Kakanj

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Kakanj

Какањ
Kakanj Municipality Location.png
Location of Kakanj within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Country Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Flag of Zenica-Doboj.svg  Zenica-Doboj
Government
  Municipality presidentMirnes Bajtarević (SDA)
Area
  Municipality376.98 km2 (145.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
  Municipality37,441
  Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
   Urban
11,796
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
72,240
Area code(s) +387 32
Website www.kakanj.com.ba

Kakanj (Serbian Cyrillic : Какањ) is a town and municipality located in Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 11,796 inhabitants, with 38,937 inhabitants in the municipality. It is situated in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, north of Visoko and southeast of Zenica. It was built along the slopes of wide hills on either side of the Zgošća river.

Contents

History

Neolithic artifacts have been found in Obre, a nearby village. Thus, whole culture that covered central Bosnian river basins was named Kakanj culture.

Settlements in the region are very ancient. They are claimed to be historical landmarks of the early Bosnian state. Kraljeva Sutjeska, a Franciscan monastery, is of particular historical note. Near the monastery is Bobovac, scene of the last stand of Bosnian Queen Katarina Kosača and medieval residence of Bosnian kings. In Kraljeva Sutjeska is one of the oldest mosques in Bosnia, built by order of Sultan Mehmed II the Victorious during his expedition to Bosnia and conquest of Bobovac. The Kakanj area enjoyed a renaissance during the rule of the Kotromanić dynasty.

One of the most beautiful tombs ever found in Bosnia, with a carving of a hunting cavalier, was found in Kakanj; it is currently displayed in the botanic garden of The State Museum in Sarajevo.

Kakanj was first mentioned 1468 as settlement with 90 houses. Coal mine Kakanj was founded in 1900 under Austro-Hungarian rule around a developing coal mine, which began production in 1902. In the next hundred years, Kakanj developed organically without any urban planning, initially around the coal mine, and later along the banks of the Zgošća and Bosna rivers.

Bosnian War (1992–95)

The situation in Kakanj at the beginning of the Bosnian War was rather quiet, confronted with the frontlines in the area of Zavidovići. The town was in the middle of the Bosnian government-controlled territory, along the communication path with Zenica. Most of the Serb minority soon left the town, while Bosniak refugees from Serb-controlled towns arrived.

Between March and June 1994, Croats and Bosniaks signed the Washington Agreement, forming the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The situation in Kakanj improved, but refugees did not came back. Health and sanitation conditions are poor, even though not severe; a hepatitis epidemic is recorded in 1994. Food Security is under control, thanks to humanitarian aid, even though prices remain prohibitive and most of the family survive with company-organized distribution and kitchen gardens. Almost all productive activities are stopped, and nobody receive any salary, but monthly food packages.

Post-war

Cement factory ZFBH 441-307.jpg
Cement factory

The economy in Kakanj, notwithstanding promises, does not start off, and many young people leave or do not come back from gastarbeiter workplaces in Germany and elsewhere. Over 16,000 town inhabitants, more than 4,000 are unemployed. The cement factory (owned by a German company by 51%) does not work fully, and all the cement goes for construction works in Sarajevo. The coal mine hardly works: its coal is out of market because it's polluting. Cement factory workers earns the most, 800 DM/months; then came powerplant workers, and last the miners. The cost of life for a 4 persons family is around 1000 DM/month.

On 29 September 1999, the High Representative (OHR) Wolfgang Petrisch removed from office the mayor of Kakanj, Kemal Brodilija, for obstructing the implementation of the Dayton Agreements and pursuing an extra-legal agenda. [1]

View of Kakanj Kakanj.jpg
View of Kakanj

Settlements

The municipality consists of following settlements: AlagićiBastašićiBašićiBičerBijele VodeBijelo PoljeBilješevoBistrik-CrkvenjakBištraniBjelavićiBosnaBrežaniBrnjBrnjicBukovljeCrnačČatićiDanciDesetnikDobojDonja PapratnicaDonji BanjevacDonji KakanjDonji LučaniDračićiDrijenDubovo BrdoDumanacGoraGornja PapratnicaGornji BanjevacGornji LučaniGovedovićiGradacGroceHalinovićiHaljinićiHausovićiHodžićiHrasnoHrastovacIvnicaJavorJehovinaJereviceJezeroKakanjKaraulaKaraulsko PoljeKlanacKondžiloKoprivnicaKraljevska SutjeskaKrševacKučićiKujavčeLipnicaLučićiLukovo BrdoMarijina VodaMiljačićiMiočiModrinjeMramorNažbiljObrePapratnoPavlovićiPedićiPodbjelavićiPodborjePoljaniPoljicePopePopržena GoraRatanjRibnicaRičicaRojin PotokSaranovićiSebinjeSemetišSeoceSlagoščićiSlapnicaSlivanjSlivniceSopotnicaStarposleSubotinjeTermoelektranaTeševoTičićiTršćeTuralićiTurbićiVaralićiVeliki TrnovciVidušaVrtlišteVukanovićiZagrađeZgošćaZlokućeŽeljeznička Stanica KakanjŽivalji.

