Jim Cramer

Last updated
Jim Cramer
Jimcramerphoto.jpg
Cramer at Tulane University, October 19, 2010
Born
James J. Cramer [1]

(1955-02-10) February 10, 1955 (age 64) [2]
Residence Summit, New Jersey [3]
Alma mater Harvard University (B.A., Government, 1977)
Harvard Law School (J.D., 1984) [4]
OccupationTelevision personality, author
Years active1980–present
Known forHosting Mad Money
Co-founder of TheStreet.com
CNBC anchor
author
Spouse(s)
Karen Backfisch(m. 19882009)
Lisa Cadette Detwiler(m. 2015)
Children2
Jim Cramer on the Paris Agreement and Hewlett Packard Enterprise

James J. Cramer (born February 10, 1955) is an American television personality, former hedge fund manager, and best-selling author. Cramer is the host of CNBC's Mad Money and a co-founder of TheStreet.com.

A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited investors or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complicated portfolio-construction and risk management techniques. It is administered by a professional investment management firm, and often structured as a limited partnership, limited liability company, or similar vehicle. Hedge funds are generally distinct from mutual funds and regarded as alternative investments, as their use of leverage is not capped by regulators, and distinct from private equity funds, as the majority of hedge funds invest in relatively liquid assets. However, funds which operate similarly to hedge funds but are regulated similarly to mutual funds are available and known as liquid alternative investments.

CNBC American television news channel

CNBC is an American pay television business news channel that is owned by NBCUniversal Broadcast, Cable, Sports and News, a division of NBCUniversal, with both being ultimately owned by Comcast. Headquartered in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, the network primarily carries business day coverage of U.S. and international financial markets; following the end of the business day and on non-trading days, CNBC primarily carries financial and business-themed documentaries and reality shows.

<i>Mad Money</i> American finance television program

Mad Money is an American finance television program hosted by Jim Cramer that began airing on CNBC on March 14, 2005. Its main focus is investment and speculation, particularly in publicly traded stocks. In a notable departure from the CNBC programming style prior to its arrival, Mad Money presents itself in an entertainment-style format rather than a news broadcasting one.

Contents

Early life

Cramer was born in 1955 in Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania (a suburb of Philadelphia), [5] to Jewish parents. [6] Cramer's mother, Louise A. Cramer, was an artist. Cramer's father, N. Ken Cramer, owned International Packaging Products in Philadelphia; the company sold wrapping paper, boxes and bags to retailers and restaurants. [7] In one of his first jobs, Cramer sold ice cream at Veterans Stadium during Philadelphia Phillies games. [8] Cramer went to Springfield Township High School in Montgomery County. He lives in Summit, New Jersey. [9]

Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania Census-designated place in Pennsylvania, United States

Wyndmoor is a census-designated place (CDP) in Springfield Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, US. The population was 5,498 at the 2010 census. Wyndmoor has the same zip code, 19038, as the towns of Glenside, North Hills, and Erdenheim.

Philadelphia Largest city in Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Since 1854, the city has had the same geographic boundaries as Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.

Jews Ancient nation and ethnoreligious group from the Levant

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the ethnic religion of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.

Education

In 1977, Cramer graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College with a B.A. in government. [4] [8] Cramer began his involvement with journalism in college, where he was the President and Editor-in-Chief of The Harvard Crimson . [4] In 1984, Cramer received his Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School. [4] [8]

Harvard College Main undergraduate school of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts

Harvard College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard University. Founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, it is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and one of the most prestigious in the world.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

Career

Early career as reporter

After graduating from Harvard, Cramer worked in several entry-level reporting jobs. Dating back to March 1, 1978, Cramer worked for the Tallahassee Democrat in Tallahassee, Florida, where he covered the Ted Bundy murders. Then-executive editor, Richard Oppel, has said "[Cramer] was like a driving ram. He was great at getting the story." [10] He subsequently wrote for the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner . During this time, his apartment was robbed on multiple occasions, eventually losing all of his possessions and forcing him to live out of his car for several months. [11] He also worked for Governor Jerry Brown. [5]

<i>Tallahassee Democrat</i> newspaper in Tallahassee, Florida

The Tallahassee Democrat is a daily broadsheet newspaper. It covers the area centered on Tallahassee in Leon County, Florida, as well as adjacent Gadsden County, Jefferson County, and Wakulla County. The newspaper is owned by Gannett Co., Inc., which also owns the Pensacola News Journal, the Fort Myers News-Press, and Florida Today, along with many other news outlets.

Florida U.S. state in the United States

Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, and the 8th-most densely populated of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Ted Bundy 20th-century American serial killer

Theodore Robert Bundy was an American serial killer and necrophile who kidnapped, raped, and murdered numerous young women and girls during the 1970s and possibly earlier. After more than a decade of denials, before his execution in 1989 he confessed to 30 homicides that he committed in seven states between 1974 and 1978. The true number of victims is unknown and possibly higher.

