|42nd Mayor of Charleston|
May 1869 –1871
|Preceded by||George Washington Clark|
|Succeeded by||Johann Andreas Wagener|
|Born||February 23,1813 |
|Died||January 4,1893 79) (aged|
|Spouse(s)||Ann Frances Ray|
|Alma mater||Dartmouth (1841)|
Gilbert Pillsbury was the Reconstruction mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,and he served one term from 1868 to 1871. He ran against William Pattonand Chancellor Lesesne. Due to election challenges,he was installed as mayor only in May 1869. He was again nominated for a second term in 1871, but lost to Johann Andreas Wagener.
Pillsbury attended Phillips Academy but did not graduate. He argued that the school's "vigorous pro-slavery restrictions" forced him to leave after he helped found an Abolitionist Society on campus. He joined over fifty students in advocating for abolition following lectures in 1834 by George Thompson (abolitionist) and William Lloyd Garrison on campus.He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1841 and served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1854.
Pillsbury was an abolitionist who,during the Civil War,headed to the South as an agent of the Freedman's Bureau. He was originally stationed in Hilton Head Island,South Carolina before moving to Charleston,South Carolina with his wife in October 1865.In Charleston,he worked to educate freed slaves and was placed in charge of abandoned property. In 1870,Pillsbury lived at 9 George St. (today a parking lot across from the Spoleto Festival USA Headquarters),and from 1872 to his death on January 4,1893,he lived in Massachusetts.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from the founding of the Republican Party in 1854 until the end of Reconstruction in the Compromise of 1877. They called themselves "Radicals" because of their goal of immediate,complete,permanent eradication of slavery,without compromise. They were opposed during the War by the contemporary moderate Republicans,and by the pro-slavery and anti-Reconstruction Democratic Party as well as liberals in the Northern United States during Reconstruction. Radicals led efforts after the war to establish civil rights for former slaves and fully implement emancipation. After weaker measures in 1866 resulted in violence against former slaves in the rebel states,Radicals pushed the Fourteenth Amendment and statutory protections through Congress. They opposed allowing ex-Confederate officers to retake political power in the Southern United States,and emphasized equality,civil rights and voting rights for the "freedmen",i.e. people who had been enslaved by state slavery laws within the United States,and then freed during or after the Civil War by the Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment.
Joseph Carter Abbott was a Union Army colonel during the American Civil War who was awarded the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers and a Republican United States Senator from the state of North Carolina between 1868 and 1871. During his career in private life he was a lawyer,newspaper editor and businessman. He also served as collector of the port of Wilmington,inspector of posts along the eastern line of the southern coast during the Rutherford B. Hayes Administration,and special agent of the United States Treasury Department.
Lawrence Academy at Groton is a private,nonsectarian,coeducational college preparatory boarding school located in Groton,Massachusetts,in the United States. Founded in 1792 by a group of fifty residents of Groton and Pepperell,Massachusetts as Groton Academy,and chartered in 1793 by Governor John Hancock,Lawrence is the tenth oldest boarding school in the United States,and the third in Massachusetts,following Governor Dummer Academy (1763) and Phillips Academy at Andover (1778). The phrase on Lawrence Academy's seal is "Omnibus Lucet":in Latin,"Let light shine upon all."
Parker Pillsbury was an American minister and advocate for abolition and women's rights.
Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs,II was an American Presbyterian minister who served as Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida,and along with Josiah Thomas Walls,U.S. Congressman from Florida,was among the most powerful black officeholders in the state during Reconstruction. An African-American who served during the Reconstruction era he was the first and so far only black Florida Secretary of State.
The dean of the United States Senate is an informal term for the senator with the longest continuous service,regardless of party affiliation. This is not an official position within the Senate,although customarily the longest-serving member of the majority party serves as president pro tempore.
Frederic Thomas Greenhalge was a British-born lawyer and politician in the United States state of Massachusetts. He served in the United States House of Representatives and was the state's 38th governor. He was elected three consecutive times,but died early in his third term. He was the state's first foreign-born governor.
Scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders who served during the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877) after passage of the Reconstruction Acts in 1867 and 1868 as well as in the years after Reconstruction before white supremacy,disenfranchisement,and the Democratic Party fully reasserted control in Southern states. Historian Canter Brown,Jr. noted that in some states,such as Florida,the highest number of African Americans were elected or appointed to offices after 1877 and the end of Reconstruction. The following is a partial list some of the most notable of the officeholders pre–1900.
Henry Howland Crapo was a businessman and politician who was the 14th Governor of Michigan from 1865–1869,during the end of the American Civil War and the beginning of Reconstruction.
Ammi Burnham Young was a 19th-century American architect whose commissions transitioned from the Greek Revival to the Neo-Renaissance styles. His design of the second Vermont State House brought him fame and success,which eventually led him to become the first Supervising Architect of the U.S. Treasury Department. As federal architect,he was responsible for creating across the United States numerous custom houses,post offices,courthouses and hospitals,many of which are today on the National Register. His traditional architectural forms lent a sense of grandeur and permanence to the new country's institutions and communities. Young pioneered the use of iron in construction.
John Robert French was an American publisher,editor and Republican politician. He served as a Congressional Representative from North Carolina,as Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate and as a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives during the 1860s.
Nathaniel Peabody Rogers was an American attorney turned abolitionist writer,who served,from June 1838 until June 1846,as editor of the New England anti-slavery newspaper Herald of Freedom.
William Cogswell was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was appointed to the grade of brevet brigadier general,U.S. Volunteers.
Samuel J. F. Thayer (1842–1893) was an American architect,notable for designing buildings such as the Providence City Hall and the Cathedral of St. George,as well as the town halls of Brookline,Stoughton,and Methuen,Massachusetts.
George Washington Clark was the forty-first mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving from 1868 until 1869 when the South Carolina Supreme Court confirmed the validity of the election he lost to Gilbert Pillsbury.
Peter Charles Gaillard was the thirty-eighth mayor of Charleston,South Carolina,serving in 1865-1868. He was the last mayor elected before the Civil War.
George Alfred Pillsbury was a businessman and miller associated with the formation of the Pillsbury Company. He was also a Republican politician active in both New Hampshire and Minnesota.
Pillsbury,also spelled Pilsbury,is a surname. Notable people with the name include: