Cazin

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Cazin

Цазин
Grad Cazin
City of Cazin
Cazin - New Square.jpg
City center square
Zastava Cazina.svg
Flag
Grb Cazina.svg
Coat of arms
Cazin Municipality Location.svg
Location of Cazin within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cazin
Location of Cazin within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°58′N15°56′E / 44.967°N 15.933°E / 44.967; 15.933 Coordinates: 44°58′N15°56′E / 44.967°N 15.933°E / 44.967; 15.933
Country Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
  MayorNermin Ogrešević (NES)
Area
  Total356 km2 (137 sq mi)
Population
 (Census 2013 [1] )
  Total66,149
  Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s) +387 37
Website www.opcinacazin.ba

Cazin (Serbian Cyrillic : Цазин) is a city located in Una-Sana Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in northwest Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Bosanska Krajina region, near the border with Croatia. As of 2013, it has a population of 66,149 inhabitants.

Contents

The municipality is often also called Cazinska Krajina. The town of Cazin is located on the main road which connects Bihać and Velika Kladuša.

History and features

Cazin in 1906 Bruner-Dvorak, Rudolf - Bosna, Cazin, mesita (ca 1906).jpg
Cazin in 1906

Cazin has several historic places, some dating back to the 14th century. Ostrožac castle and Radetina Tower are located in Cazin. Cazin was the city of Knin Bishop. [2]

From 1929 to 1941, Cazin was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[ citation needed ]

The Cazin uprising of 1950, an armed anti-state rebellion of peasants, occurred in Cazin and neighboring Velika Kladuša and Slunj, which were all part of Communist Yugoslavia at the time. [3] The peasants revolted against the forced collectivization and collective farms by the Yugoslav government on the farmers of its country. Following a drought in 1949, the peasants of Yugoslavia were unable to meet unrealistic quotas set by their government and were punished. The revolt that followed the drought resulted in the killings and persecution of those who organized the uprising, but also many innocent civilians. [4] [5] It was the only peasant rebellion in the history of Cold War Europe. [6]

The city was successfully defended by the Bosnian Army during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Settlements

Aside from the urban area of Cazin, the city administrative area comprises the following settlements:

Demographics

According to the 2013 census, the city of Cazin has a population of 66,149 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic groupPopulation
1971
Population
1981
Population
1991 [7]
Population
2013 [8]
Bosniaks/Muslims 43,88055,40161,69363,463
Croats 175122139320
Serbs 1,19682677829
Yugoslavs 51529430-
Others/Unspecified1662323692,337
Total45,46857,11063,40966,149


Twin towns – sister cities

Cazin is twinned with:

See also

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References

  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2013-11-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. HAMDIJA KREŠEVLJAKOVIĆ, 1953, STARI BOSANSKI GRADOVI (VIEUX BOURGS BOSNIAQUES) https://www.fmks.gov.ba/download/zzs/1953/1-1953.pdf #page=32
  3. "CAZINSKA BUNA 1950: Danas se navršavaju 62 godine od ustanka u Krajini". Cazin. 6 May 2012. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  4. "Klanjana kolektivna dženaza žrtvama Cazinske bune iz 1950. godine". Haber. 11 May 2012. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  5. "Vera Kržišnik Bukić i Cazinska buna". Radio Sarajevo. 4 May 2012. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  6. Mueller, Andrew (2010). Rock and Hard Places: Travels to Backstages, Frontlines and Assorted Sideshows. ISBN   9781593763794 . Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  7. "Bosnian Congres - census 1991 - North of Bosnia". Hdmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  8. "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  9. "Kardeş Belediyeler". develi.bel.tr (in Turkish). Develi. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  10. "Gradsko vijeće Cazin: Donesena odluka o bratimljenju Cazina sa turskom općinom Kahramanmaraš". rtvcazin.ba (in Bosnian). Radio-televizija Cazin. 2018-02-22. Retrieved 2020-12-28.