Cramer was one of the first reporters at American Lawyer . [12] During his years at Harvard Law School, Cramer worked as a research assistant for Alan Dershowitz. He assisted Dershowitz's campaign to acquit alleged murderer Claus von Bülow despite the fact that Cramer believed von Bülow was "supremely guilty." [13] Cramer was admitted to the New York Bar in 1985 but his license to practice law was suspended on April 2, 2009 for failure to pay the registration fee. [14]

Alan Dershowitz American lawyer, author

Alan Morton Dershowitz is an American lawyer and academic. He is a scholar of United States constitutional law and criminal law who has been described as a noted civil libertarian. He began his teaching career at Harvard Law School where, in 1967, at the age of 28, he became the youngest full professor of law in its history. He held the Felix Frankfurter professorship there from 1993 until his retirement in December 2013, and has been a regular media contributor, political commentator, and legal analyst. He is also a prominent voice on the Arab–Israeli conflict and has written a number of books on the subject.

Claus von Bülow Danish-British socialite

Claus von Bülow was a Danish-British socialite. He was convicted of the attempted murder of his wife Sunny von Bülow in 1979, which had left her in a temporary coma, as well as insulin overdose in 1980 which left her in a persistent vegetative state for the rest of her life. On appeal, however, both convictions were reversed, and he was found not guilty at his second trial.

Investing

Cramer started investing in the stock market during his time at law school. [5] Cramer began promoting his holdings by leaving stock picks on his answering machine. This impressed The New Republic owner Martin Peretz, who gave him $500,000 to invest. In two years, Cramer made $150,000 for Peretz. [10]

<i>The New Republic</i> American magazine

The New Republic is an American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking. Founded in 1914 by leaders of the progressive movement, it attempted to find a balance between a humanitarian progressivism and an intellectual scientism, and ultimately discarded the latter. Through the 1980s and '90s, the magazine incorporated elements of the "Third Way" and conservatism.

Cramer's track record helped him obtain employment in 1984 as a stockbroker with Goldman Sachs' Private Wealth Management [15] division. Cramer's success in this position led him to found his own hedge fund, Cramer & Co. (later Cramer, Berkowitz & Co.), in 1987. The fund operated out of the offices of hedge fund pioneer Michael Steinhardt's Steinhardt, Fine, Berkowitz & Co. and early investors included Eliot Spitzer (a Harvard classmate, one of his oldest friends and former Governor of New York), [16] Brill, and Peretz. [17]

During Cramer's tenure with the fund from 1988 to 2000, he had one year of negative returns in 1998. The following year, the fund returned 47% and in 2000 28%, beating the S&P 500 by 38 percentage points. [10] Cramer retired from his hedge fund in 2001, finishing with a 24% average annual return over 14 years and having "routinely [taken] home $10 million a year and more." [10] The fund was taken over by his former partner Jeff Berkowitz after Cramer's retirement. During that time, he was also an "editor at large" for SmartMoney magazine and was accused of unethically combining his investing and reporting activities when he bought stocks that he recommended just before his recommendation article came out, contributing to a $2 million personal gain. [18] Today, Cramer is barred by CNBC from trading stocks with his personal funds although he makes picks and sells his recommendations.

In 1996 Cramer co-founded TheStreet, Inc. [formerly TheStreet.com, Inc.] with The New Republic editor Martin Peretz, one of his hedge fund's original clients. Cramer is currently a market commentator and adviser to the TheStreet, Inc. and is its second-largest shareholder. [1] Cramer also manages a charitable trust stock portfolio which is tied to TheStreet, Inc. through a paid subscription service called Action Alerts PLUS Portfolio. [10] Cramer owns a 10 per cent stake in TheStreet, the market value of which peaked at $1.7 billion but by 2014, the Nasdaq-listed company was worth less than $80 million. [19]

Cramer claimed to be worth $50 to $100 million in October 2005. [10]

In 2009, Cramer received earnings of $461,276 from TheStreet, Inc. [1] As of 2010, Cramer was the chairman of the board of TheStreet.com, Inc. [1]

Career with CNBC

The cable television program Mad Money with Jim Cramer first aired on CNBC in 2005. According to CNBC's Web site in an article titled, "Mad Money Manifesto" by Jim Cramer, the show's mission statement and Cramer's job:

... is not to tell you what to think but to teach you how to think about the market like a pro. This show is not about picking stocks. It's not about giving you tips that will make you money overnight – tips are for waiters. Our mission is educational, to teach you how to analyze stocks and the market through the prism of events.

To provide DIY investors and other viewers with "the knowledge and the tools that will empower you to be a better investor," Mad Money features many segments, including: The Lightning Round, Game Plan, Execution Decision, Off the Charts, Sell Block, Market Marshmallows, Outrage of the Day, Mad Bull Disease, Am I Diversified, and Mad Mail. [20]

After being a frequent guest commentator on CNBC in the late 1990s, Cramer co-hosted CNBC shows America Now and Kudlow & Cramer with Lawrence Kudlow in the early 2000s.

Cramer hosted a one-hour radio show, Jim Cramer's Real Money, until December 2006. "Take the Money and Run" by the Steve Miller Band was the intro to each of his radio shows. The show was similar to his Mad Money TV show. He also guest-hosted in the slot caused by the cancellation of Imus in the Morning (MSNBC and WFAN/Westwood One) in May 2007.

On November 13, 2005, Dan Rather did a sit-down interview with Cramer on 60 Minutes . Among the topics of discussion were Cramer's past at his hedge fund; for example, his violent temper and what finally led him to come to his senses and "calm down."[ citation needed ] Footage of Cramer at his family home with his daughters and wife was also included.[ citation needed ] On November 15, 2005, Cramer mentioned on his program that he received hundreds of e-mails after his 60 Minutes interview. This report was taped before Cramer's radio show, Smart Money with Jim Cramer moved to WOR and became syndicated under the CBS Radio banner.

