Revolution of 1989
Leader of the Christian Democratic Union
First Ministry and term
Second Ministry and term
Third Ministry and term
Fourth Ministry and term
The first Merkel cabinet (German: Kabinett Merkel I) was the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany from 22 November 2005 to 27 October 2009 throughout the 16th legislative session of the Bundestag.Led by Christian Democrat Angela Merkel, the first female Chancellor in German history, the cabinet was supported by a grand coalition between the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
It was installed following the 2005 federal election and succeeded the second Schröder cabinet.It ceased to function after the formation of second Merkel cabinet, which was installed after the 2009 federal elections and sworn in on 28 October 2009.
The federal cabinet consisted of the following ministers:
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Chancellor||Angela Merkel||22 November 2005||Merkel II||CDU|
|Vice-Chancellor||Franz Müntefering||22 November 2005||21 November 2007||SPD|
|Frank-Walter Steinmeier||21 November 2007||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Frank-Walter Steinmeier||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Labour and Social Affairs||Franz Müntefering||22 November 2005||21 November 2007||SPD|
|Olaf Scholz||21 November 2007||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety||Sigmar Gabriel||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Economics and Technology||Michael Glos||22 November 2005||10 February 2009||CSU|
|Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg||10 February 2009||27 October 2009||CSU|
|Minister of Defence||Franz Josef Jung||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||CDU|
|Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth||Ursula von der Leyen||22 November 2005||Merkel II||CDU|
|Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Chancellery||Thomas de Maizière||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||CDU|
|Minister of the Interior||Wolfgang Schäuble||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||CDU|
|Minister of Education and Research||Annette Schavan||22 November 2005||Merkel II||CDU|
|Minister of Health||Ulla Schmidt||12 January 2001||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection||Horst Seehofer||22 November 2005||31 October 2008||CSU|
|Ilse Aigner||31 October 2008||Merkel II||CSU|
|Minister of Finance||Peer Steinbrück||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs||Wolfgang Tiefensee||22 November 2005||27 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development||Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul||27 October 1998||28 October 2009||SPD|
|Minister of Justice||Brigitte Zypries||22 October 2002||27 October 2009||SPD|
Neither the coalitions of the CDU/CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) nor the ruling SPD and Alliance '90/The Greens had the vote of a majority of members of the Bundestag following the 2005 federal election, so the CDU/CSU and SPD decided to form the second grand coalition in the history of the federal republic.Both CDU/CSU and SPD achieved a similar percentage of votes at the election (35.2% and 34.2%, respectively), so they decided that each would receive eight cabinet seats (with six for the CDU and two for the CSU). On 13 October the SPD announced their future ministers and on 17 October the CDU/CSU announced theirs.
Edmund Stoiber of the CSU was to become the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, but refused the post on 1 November after a conflict with Angela Merkel over the abilities of the minister to succeed him, and chose to continue his state-level role in Bavaria.
The coalition agreement (Koalitionsvertrag), titled Together for Germany. With courage and humanity, was signed and accepted by the congress of the CDU, CSU, and SPD on 12, 13, and 14 November.Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of Germany on 22 November 2005 by 397 votes to 202. From that date the cabinet was officially in power.
The Christian Social Union in Bavaria is a Christian-democratic and conservative political party in Germany. The CSU operates only in Bavaria while its larger counterpart, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), operates in the other fifteen states of Germany. It differs from the CDU by being somewhat more conservative in social matters, following the Catholic social teaching. The CSU is considered the de facto successor of the Weimar-era Catholic Bavarian People's Party.
Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber is a German politician who served as the 16th Minister President of the state of Bavaria between 1993 and 2007 and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU) between 1999 and 2007. In 2002 he ran for the office of Chancellor of Germany in the federal election, but in one of the narrowest elections in German history lost against Gerhard Schröder. On 18 January 2007, he announced his decision to step down from the posts of minister-president and party chairman by 30 September, after having been under fire in his own party for weeks.
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