Candid Records

Last updated
Candid Records
Parent company Cadence Records
Founded1960 (1960)
Founder Archie Bleyer
Genre Jazz, Blues
Country of origin United States
Location New York

Candid Records was a jazz record label first established in New York City.


Early Candid Records

The CANDID jazz label was founded in New York City in 1960 as a subsidiary of Cadence Records, owned by Archie Bleyer. The jazz writer and civil rights activist Nat Hentoff [1] [2] was the label's (A&R) director and, consequently, he attempted to create a catalog that represented the prevalent jazz music of the day. Hentoff also worked with the graphic designer and photographer Frank Gauna to create Candid's distinctive album covers. [3]

Candid's catalog included Don Ellis, Abbey Lincoln, Booker Little, Charles Mingus, and Cecil Taylor. Later, the label was acquired by pop singer Andy Williams, [4] who either reissued the catalog on his own Barnaby label or licensed them to foreign record companies into the 1970s and late 1980s. [5]

The Cadence-era Discography

The 34 Cadence-era LPs

Mono CatalogStereo CatalogLeaderAlbum [6] Year
CJM-8001CJS-9001 Otis Spann Otis Spann Is the Blues 1961
CJM-8002CJS-9002 Max Roach We Insist! 1961
CJM-8003CJS-9003 Richard Williams New Horn in Town 1961
CJM-8004CJS-9004 Don Ellis How Time Passes 1961
CJM-8005CJS-9005 Charlie Mingus Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus 1961
CJM-8006CJS-9006 Cecil Taylor The World of Cecil Taylor 1961
CJM-8007CJS-9007 Steve Lacy The Straight Horn of Steve Lacy 1961
CJM-8008CJS-9008 Nancy Harrow Wild Women Don't Have the Blues1961
CJM-8009CJS-9009 Clark Terry Color Changes 1961
CJM-8010CJS-9010 Lightnin' Hopkins Lightnin' in New York 1961
CJM-8011CJS-9011 Benny Bailey Big Brass 1961
CJM-8012CJS-9012 Toshiko Mariano The Toshiko Mariano Quartet1961
CJM-8013CJS-9013 Cecil Taylor Jumpin' Punkins 1961
CJM-8014CJS-9014 Booker Ervin That's It! 1961
CJM-8015CJS-9015 Abbey Lincoln Straight Ahead 1961
CJM-8016CJS-9016 Phil Woods Rights of Swing 1961
CJM-8017CJS-9017 Cecil Taylor & Buell Neidlinger New York City R&B 1961
CJM-8018CJS-9018 Jaki Byard Blues for Smoke 1961
CJM-8019CJS-9019Various Artists
(Charlie Mingus, Max Roach, Booker Little, Cal Massey, Kenny Dorham and others)
Jazz Life1961
CJM-8020CJS-9020 Pee Wee Russell and Coleman Hawkins Jazz Reunion 1961
CJM-8021CJS-9021 Charlie Mingus Mingus 1961
CJM-8022CJS-9022Jazz Artists Guild Newport Rebels 1961
CJM-8023CJS-9023 Memphis Slim Tribute to Broonzy, Carr, Davenport1961
CJM-8024CJS-9024 Memphis Slim Memphis Slim, U.S.A.1962
CJM-8025CJS-9025 Mack McCormick Treasury Of Field Recordings Vol. 11962
CJM-8026CJS-9026 Charlie Mingus Reincarnation of a Lovebird 1963
CJM-8027CJS-9027 Booker Little Out Front 1963
CJM-8028CJS-9028 Ray Crawford Smooth Groove1963
CJM-8029CJS-9029 Cal Massey Blues to Coltrane1963
CJM-8030CJS-9030Chamber Jazz SextetPlays Pal Joey1963
CJM-8031CJS-9031 Marty Paich The Picasso of Big Band Jazz1963
CJM-8032CJS-9032 Don Ellis Out of Nowhere 1963
CJM-8033CJS-9033 Eric Dolphy Candid Dolphy1963
CJM-8034CJS-9034 Cecil Taylor Cell Walk for Celeste 1963