In 2005, Cramer appeared as himself in two episodes of the television series Arrested Development . He appeared to first announce that he had upgraded Bluth Company stock to a "Don't Buy" from a "Triple Sell," and then to say that the stock was not a "Don't Buy" anymore, but a "Risky."

Cramer has also made appearances on NBC's Today , NBC Nightly News , Live with Regis and Kelly , ESPN Classic's Cheap Seats , NBC's Late Night with Conan O'Brien , Comedy Central's The Daily Show with Jon Stewart , The Tonight Show with Jay Leno , Late Show with David Letterman , ABC's Jimmy Kimmel Live! and NBC's The Apprentice called "The Celebrity Apprentice."

Cramer also appeared in the 2008 motion picture Iron Man spoofing Stark Industries on his show Mad Money, [21] and appears in the movie Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps . [22] He also claims to have consulted for the original Wall Street movie by telling the filmmakers how he would get through to Gordon Gekko. [23]

On March 12, 2009, Jon Stewart interviewed Cramer on The Daily Show and challenged Cramer's recommendations of Bear Stearns. [24]

On November 3, 2009, Cramer appeared on The Martha Stewart Show to promote his new book Getting Back to Even. Cramer stated that it was a great time to invest in real estate [ citation needed ] and that he had recently purchased the DeBary Inn in Summit, New Jersey. [25]

Action Alerts charitable trust

In the timeframe of 2002 until May 2009 the performance of Cramer's charitable trust "Action Alerts PLUS" outpaced the S&P 500 and the Russell 2000; while the charitable trust accumulated a return of 31.75%, the S&P 500 had a return of 18.75% and the Russell 2000 had a return of 22.51%. On an annual basis, the trust outperformed the S&P 500 by 7.35% and the Russell 2000 Index by 3.33%. Paul Bolster explains that Cramer beats the market in part because of the excess risk in his picks. "If we adjust for his market risk, we come up with an excess return that is essentially zero", Bolster said, adding that "zero", in this case, means his returns are roughly in line with the risk he's taking on. [26] Another criticism of Actions Alerts Plus is that it does not compare itself to indexes that include dividend reinvestment (as the SEC requires for stock-oriented mutual funds). According to a Kiplinger's article "One recent [Action Alerts PLUS] and included a chart, under the headline "Action Alert PLUS is CRUSHING the S&P 500," showing that the picks returned about 39% from the portfolio's inception through last March 31, compared with 15.5% for the S&P 500 over the same nine-year, three-month period. But the S&P figure did not include reinvested dividends. With them, the S&P 500 returned 38.3%." [27]

A study done by Wharton researchers Jonathan Hartley and Matthew Olson found that in the timeframe of August 2001 to March 2016, Cramer's charitable trust underperformed the S&P 500 primarily as a result of underexposure to market returns in years after the 2008 financial crisis. As of March 31, 2016, Cramer's trust since inception had a cumulative return of 64.5% where the S&P 500 less dividends returned 70% during the same time frame. Wharton finance professor Robert Stambaugh said he didn't think the findings showed significant underperformance or outperformance when adjusting for a variety of factors, but did state "It's a commendable attempt to dig more deeply into the style that underlies Cramer's stock picks." [28]

CNBC does not permit Cramer to buy or sell any security he has spoken about on CNBC for the trust for five days following the broadcast. Whenever Cramer is acting within his portfolio or important news about his stocks occur, he sends out e-mails to his paying subscribers on TheStreet, Inc. Whenever mentioning a stock that he holds in his portfolio, he is required to disclose that he owns shares of such company on his CNBC show. [29]

Selected controversies

Fox News Channel lawsuit

In 2000 Cramer settled a lawsuit with Fox News Channel in which Fox had claimed Cramer reneged on a deal to produce a show for them. Their conflict began when Fox complained that Cramer promoted TheStreet, Inc's stock on the air. [30]

Market manipulation

In March 2007, a December 2006 interview from TheStreet, Inc's "Wall Street Confidential" webcast stirred controversy after it appeared on YouTube.com. [31] In the video, Cramer described activities used by hedge fund managers to manipulate stock prices—some of debatable legality and others illegal. He described how he could push stocks higher or lower with as little as $5 million in capital when he was running his hedge fund. Cramer said, "A lot of times when I was short at my hedge fund ... When I was positioned short—meaning I needed it down—I would create a level of activity beforehand that could drive the futures." He also encouraged hedge funds to engage in this type of activity because it is "a very quick way to make money." [32]

Cramer stated that everything he did was legal, but that illegal activity is common in the hedge fund industry as well. He also stated that some hedge fund managers spread false rumors to drive a stock down: "What's important when you are in that hedge-fund mode is to not do anything remotely truthful because the truth is so against your view, that it's important to create a new truth, to develop a fiction." [32] Cramer described a variety of tactics that hedge fund managers use to affect a stock's price. Cramer said that one strategy to keep a stock price down is to spread false rumors to reporters he described as "the Pisanis of the world." The comment was a reference to CNBC correspondent Bob Pisani, who reports from the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange. "You have to use these guys," said Cramer. He also discussed giving information to "the bozo reporter from The Wall Street Journal" to get an article published. [33] [34] Cramer said this practice, although illegal, is easy to do "because the SEC doesn't understand it." [35] During the interview Cramer referred to himself as a "banking-class hero." [36]

