|Gerhardsen's First Cabinet |
Cabinet of Norway
|Date formed||25 June 1945|
|Date dissolved||5 November 1945|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Haakon VII of Norway|
|Head of government||Einar Gerhardsen|
|No. of ministers||15|
|Member party|| Labour Party |
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Outgoing formation||1945 parliamentary election|
|Successor||Gerhardsen's Second Cabinet|
Gerhardsen's First Cabinet, often called the Unification Cabinet (Norwegian : Samlingsregjeringen), was a Norwegian government appointed to serve under Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen between 25 June and 5 November 1945, in the aftermath of the Second World War.
The preceding Nygaardsvold's Cabinet had been appointed nine years earlier, but in 1940, just before scheduled elections, Norway was invaded by Germany, and the government had to flee to London. When the war was over, Nygaardsvold's Cabinet abdicated after returning to Norway, and a panpolitical, coalition government was appointed by King Haakon VII to sit until an election for the Parliament of Norway could be held.
The cabinet is noteworthy in Norwegian political history for being the first one to include a woman, Kirsten Hansteen, who was Consultative Councillor of State in the Ministry of Social Affairs, the only one ever to have members from the Communist Party of Norway (one of whom was Hansteen), and the only time the Labour Party sat in a coalition government before Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet was appointed in 2005.
The cabinet had the following members: 
|Prime Minister||Einar Gerhardsen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Trygve Lie||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Minister of Defence||Oscar Torp||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Minister of Finance||Gunnar Jahn||25 June – 5 November 1945||Resistance|
|Minister of Justice and the Police||Johan Cappelen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Conservative|
|Minister of Church Affairs and Education||Kaare Fostervoll||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Consultative Councillor of State|
for Church Affairs
|Conrad Bonnevie-Svendsen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Resistance|
|Minister of Agriculture||Einar Frogner||25 June – 5 November 1945||Agrarian|
|Minister of Trade||Lars Evensen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Minister of Provisioning and Reconstruction||Egil Offenberg||25 June – 5 November 1945||Conservative|
|Consultative Councillor of State|
for Finnmark Affairs
|Hans Gabrielsen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Liberal|
|Minister of Shipping||Tor Skjønsberg||25 June – 5 November 1945||Resistance|
|Minister of Labour||Johan Strand Johansen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Communist|
|Minister of Social Affairs||Sven Oftedal||25 June – 5 November 1945||Labour|
|Consultative Councillor of State|
for Social Affairs
|Kirsten Hansteen||25 June – 5 November 1945||Communist|
Einar Henry Gerhardsen was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party of Norway. He was Prime Minister for three periods, 1945–1951, 1955–1963 and 1963–1965. With 17 years in office, he is the longest serving Prime Minister in Norway since the introduction of parliamentarism. Many Norwegians often refer to him as "Landsfaderen" ; he is generally considered one of the main architects of the rebuilding of Norway after World War II. He also served as the second President of the Nordic Council in 1954.
Johan Nygaardsvold was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1935 to 1945. From 1940 until 1945, he oversaw the Norwegian Government-in-exile from London as head of the Nygaardsvold cabinet during the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.
The Labour Party, formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing red–green coalition from 2005–2013 and its leader Jens Stoltenberg served as Prime Minister. The party is currently led by Jonas Gahr Støre.
The Centre Party is an agrarian centrist political party in Norway. Founded in 1920 as the Nordic agrarian Farmers' Party, the party's policy is not based on any of the major ideologies of the 19th and 20th century. It has a focus on maintaining decentralised economic development and political decision-making.
The Kings Bay Affair was a political issue in Norway that reached its apex in 1963 and brought down the government of Einar Gerhardsen and formed the basis for non-socialist coalition politics in Norway that persisted to the end of the 20th century. The affair was a dramatic episode in Norwegian history that portended the end of the Gerhardsen dynasty and the emergence of a more articulate and coherent political alternative in the non-socialist camp. It is also credited with galvanizing the radical socialist wing of Norwegian politics in time for the EU debate nine years later.
Hans Julius Gabrielsen was a Norwegian jurist and politician for the Liberal Party. He is best known as County Governor of Finnmark and County Governor of Oppland, as well as Consultative Councillor of State for Finnmark Affairs in 1945.
Kirsten Hansteen was a Norwegian editor and librarian. She was appointed Minister of Social Affairs with Gerhardsen's First Cabinet in 1945 and was the first female member of cabinet in Norway.
Nils Hjelmtveit was a Norwegian educator and politician for the Labour Party. He was mayor of Stokken, MP from 1925 to 1930, Minister of Education and Church Affairs from 1935 to 1945 and County Governor of Aust-Agder from 1945 to 1961.
Olav Meisdalshagen was a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party best known for serving as the Norwegian Minister of Finance from December 1947 to November 1951 and as the Norwegian Minister of Agriculture from January 1955 to May 1956. He was also a Member of Parliament for a long time, being elected for the first time in parliamentary election of 1936 and serving until his death, except for the period between 1940 and 1945 when the Parliament of Norway was de facto defunct due to the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. His death in 1959 came halfway through his fifth term in Parliament, and shortly after a parliamentary speech.
Harald Viggo Hansteen was a Norwegian lawyer. He was executed during the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.
Nygaardsvold's Cabinet was appointed on 20 March 1935, the second Labour cabinet in Norway. It brought to an end the non-socialist minority Governments that had been dominating politics since the introduction of the parliamentary system in 1884, and replaced it with stable Labour Governments that, with the exception of during World War II, would last until the coalition cabinet Lyng in 1963.
Events in the year 1945 in Norway.
The Lyng Cabinet governed Norway between 28 August 1963 and 25 September 1963. It was the first in 28 years not to be led by the Norwegian Labour Party. It was a centre-right coalition government of the Conservative Party, Centre Party, Christian Democratic Party and Liberal Party led by John Lyng of the Conservative Party. It had fifteen members, of which five were from the Conservative Party, four were from the Centre Party, three were from the Christian Democratic Party and three were from the Liberal Party. Karen Grønn-Hagen was the cabinet's only female member.
Jens Mogens Boyesen was a Norwegian diplomat and politician for the Labour Party.
In Norway, a State Secretary is a partisan political position within the executive branch of government. Contrary to the position Secretary of State in many other countries, the Norwegian State Secretary does not head his or her Ministry, rather, they are second in rank to a Minister. Resembling a de facto vice minister, the State Secretary, however, cannot attend a Council of State, and does not act as a temporary Minister in case of illness or other leave of absence.
Labour government or Labor government may refer to:
| Norwegian Council of State |
Gerhardsen's Second Cabinet