In 1964, due to its financial difficulties, Archie Bleyer opted to shut down Cadence Records, parent company of Candid Records [7] and sold the complete Cadence catalog (inclusive of the Candid Records recordings) to the singer, Andy Williams, owner of Barnaby Records. [8] [9]

Post-Cadence Italian/German/British Candid Records

CatalogLeaderAlbum [10]
(Eu) CS-9035 Lucky Thompson Lord, Lord, Am I Ever Gonna Know?
(Eu) CS-9036 Ricky Ford Manhattan Blues
(Eu) CS-9037 Art Hodes Pagin' Mr. Jelly
(Eu) CS-9038
(Eu) CS-9039
(Eu) CS-9040 Erica Lindsay Dreamer
(Eu) CS-9041 David Newman Blue Head
(Eu) CS-9042 Charlie Mingus Mysterious Blues
(Eu) CS-9043
(Eu) CS-9044 Kenny Barron & John Hicks Rhythm-a-Ning
(Eu) CS-9045 Louis Hayes The Crawl
(Eu) CS-9046 Cecil Taylor Air

Candid Records UK

In 1989, the Candid recordings were bought by Black Lion Records, [11] which reissued the vintage material on CDs and produced new recordings succeedingly. The new Candid Records (UK) catalogue expanded to include Greg Abate, Kenny Barron, Luis Bonilla, Art Hodes, Lee Konitz, Dave Liebman, Shorty Rogers and Bud Shank, Mongo Santamaría, Shirley Scott and a host of new jazz talent.

Related Research Articles

Cadence Records was an American record company based in New York City whose labels had a picture of a metronome. It was founded by Archie Bleyer, who had been the musical director and orchestra leader for Arthur Godfrey in 1952. Cadence also launched a short-lived jazz subsidiary, Candid Records.

Archibald Martin Bleyer was an American song arranger, bandleader, and record company executive.

BlackGirl is an American pop/dance vocal trio consisting of Pam Copeland, Nycolia "Tye-V" Turman, and Rochelle Stuart from Atlanta, that formed in 1992 on the Kaper/RCA/BMG label.

The Clovers

The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s. They had a top 30 US hit in 1959 with the Leiber and Stoller song "Love Potion No. 9".

Galaxy Records was a record label founded in 1964 by Max and Sol Weiss in Berkeley, California. It was a division of Fantasy Records.

Little David Records

Little David Records was a record label started in 1969 by up-and-coming comedian Flip Wilson and his manager, veteran jazz producer Monte Kay. The label focused mainly on comedy albums, with some jazz and soft rock releases. Little David was independently distributed for its first year but was picked up by Atlantic Records for most of its existence, except for a year under Warner Bros. Records.

Johnny O is an American freestyle and dance-pop singer. He reached the Billboard charts in the late 1980s with the singles "Fantasy girl", "Memories" and "Runaway Love".

<i>Live in Japan</i> (Sarah Vaughan album) 1973 live album by Sarah Vaughan

Live in Japan is a 1973 live album by the American jazz singer Sarah Vaughan, recorded at the Nakano Sun Plaza Hall in Tokyo, Japan.

<i>Close Your Eyes</i> (Stacey Kent album) 1997 studio album by Stacey Kent

Close Your Eyes is jazz singer Stacey Kent's debut album, released in 1997 by Candid Records.

Lucky Lips is a song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. It was originally recorded by Ruth Brown in 1956 and was successfully covered by Cliff Richard in 1963.

<i>The Best of John Coltrane</i> 1970 greatest hits album by John Coltrane

The Best of John Coltrane is a 1970 compilation album released by Atlantic Records collecting recordings made by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. The album was released shortly after his death as a part of the "Atlantic Jazz Anthology"—a series of greatest hits compilations for Atlantic jazz artists—and features performances from his brief period recording for Atlantic with new liner notes by jazz journalist Nat Hentoff.