SEC subpoena

In February 2006, an investigation by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) into allegations of collusion between short-sellers and a stock research firm led to the serving of subpoenas to TheStreet, Inc., and Cramer, as well as journalists for Dow Jones and Marketwatch.com. The SEC then began to back away from the subpoenas, indicating it had no intention of enforcing them after lawyers for Dow Jones said they would not comply. SEC Chairman Christopher Cox rebuked the SEC's staff attorneys for filing subpoenas on two Dow Jones reporters without first consulting him or the other top commissioners. Cox issued a statement saying neither he nor any of the SEC's four other commissioners were aware of the subpoenas, which he called "highly unusual." [37]

The allegations had been raised publicly and in a lawsuit against Gradient by Overstock.com chief executive Patrick M. Byrne. In May 2007, it was revealed that the SEC had subpoenaed Byrne in May 2006, in connection with an investigation of the company. [38]

Market performance

Cramer is the founder, former owner, and former Senior Partner of Cramer Berkowitz, a hedge fund where Cramer reported a compounded annual "rate of return of 24% after all fees for 15 years" at Cramer Berkowitz. He retired from his hedge fund in 2001, where he finished with a self-reported 36% return in 2001. [39] (These returns, however, cannot be independently verified, since hedge funds have no ticker symbols and are not regulated by the SEC. The only source should have been an independent client, who would have invested from day one.)

On August 3, 2007, Cramer made a plea for Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke to cut interest rates supposedly because of comments he was getting from investment banks and their concern about adjustable-rate mortgage borrowers' increasing loan rates. [40]

On July 8, 2008, in an article in TheStreet.com entitled, "Look At The Facts," Cramer said, "The losses are increasing, the auction-rate preferreds are now biting, the mortgage implode-a-meter now measures how many home-builders are going under." [41]

On "Hardball with Chris Matthews" for September 19, 2008, Cramer stated "It's not too late to be on the pom-pom ... the sideline" in regards to home teaser loans. [42] Cramer spoke again on the Today Show on October 6, 2008, suggesting to investors, "Whatever money you need for the next five years, please take it out of the stock market." [43]

On September 22, 2008, Wall Street Journal bestselling author Eric Tyson, criticized Cramer's stock picks and his performance in general. [44]

An August 20, 2007 article in Barrons stated that within the select time frame of the previous two years, "his picks haven't beaten the market. Over the past two years, viewers holding Cramer's stocks would be up 12% while the Dow rose 22% and the S&P 500 16%." [45] CNBC disputed the magazine's findings. [45] In a February 9, 2009, story, Barrons further reported that betting against Cramer's Buy recommendations using options in the short term could yield 25% in the initial month. [46]

Cramer's responses to criticism

The White House

On March 2, 2009, Cramer drew the attention of some critics after his evaluation of President Obama's spending plans and the administration's handling of the banking crisis. Cramer's name came up on March 3, 2009, during a White House press briefing after Cramer said that Obama was responsible for "the greatest wealth destruction I have seen by a president". [47] An offended White House administration shot back, [48] with Press Secretary Robert Gibbs stating, "If you turn on a certain program, it's geared to a very small audience. I'm not entirely sure what he's pointing to make some of the statements." When pressed further by NBC's Tom Costello, Gibbs said, "You can go back and look at any number of statements he's made in the past about the economy and wonder where some of the back-ups for those are, too."

On March 5, 2009, Cramer responded to the White House. [49] He said, "Huh? Backup? Look at the incredible decline in the stock market, in all indices, since the inauguration of the president, with the drop accelerating when the budget plan came to light because of the massive fear and indecision the document sowed: Raising taxes on the eve of what could be a second Great Depression, destroying the profits in healthcare companies, tinkering with the mortgage deduction at a time when U.S. house price depreciation is behind much of the world's morass and certainly the devastation affecting our banks, and pushing an aggressive cap and trade program that could raise the price of energy for millions of people."

Cramer questioned criticism he received which he explained makes him "uncomfortable being in the crosshairs of columnists and comedians I enjoy." [50] Cramer asked, "So, why after toiling in the cable wilderness for four years with Mad Money am I the target of the wrath of the Obama clan, and the darling, albeit surely momentary, of the Obama-critics? After all, my criticism of Obama's handling of the economic crisis is a lot less pointed than my withering August 2007 'They Know Nothing' meltdown [51] against Ben Bernanke [52] and the previous administration's handling of the economic crisis."

Frank Rich

Referring to March 8, 2009, charges leveled against Cramer by New York Times columnist Frank Rich, Cramer said that he does not understand how Obama and his staff plan to raise taxes, institute cap-and-trade limitations and rework the health-care system all during a recession. [53] The article says: "It isn't that Cramer disagrees with Obama's vision for the country – he even agrees with taxing the rich – but now is not the time to put those plans into action. The president needs to solve our housing, employment and financial problems, and only then turn his attention to health care and changing the mortgage deduction."

