Cassinia arcuata

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Cassinia arcuata
Cassinia arcuata.jpg
In Warrandyte
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cassinia
Species:
C. arcuata
Binomial name
Cassinia arcuata
Synonyms [1]

Cassinia paniculata Behr & F.Muell. ex Sond.

Habit Cassinia arctuata.jpg
Habit

Cassinia arcuata, commonly known as drooping cassinia, biddy bush, Chinese scrub, sifton bush [2] and Chinese shrub [3] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to Australia. It is a shrub, sometimes a small tree with sessile, linear leaves, and heads of up to two hundred brownish flowers arranged in pyramid-shaped panicles. In New South Wales, the species is known as Cassinia sifton . In disturbed areas, C. sifton can become weedy.

Contents

Description

Cassinia arcuata is a densely-branched, erect shrub or small tree that typically grows to a height of 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) but sometimes to 4 m (13 ft) with densely cottony-hairy branches and sometimes a curry-like aroma. The leaves are linear, 2.5–10 mm (0.098–0.394 in) long and 0.5–1 mm (0.020–0.039 in) wide with the edges rolled under. Up to two hundred heads are arranged in pyramid-shaped panicles 30–80 mm (1.2–3.1 in) long with involucral bracts about 4 mm (0.16 in) long in four whorls around each of two or three brownish florets. Flowering mostly occurs from January to May and the achenes are 0.8–1.0 mm (0.031–0.039 in) long with a pappus of twenty-two to twenty-eight bristles 1.5–3 mm (0.059–0.118 in) long. [2] [4] [5] [6]

Taxonomy and naming

Cassinia arcuata was first formally described in 1818 by Robert Brown in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London . [7] [8]

Cassinia sifton Orchard has been confused with C. arcuata and the National Herbarium of New South Wales lists only C. sifton as occurring in New South Wales. Plants of the World Online list both species as occurring in New South Wales. [5] [9] [10]

Richard Hind Cambage used the name "Sifting Bush" for this species in 1902, comparing the fallen florets to "the 'siftings' which are blown away from grain by a winnowing machine". That name has since been corrupted to 'Sifton bush' in the mistaken belief that it referred to a person named Sifton. [11] [12]

The National Herbarium of Victoria considers C. sifton to be "widespread and common" in Victoria and that records prior to 2017 refer to that species.

Distribution and habitat

According to the Australian Plant Census, C. arcuata occurs in Western Australiam South Australia, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory and Victoria. It grows in mallee and woodland and invades disturbed areas. [2] [6] [13]

Use in horticulture

This is an easily cultivated plant. It requires well-drained soils, grows in full or partial shade, but does not tolerate salt winds. It is not long-lived. [14]

Related Research Articles

<i>Cassinia</i> Genus of flowering plants

Cassinia is a genus of about fifty-two species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae that are native to Australia and New Zealand. Plants in the genus Cassinia are shrubs, sometimes small trees with leaves arranged alternately, and heads of white, cream-coloured, yellow or pinkish flowers surrounded by several rows of bracts.

<i>Goodenia ovata</i> Species of plant

Goodenia ovata, commonly called the hop goodenia, is a species of flowering plant and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a shrub with sticky, often varnished foliage, toothed egg-shaped to elliptic leaves and racemes or thyrses of yellow flowers.

<i>Olearia phlogopappa</i> Species of flowering plant

Olearia phlogopappa commonly known as the dusty daisy-bush or alpine daisy-bush is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae that is commonly found in eastern New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. It is a small shrub with greyish-green foliage, daisy-like flowers in white, pink or mauve that can be seen from spring to late summer.

<i>Bedfordia arborescens</i> Species of tree

Bedfordia arborescens, known as the blanket leaf, is a shrub or small tree of south eastern Australia. It occurs in or around temperate rainforests in areas of high altitude. The natural range of distribution on the mainland is from the Otway Ranges and Wilsons Promontory in the far south east of the Australian continent to Monga National Park near Braidwood, New South Wales. There is also an isolated occurrence in Tasmania on Cape Barren Island. Other common names are blanket bush, flannel leaf and tree blanketleaf.

<i>Cassinia aculeata</i> Species of plant

Cassinia aculeata, commonly known as common cassinia, dolly bush or dogwood , is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is an erect shrub with sessile, linear, variably-sized leaves, and heads of creamy-white to white flowers arranged in rounded cymes.

<i>Conospermum taxifolium</i> Species of Australian shrub in the family Proteaceae

Conospermum taxifolium, commonly known as variable smoke-bush, yew-leaf smoke bush or paint brush, is a plant in the family Proteaceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is an erect shrub with narrow elliptic to narrow egg-shaped leaves with the narrower end towards the base and panicles of cream-coloured to white, tube-shaped flowers.

