|Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee|
20 February 2017
|Preceded by||Kaci Kullmann Five|
|Board Member of the Nobel Foundation|
|Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee|
1 January 2012 –31 December 2017
|President of the Norwegian Bar Association|
|Preceded by||Anders Ryssdal|
|Succeeded by||Erik Keiserud|
|State Secretary for the Minister of Justice and Police|
7 November 1996 –4 April 1997
|Prime Minister||Thorbjørn Jagland|
|Minister|| Anne Holt |
|Preceded by||Ingeborg Moen Borgerud|
|Succeeded by||Ingunn Yssen|
|Born||11 July 1954|
|Spouse||Pjotr Sapegin (formerly)|
Berit Reiss-Andersen (born 11 July 1954) is a Norwegian lawyer,author and former politician for the Norwegian Labour Party. She is chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee,the 5-member committee that awards the Nobel Peace Prize. She is also a board member of the Nobel Foundation,which has the overall responsibility for all the five Nobel Prizes. She served as state secretary for the Minister of Justice and Police from 1996 to 1997 and as president of the Norwegian Bar Association from 2008 to 2012. She has co-authored two crime novels with former Minister of Justice Anne Holt. She is currently a partner at DLA Piper's Oslo office.
Reiss Andersen earned her Candidate of Jurisprudence degree (a 6-year law degree) in 1981 at the University of Oslo,Norway's preeminent university. She was an executive officer at the Norwegian Office of Immigration 1981–1982 and legal adviser at the Royal Ministry of Justice and the Police 1982–1984. She served as a prosecutor with the Oslo Police District 1984–1987. From 1987 to 2016 she had her own law practice in Oslo,and she obtained the right to appear before the Supreme Court of Norway in 1995. In 1997 she was appointed as one of the regular defence counsels at Oslo District Court and Borgarting Court of Appeal. In 2016 she became a partner at DLA Piper's Oslo office. She was president of the Norwegian Bar Association from 2008 to 2012. 
She served as state secretary for the Minister of Justice and Police from 1996 to 1997,in the Labour Party government of Thorbjørn Jagland. 
She was elected as a Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee by the Storting (Parliament) on 22 November 2011,and was nominated by the Norwegian Labour Party. Her term started 1 January 2012 and ends 31 December 2017.  On 20 February 2017 she became the acting chairman of the committee,following the death of Kaci Kullmann Five.  On 2 May 2017,she was formally elected as the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.  In this capacity Reiss-Andersen selects the Nobel Peace Prize laureate together with the four other committee members,and she is responsible for formally presenting the prize. 
From 2014 she is also a board member of the Nobel Foundation,which has the overall responsibility for all the five Nobel Prizes. 
Reiss-Andersen has criticized Erna Solberg over her silence on Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo when he was dying in prison in China and the Norwegian government refused to say whether it supported the European Union's demand that Liu be released;Reiss-Andersen described Solberg and her right-wing government's attitude as "embarrassing."  On behalf of the Norwegian Nobel Committee and the Nobel Foundation,Reiss-Andersen wanted to participate in Liu Xiaobo's funeral,but was denied a visa by the Chinese government. 
She has co-authored two crime novels with former Minister of Justice Anne Holt. 
Her paternal grandfather was Gunnar Reiss-Andersen,who wrote lyric poetry. 
The Norwegian Nobel Committee selects the recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize each year on behalf of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel's estate,based on instructions of Nobel's will.
Erna Solberg is a Norwegian politician and the current Leader of the Opposition. She served as the 35th prime minister of Norway from 2013 to 2021,and has been Leader of the Conservative Party since May 2004.
Karin Cecilie "Kaci" Kullmann Five was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party. She served as a Member of Parliament from 1981 to 1997,as Minister of Trade and Shipping in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1989 to 1990 and as leader of the Conservative Party from 1991 to 1994. After she left politics in 1997,she held roles in private business,ran her own consultancy and was a board member of Statoil and other companies and organisations.
Anne Holt is a Norwegian author,lawyer and former Minister of Justice.