Bear Stearns recommendation

On the March 11, 2008, episode of Cramer's show Mad Money, a viewer named Peter submitted the question "Should I be worried about Bear Stearns in terms of liquidity and get my money out of there?" Cramer responded "No! No! No! Bear Stearns is not in trouble. If anything, they're more likely to be taken over. Don't move your money from Bear." [54] [55] On March 14, 2008, Bear Stearns stock fell 92% on news of a Fed bailout and $2/share takeover by JPMorgan. [56] On March 17, 2008, Cramer claimed his statements were made in regards to the liquidity of Bear Stearns brokerage accounts as opposed to Bear Stearns common stock. [57] Cramer stated he was not recommending the common stock but allaying concerns about the account holder's liquidity held in a Bear Stearns brokerage account. Cramer later wrote about the incident: "I did tell an emailer that his deposit in his account at Bear Stearns was safe, but through a clever sound bite, (Jon) Stewart, and subsequently (Frank) Rich—neither of whom have bothered to listen to the context of the pulled quote—pass off the notion of account safety as an out-and-out buy recommendation. The absurdity astounds me. If you called Mad Money and asked me about Citigroup, I would tell you that the common stock might be worthless, but I would never tell you to pull your money out of the bank because I was worried about its solvency. Your money is safe in Citi as I said it was in Bear. The fact that I was right rankles me even more." [58]

Michael Lewis, a journalist for the UK-based Evening Standard, states that TheStreet.com listed Bear Stearns as a "Buy" at $62 per share on March 11, 2008, which was the same day as the caller's question and a day before the collapse of Bear Stearns. [59] However, TheStreet.com [60] —the web site quote that shows the ratings history for actual changes that Cramer makes—indicates that Cramer changed Bear Stearns rating to a "Sell" on February 5, 2008. The rating cited by the Evening Standard refers to TheStreet's Quant ratings and is not in any way reflective of Cramer's picks. On his March 12, 2009 appearance on The Daily Show , Cramer admitted he made mistakes on his Bear Stearns calls. [61]

Jon Stewart

On March 12, 2009, Cramer appeared on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. [62] Stewart reiterated earlier claims regarding the CNBC host's "silly and/or embarrassing and/or stupid financial observations." [63] Moreover, he claimed CNBC shirked its journalistic duty by believing corporate lies, rather than being an investigative "powerful tool of illumination." [64] For his part, Cramer disagreed with Stewart on a few points, but acknowledged that he could have done a better job foreseeing the economic collapse: "We all should have seen it more." [65]

Stewart also discussed how short-selling was detrimental to the markets and investors. Cramer admitted to Stewart that short-selling was detrimental, stated his opposition to it, and claimed that he had never engaged in it, which contradicts earlier statements in which he described going short while managing a hedge fund. In a December 2006 interview from TheStreet.com's "Wall Street Confidential" webcast Cramer said, "A lot of times when I was short at my hedge fund. ... When I was positioned short—meaning I needed it down—I would create a level of activity beforehand that could drive the futures." [32] He said, "I will say this: I am trying to expose this stuff, exactly what you guys do, and I've been trying to get the regulators to look at it." [66] However, Stewart played several video clips from 2006 where Cramer discussed the spreading of false rumors to drive down stock prices and encouraged short-selling by hedge funds as a means to generate returns. [67] At one point in a clip from December 22, 2006, he said, "I would encourage anyone in a hedge fund to do it." He called it a very quick way to make money and very satisfying. He continued, "By the way, no one else in the world would ever admit that, but I don't care, and again, I'm not gonna say it on TV." [65] Stewart responded, "I want the Jim Cramer on CNBC to protect me from that Jim Cramer." [65] Cramer again admitted that he can do better, and that he should try to change. The interview ended when Stewart pointedly suggested: "Maybe we can remove the 'financial expert' and the 'In Cramer We Trust' and start getting back to fundamentals on the reporting, as well, and I can go back to making fart noises and funny faces." Cramer responded: "I think we make that deal right here". [68]

Response to pundits

"The pundits," Cramer explained on March 9, 2009, in a MainStreet article, "who haven't paid attention to anything I have been saying or writing for the past 18 months are all over me." [69] Cramer said the pundits "won't engage in the merits of, say, favoring Tier 1 capital for the banks vs. common equity, or forbearing on the banks to work the situation out over time because the banks can be profitable if we have some patience. They just attack me." [70] Cramer suggested, "It's time to get serious. It's time to take the issue from the pundits and from the left and right, and put it where it belongs: serious non-ideological debate to put out the real firestorm, the collapse of the economy from Wall Street to Main Street and the ensuing Great Wealth Destruction for all."

Federal Reserve Open Markets Committee

Cramer appeared on CNBC on August 3, 2007 [71] and said of the Fed Committee, "They're nuts. They know nothing. This is a different kinda market. And the Fed is asleep." [72] When the transcript from the August 7, 2007 meeting of the Federal Reserve Open Markets Committee was subsequently released on August 28, 2007, [73] it showed that Cramer's comments elicited laughter from participants during a comment from Dennis Lockhart, president, and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. "I believe that the correct policy posture is to let the markets work through the changes in risk appetite and pricing that are underway, but the market observations of one of my more strident conversational counterparts—and that is not Jim Cramer [laughter]—are worth sharing." [74] Continued economic decline in the months that followed [75] —a period that would become known as the Great Recession—and the subsequent rebound in the stock market have left Cramer seemingly vindicated. [76] [77]

