Cassinia arcuata, commonly known as drooping cassinia, biddy bush, Chinese scrub, sifton bushand Chinese shrub is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to Australia. It is a shrub, sometimes a small tree with sessile, linear leaves, and heads of up to two hundred brownish flowers arranged in pyramid-shaped panicles. In New South Wales, the species is known as Cassinia sifton . In disturbed areas, C. sifton can become weedy.
Cassinia arcuata is a densely-branched, erect shrub or small tree that typically grows to a height of 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) but sometimes to 4 m (13 ft) with densely cottony-hairy branches and sometimes a curry-like aroma. The leaves are linear, 2.5–10 mm (0.098–0.394 in) long and 0.5–1 mm (0.020–0.039 in) wide with the edges rolled under. Up to two hundred heads are arranged in pyramid-shaped panicles 30–80 mm (1.2–3.1 in) long with involucral bracts about 4 mm (0.16 in) long in four whorls around each of two or three brownish florets. Flowering mostly occurs from January to May and the achenes are 0.8–1.0 mm (0.031–0.039 in) long with a pappus of twenty-two to twenty-eight bristles 1.5–3 mm (0.059–0.118 in) long.
Cassinia arcuata was first formally described in 1818 by Robert Brown in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London .
Cassinia sifton Orchard has been confused with C. arcuata and the National Herbarium of New South Wales lists only C. sifton as occurring in New South Wales. Plants of the World Online list both species as occurring in New South Wales.
Richard Hind Cambage used the name "Sifting Bush" for this species in 1902, comparing the fallen florets to "the 'siftings' which are blown away from grain by a winnowing machine". That name has since been corrupted to 'Sifton bush' in the mistaken belief that it referred to a person named Sifton.
The National Herbarium of Victoria considers C. sifton to be "widespread and common" in Victoria and that records prior to 2017 refer to that species.
According to the Australian Plant Census, C. arcuata occurs in Western Australiam South Australia, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory and Victoria. It grows in mallee and woodland and invades disturbed areas.
This is an easily cultivated plant. It requires well-drained soils, grows in full or partial shade, but does not tolerate salt winds. It is not long-lived.
Cassinia is a genus of about fifty-two species of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae that are native to Australia and New Zealand. Plants in the genus Cassinia are shrubs, sometimes small trees with leaves arranged alternately, and heads of white, cream-coloured, yellow or pinkish flowers surrounded by several rows of bracts.
Goodenia ovata, commonly called the hop goodenia, is a species of flowering plant and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a shrub with sticky, often varnished foliage, toothed egg-shaped to elliptic leaves and racemes or thyrses of yellow flowers.
Olearia phlogopappa commonly known as the dusty daisy-bush or alpine daisy-bush is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae that is commonly found in eastern New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. It is a small shrub with greyish-green foliage, daisy-like flowers in white, pink or mauve that can be seen from spring to late summer.
Bedfordia arborescens, known as the blanket leaf, is a shrub or small tree of south eastern Australia. It occurs in or around temperate rainforests in areas of high altitude. The natural range of distribution on the mainland is from the Otway Ranges and Wilsons Promontory in the far south east of the Australian continent to Monga National Park near Braidwood, New South Wales. There is also an isolated occurrence in Tasmania on Cape Barren Island. Other common names are blanket bush, flannel leaf and tree blanketleaf.
Cassinia aculeata, commonly known as common cassinia, dolly bush or dogwood , is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is an erect shrub with sessile, linear, variably-sized leaves, and heads of creamy-white to white flowers arranged in rounded cymes.
Conospermum taxifolium, commonly known as variable smoke-bush, yew-leaf smoke bush or paint brush, is a plant in the family Proteaceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is an erect shrub with narrow elliptic to narrow egg-shaped leaves with the narrower end towards the base and panicles of cream-coloured to white, tube-shaped flowers.
Eucalyptus moorei, commonly known as narrow-leaved sally, is a species of mallee that is endemic to New South Wales. It has smooth bark, linear to narrow lance-shaped or curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of between seven and fifteen, white flowers and cup-shaped or shortened spherical fruit.
Geijera parviflora, commonly known as wilga, is a species of shrub or small tree in the family Rutaceae and is endemic to inland parts of eastern Australia. It has drooping branches, linear to narrow lance-shaped leaves, small white flowers in loose panicles and spherical fruit containing a shiny black seed. Other vernacular names include Australian willow, native willow, sheepbush and dogwood.
Hibbertia fasciculata is a species of flowering plant in the family Dilleniaceae and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a small erect to spreading shrub with glabrous stems except on new growth, narrow linear leaves, and yellow flowers arranged in leaf axils, with eight to twelve stamens surrounding three carpels.
Olearia floribunda, commonly known as heath daisy-bush, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae.
Homoranthus darwinioides, commonly known as fairy bells, is a species of flowering plant in the family, Myrtaceae. It is a small, spreading shrub with pendulous yellow and pink flowers, grey-green leaves and is endemic to New South Wales.
Prostanthera aspalathoides, commonly known as scarlet mint-bush, is a species of flowering plant that is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a small shrub with hairy branches, cylindrical or linear to elliptic or oblong leaves and red, pinkish red, or orange flowers arranged singly in leaf axils.
Sigesbeckia orientalis, commonly known as Indian weed or common St. Paul's wort, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. It is a small, upright, sparsely branched shrub with yellow flowers and widespread in Asia, Africa and Australia.
Goodenia paniculata, commonly known as branched goodenia, is a species of plant in the family Goodeniaceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a short-lived herb with egg-shaped to lance-shaped leaves with toothed edges and racemes of yellow flowers.
Cassinia aureonitens, commonly known as the yellow cassinia is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern New South Wales. It is a shrub with elliptic leaves and heads of yellow flowers arranged in dense corymbs.
Cassinia compacta is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern Australia. It is a shrub with densely hairy stems, linear leaves and heads of yellow flowers arranged in dense corymbs.
Hakea lissosperma, commonly known as needle bush and mountain needlewood, is a species of Hakea native to parts of south eastern Australia.
Kunzea cambagei, commonly known as the Cambage kunzea is a flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to a small area of New South Wales. It is a small shrub with egg-shaped leaves and clusters of cream-coloured to yellowish flowers near the end of the branches. It is only known from areas near Mount Werong in the Kanangra-Boyd National Park and Berrima.
Olearia alpicola, commonly known as alpine daisy bush, is a shrub in the family Asteraceae and is found in mountainous terrain in New South Wales and Victoria in Australia. A small shrub with spreading branches and white daisy-like flowers.
Cassinia accipitrum is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae and is endemic to eastern New South Wales. It is an erect shrub with spreading, dark green leaves that are covered with cottony hair on the underside, and heads of yellowish brown flowers arranged in rounded cymes.