Last updated
Bandcamp, Inc.
Type of site
FoundedSeptember 16, 2008;10 years ago (2008-09-16)
Headquarters Oakland, California, U.S.
  • Ethan Diamond
  • Shawn Grunberger
  • Joe Holt
  • Neal Tucker
Key peopleEthan Diamond (CEO)
Shawn Grunberger (CTO)
IndustryMusic streaming, music purchasing
Alexa rankDecrease Positive.svg 532 (April 2018) [1]

Bandcamp is an American online music company founded in 2008 by former Oddpost [2] co-founder Ethan Diamond and programmers Shawn Grunberger, Joe Holt and Neal Tucker, [3] [4] [5] [6] headquartered in Oakland, California. [7]

A dot-com company, or simply a dot-com, is a company that does most of its business on the Internet, usually through a website on the World Wide Web that uses the popular top-level domain ".com". The suffix .com in the URL refers to commercial as opposed to non-commercial companies such as non-profit organizations that use .org. Since the .com companies are web-based, most of their products/services are delivered via web-based mechanisms even when physical products are involved. On the other hand, some .com companies do not offer any physical products at all.

Music form of art using sound

Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch, rhythm, dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture. Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική . See glossary of musical terminology.

Oddpost was a pay-for webmail service, in 2002, that pioneered the use of JavaScript to mimic a desktop mail application, the first notable foray into using Ajax methodologies for webmail. Ajax techniques minimized the amount of data sent during an email session by sending "Datapacks" instead of reloading the whole interface on every click like a traditional webmail service. This made the service much faster, at the time, than its counterparts.



Artists and labels upload music to Bandcamp and control how they sell it, setting their own prices, offering fans the option to pay more (which they do 40% of the time [8] ) and selling merchandise.

Fans can download their purchases or stream their music on the Bandcamp app. They can also send purchased music as a gift, [9] view lyrics, and save individual songs or albums to a wish list. Uploading music to Bandcamp is free, and the company takes a 15% cut of sales made from their website (in addition to payment processing fees), which drops to 10% after an artist's sales surpass $5000. [10]

A payment processor is a company appointed by a merchant to handle transactions from various channels such as credit cards and debit cards for merchant acquiring banks. They are usually broken down into two types: front-end and back-end.

Downloads are offered both in lossy formats as MP3 (320k or V0), AAC and Ogg Vorbis and in lossless formats as FLAC, ALAC, WAV and AIFF. [11] In addition to digital downloads artists may offer the purchase of their music on physical media such as CD or vinyl.

MP3 is a coding format for digital audio. Originally defined as the third audio format of the MPEG-1 standard, it was retained and further extended—defining additional bit-rates and support for more audio channels—as the third audio format of the subsequent MPEG-2 standard. A third version, known as MPEG 2.5—extended to better support lower bit rates—is commonly implemented, but is not a recognized standard.

Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is an audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression. Designed to be the successor of the MP3 format, AAC generally achieves better sound quality than MP3 at the same bit rate. The confusingly named AAC+ (HE-AAC) does so only at low bit rates and less so at high ones.

FLAC reference software for the handling of FLAC data

FLAC is an audio coding format for lossless compression of digital audio, and is also the name of the free software project producing the FLAC tools, the reference software package that includes a codec implementation. Digital audio compressed by FLAC's algorithm can typically be reduced to between 50 and 70 percent of its original size and decompress to an identical copy of the original audio data.

Bandcamp’s website offers users access to an artist’s page featuring information on the artist, social media links, merchandising links and listing the artist’s available music. These options can be toggled and customized on the artist’s page allowing artists to change the look of their page, and to customize its features. [12] In 2010 the site enabled embedded/shared links in other microblogging sites such as Facebook, Twitter, WordPress, Google+, and Tumblr with options for email. [13] In 2013 Bandcamp launched mobile apps for iOS and Android devices.

Facebook Global online social networking service

Facebook, Inc. is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies along with Amazon, Apple, and Google.

Twitter Global micro-blogging Internet service

Twitter is an American online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled to 280 for all languages except Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, but unregistered users can only read them. Users access Twitter through its website interface, through Short Message Service (SMS) or its mobile-device application software ("app"). Twitter, Inc. is based in San Francisco, California, and has more than 25 offices around the world.

WordPress ( is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP & MySQL. Features include a plugin architecture and a template system. It is most associated with blogging but supports other types of web content including more traditional mailing lists and forums, media galleries, and online stores. Used by more than 60 million websites, including 33.6% of the top 10 million websites as of April 2019, WordPress is the most popular website management system in use. WordPress has also been used for other application domains such as pervasive display systems (PDS).