<i>Under Paris Skies</i> 1960 studio album by Andy Williams

Under Paris Skies is the seventh studio album by American pop singer Andy Williams and was released in the fall of 1960 by Cadence Records. This, his final LP for the label, is a collection of songs that Joseph Laredo describes in the liner notes of the CD release by Varèse Sarabande as "a delightful program of twelve compositions, selected by Williams, that proved an engaging mixture of genuine French popular songs and American-penned emulations."

Because (The Dave Clark Five song) 1964 single by The Dave Clark Five

"Because" is a song recorded by English rock band The Dave Clark Five from their third studio album American Tour (1964). Written by Dave Clark and singer Mike Smith, and produced by Adrian Clark, the song was originally the B-side to "Can't You See That She's Mine" in the UK.

CBS Records International

CBS Records International was the international arm of the Columbia Records unit of Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. (CBS) that was formed in 1961 and launched in 1962. Previously Columbia Records had been using other record companies to distribute Columbia recordings outside North America, such as Philips Records and its subsidiary Fontana in Europe.

"L'edera" is an Italian language song, written by Vincenzo D'Acquisto and Saverio Seracini. The song premiered at the 8th Sanremo Music Festival in 1958, being performed by Nilla Pizzi and Tonina Torrielli, with separate performances, and placing second in the competition, behind "Nel blu dipinto di blu", by Domenico Modugno and Johnny Dorelli. "L'edera" was later recorded by several artists, including Claudio Villa.

Frank Minion is an American jazz and bop singer, with some rhythm and blues and reggae influences. In 1954 he covered "How High the Moon" and "Sweet Lorraine". He later worked with Roland Alexander. In 1960 he released the album The Soft Land of Make Believe on the Victor Records label, accompanied by Bill Evans. Some of his best known recordings include "Introduction to Black Opium Street", "How Much Land ", and "Watermelon" (1960). He also did a notable cover of Cole Porter's "Night and Day".

Freedom Records was a jazz record label headed by Shel Safran and founded by Alan Bates as a division of Black Lion Records.

<i>Brandenburg Gate: Revisited</i> 1963 live album by The Dave Brubeck Quartet

Brandenburg Gate: Revisited is a studio album by The Dave Brubeck Quartet accompanied by an orchestra arranged by Howard Brubeck.

"Edge of Reality" is a song first recorded by Elvis Presley as part of the soundtrack for his 1968 motion picture Live a Little, Love a Little, released to cinemas on October 23.

"Aren’t You Glad You’re You?" is a 1945 popular standard composed by Jimmy Van Heusen, with lyrics by Johnny Burke. Van Heusen and Burke wrote the song for the film The Bells of St. Mary's, directed by Leo McCarey, and starring Bing Crosby and Ingrid Bergman in the main roles. Bing Crosby presents the song in the film.


  1. Nat Hentoff: on his life as a jazz critic, and memories of John Coltrane’s A Love Supreme | Jerry Jazz Musician
  2. Hentoff, Nat (1961). "THE NEGRO IN AMERICAN CULTURE". CrossCurrents, Summer 1961. University of North Carolina Press. 11 (3): 205–224. JSTOR   24456864.
  3. "The Birka Jazz Archive: Candid Records". Archived from the original on 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  4. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (12 September 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 8–. ISSN   0006-2510.
  5. Kernfeld, Barry (2002). Barry Kernfeld (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, vol. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 379. ISBN   1561592846.
  6. "The Candid Label Album Discography". August 28, 2003.
  7. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (12 September 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 8–. ISSN   0006-2510.
  8. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (7 November 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 6–. ISSN   0006-2510.
  9. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (19 September 1964). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 1–. ISSN   0006-2510.
  10. "Candid Records Catalog: 8000/9000 series". 2021.