Demographics

Town of Kakanj, 1991 census; total: 12,008

   ethnic Muslims 4,977 (41.44%)
   Croats 2,387 (19.87%)
   Serbs 2,053 (17.09%)
   Yugoslavs 1,841 (15.33%)
  others 750 (6.24%)

Town of Kakanj, 2013 census; total:11,796

   Bosniaks 9,408 (79.8%)
   Croats 959 (8.1%)
   Serbs 205 (1.7%)
  others 1,224 (10.4%)
Population of Kakanj municipality
year of census20131991.1981.1971.
Bosniaks32,341 (86,4%)30,528 (54,56%)27,393 (52,55%)25,142 (52,84%)
Croats2,973 (7,9%)16,556 (29,59%)16,016 (30,72%)15,479 (32,53%)
Serbs281 (0,8%)4,929 (8,80%)5,182 (9,94%)6,233 (13,10%)
Yugoslavs2,554 (4,56%)2,298 (4,40%)301 (0,63%)
others and unknown1,846 (4,9%)1,383 (2,47%)1,238 (2,37%)425 (0,89%)
total37,44155,95052,12747,580

In the census of 1991, the town of Kakanj itself had 12,008 inhabitants.

Ethnic structure by settlements, 1991 census

Absolute ethnic majority:

   Bosniaks
   Croats
   Serbs

Relative ethnic majority:

   Bosniaks
VillagetotalBosniaksCroatsSerbsYugoslavsothers
Alagići946123910
Bastašići74677000
Bašići2002000000
Bičer37931505473
Bijele Vode28821606732
Bijelo Polje4775539201911
Bilješevo2391123304
Bistrik - Crkvenjak40459340041
Bištrani574339229132
Bjelavići72406881530
Bosna63006300
Brežani69260378164
Brnj710490209083
Brnjic8208200000
Bukovlje1,60864091703516
Crnač599332266100
Čatići1,448534815124245
Danci62005660
Desetnik522355016601
Doboj2,5161,97315417113187
Donja Papratnica56554202102
Donji Banjevac1450133813
Donji Kakanj60570030
Donji Lučani1140011400
Dračići33003300
Drijen1061050001
Dubovo Brdo2682680000
Dumanac607522067108
Gora5012841960165
Gornja Papratnica14290025126
Gornji Banjevac408132274020
Gornji Lučani40031518130
Govedovići2173212200
Gradac21210000
Groce2722670500
Halinovići1541540000
Haljinići8151575432122
Hausovići13112011000
Hodžići4914910000
Hrasno4734680023
Hrastovac2992990000
Ivnica25724601001
Javor14913101800
Jehovina1714016412
Jerevice2722650160
Jezero15914411130
Kakanj12,0084,9772,3872,0531,841750
Karaula17313613510
Karaulsko Polje29217979196
Klanac1340134000
Kondžilo42003930
Koprivnica2672660010
Kraljevska Sutjeska8524575222924
Krševac4624560114
Kučići4724702000
Kujavče2682670010
Lipnica27417398030
Lučići228104122002
Lukovo Brdo24432212000
Marijina Voda7251884872840
Miljačići31844262129
Mioči18257012212
Modrinje635506012261
Mramor2322310001
Nažbilj29928412030
Obre50746471530
Papratno1148105001
Pavlovići3341327105
Pedići4654630002
Podbjelavići73019045595026
Podborje2021921126
Poljani1,325911,2162214
Poljice1390135400
Pope715604881175
Popržena Gora34326108002
Ratanj350032401610
Ribnica1191160003
Ričica820471345022
Rojin Potok20416329138
Saranovići29002900
Sebinje1331330000
Semetiš1651640001
Seoce8789375312011
Slagoščići57057000
Slapnica8362575572128
Slivanj2112100010
Slivnice4533162662409
Sopotnica72067304700
Starposle3933930000
Subotinje1487906711
Termoelektrana2021111735381
Teševo3510351000
Tičići9405781342118
Tršće799698683201
Turalići3393360003
Turbići2260217054
Varalići6126090012
Veliki Trnovci577255311092
Viduša903105900
Vrtlište3993960012
Vukanovići6420637014
Zagrađe3753720030
Zgošća96066620960232
Zlokuće2632550008
Željeznička Stanica Kakanj628270232173880
Živalji327191130051
total55,95030,52816,5564,9292,5541,383

Sport

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-04-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 44°07′52″N18°05′50″E / 44.13111°N 18.09722°E / 44.13111; 18.09722