Notable artists and labels

Bandcamp gained much attention in July 2010 when Amanda Palmer, Low Places and Bedhed gave up their record labels and started selling albums on Bandcamp, using Twitter for promotion. [14] [15]

Amanda Palmer American punk-cabaret musician

Amanda MacKinnon Gaiman Palmer, sometimes known as Amanda Fucking Palmer, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, author, and performance artist who was the lead vocalist, pianist, and lyricist of the duo The Dresden Dolls. She performs as a solo artist, and was also one-half of the duo Evelyn Evelyn, and the lead singer and songwriter of Amanda Palmer and the Grand Theft Orchestra.

A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos, while also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists, and maintaining contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information. Within the mainstream music industry, recording artists have traditionally been reliant upon record labels to broaden their consumer base, market their albums, and be both promoted and heard on music streaming services, radio, and television. Record labels also provide publicists, who assist performers in gaining positive media coverage, and arrange for their merchandise to be available via stores and other media outlets.

Bandcamp saw a rise in popularity in 2011[ citation needed ] when several indie game developers published their game soundtracks on Bandcamp, including the creators of Aquaria , Bastion , Sanctum , Machinarium , Terraria , Plants vs. Zombies , Limbo , Super Meat Boy , To the Moon , Fez , Minecraft , and Sleepless Night .

In December 2014, Bandcamp for Labels was launched. Popular independent labels such as Sub Pop, Fat Wreck Chords, Relapse Records and Epitaph Records launched their own Bandcamp pages. [16]

Bandcamp Daily

In the summer of 2016, the company launched Bandcamp Daily, an online music publication which expanded its editorial content and offers articles about artists on the platform. [17] [18] The publication is based in New York. [7] Its managing editor is Jes Skolnik, a writer for Pitchfork , BuzzFeed and The New York Times , as well as former author of punk zines. [19] Among Bandcamp Daily's columnists there have been writers of Wired , [20] Vice , [21] NPR Music, [22] Pitchfork [23] and Paste . [24]

On August 4, 2017, the staff of Bandcamp Daily donated all the sales proceeds from the day to the Transgender Law Center, a civil rights organization for transgender people. [25]

In February 2018, the audience of Bandcamp Daily had increased by 84% since last year. [18] [26]

Related Research Articles

Universal Music Group American music corporation

Universal Music Group is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi. UMG's global corporate headquarters are located in Santa Monica, California. It is considered one of the "Big Three" music companies, along with Sony Music and Warner Music Group. Since 2004, the corporation is no longer related to the film studio Universal Studios. In 2019, Fast Company named Universal Music Group the most innovative music company and listed UMG among the Top 50 most innovative companies in the world and "amid the music industry's digital transformation, Universal is redefining what a modern label should look like." UMG has signed licensing agreements with more than 400 platforms worldwide.

eMusic organization

eMusic is an online music and audiobook store that operates by subscription. In exchange for a monthly subscription eMusic users can download a fixed number of tracks to their MP3 players per month. eMusic was established in 1998, is headquartered in New York City with an office in London, and is owned by TriPlay.

<i>Pitchfork</i> (website) online music magazine

Pitchfork is an American online magazine launched in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, based in Chicago, Illinois, and owned by Condé Nast. Being developed during Schreiber's tenure in a record store at the time, the magazine developed a reputation for its extensive focus on independent music, but has since expanded to a variety of coverage on both indie and popular music.

Cooking Vinyl music label in the UK

Cooking Vinyl is a UK independent record company, based in Acton, London. Founded in 1986 by former manager and booking agent Martin Goldschmidt and business partner Pete Lawrence. Goldschmidt remains the current owner and chairman while Rob Collins holds the position of managing director. The company focuses on artist service based deals where the artist retains ownership of their copyrights

<i>A Is for Accident</i> 2003 live album by The Dresden Dolls

A Is for Accident is the debut live album by American dark cabaret duo The Dresden Dolls, a collection of live and studio recordings from 2001–2003, which was released on May 27, 2003 by Important Records. Future pressings were handled by 8 ft. Records and didn't include the bootleg recording of the band covering "Stand by Your Man" by Tammy Wynette. On October 20, 2009, the band released the album at, with two unlisted bonus tracks available to those who purchase the entire album.

TuneCore is a Brooklyn, New York-based independent digital music distribution, publishing, and licensing service founded in 2005. TuneCore principally offers musicians and other rights-holders the opportunity to distribute and sell or stream their music through online retailers such as iTunes, Deezer, Spotify, Amazon Music, Google Play, Tidal, and others. TuneCore also offers music publishing administration services, helping songwriters register their compositions and collect royalties internationally.

