was sold to Howard County in 1989 for $450,000.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.
In 1991, 682 acres of the original estate was developed as Waverly Woods. A 932 home development by Donald R Reuwer Jr's company Land Design and Development.He was quoted in the Baltimore Sun at the onset, "If we were pure, greedy developers, the simplest thing for us to do would be to forget the Planned Employment Center and do it as residential. But that would blow the only water-sewer commercial site in the Frederick-Baltimore corridor -- 6,500 (potential) jobs." In 1993, the zoning board later removed 41 percent of the commercial space requirements for the project. The same year planning director Joeseph Rutter extends public water and sewer to the area to confront groundwater contamination at Alpha Ridge Landfill promising the effort was for public safety only, and building density would not increase. In 1999 the land adjacent to the Mansion was slated to build an Exxon gas station, which was cancelled. Later in 2002, a section of the commercial zoned land adjoining Alpha Ridge Landfill was offered for sale to the Howard County Public School System to build Marriotts Ridge High School, which was declined. Former planning and zoning director Joe Rutter joined Land Design and Development, winning approval from his former deputy in 2012 to convert Planned Employment Centers into denser age restricted housing units.
The Alpha Ridge Landfill is a municipal solid waste landfill located in Marriottsville, Maryland, once known as the postal town of Alpha, Maryland.
The Howard County Public School System (HCPSS) is the school district that manages the public schools of Howard County, Maryland. It is headquartered in the Columbia, Maryland census-designated place; the facility has an Ellicott City mailing address. It operates under the supervision of an elected, eight-member Board of Education. Following a shift in power in the administration, Mavis Ellis is the Chairwoman of the Board. Michael J. Martirano is the current Superintendent, replacing Renee Foose following her resignation in May 2017.
Marriotts Ridge High School is a public secondary school located in Marriottsville, Maryland. It is part of the Howard County Public School System. The school was named after the town of Marriottsville, and the height of its location. The pre-opening name of Marriott's Ridge was later changed to Marriotts Ridge. It is known for academic excellence, music department, and its athletic teams.
The Howard County Public School System named Waverly Elementary School after the plantation.
Dorsey's Search is a parcel of land patented by John Dorsey of Hockley-in-the-hole (1645–1714) in Baltimore County. The 479-acre (194 ha) property adjacent to the north branch of the Patuxent river was surveyed by Richard Beard in December 1684, and granted to Dorsey in March 1696. The property lying between "Long Reach" and "Elk Ridge" was resurveyed in March 1723 to include 750 acres (300 ha). After several generations of inheritance, a series of legal disputes were held over the land by Rezin Hammond and Richard Ridgley in 1820. In 1827 the property exchanged hands to Robert Oliver, builder of Oakland Mill, who combined it with multiple properties totaling 2,300 acres (930 ha). George Gaither acquired the property in 1838. John Dorsey's grandson, "Patuxent" John Dorsey of "Dorsey's Search" built Dorsey Hall at the site.
Burleigh, or Burleigh Manor, is a historic home located at Ellicott City, Howard County, Maryland, built on a 2,300-acre (930 ha) estate. It is a Federal-style brick dwelling built about 1810, laid in Flemish bond. Also on the landscaped grounds are a stone smokehouse; a much-altered log, stone, and frame "gatehouse" or "cottage," and another log outbuilding, as well as an early-20th century bathhouse, swimming pool, and tennis court. The probable builder was Colonel Rezin Hammond (1745–1809), who bequeathed the manor and 4,500 acres (1,800 ha) to his grandnephew Denton Hammond (1785–1813) and his wife Sara who lived there until her death in 1832. In 1914 the estate was owned by Mary Hanson Hammond with land totaling over 1,000 acres (400 ha) including the outbuildings and slave quarters. In 1935 the Estate was subdivided to 600 acres (240 ha) and purchased by Charles McAlpin Pyle, Grandson of industrialist David Hunter McAlpin. It is currently operated as a livestock shelter. In the late 1960s the property was owned by Mrs G. Dudley Iverson IV.
Dorsey Hall is a historic home in Columbia, Maryland, United States. It is a six-by-one-bay, 2 1⁄2-story stucco structure with a gable roof covered with asphalt shingles. It is a well-preserved and detailed example of the vernacular dwellings of the early 19th century in Howard County and associated with the Dorsey family, one of the "first families" of the county.
Woodlawn, is a historic slave plantation located at Columbia, Howard County, Maryland. It is a two-story, stuccoed stone house built in 1840 with wood frame portions constructed about 1785. It was part of a 200-acre farm divided from larger parcels patented by the Dorsey family. The design reflects the transition between the Greek Revival and Italianate architecture styles. The home is associated with Henry Howard Owings, a prominent Howard County landowner and farmer, who also served as a judge of the Orphan's Court for Howard County. Owings purchased the property in 1858 and died at Woodlawn in 1869. The former tobacco farm produced corn, oats, hay, and pork. The majority of the property surrounding Woodland and its slave quarters were subdivided by 1966 and purchased by Howard Research and Development for the planned community development Columbia, Maryland, leaving only 5 acres surrounded by multiple lots intended for development of an Oakland Ridge industrial center and equestrian center. The summer kitchen, smokehouse, corn crib and stable built about 1830 have been replaced by a parking lot.
Troy, also known as Troy Hill Farm, is a historic slave plantation home located at Elkridge, Howard County, Maryland, United States. It is associated with the prominent Dorsey family of Howard County, who also built Dorsey Hall.
The Belmont Estate, now the Belmont Manor Historic Park, is a historic estate located at Elkridge, Howard County, Maryland, United States. Known in the Colonial period as "Moore's Morning Choice", it is listed on the Maryland Historic Trust (MHT), Inventory of Historic Properties (MIHP), and is on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) as part of the Lawyers Hill Historic District, Elkridge, Maryland.
Gray Rock is a historic slave plantation home located in Ellicott City, Maryland.
Dr. Charles Alexander Warfield (1751–1813) was a prominent American in the Howard District of Anne Arundel County Maryland. He was president of the board of regents of the Maryland Agriculture College from 1812 to 1813.
Welling's Stone House or Clifton is a historic stone house situated between Clarksville, Maryland and Fulton, Maryland.
Oakland Manor is a Federal style stone manor house commissioned in 1810 by Charles Sterrett Ridgely in the Howard district of Anne Arundel County Maryland. The lands that became Oakland Manor were patented by John Dorsey as "Dorsey's Adventure" in 1688 which was willed to his grandson Edward Dorsey. In 1785, Luther Martin purchased properties named "Dorsey's Adventure", "Dorsey's Inheritance", "Good for Little", "Chew's Vineyard", and "Adam the First" to make the 2300 acre "Luther Martin's Elkridge Farm".
The Carr's Mill Landfill is a controversial landfill in Howard County, Maryland in the United States. Its official address is 15900 Carrs Mill Road in Lisbon, Maryland.
Roxbury Mill is a historic flour and grist mill located in Glenwood, Howard County, Maryland, now part of the Howard County Farm Museum.
Arlington is a historic slave plantation located in Columbia, Howard County, Maryland, now part of the Fairway Hills Golf Course.
Bushy Park is a historic slave plantation located at Glenwood, Howard County, Maryland, United States. It is located on a 3,940 acre land patent named "Ridgley's Great Park".
The Shipley House, part of (Woodford) is located in Marriottsville in Howard County, Maryland, United States.
The Spring Hill Farm is a historic slave plantation located in Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland, United States.
River Hill Farm is a historic slave plantation located in Clarksville in Howard County, Maryland, United States. River Hill Farm resided on a land tract patented as "Four Brothers Portion". The house was built in the 18th century out of field stone with stucco covering. Outbuilding included a slave quarters. The 500 acre property was the home of Major Henry Owings of Owingsville.