<i>Eucalyptus moorei</i> Species of eucalyptus

Eucalyptus moorei, commonly known as narrow-leaved sally, is a species of mallee that is endemic to New South Wales. It has smooth bark, linear to narrow lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of between seven and fifteen, white flowers and cup-shaped or shortened spherical fruit.

<i>Geijera parviflora</i> Species of plant

Geijera parviflora, commonly known as wilga, is a species of shrub or small tree in the family Rutaceae and is endemic to inland parts of eastern Australia. It has drooping branches, linear to narrow lance-shaped leaves, small white flowers in loose panicles and spherical fruit containing a shiny black seed. Other vernacular names include Australian willow, native willow, sheepbush and dogwood.

<i>Hibbertia fasciculata</i> Species of flowering plant

Hibbertia fasciculata is a species of flowering plant in the family Dilleniaceae and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a small erect to spreading shrub with glabrous stems except on new growth, narrow linear leaves, and yellow flowers arranged in leaf axils, with eight to twelve stamens surrounding three carpels.

<i>Olearia floribunda</i> Species of plant

Olearia floribunda, commonly known as heath daisy-bush, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae.

<i>Homoranthus darwinioides</i> Species of flowering plant

Homoranthus darwinioides, commonly known as fairy bells, is a species of flowering plant in the family, Myrtaceae. It is a small, spreading shrub with pendulous yellow and pink flowers, grey-green leaves and is endemic to New South Wales.

<i>Prostanthera aspalathoides</i> Species of plant

Prostanthera aspalathoides, commonly known as scarlet mint-bush, is a species of flowering plant that is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a small shrub with hairy branches, cylindrical or linear to elliptic or oblong leaves and red, pinkish red, or orange flowers arranged singly in leaf axils.

<i>Sigesbeckia orientalis</i> Species of flowering plant

Sigesbeckia orientalis, commonly known as Indian weed or common St. Paul's wort, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. It is a small, upright, sparsely branched shrub with yellow flowers and widespread in Asia, Africa and Australia.

<i>Goodenia paniculata</i> Species of flowering plant

Goodenia paniculata, commonly known as branched goodenia, is a species of plant in the family Goodeniaceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a short-lived herb with egg-shaped to lance-shaped leaves with toothed edges and racemes of yellow flowers.

<i>Cassinia aureonitens</i> Species of flowering plant

Cassinia aureonitens, commonly known as the yellow cassinia is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern New South Wales. It is a shrub with elliptic leaves and heads of yellow flowers arranged in dense corymbs.

Cassinia compacta is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a shrub with densely hairy stems, linear leaves and heads of yellow flowers arranged in dense corymbs.

<i>Hakea lissosperma</i> Species of plant in the family Proteaceae from south eastern Australia

Hakea lissosperma, commonly known as needle bush and mountain needlewood, is a species of Hakea native to parts of south eastern Australia.

<i>Kunzea cambagei</i> Species of flowering plant

Kunzea cambagei, commonly known as the Cambage kunzea is a flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to a small area of New South Wales. It is a small shrub with egg-shaped leaves and clusters of cream-coloured to yellowish flowers near the end of the branches. It is only known from areas near Mount Werong in the Kanangra-Boyd National Park and Berrima.

<i>Olearia alpicola</i> Species of shrub

Olearia alpicola, commonly known as alpine daisy bush, is a shrub in the family Asteraceae and is found in mountainous terrain in New South Wales and Victoria in Australia. A small shrub with spreading branches and white daisy-like flowers.

Cassinia accipitrum is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern New South Wales. It is an erect shrub with spreading, dark green leaves that are covered with cottony hair on the underside, and heads of yellowish brown flowers arranged in rounded cymes.

References

  1. 1 2 "Cassinia arcuata". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 "Cassinia arcuata". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  3. "Cassinia arcuata". FloraBase . Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  4. "Cassinia arcuata". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  5. 1 2 "Cassinia sifton". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  6. 1 2 "Cassinia arcuata". Charles Sturt University. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  7. "Cassinia arcuata". Australian Plant Name Index. 9 June 2021.
  8. Brown, Robert (1818). "Observations on the natural family of plants called Compositae". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 12 (1): 128. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  9. "Cassinia sifton". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  10. "Cassinia arcuata". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  11. Cambage, Richard H. (1902). "Botany of the Interior of New South Wales". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 27: 194. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  12. "Cassinia arcuata". Australian Plant Name Index. 10 June 2021.
  13. "Sifton bush (Cassinia sifton)". New South Wales Government Department of Primary Industries. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  14. Scott, Rob; Blake, Neil; Campbell, Jeannie; Evans, Doug; Williams, Nicholas (2002). Indigenous Plants of the Sandbelt A Gardening Guide for South-eastern Melbourne. St Kilda: Gardners Books. p. 120. ISBN   095810090X.