Good Day (The Dresden Dolls song) single by The Dresden Dolls

"Good Day" is the debut single by The Dresden Dolls duo, taken from the self-titled debut album The Dresden Dolls. It was originally released by Important Records Records in December 2003 in an edition of 500 on white vinyl. The set also included a photograph signed by Amanda Palmer and Brian Viglione. The 7" was later reissued in October 2005 on Palmer's own 8 Ft. Records during the band's Fall 2005 North American tour. The cover of the reissue depicted a painting by Barnaby Whitfield that recreated the photo from the original release.

An unsigned artist, unsigned band or independent artist is a musician or musical group not under a contract with a record label. The terms are used in the music industry as a marketing technique. Bands that release their own material on self-published CDs can also be considered unsigned bands. Often unsigned bands primarily exist to perform at concerts.

Amie Street

Amie Street was an indie online music store and social network service created in 2006 by Brown University seniors Elliott Breece, Elias Roman, and Joshua Boltuch, in Providence, Rhode Island. The site was notable for its demand-based pricing. The company was later moved to Long Island City in Queens, New York. In late 2010, the site was sold to Amazon who redirected customers to their own website.

Daytrotter is a recording studio, music venue and subscription-based music discovery website located in Atlanta, USA. It hosts recording sessions with indie music acts.

<i>Amanda Palmer Goes Down Under</i> 2011 compilation album by Amanda Palmer

Amanda Palmer Goes Down Under is the second compilation album by Amanda Palmer released on January 21, 2011, through Liberator Music in Australia and New Zealand and self-released worldwide via Palmer's Bandcamp and through her merchandise company Post-War Trade. The album has an Antipodean theme and features songs Palmer wrote about, or while in, Australia and New Zealand, throughout her early 2010 Australasian tour.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender(LGBT)music is grouping of musical genres that focus on the experiences of gender and sexual minorities as a product of the broad gay liberation movement.

<i>Theatre Is Evil</i> 2012 studio album by Amanda Palmer & The Grand Theft Orchestra

Theatre Is Evil is a studio album by Amanda Palmer & The Grand Theft Orchestra produced by John Congleton. It was released on September 7, 2012 in Australia, on September 10, 2012 in the United Kingdom and Europe, and September 11, 2012 in the United States and Canada. The album has been released by Palmer's own record label, 8 Ft. Records, with distribution handled by Cooking Vinyl in the UK and Europe, and Alliance Entertainment in the US.

RVNG Intl.

RVNG Intl. is an independent record label based in Brooklyn, New York. Founded in 2003 by Matt Werth, the label is run by Werth and focuses on experimental dance and electronic music, often incorporating avant-garde genres. Release formats include vinyl, CDs, and digital downloads. In 2011, they were named one of the top 50 indie labels in America by Billboard.

<i>Monstercat 001 – Launch Week</i> 2011 compilation album by Monstercat

Monstercat 001 – Launch Week is the debut compilation album by independent Canadian record label, Monstercat. The album was first released on 7 July 2011 for digital download through their Bandcamp. Since its initial release in 2011 Launch Week's tracks have been played collectively over 279,819 times, on SoundCloud alone. The album consists of seven songs from various artists. The album is available for digital download via purchase on Bandcamp and iTunes.

Alex G multi-instrumentalist, singer, and songwriter from Philadelphia

Alexander Giannascoli, better known by his stage name (Sandy) Alex G, is an American musician based in Philadelphia. He started his career with DIY self-releases on Bandcamp, and began building up an audience with his label debut, DSU (2014), released on Orchid Tapes to critical acclaim from various publications. He later signed with Lucky Number, who reissued his earlier releases, Rules and Trick (2012). In 2015, he signed with Domino Recording Company and released his sixth studio album, Beach Music. He followed it in 2017 with Rocket, which received further acclaim and recognition.

Daniel Blumberg is an English artist, musician, songwriter and composer. He has released music under a variety of names including Hebronix, Oupa, Heb-Hex, Daniel Blumberg and Guo.

Obscure Sound is an mp3 blog launched in the mid-2000s by Mike Mineo. The website is updated daily with articles and reviews covering a range of musical genres, including indie rock, indie folk and electronica.

Sidney Gish is an American singer-songwriter. Her first album, Ed Buys Houses, was self-released on Bandcamp in 2016. Her second album, No Dogs Allowed, was released in 2017, receiving a 7.7 rating on Pitchfork and winning Album of the Year at the 2018 Boston Music Awards. Following the moderate internet success of No Dogs Allowed, Gish briefly toured with singer-songwriter Mitski in 2018. In March 2019, she performed at South by Southwest and was featured on NPR Music's Austin 100. She was listed as one of Stereogum's Best New Artists of 2018. She currently studies at Northeastern University.


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