Personal life

On April 18, 2015, Cramer married Lisa Detwiler in Brooklyn, New York. [7] She is a real estate broker and general manager of The Longshoreman, a Brooklyn Italian bistro/restaurant. [7] Cramer has two children from his first marriage. [7] [78]

Bibliography

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Apr 15, 2010. "Online Copy of US SEC Schedule 14A Proxy Statement for TheStreet.com, Inc. sec.gov" . Retrieved Dec 18, 2016.
  2. The Editors of Chase's. Chase's calendar of events 2009 , page 123 (McGraw-Hill Professional 2009).
  3. Staff. "The Mad Man Of Wall Street: Jim Cramer wants to make you a lot of money. He's got plenty himself, so why does he bother?" Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine , Bloomberg Businessweek , October 31, 2005. Accessed February 18, 2011. "Instead, he rises at 3.45 a.m. weekdays. After scanning headlines online, checking messages, and shooting e-mails to his TV producer, he works out in his Summit (N.J.) home gym until 5.30 a.m., when he calls traders and brokers and writes his first online story."
  4. 1 2 3 4 December 23, 2005. "School to host broadcast of 'Mad Money' featuring graduate Jim CramerHarvard Law Today" . Retrieved Dec 18, 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 Michael A. Kowalski (Spring 2008). "Cramer, James J. (Jim)". Pennsylvania Center for the Book. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
  6. israel says: (2010-05-06). "Jim Cramer Visits Israel". Living Jewish. Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-02-26.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  7. 1 2 3 4 Mallozzi, Vincent M. Apr 19, 2015. "Article: 'Booyah' at the End of This First Date - Jim Cramer Marries Lisa Detwiler. nytimes.com" . Retrieved Dec 18, 2016.
  8. 1 2 3 "Jim Cramer". International Speakers Bureau. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. Staff. "The Mad Man Of Wall Street: Jim Cramer wants to make you a lot of money. He's got plenty himself, so why does he bother?" Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine , Bloomberg Businessweek , October 31, 2005. Accessed February 18, 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "The Mad Man Of Wall Street Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine " BusinessWeek, October 31, 2005.
  11. Kevin Cahillane (November 6, 2005). "Crazy, Like a Fox". New York Times .
  12. Margolick, David (March 24, 1989). "At the Bar". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  13. Cramer, Jim (2005). Jim Cramer's Real Money: Sane Investing in an Insane World. Simon & Schuster. p. 27. ISBN   978-0-7432-2489-5.
  14. "Matter of Attorneys in Violation of Judiciary Law \s 468-a". Iapps.courts.state.ny.us. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  15. Jim Cramer biography, Library of Congress.
  16. Celizic, Mike. Todayshow.com, 12 March 2008, "Jim Cramer on pal Spitzer: 'Eliot screwed up'." Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  17. "Money & Business: Meet CNBC's Mad Money Man – US News and World Report". Usnews.com. August 30, 2007. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  18. Laurence Zuckerman, "Smart Money Rethinks Conflict Rule". New York Times, February 20, 1995.
  19. Financial Times (2014-12-04). "Activist urges Cramer to sell TheStreet" . Financial Times. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
  20. Jim Cramer. "About Mad Money". CNBC.
  21. Carlo Dellaverson (May 2, 2008). "Cramer In 'Iron Man'". CNBC. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
  22. Arango, Tim (2009-09-07). "Greed Is Bad, Gekko. So Is a Meltdown". The New York Times . Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  23. Cramer, Jim (2002).Confessions of a Street Addict. Simon & Schuster. p. 33. ISBN   978-0-7432-2488-8.
  24. "March 12, 2009 - Jim Cramer". The Daily Show.
  25. "Summit investors revive historic inn". NJ.com. February 14, 2010.
  26. Phillips, Matt (May 20, 2009). "Do Jim Cramer Stock Picks Beat the Market? Finance Profs Investigate – MarketBeat – WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  27. "Cramer's Murky Math". kiplinger.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  28. "Jim Cramer doesn't beat the market". MarketWatch.com. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  29. "RealMoney.com vs. Action Alerts Plus – Which One is Better?". Brokersense.com. Archived from the original on July 21, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2010.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  30. "Jim Cramer Quits Hedge Fund". USA Today. Associated Press. December 4, 2000.
  31. TheStreet.com TV; YouTube (2007). "Jim Cramer manipulation, insider trading, hedge fund scum".
  32. 1 2 3 Thomas Kostigen (March 23, 2007). "Jim Cramer's big mouth: His revelations only confirm what dupes average investors are". MarketWatch.
  33. Boyd, Roddy "Cramer Reveals a Bit Too Much Archived 2007-03-28 at the Wayback Machine ," New York Post , March 20, 2007
  34. Boyd, Roddy (March 21, 2007). "Cramer's Big Mouth: Clip Could Run Afoul of CNBC". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  35. Matt Krantz (March 24, 2007). "CNBC's Cramer boasts of manipulating markets". USA Today.
  36. Hamilton, Dane (March 20, 2007). "Jim Cramer draws fire over manipulation comments". Reuters. Archived from the original on March 20, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  37. Matthew Goldstein, TheStreet.com (February 27, 2006). "TheStreet.com, Cramer Get Subpoenas in Gradient Probe". Archived from the original on May 9, 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  38. New York Post (May 11, 2007). "Company Byrne-d on Probe Report". Archived from the original on May 14, 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  39. https://www.cnbc.com/id/15838187/
