JK Flesh

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JK Flesh
JK Flesh at Roadburn festival.png
Justin Broadrick performing as JK Flesh at Roadburn 2012
Background information
Origin Birmingham, England, UK
Years active2012present
Labels Avalanche Recordings
Electric Deluxe
Hospital Productions
Downwards Records
Associated acts Techno Animal, Zonal, Council Estate Electronics, The Sidewinder, Solaris, Krackhead
Website Official website
Members Justin Broadrick

JK Flesh is a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick employed for his solo work within electronic music. [1] Broadrick's usage of the title spans back to his work in the 1990s with Kevin Martin in Techno Animal, but he first released a solo studio album as JK Flesh in 2012. [2] Unlike Broadrick's most well-known projects, Godflesh and Jesu, his work as JK Flesh is electronic and (apart from Posthuman ) lacks metal riffs. [3] Over the years, the project has shifted into a more minimal and dub sound while retaining its industrial influences.

Justin Broadrick Record producer, musician, singer

Justin Karl Michael Broadrick is a British singer, songwriter, guitarist and drummer. He is best known as a founding member of the band Godflesh, one of the first bands to combine elements of extreme metal and industrial music. He was briefly in the English grindcore band Napalm Death when he was a teenager in the mid-1980s, writing and recording guitar for Side One of Napalm Death's debut album, Scum. Broadrick has also maintained a parallel career as a producer, producing records and remixes for groups such as Pantera, Isis, Mogwai and Hydra Head labelmates Pelican. Since 2012, he has been releasing hard techno music under the solo moniker JK Flesh. Broadrick has set up record labels such as HeadDirt, Avalanche Recordings, Post Mortem Productions, Lo Fibre and Heartache.

Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology. In general, a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means, and that produced using electronics only. Electromechanical instruments include mechanical elements, such as strings, hammers, and so on, and electric elements, such as magnetic pickups, power amplifiers and loudspeakers. Examples of electromechanical sound producing devices include the telharmonium, Hammond organ, and the electric guitar, which are typically made loud enough for performers and audiences to hear with an instrument amplifier and speaker cabinet. Pure electronic instruments do not have vibrating strings, hammers, or other sound-producing mechanisms. Devices such as the theremin, synthesizer, and computer can produce electronic sounds.

Kevin Martin (British musician) English dubstep musician

Kevin Martin is a musician, record producer and journalist, often known under his recording alias The Bug from England, UK. Martin moved from Weymouth to London around 1990 and is now currently based in Berlin, Germany. He has been active for over two decades, in the genres of dub, jazzcore, industrial hip hop, dancehall, and dubstep.


As JK Flesh, Broadrick has released three studio albums, five EPs, a split album with Prurient, and a number of remixes. [4]



In the early 1990s, Justin Broadrick became interested in producing hip hop and drum and bass music. [5] While this influence is felt in some of his more prominent releases, like in Godflesh's 1991 EP Slavestate and 1992 album Pure , [6] Broadrick fully explored these genres privately in a solo capacity or incorporated the work into his collaborative projects such as Techno Animal with Kevin Martin. A few of these experiments saw release within various compilation albums, others such as his short lived projects Tech-Level 2 and Youpho saw releases on British jungle label Hardleaders. Broadrick himself briefly ran a minimal techno label in the late 90s called Lo Fibre through which he released EPs of his projects Solaris B.C. with Diarmuid Dalton and The Sidewinder with Martin. [5] A portion of this material was rereleased compiled under the name The Lo Fibre Companion (1998) on Invisible Records. Broadrick and Dalton would later play together in Jesu and release three albums together as Council Estate Electronics, an analog synthesizer project inspired by Shard End where they grew up in. [7] [8]

Hip hop subculture including music, dance and graffiti

Hip hop or hip-hop, is a culture and art movement that was created by African Americans, Latino Americans and Caribbean Americans in the Bronx, New York City. The origin of the name is often disputed. It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx. While the term hip hop is often used to refer exclusively to hip hop music, hip hop is characterized by nine elements, of which only four elements are considered essential to understand hip hop musically. The main elements of hip hop consist of four main pillars. Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, coining the terms: "rapping", a rhythmic vocal rhyming style (orality); DJing, which is making music with record players and DJ mixers ; b-boying/b-girling/breakdancing (movement/dance); and graffiti. Other elements of hip hop subculture and arts movements beyond the main four are: hip hop culture and historical knowledge of the movement (intellectual/philosophical); beatboxing, a percussive vocal style; street entrepreneurship; hip hop language; and hip hop fashion and style, among others. The fifth element, although debated, is commonly considered either street knowledge, hip hop fashion, or beatboxing.

