British Forces Post Office

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A British Wilding series postage stamp used at a BFPO on Christmas Island in 1957. 1957 Christmas Island BFPO postmark on British Wilding stamp.jpg
A British Wilding series postage stamp used at a BFPO on Christmas Island in 1957.

The British Forces Post Office (BFPO) provides a postal service to HM Forces, separate from that provided by Royal Mail in the United Kingdom. BFPO addresses are used for the delivery of mail in the UK and around the world. BFPO moved from its original base at Inglis Barracks, Mill Hill to its current base at RAF Northolt in northwest London in 2007. [1]



The mission of BFPO is to "...provide an efficient and effective Postal and Courier Service to sustain the fighting power of UK Armed Forces Worldwide." [2]

BFPO addresses and numbers

Below is an example of a BFPO address, using the fictitious Loamshire Regiment:

12345678 LCPL B Jones B Company 1 Loamshire Regt BFPO 61

BFPO 61 is for Milan, Italy. Until the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, BFPO 1 was the address for British forces serving in the then colony. [3] [4]

When sending mail from the UK to a member of HM Forces serving overseas, the sender must address it to the appropriate BFPO number, and not to the country in which that person is based. This is especially important as mail to BFPO addresses is often charged at the inland UK rate, and if it is addressed to an overseas destination with only UK postage attached, this will result in delays.

For security reasons, mail from HM Forces to civilian addresses in Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland must be handed directly to BFPO staff, not placed in the post box, and must not have a return military address displayed on the envelope. In addition, mail to those destinations cannot be sent using the Bluey system.

In 2012, in collaboration with Royal Mail, the BFPO introduced UK-style postcodes, to help ordering items online, owing to problems with websites not recognising the BFPO addressing format. [5] The addresses are assigned to the notional post town "BFPO" and, as of 2012, the postcodes all begin with "BF1". For example, the above address would appear as: [6] [7]

12345678 LCPL B Jones B Company 1 Loamshire Regt BFPO 61 BFPO BF1 2AY

These UK style postcodes are provided for compatibility with non-BFPO UK addresses and are solely for use within websites, due to the automated sorting process at BFPO they should not appear on items of mail. [8]

The "e-Bluey"

To speed up the delivery to HM Forces, the BFPO developed a hybrid form of mail, known as the 'e-Bluey', in which letters can be sent directly by internet to the British Armed Forces serving in theatre. The letters are downloaded and printed and then dispatched to the recipient via the traditional military postal system. Letters sent by serving Armed Forces members to family and friends in the UK (from Operational Theatres) are downloaded and printed at various locations in the UK and then delivered to the Royal Mail for final delivery.

The name, e-bluey, comes from the aerograms that are (still) provided for troops on active service and their families at home. Self-adhesive strips along the edges of the paper allowed it to be folded and sealed without the added weight of an envelope, meaning that more of them could be carried by air or by hand for the same total weight. Because of the blue paper these self-contained kits were inevitably known as "blueys", and the name came to carry something of an emotional charge due to the significance of receiving a possibly rare bluey from a loved one. "e-Bluey" was thus a natural term for the BFPO's electronic hybrid mail system.

The entire system uses high level 256k SSL security and encrypted databases. The e-blueys are downloaded from an e-bluey web server ( and utilises Pressure Sealed forms that are printed and sealed with an integrated Printer/Sealer. This ensures maximum security and privacy and the correspondence is not censored or reviewed.

The e-bluey was first conceived by Brigadier Barry Cash, CE of the British Forces Post Office (now retired). He assigned the initial development to Major Roy Walker MBE (now retired) in the late 1990s. The service was activated the week before Christmas of 2000. Photo capability was added in 2005, allowing senders to attach personal photos to their e-blueys.

In the spring of 2003, during the first three months of the Invasion of Iraq, over 250,000 e-blueys were sent per month, a record that still stands. The e-bluey became ubiquitous. By the time it was replaced, it accounted for 80% of the flat mail delivered to troops in theatre. e-Blueys were available in numerous locations around the globe plus on operational Navy ships.

The e-bluey system was supported by SuperLetter.Com Inc. who wrote the software and managed the servers for the e-bluey system. The system won several awards, including BFPO e-bluey System Winner 2001 World Mail Award, BFPO e-bluey System Winner 2005 UK Mail Award, and BFPO 2007 UK Mail Award for Technology.

The e-bluey equipment was maintained by Technical Support Services (TSS), a department within BFPO London, since its inception.

The e-bluey service ceased in April 2017. It was replaced by the INtouch message service. [9]

Postal orders

One of the services that is provided by some of the British Forces Post Offices is the issuing and cashing of postal orders. A British postal order issued at a forces post office is very sought after by collectors of postal orders.

A postal order issued by a BFPO in a Commonwealth country, such as the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus, is regarded as being a part of the numismatic and notaphilic history of that country.

History of the British Army postal services

A 1965 BFPO to BFPO letter. 1965 cover BFPO 1002 to RAF Steamerpoint BFPO 69.jpg
A 1965 BFPO to BFPO letter.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle make mention of messengers being sent by King Edward the Elder (899–924) to recall members of the Kent fyrd, [10] but it is generally regarded that the origins of the postal services stem from the King's Messengers (Nuncii et Cursores) of medieval times. In particular the Royal Post established in the reign of King Edward IV (1461–83) to support his troops engaged in a war against Scotland. [11]

A dedicated military postal unit, the Army Post Office Corps was formed in 1882. In 1913 it was subsumed into the Royal Engineers as the Royal Engineers (Postal Section) and in late 1990s became the BFPO. Today, all services are provided by BFPO.

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Loamshire Regiment is a placeholder name used by the British Army to provide examples for its procedures. For example, the Loamshire Regiment is provided by the British Forces Post Office to show how to write a British Army address, and is used to set out specimen charges for violations of military law. It is used in Hesketh Hesketh-Prichard's Sniping in France, a World War One manual for training British Army sharpshooters.

Using violence towards his superior officer contrary to section 33(1)(a) of the Army Act 1955 in that he at- on- [struck] [punched] [kicked] No 12345678 Sergeant J Brown, The Loamshire Regiment.

G postcode area Postcode area within the United Kingdom

The G postcode area, also known as the Glasgow postcode area, is a group of postcode districts centred around Glasgow in Scotland.

SW postcode area Postcode area within the United Kingdom

The SW postcode area, also known as the London SW postcode area, is a group of postcode districts covering a broad radial swathe of southwest London, England as far as Mortlake, Streatham and Raynes Park. The area straightforwardly succeeds a shorter-lived South Western (SW1–SW10) and Battersea (SW11–SW20) split between its components of the London post town.

Postal codes in Cyprus

Four digit post codes were introduced in Cyprus on 1 October 1994. The system is organised around the six administrative districts for local government on the island, with each district allocated a numerical range. Most of the four digit numbers are allocated to small geographic areas, such as streets, urban communes or villages, although some are reserved for government use.

History of the British Army postal service

The postal service of the British Army is today provided by the British Forces Post Office but its origins may be traced back to Saxon times.


  1. "History of the BFPO". Official British Forces Post Office Website. Archived from the original on 30 March 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  2. "Welcome to the Official British Forces Post Office Website". Official British Forces Post Office Website. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  3. Education Committees Year Book, Councils & Education Press Limited, 1973, page 1095
  4. Then & now: Tracking the mail, South China Morning Post , 7 December 2013
  5. "A better deal for overseas services personnel". Royal Air Force Community Support. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  6. "BFPO Indicator List (version 2012-04)" (PDF). BFPO. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  7. "Postcode Finder". Royal Mail. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  8. "Buying goods online". British Forces Post Office. 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
  10. 'The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles' – Edited by Swanton M. Phoenix, London. 2000.
  11. Edward Wells (1987). 'Mailshot – A history of the Forces Postal Services' p. 11. Defence Postal & Courier Services, London.