  40. Jim Cramer (July 29, 2008). "Cramer's Rant, the Anniversary". CNBC. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
  41. Jim Cramer (30 July 2008). "Look at the Facts". TheStreet. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  42. Jim Cramer (September 19, 2008). "'Hardball with Chris Matthews' for September 19, 2008". MSNBC TV. Archived from the original on September 8, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2008.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  43. Michael Inbar (October 6, 2008). "Jim Cramer: Time to get out of the stock market". Today MSNBC. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  44. "The Worth of Jim Cramer's Advice" . Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  45. 1 2 Alpert, Bill (August 20, 2007). "Shorting Cramer - Barrons.com". Online.barrons.com. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  46. Bill Alpert (February 9, 2009). "Cramer's Star Outshines his Stock Picks".
  47. "Cramer to White House: Wealth Destruction Is Real". CNBC. March 3, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  48. "White House Knocks Jim Cramer For Calling Obama Budget "Greatest Wealth Destruction By a President"". CNBC. March 3, 2009. Archived from the original on March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  49. "Cramer: My Response To The White House". MainStreet. May 3, 2009. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  50. "Cramer Takes on the White House, Frank Rich and Jon Stewart". MainStreet. September 3, 2009. Archived from the original on August 19, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  51. "Jim Cramer's famous rant about the "know nothing" Fed". NBC. July 29, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  52. "Cramer: Bernanke, Wake Up". NBC. March 8, 2007. Retrieved March 8, 2007.
  53. "No Respect: Cramer Criticizes His Critics". CNBC. October 3, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  54. Mad Mail: Is Bear Stearns in Trouble?
  55. "Setting the Record Straight on Bear Stearns". CNBC. March 4, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
  56. ABC News. "JPMorgan boosts offer for Bear Stearns to $10 a share". ABC News.
  57. Tom Brennan (March 17, 2008). "Cramer Was Right About Bear Stearns". CNBC. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
  58. Cramer, Jim (March 10, 2009). "Cramer Takes on the White House, Frank Rich and Jon Stewart | News | Money/Investing". Mainstreet. Archived from the original on August 19, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2010.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  59. Michael Lewis (March 27, 2008). "Bear Stearns proves bank CEOs don't have a clue". Evening Standard. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  60. Stock Quote: BSC. "TheStreet.com stock quote rating history". TheStreet.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-27.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  61. "Comedy Central Official Site - TV Show Full Episodes & Funny Video Clips". Comedy Central.
  62. "Daily Show interview of Jim Cramer". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. comedycentral.com. March 12, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
  63. "CNBC's Jim Cramer Responds to Jon Stewart's Response to CNBC's Jim Cramer". Comedy Central. March 10, 2009. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
  64. "Stewart hammers Cramer on 'The Daily Show'". My Way News. March 13, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  65. 1 2 3 "March 12, 2009: Jim Cramer Unedited Interview Pt. 2". Comedy Partners. March 12, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  66. "Out with Cox, in with Uptick Rule". CNBC. Nov 21, 2008. Retrieved Nov 21, 2008.
  67. "Brawl Street: Jon Stewart vs. Jim Cramer". Business Week. March 13, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  68. "March 12, 2009: Jim Cramer Unedited Interview Pt. 3". Comedy Partners. March 12, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  69. Jim Cramer (September 3, 2009). "Pundits Attack Cramer, But Don't Pay Attention To Facts". MainStreet. Archived from the original on June 1, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  70. Jim Cramer (September 3, 2009). "Why Do Pundits Attack Cramer?". MainStreet. Archived from the original on June 18, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2009.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  71. "Cramer: Bernanke, Wake Up". YouTube. YouTube. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  72. Carney, John. "Jim Cramer Was Right—They Knew Nothing!". CNBC.com. CNBC. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  73. "FOMC: Transcripts and Other Historical Materials, 2007". federalreserve.gov. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  74. "Meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee on August 7, 2007" (PDF). Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
  75. Cassidy, John. "Anatomy of a Meltdown Ben Bernanke and the financial crisis". newyorker.com. Conde Nast. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  76. Weisenthal, Joe (20 January 2013). "Jim Cramer Got The Ultimate Vindication This Week". Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  77. Stevenson, Abigail. "Cramer: 2007 Fed rant—has anything really changed?". CNBC.com. NBCUniversal. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  78. https://www.thestreet.com/markets/jim-cramer-talks-the-birds-and-bees-of-finance-14797186