Drum and bass, is a genre and branch of electronic music characterised by fast breakbeats with heavy bass and sub-bass lines, sampled sources, and synthesizers.

<i>Slavestate</i> 1991 EP by Godflesh

Slavestate is an EP by industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released in July 1991 through Earache Records. The EP saw the band experimenting with more samples and electronic sounds than their predominantly industrial metal prior releases.

Solo releases

In 2009 Broadrick compiled some of the JK Flesh tracks he created from 1997 to 1999 in an album named From Hell released under the title Krackhead, but it wasn't until 2012 that he fully embarked on the project. [9] In an interview, Broadrick estimated around 17,000 electronic tracks that had created between 1990 and 2012 and were sitting in his archives. [10] Regarding JK Flesh's inception, Broadrick said:

JK Flesh performing in 2013 JK Flesh performing in 2013.png
JK Flesh performing in 2013

JK Flesh was also conceived as the antithesis of Broadrick's more melodically driven electronica project Pale Sketcher, with JK Flesh constituting "the angry, hateful, disenchanted side of [...] electronic beat-driven, bass-driven music". It is also an "electronic continuation" of Greymachine (his project with Aaron Turner from the band Isis), a "monolith of nasty, bloated sounding shit". [11]

Electronica encompasses a broad group of electronic-based styles such as techno, house, ambient, jungle and other electronic music styles intended not just for dancing.

Greymachine is an experimental music project founded in 2006. It is led by Godflesh and Jesu frontman Justin Broadrick. The act also features Isis frontman and guitarist Aaron Turner, Jesu bassist Diarmuid Dalton and Head of David bassist Dave Cochrane.

Aaron Turner American musician, artist and record label owner

Aaron Turner is an American musician, singer, graphic artist, and founder of label Hydra Head Records. He is most widely known for his role as guitarist and vocalist for the post-metal bands SUMAC and Isis, while also participating in several other bands and projects such as Old Man Gloom, Lotus Eaters and Split Cranium, a collaboration with Jussi Lehtisalo of Finnish band Circle who toured with Isis in 2009.

As a project for Broadrick to fully explore niche areas of electronic and dub music, JK Flesh eschews many conventions that he and his listeners had become used to. The project's debut album, Posthuman (2012), still features heavily downtuned guitars, thick distortion, and a bleak mood–aspects all common in Broadrick's other music–but the beats are less industrial and more dance- and techno-oriented. [12] The heavy guitars ultimately weren't his "long term [...] vision for [the] project" though, [3] and were instead added based on the label's suggestion. [10]

Dub is a genre of electronic music that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre, though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae. The style consists predominantly of instrumental remixes of existing recordings and is achieved by significantly manipulating and reshaping the recordings, usually through the removal of vocals, emphasis of the rhythm section, the application of studio effects such as echo and reverb, and the occasional dubbing of vocal or instrumental snippets from the original version or other works. It was an early form of popular electronic music.

<i>Posthuman</i> (album) 2012 studio album by JK Flesh

Posthuman is the debut studio album by JK Flesh, a solo moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released on 7 May 2012 through 3BY3. Though Broadrick had been creating music under the title of JK Flesh since the early 1990s, Posthuman marked the first release of the project.

