The Horse ( ⾺ ) is the seventh of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. There is a long tradition of the Horse in Chinese mythology. Certain characteristics of the Horse nature are supposed to be typical of or to be associated with either a year of the Horse and its events,or in regard to the personality of someone born in such a year. Horse aspects can also enter by other chronomantic factors or measures,such as hourly. The year of the horse is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 午 .
The lunar calendar paved the sequence of the Chinese zodiac animals. This calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C. Myths say that Emperor Huangdi,the first Chinese emperor,in 2637 B.C. invented the Chinese lunar calendar,which follows the cycles of the moon. In a folklore story that explains the origins of the cycle,the animals hold a race to determine their order. The custom of pairing an animal with a year in a 12-year cycle can be traced back to at least the Han dynasty (201 BC –220 AD),and there are many legends and folktales surrounding the 12 zodiac animals,which are often depicted in East Asian art and design. A group of Chinese figures in our collection shows the zodiac animals with human bodies but animal heads. This way of portraying them became popular in the Tang dynasty (8th century).
The use of animals to mark the years originated in China and spread throughout East and Central Asia. Some animals were adapted in line with local species –for example,the central Asian Turkic peoples replaced tiger with leopard,pig with elephant,and rat with camel. Vietnam uses a water buffalo instead of an ox,and a cat instead of a rabbit. Variations of the zodiac animals remain popular across East Asia and Southeast Asia,as countries such as Japan,South Korea,Vietnam,Cambodia and Thailand all celebrate the Lunar New Year. New Year's decorations often feature that year's animal,and the zodiac animals feature abundantly in art and design from these regions.
Men born in the year of the horse are independent and crave freedom. They are easygoing and treats everyone sincerely. They also often overestimate themselves. Even if they know what their faults are,it’s hard for them to change. Women born in the Horse year are beautiful and give off a refreshing aura. Sometimes they are gentle ponies,other times they can become wild stallions. Regardless,they are impressive and good at what they do. Motivation and help from others aren’t important. As long as they’re doing what they like,they will succeed. They can be chatterboxes and have a clear division between like and dislike. However,they are usually indecisive. Rather than having a clear plan,they leave things to fate. People with the horse zodiac loves jobs that are constantly changing. Rather than a simple and routine job,Horses are more suitable for technical and effective work. Some examples include journalism,sales and translating. This makes strong candidates as politicians and critics.
People born within these date ranges can be said to have been born in the "Year of the Horse",while also bearing the following elemental sign:
|Start date||End date||Heavenly branch|
|25 January 1906||12 February 1907||Fire Horse|
|11 February 1918||31 January 1919||Earth Horse|
|30 January 1930||16 February 1931||Metal Horse|
|15 February 1942||4 February 1943||Water Horse|
|3 February 1954||23 January 1955||Wood Horse|
|21 January 1966||8 February 1967||Fire Horse|
|7 February 1978||27 January 1979||Earth Horse|
|27 January 1990||14 February 1991||Metal Horse|
|12 February 2002||31 January 2003||Water Horse|
|31 January 2014||18 February 2015||Wood Horse|
|17 February 2026||5 February 2027||Fire Horse|
|4 February 2038||23 January 2039||Earth Horse|
|23 January 2050||10 February 2051||Metal Horse|
|9 February 2062||28 January 2063||Water Horse|
|27 January 2074||14 February 2075||Wood Horse|
|14 February 2086||2 February 2087||Fire Horse|
|1 February 2098||20 January 2099||Earth Horse|
|Earthly Branches of Birth Year:||Wu|
|The Five Elements:||Fire|
The snake is the sixth of the twelve-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Snake is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 巳.
Thrinax is a genus in the palm family, native to the Caribbean. It is closely related to the genera Coccothrinax, Hemithrinax and Zombia. Flowers are small, bisexual and are borne on small stalks.
Zombia antillarum, commonly known as the zombie palm, is a species of palm tree and the only member of the genus Zombia. It is endemic to the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles. Usually found in dry, hilly areas of northern and southern Haiti and the northwest of the Dominican Republic, Z. antillarum is a relatively short fan palm with clustered stems and a very distinctive appearance caused by its persistent spiny leaf sheaths. Threatened by habitat destruction in Haiti, Z. antillarum is a popular ornamental species due to its distinctive appearance, low maintenance requirements and salt tolerance.
Rodrigo Bernal González is a Colombian botanist who specialises in the palm family. Bernal was a faculty member at the Institute of Natural Sciences, National University of Colombia until 2007. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Aarhus, Denmark, in 1996. He was general curator of the National Colombian Herbarium (1986-1987), and editor of the scientific journal Caldasia.