Liu Xiaobo was a Chinese writer,literary critic,human rights activist,philosopher and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end communist one-party rule in China. He was arrested numerous times,and was described as China's most prominent dissident and the country's most famous political prisoner. On 26 June 2017,he was granted medical parole after being diagnosed with liver cancer;he died a few weeks later on 13 July 2017.
Per-Willy Trudvang Amundsen is a Norwegian politician for the Progress Party who served as Minister of Justice from December 2016 to January 2018. He previously served as state secretary in the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development from 2013,and represented Troms in the Norwegian parliament from 2005 until 2013. He was re-elected in 2017.
Fredrik Stang Heffermehl is a Norwegian jurist,writer and peace activist. He formerly worked as a lawyer and civil servant from 1965 to 1982 and was the first secretary-general of the Norwegian Humanist Association from 1980 to 1982. He later made his mark as a writer and activist for peace and against nuclear arms. He is the honorary president,and former president,of the Norwegian Peace Council,a former vice president of the International Peace Bureau,and a former vice president of the International Association of Lawyers against Nuclear Arms.
Gunnar Reiss-Andersen was a Norwegian lyric poet and writer.
The 2010 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to imprisoned Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo (1955–2017) "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China". The laureate,once an eminent scholar,was reportedly little-known inside the People's Republic of China (PRC) at the time of the award due to official censorship;he partook in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 and was a co-author of the Charter 08 manifesto,for which he was sentenced to 11 years in prison on 25 December 2009. Liu,who was backed by former Czech president Václav Havel and anti-apartheid activist and cleric Desmond Tutu,also a Nobel Peace Prize winner,received the award among a record field of more than 200 nominees.
The 2013 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons for their "extensive work to eliminate chemical weapons". The award citation indicated the organization was awarded the prize,because they “have defined the use of chemical weapons as taboo under international law. Recent events in Syria,where chemical weapons have again been put to use,have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons.”The committee criticized Russia and the United States for not meeting the extended deadline for destruction of its chemical weapons,and noted that certain countries "are still not members". The OPCW was the 22nd organization to be awarded the prize.
The 2015 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet for "its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011".
The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the President of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos "for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end,a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people." The conflict is the longest running war,and last remaining guerrilla struggle,in the Americas. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations,for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses". The announcement was made on 7 October at a press conference at the Nobel Peace Center,and the formal award ceremony took place on 10 December at the Oslo City Hall.
The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition on such weapons," according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee announcement on October 6,2017. The award announcement acknowledged the fact that "the world's nine nuclear-armed powers and their allies" neither signed nor supported the treaty-based prohibition known as the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons or nuclear ban treaty,yet in an interview Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen told reporters that the award was intended to give "encouragement to all players in the field" to disarm. The award was hailed by civil society as well as governmental and intergovernmental representatives who support the nuclear ban treaty,but drew criticism from those opposed. At the Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony held in Oslo City Hall on December 10,2017,Setsuko Thurlow,an 85-year-old woman Who survived the 1945 atomic bombing of Hiroshima,and ICAN Executive Director Beatrice Fihn jointly received a medal and diploma of the award on behalf of ICAN and delivered the Nobel lecture.
The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict," according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee announcement on 5 October 2018 in Oslo,Norway. "Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on,and combating,such war crimes," according to the award citation. After reading the citation,Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen told reporters that the impact of this year's award is to highlight sexual abuse with the goal that every level of governance take responsibility to end such crimes and impunities.
The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the prime minister of Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation,and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea." The award was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee on 11 October 2019.
The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the World Food Programme by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. The announcement was made on Friday 9 October at 11:00 CEST.
The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo on 8 October 2021. Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov received the prize "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression,which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace."
The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to one individual and two organisations which advocate human rights and civil liberty. The recipients were the Belarusian activist Ales Bialiatski,the Russian human rights organisation Memorial and the Ukrainian human rights organisation Center for Civil Liberties. The citation given by the Norwegian Nobel Committee were the following:
"The Peace Prize laureates represent civil society in their home countries. They have for many years promoted the right to criticise power and protect the fundamental rights of citizens. They have made an outstanding effort to document war crimes,human right abuses and the abuse of power. Together they demonstrate the significance of civil society for peace and democracy."