Related Research Articles

Bear Stearns American investment bank

The Bear Stearns Companies, Inc. was a New York-based global investment bank, securities trading and brokerage firm that failed in 2008 as part of the global financial crisis and recession, and was subsequently sold to JPMorgan Chase. The company's main business areas before its failure were capital markets, investment banking, wealth management, and global clearing services, and it was heavily involved in the subprime mortgage crisis.

Donald Luskin is Chief Investment Officer for Trend Macrolytics LLC, a consulting firm providing investment strategy and macroeconomics forecasting and research for institutional investors.

Jim Rogers American writer

James Beeland Rogers Jr. is an American businessman and financial commentator based in Singapore. Rogers is the Chairman of Rogers Holdings and Beeland Interests, Inc. He was the co-founder of the Quantum Fund and Soros Fund Management. He was also the creator of the Rogers International Commodities Index (RICI).

<i>The Kudlow Report</i> television series

The Kudlow Report was a news television program about business and politics hosted by Larry Kudlow, that aired on the CNBC television channel at 7pm ET until March 28, 2014. The show began airing on January 26, 2009. It is a successor to Kudlow & Company, which aired from 2005 until October 2008. Kudlow & Company was a spinoff of the show Kudlow & Cramer which Kudlow co-hosted from 2002 to 2005. Kudlow & Cramer was called America Now from 2001 to 2002.

Robert Pisani has been a news correspondent for financial news network CNBC since 1990. Pisani largely covered the real estate industry and corporate management until 1997. Since then he has reported live from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, surrounded by the flurry of floor traders doing business. He mainly focuses on activity in major stock market indices, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500.

TheStreet, Inc. is an American financial news and services website founded by Jim Cramer and Marty Peretz. The company is headquartered at 14 Wall Street in New York City.

<i>Street Signs</i> (TV program) US television program

Street Signs is a television business program that originally aired on CNBC, and currently airs on CNBC Asia and CNBC Europe. Before the Asian version debuted on March 31, 2014, it was broadcast on CNBC at 2:00pm ET. The CNBC United States version's final episode aired on February 6, 2015, due to Power Lunch returning to a two-hour format. The European version of Street Signs, which is aired in a one-hour format on CNBC Europe, debuted January 4, 2016.

Alan David Schwartz is an American businessman and is the executive chairman of Guggenheim Partners, an investment banking firm based in Chicago and New York. He was previously the last president and chief executive officer of Bear Stearns when the Federal Reserve Bank of New York forced its March 2008 acquisition by JPMorgan Chase & Co..

<i>Squawk on the Street</i> US television program

Squawk on the Street, which debuted on December 19, 2005, is a business show on CNBC that follows the first 90 minutes of trading on Wall Street in the United States.

James Patrick O'Shaughnessy is an American investor and the founder, Chairman, and Chief Investment Officer of O'Shaughnessy Asset Management, LLC (OSAM), an asset management firm headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut.

<i>Fast Money</i> (talk show) US television program

Fast Money is an American financial stock trading talk show that began airing on the CNBC cable/satellite TV channel on June 21, 2006. Beginning October 10, 2007, it was broadcast every weeknight at 5pm ET, one hour after the close of trading on the New York Stock Exchange, until mid-2011 when it was moved to just four nights per week, Monday through Thursday, to make room for special option and currency trading shows on Friday evenings. On March 22, 2013, it returned to the Friday night slot as a half-hour show, followed by the Options Action half-hour show. The show originates from the NASDAQ MarketSite in New York City.

"Short and distort" is a type of securities fraud in which Internet investors short sell a stock and then spread negative rumors about the company in an attempt to drive down stock prices.

James E. Cayne is an American businessman, a former CEO of Bear Stearns. In 2006, he became "the first Wall Street chief to own a company stake worth more than $1 billion" but he lost most of that in the 2007–2008 collapse of Bear Stearns' stock and sold his entire stake in the company for $61 million.

<i>Morning Call</i> (TV program) US television program

Morning Call is an American TV business program that aired on CNBC, from 10AM to 12 noon ET weekdays. The show premiered as Midday Call on February 4, 2002, offered a clear focus on real-time market coverage at the heart of the trading day. Previous programs shown in the same time slot were The Money Wheel with Ted David and Martha MacCallum and Market Watch. The program last aired August 8, 2007.

Timothy Geithner American central banker and politician

Timothy Franz Geithner is a former American central banker who served as the 75th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Barack Obama, from 2009 to 2013. He was the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 2003 to 2009, following service in the Clinton administration. Since March 2014, he has served as president and managing director of Warburg Pincus, a private equity firm headquartered in New York City.

Portfolio insurance is a hedging strategy developed to limit the losses an investor might face from a declining index of stocks without having to sell the stocks themselves. The technique was pioneered by Hayne Leland and Mark Rubinstein in 1976. Since its inception, the portfolio insurance strategy has been dubiously marketed as a product. However this is a misnomer as it is not a policy and there is no insurer of last resort.

Jon Stewart–Jim Cramer conflict television series

On March 12, 2009, television personality Jim Cramer appeared as a guest on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. The host of CNBC's Mad Money, Cramer appeared in response to host Jon Stewart's highly publicized week-long criticism of CNBC. The exchange began with a scathing piece on CNBC's miscalculations regarding the financial crisis of 2007–2008 in response to CNBC commentator Rick Santelli, who had recently said on the floor of the Chicago Board of Trade that homeowners facing foreclosure were "losers". Santelli had been set to appear on the show, but CNBC canceled Santelli's appearance. Stewart, along with Daily Show executives, claimed the CNBC montage was not retaliatory and that they planned to show it before the cancellation was announced.

Carley Garner American commodity trader

Carley Garner is an American commodity market strategist and futures and options broker and the author of "Higher Probability Commodity Trading" published by DT publishing an imprint of Wyatt-MacKenzie. She has also written four books published by FT Press, Currency Trading in the FOREX and Futures Markets, A Trader's First Book on Commodities, and Commodity Options. Commodity Options was named one of the "Top 10 Investing & Trading Books of 2009" by SFO Magazine. Garner was also featured in FT Press' e-book series entitled "Insights for the Agile Investor", and an educational video series.

References

Biographies

Other sources