JK Flesh's following releases ventured further into extreme distortion and drum and bass with the Nothing Is Free EP (2015) and the second album, Rise Above (2016). [13] The EPs Exit Stance (2017) and PI04 (2018) adopted a more purely techno sound. [14] Following another EP in 2018 titled Wasplike , [15] JK Flesh's third studio album, New Horizon , was released on 28 September 2018. [16]


Broadrick's electronic work was informed by the early rave parties he attended in the early 90s seeing Jeff Mills, Robert Hood, Plastikman and Aphex Twin as well as his friendship with fellow Brummie Karl O'Connor better known as Regis, the head of Downwards Records. [5] Broadrick also went on to call Dillinja his "favorite producer of filthy bass and cutting breakbeats, absolutely direct, textures unlike any, the ultimate DnB producer". [17] Broadrick has also credited Moritz von Oswald's dub techno projects Basic Channel and Maurizio as well as his record label Chain Reaction as a main influence on JK Flesh. [18]

JK Flesh's sound has also been compared to Andy Stott and Ancient Methods. [13]

Discography [4] [19]

Studio albums

Live albums


Split releases




Related Research Articles

Final (band) band

Final is a project of Justin Broadrick, creator of the band Godflesh, which he started when he was just 13 years old. Unlike Godflesh, Final is primarily electronic in nature, taking on a space-like, dark ambient sound.

Techno Animal is an industrial hip hop duo formed in 1990 in London, England by British composers and musicians Justin Broadrick and Kevin Martin. The name addresses the concept of a technological animal and is not a direct reference to the techno genre.

<i>Selfless</i> (album) 1994 studio album by Godflesh

Selfless is the third studio album by British industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released on 26 September 1994 in Europe and on 18 October 1994 through Earache and Columbia Records. Being the band's major-label debut, the record features a more conventional and rock-oriented sound compared to Godflesh's previous releases. It spawned two singles, "Xnoybis" and "Crush My Soul". The music video for the latter was directed by photographer Andres Serrano.

<i>Us and Them</i> (Godflesh album) 1999 studio album by Godflesh

Us and Them is the fifth studio album by English band Godflesh. It was released through Earache Records on 17 May 1999 in Europe and on 8 June 1999 in North America. As with Godflesh's 1997 remix album Love and Hate in Dub, Us and Them is influenced by breakbeats, drum and bass, oldschool jungle, trip hop and hip hop.

<i>Godflesh</i> (EP) 1988 EP by Godflesh

Godflesh is the debut extended play (EP) by English industrial metal band Godflesh. It was originally released in 1988 through Swordfish Records and later saw several reissues on Earache Records with two additional songs. An unexpected underground success, the eponymous EP made it onto the UK Indie Chart and peaked at position 20. Though not supported by any singles or music videos at the time, a fan-made video for "Avalanche Master Song" has since been made official by the band.

<i>Merciless</i> (EP) 1994 EP by Godflesh

Merciless is an EP released by industrial metal band Godflesh in 1994 through Earache and Columbia. In 1996, the EP was reissued along with the Selfless (1994) album as the compilation Selfless/Merciless.

Justin Broadrick discography

This is a partial discography of Justin Broadrick, a prolific English songwriter, guitarist, singer, producer and general multi-instrumentalist musician most known for being the leading force of the industrial metal band Godflesh. Broadrick is also recognized for his experimental project Jesu, his key contributions to the seminal grindcore album Scum (1987) by Napalm Death, and his strong presence in the electronic and industrial remix community.

<i>Love and Hate in Dub</i> 1997 remix album by Godflesh

Love and Hate in Dub is remix album by industrial metal band Godflesh released on 24 June 1997 through Earache Records. The remixed songs are sourced from their 1996 album Songs of Love and Hate, and they adopt a more ambient, dub and drum and bass flavor.

<i>Decline & Fall</i> (EP) 2014 EP by Godflesh

Decline & Fall is an EP by English industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released on 2 June 2014 through frontman Justin Broadrick's own record label, Avalanche Recordings. The EP is the second release by Godflesh since Hymns (2001), following the 2013 single "F.O.D. ". It precedes the group's seventh studio album, A World Lit Only by Fire (2014), and the two were recorded in the same sessions.

<i>Nothing Is Free</i> 2015 EP by JK Flesh

Nothing Is Free is the debut EP of JK Flesh, a pseudonym of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was self-released digitally by Avalanche Recordings on a pay what you want basis on 7 September 2015. It is Broadrick's third release under the JK Flesh title, following the debut studio album, Posthuman (2012), and a split album with Prurient, Worship Is the Cleansing of the Imagination (2012).