Mastigias is a genus of true jellyfish in the family Mastigiidae. It contains seven described species. Members of this genus are found widely in coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific, including saline lakes of Palau, but there are also records from the West Atlantic at Florida and Puerto Rico. The West Atlantic records are most likely the result of accidental introductions by humans.
Chelyocarpus is a genus of small to medium-sized fan palms which are native to northwestern South America. Some are upright trees, while others creep along the ground. Species are used for thatch, to weave hats, stuff pillows and as a source of salt.
Itaya amicorum is a medium-size fan palm that is native to Brazil, Colombia and Peru. It is the only species in the genus Itaya. It was unknown to science until 1972, when it was discovered on the bank of the Itaya River in the Peruvian Amazon.
Schippia concolor, the mountain pimento or silver pimeto, is a medium-sized palm species that is native to Belize and Guatemala. Named for its discoverer, Australian botanist William A. Schipp, the species is threatened by habitat loss. It is the sole species in the genus Schippia.
Trithrinax is a genus of flowering plants in the subfamily Coryphoideae of the family Arecaceae. The name is derived from ancient Greek, where tri means three, and thrinax trident. It was named in 1837 by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, a German botanist and explorer.
The Chinese zodiac is a traditional classification scheme based on the lunar calendar that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating twelve-year cycle. Originating from China, the zodiac and its variations remain popular in many East Asian and Southeast Asian countries, such as Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Nepal, Bhutan and Thailand.
Leucothrinax morrisii, the Key thatch palm, is a small palm which is native to the Greater Antilles, northern Lesser Antilles, The Bahamas and Florida and the Florida Keys in the United States.
The Coryphoideae is one of five subfamilies in the palm family, Arecaceae. It contains all of the genera with palmate leaves, excepting Mauritia, Mauritiella and Lepidocaryum, all of subfamily Calamoideae, tribe Lepidocaryeae, subtribe Mauritiinae. However, all Coryphoid palm leaves have induplicate (V-shaped) leaf folds, while Calamoid palms have reduplicate leaf folds. Pinnate leaves do occur in Coryphoideae, in Phoenix, Arenga, Wallichia and bipinnate in Caryota.
Corypheae is a tribe of palm trees in the subfamily Coryphoideae. In previous classifications, tribe Corypheae included four subtribes: Coryphinae, Livistoninae, Thrinacinae and Sabalinae, but recent phylogenetic studies have led to the genera within these subtribes being transferred into other tribes. Tribe Corypheae is now restricted to the genus Corypha alone.
Cryosophileae is a tribe of palms in the subfamily Coryphoideae. The tribe ranges from southern South America, through Central America, into Mexico and the Caribbean. It includes New World genera formerly included in the tribe Thrinacinae, which was split after molecular phylogenetic studies showed that Old World and New World members of the tribe were not closely related.
Caryoteae is a tribe in the palm family Arecaceae, distributed across Southeast Asia, from southern India and Sri Lanka east to Vanuatu and northernmost Queensland, Australia. It was long considered a member of subfamily Arecoideae on the basis of its inflorescences, which resemble those of tribe Iriarteeae, and the flowers arranged in triads, which are common across Arecoideae. However, phylogenetic studies based on DNA repeatedly link Caryoteae to subfamily Coryphoideae. Caryoteae do have leaves with induplicate folds, a feature found in most Coryphoid palms, but unlike most Coryphoideae, the leaves are pinnate or bipinnate (Caryota). Phoenix is the only other Coryphoid genus with induplicate, pinnate leaves.
Borasseae is a tribe in the palm subfamily Coryphoideae. The tribe ranges from southern Africa and Madagascar north through the Arabian Peninsula to India, Indochina, Indonesia and New Guinea. Several genera are restricted to islands in the Indian Ocean. The two largest genera, Hyphaene and Borassus, are also the most widespread.
Chuniophoeniceae is a tribe of palms in subfamily Coryphoideae of plant family Arecaceae. The four genera within the tribe are morphologically dissimilar and do not have overlapping distributions. Three of the genera are monotypic, while the fourth genus (Chuniophoenix) has three species.
Trachycarpeae is a tribe of palms in subfamily Coryphoideae of the plant family Arecaceae. It has the widest distribution of any tribe in Coryphoideae and is found on all continents, though the greatest concentration of species is in Southeast Asia. Trachycarpeae includes palms from both tropical and subtropical zones; the northernmost naturally-occurring palm is a member of this tribe. Several genera can be found in cultivation in temperate areas, for example species of Trachycarpus, Chamaerops, Rhapidophyllum and Washingtonia.
Sabinaria magnifica is a species of palm tree and the only member of the genus Sabinaria. Native to the Darién Gap on the border between Colombia and Panama, it grows from 1 to 6 metres tall with large, deeply-divided leaf blades. It has been described as "striking", "spectacular" and "beautiful" by taxonomists.