Waverton, Cumbria

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Waverton
Christ Church, Waverton - geograph.org.uk - 522632.jpg
Christ Church
Cumbria UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Waverton
Waverton shown within Cumbria
Population 306 (2011)
OS grid reference NY2241547466
  London 321 mi (517 km)
Civil parish
  • Waverton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGTON
Postcode district CA7
Dialling code 01697
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°48′54″N3°12′43″W / 54.815°N 3.212°W / 54.815; -3.212 Coordinates: 54°48′54″N3°12′43″W / 54.815°N 3.212°W / 54.815; -3.212

Waverton is a linear village and civil parish in Cumbria, northwest England. Waverton lies on the main A596 road east of a bridge over the River Waver, 2.2 miles south west from Wigton and 14.2 miles from the nearest city, Carlisle. The river is the reason for Waverton's name as well as it coming from the old English word tuǹ, this meaning "An enclosure; a farmstead; a village; an estate". [1]

Civil parish territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England, UK

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

A596 road

The A596 is a primary route in Cumbria, in northern England, that runs between Thursby and Workington. For its entirety the A596 parallels the A595, and meets the A595 at both ends. The A596 begins its course at a roundabout junction with the A595 at Thursby, before continuing past the towns of Wigton and Aspatria. As it travels further towards the coast, it reaches the town of Maryport, where there is a junction to the B5300 heading up the coast to Silloth via Allonby, Mawbray, and Beckfoot. It then crosses over the River Derwent, skirting the eastern edge of Workington shortly before terminating at the junction with the A595 at Lillyhall.

River Waver river in Cumbria, United Kingdom

The River Waver is a river in Cumbria, England. The river rises at Wavergillhead . It is fed by the northwards flowing Thornthwaite Beck and Pow Gill either side of Bolton Wood Lane. The "Little Waver", rising at Catlands Hill, joins at Waterside near Woodrow. The river then takes a northward course via Waverton and Waverbridge, both of which are named for the river, before turning sharply westward at Abbey Town. The river then goes north, running into Moricambe Bay, an inlet of the Solway Firth.

Contents

Population

There were no major changes in the population of Waverton in the nineteenth century, when population first began to be collected in the Census. The population was slowly increasing each year, but only by a maximum of 30 people a year up till 1871. [2] After 1871 the Census records show that there was a decrease in the population. This fluctuation was repeated as from 1910 there was a sharp increase, however this was followed by another population depletion just after the 1920. The population of Waverton began steadily increasing even through World War II and the continued increase in population could be explained by the baby boom in 1950 which impacted the population all over the UK.[ citation needed ]

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

As recorded in the 2001 Census, Waverton's population was 326, with 173 females and 153 males. [3] reducing at the 2011 Census to a population of 306, with 151 females and 155 males. [4]

History

Waverton was originally a township in the Parish of Wigton; however it became a civil Parish soon after 1866. Its history is mainly focused around the agriculture industry and the Christ Church, located in what was previously known as the township.

Wigton town in Cumbria, England

Wigton is a market town in Cumbria, England. Historically in Cumberland, it lies just outside the Lake District in the borough of Allerdale. Wigton is at the centre of the Solway Plain, between the Caldbeck Fells and the Solway coast. It is served by Wigton railway station on the Cumbrian Coast Line, and the A596 road to Workington. The town of Silloth-on-Solway lies twelve miles to the west, beyond Abbeytown.

Waverton's Church was built in 1865 and completed on 6 May. It was built in a Victorian Perpendicular High Church style as a chapel-of-ease. [5] The Christ Church had the ability to accommodate 150 people, and was home to two stained glass windows. The window on the east of the building had in the centre the figure of Jesus, as well as St. Peter and St. Paul by his sides. The window on the west was circular, holding seven circular lights. [6] Christ Church became the parish church for the newly formed Waverton-cum-Dundraw parish in 1902. St Patrick evangelised near the crossroads before moving on to Aspatria.

Stained glass decorative window composed of pieces of coloured glass

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it. Throughout its thousand-year history, the term has been applied almost exclusively to the windows of churches and other significant religious buildings. Although traditionally made in flat panels and used as windows, the creations of modern stained glass artists also include three-dimensional structures and sculpture. Modern vernacular usage has often extended the term "stained glass" to include domestic lead light and objects d'art created from foil glasswork exemplified in the famous lamps of Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Aspatria a town in Allerdale, United Kindom

Aspatria is a civil parish in the non-metropolitan district of Allerdale, and is currently embraced in the Parliamentary constituency of Workington, Cumbria, England. Historically within Cumberland the town rests on the north side of the Ellen Valley, overlooking a panoramic view of the countryside, with Skiddaw to the South and the Solway Firth to the North. Its developments are aligned approximately east-west along the A596 Carlisle to Workington road and these extend to approximately 2 miles (3 km) in length. It lies about 8 miles (12 km) northeast of Maryport, a similar distance to the Southwest of Wigton, about 9 miles (14 km) north of Cockermouth and 5 miles (8 km) from the coast and Allonby. It comprises the townships of Aspatria and Brayton, Hayton and Mealo, and Oughterside and Allerby, the united area being 8,345 acres (3,377 ha); while the township takes up an area of 1,600 acres (647 ha). In earlier days a Roman road leading from "Old Carlisle" to Ellenborough passed through the hamlet.

The church houses fittings from the former Dundraw Mission Church (which stopped being as a place of worship in 1965) including its altar, which was carved by the vicar of the day, and a baptismal font. A new war memorial (also from Dundraw) was installed in 2007.

A vicar is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a superior. Linguistically, vicar is cognate with the English prefix "vice", similarly meaning "deputy". The title appears in a number of Christian ecclesiastical contexts, but also as an administrative title, or title modifier, in the Roman Empire. In addition, in the Holy Roman Empire a local representative of the emperor, perhaps an archduke, might be styled "vicar".

Baptismal font article of church furniture intended for infant baptism

A baptismal font is an article of church furniture used for baptism.

The Christ Church now is described as a "modest village church". It runs weekly regular services, with other events in between such as book sales, pancake day and bank holidays services being a few of them. There is also the Harvest Festival and Plough Sunday have been created to celebrate the mainly agricultural community environment. [5]

Industry

The 1801 Census showed Waverton as dividedn into two main forms of employment:

Throughout the 1800s it was clear that Waverton's industry was mainly dominated by agriculture. In the 1881 Census it was estimated that over 90% of all males had an occupation in agriculture, with the second largest occupation being dealers in various mineral substances. [7] The majority of women, on the other hand, in the 1881 Census were shown not to have a specific occupation, mainly staying at home to look after their children and carry out domestic activities. However a small percentage were employed in domestic services or offices. [7]

Climate

The nearest weather station to is Carlisle [8] which is 14.2 miles north-east from Waverton. The warmest months on average in Waverton are July and August with the highest temperatures being at an average of 19 degrees.

Climate data for Waverton, Cumbria
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6
(43)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 9.39
(3.697)
8.09
(3.185)
7.33
(2.886)
5.41
(2.13)
5.62
(2.213)
6.38
(2.512)
6.14
(2.417)
7.15
(2.815)
8.32
(3.276)
11.09
(4.366)
9.85
(3.878)
10.47
(4.122)
95.24
(37.497)
Source: Bing.com [9]

See also

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References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Waverton, Cumbria at Wikimedia Commons