<i>Rise Above</i> (JK Flesh album) 2016 studio album by JK Flesh

Rise Above is the second studio album by JK Flesh, a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released digitally and on vinyl on 3 June 2016 through the label Electric Deluxe under the designation EDLX.048. It is Broadrick's fourth release under the JK Flesh title and continues the sparse, drum and bass style of Nothing Is Free, the EP released a year earlier.

<i>Post Self</i> 2017 studio album by Godflesh

Post Self is the eighth studio album by English industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released on 17 November 2017 through frontman Justin Broadrick's own record label, Avalanche Recordings, and was the band's second album since reforming in 2010. The single "Post Self" was released for streaming on 31 October 2017, and a second track, "Be God", was released for streaming on 11 November 2017, six days in advance of the full release. Godflesh avoided interviews in the wake of Post Self, hoping to retain some of the album's purity and give listeners a chance to digest the music in a vacuum.

<i>Exit Stance</i> 2017 EP by JK Flesh

Exit Stance is an EP by JK Flesh, a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released on November 30, 2017 through Downwards Records as a digital download and as a vinyl. Described as more dance-oriented than the previous JK Flesh EP, Nothing Is Free, Exit Stance covers themes of "whiteout, transcendence and self-annihilation."

<i>PI04</i> 2018 EP by JK Flesh

PI04 is the fourth EP by JK Flesh, a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released on 2 February 2018 through Pi Electronics. The EP features a remix by American DJ and producer Silent Servant. This is the fourth release of the Pi Electronics label, and was made available as a limited LP.

<i>New Horizon</i> (JK Flesh album) 2018 studio album by JK Flesh

New Horizon is the third studio album by JK Flesh, a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick. It was released digitally and on vinyl on 28 September 2018 through the label Electric Deluxe under the designation EDLX.058. The album was preceded by streams of the tracks "Different Species" and "External Transmission Stage" in June and August 2018 respectively.

<i>Wasplike</i> 2018 techno album by JK Flesh

Wasplike is the fifth EP by JK Flesh, a moniker of English musician Justin Broadrick, and was released on 15 June 2018. It was his first release on Manchester techno label Inner Surface Music. The EP was inspired by the drum and bass works of Dillinja, amongst others.


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  2. "JK Flesh at Bandcamp". Bandcamp . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  3. 1 2 Raggett, Ned. "Songs of the 'Flesh – The Strange World of... Justin Broadrick". The Quietus . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  4. 1 2 "JK Flesh at Discogs". Discogs . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "An Interview With JK Flesh". The Brvtalist. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  6. Raggett, Ned. "Godflesh – Pure". AllMusic . Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  7. https://councilestateelectronics.bandcamp.com/
  8. https://glacialmovements.bandcamp.com/album/arktika
  9. From Hell (digital liner notes). Krackhead. Avalanche Recordings. 2009. AREC013. Retrieved 12 June 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. 1 2 Broadrick, Justin (21 April 2018). "EX.406 Justin Broadrick – Kicking against the pricks with the Birmingham prodigy". Resident Advisor (Interview). Interviewed by Holly Dicker. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  11. Dicker, Holly. "Playing Favourites: Justin Broadrick". Resident Advisor . Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  12. Kennedy, Joe. "JK Flesh, Posthuman". The Quietus . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  13. 1 2 Farrar, Justin. "JK Flesh – Rise Above". Resident Advisor . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  14. Ryce, Andrew. "JK Flesh – Exit Stance". Resident Advisor . Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  15. Farrar, Justin. "JK Flesh – Wasplike EP". Resident Advisor . Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  16. "Speedy J's Electric Deluxe Announces JK Flesh Album, 'New Horizon'". XLR8R . Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  17. "NE116: Justin Broadrick Makes Us a Mix of Twisted Drum & Bass Tracks". Self-Titled. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  18. Biazzetti, Claudio. "The Techno Dub According to JK Flesh". Rolling Stone (in Italian). Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  19. "JK Flesh at Soundcloud". Soundcloud . Retrieved 29 November 2017.