Kalhang

Last updated
Kalhang
Village
Nickname(s): Kansang
India Manipur location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kalhang
Location in Manipur, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kalhang
Kalhang (India)
Coordinates: 25°14′23″N94°27′09″E / 25.23972°N 94.45250°E / 25.23972; 94.45250 Coordinates: 25°14′23″N94°27′09″E / 25.23972°N 94.45250°E / 25.23972; 94.45250
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Manipur
District Ukhrul
Population
  Total 1,181
Languages
  Official Tangkhul (Kansang tu)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 795142
Vehicle registration MN
Nearest city Ukhrul Kohima
Literacy 41.61%
Lok Sabha constituency Outer Manipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chingai
Website manipur.gov.in

Kalhang is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is approximately 39 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. Kalhang is one of the villages that used to make indigenous salt from natural salt springs and supply to other Tangkhul villages before the introduction of common salt.[ citation needed ] The village is flanked by Phungcham and Peh in the west, Khamasom in the east, Longpi in the south and Kuirei in the North. Locally inhabitants speak Kansang dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Ukhrul Place in Manipur, India

Ukhrul/Hunphun is a town in Ukhrul district in the state of Manipur, India. Ukhrul district is the home of the Tangkhul Naga. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ukhrul district. There are also four sub-divisions in the district for administering the villages in and around it. The villages, however, are governed by the 'village heads'.

Manipur State in North-east India

Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma (Myanmar) lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi) and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the majority group in the state, the Pangals or the Pangans, Kuki, and Naga people, who speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. It has long connected the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, China, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia, enabling migration of people, cultures, and religions.

India Country in South Asia

India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Contents

Total population

According to 2011 census, [1] Kalhang has 215 households with the total of 1,181 people of which 599 are male and 582 are female. Of the total population, 222 were in the age group of 0–6 years. The average sex ratio of Kalhang village is 972 female to 1000 male which is lower than the state average of 985. The literacy rate of the village stands at 41.61%. Male literacy rate stands at 44.44% while female literacy rate was 38.69%.

People and occupation

The village is home to people of Tangkhul Naga tribe. Majority of the inhabitants are Christians. Agriculture is the primary occupation of the inhabitants. The village is well known in the district for its scenic beauty. Kalhang is also famous for pork cuisine prepared mainly during Luira festival, seed sowing festival of the Tangkhuls. [2] The village has a painful history of bearing inhuman treatment under the Indian army during insurgency operations. [3]

Related Research Articles

Chingjaroi village in Manipur, India

Chingjaroi, originally known Asinei or Asewnei alternatively called Zingchui/Zingjui by the tangkhul ,Swemi by the Poumai and khatsomi by the Chakhesang tribe is a large tangkhul Naga village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India and bordered mainly by villages like Peh, Phaibung ,Jessami, Laii ,Kharasom and Razai. The village is sub-divided into three parts, viz. Chingjaroi Khullen, Chingjaroi Khunou and Chingjaroi Christian Village. Chingjaroi Khullen the nearest from the National Highway 150 is approximately 84 kilometers from Ukhrul district headquarters.

Poi, Ukhrul Village in Manipur, India

Poi is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is partially connected by National Highway 150, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami. Poi is 68 kilometers away from Ukhrul via Awangkasom and about 3 kilometers and 5 kilometers away from Indo-Myanmar border pillar number 126 and 130 respectively. Poi is flanked by Challou in the North, Chingai in the north west, Ngahui, Kuirei and Marem in the west, Huishu and Khamasom in the south. MK Preshow Shimray, the Ex- MLA from Chingai Assembly Constituency and also the Deputy Speaker of the present Manipur Legislative Assembly hails from this village.

Kuirei Village in Manipur, India

Kuirei is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is approximately 41 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. Kuirei is one of the villages that used to make indigenous salt from salt springs and supply to other Tangkhul villages before the advent of common salt. The village is flanked by Phungcham and Peh in the west, Huishu and Khamasom in the east, Kalhang in the south and Ngahui and Marem in the North. Locally inhabitants speak Kuirei dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Marem Village in Manipur, India

Marem is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is approximately 48 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. The village is often in the news for the deplorable condition of the National Highway stretch that passes through the village land. Marem is one of the villages that used to make indigenous salt from salt springs and supply to other Tangkhul villages before the advent of common salt. The village is flanked by Peh in the west, Chingai in the east, Ngahui and Kalhang in the south and Chingjaroi and Namrei in the north. Locally inhabitants speak Marem dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Shirui Village in Manipur, India

Shirui also misnomerly called 'Shiroy'/Shiroi is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is 15 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. The village is divided into two parts Shirui ato and Shirui aze, however, both the parts are under one chief. Shirui is famous for the rich and flora found on Shirui Kashong or Shirui peak and especially for blooming of the rare Lilium mackliniae during the start of Monsoon. The village is flanked by Ukhrul in the west, Langdang in the south, Mapum in the east, Sihai in the North east and Lunghar in the north. Locally inhabitants speak Shirui dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Nungshong Village in Manipur, India

Nungshong is a generic reference to two villages viz. Nungshong Khullen and Nungshong Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 30 kilometers from Ukhrul via the state highway that connects Ukhrul-Kamjong via Shangshak. The shorter un-metalled road from Ukhrul to Nungshong is about 15 kilometers. Construction of a new road under PMGSY to connect the neighboring villages with Ukhrul is underway for which there were reports of irregularities on the part of the executing agencies. Nungshong is flanked by Hungpung in the west, Shangching in the south, Choithar and Khangkhui in the north. Locally, the residents speak Nungshong dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Shangshak Village in Manipur, India

Shangshak is a generic reference to two villages viz. Shangshak Khullen and Shangshak Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 15 kilometers from Ukhrul via National Highway 150 and the state highway that connects Ukhrul-Kamjong via Shangshak. Shangshak is flanked by Hungpung in the north, Koso in the south, Ramva in the west and Gamnom and Yengtem in the east. The first battle in Indian soil during the Second World War between the Japanese and the allied forces was fought in Shangshak. The battle of Shangshak fought for two weeks from 21 to 26 March 1944 is considered as one of the bloodiest battles of the Second World War. Locally, the residents speak Shangshak dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Tashar, Ukhrul Village in Manipur, India

Tashar also called as Tushar is a generic reference to two villages viz. Tashar and Tashar Chanhong located south-west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 18 kilometers from Ukhrul via National Highway that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Tashar is flanked by Pharung in the north, Ramva in the south, Shangshak in the east and Sirarakhong in the West. The village is divided into two major parts, Tashar main and Tashar Chanhong. Locally, the inhabitants speak Tashar tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Hatha, Ukhrul Village in Manipur, India

Hatha is a small hamlet located south-west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 10 kilometers from Ukhrul via National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Hatha is flanked by Hungpung in the north, Ramva in the south, Shangshak in the east and Sirarakhong in the West. Locally, the inhabitants speak Hatha tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Shingkap Village in Manipur, India

Shingkap is a village located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul via National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Shingkap is flanked by Lungpha in the north, Riha in the west, Tangkhul Hundung in the south and Alang in the east. Locally, the inhabitants speak Shingkap tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Tungou Village in Manipur, India

Tungou also misnomerly referred as Ringui is a village located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul via National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Tungou is flanked by Ramva in the east, Tashar in the north, Sinakeithei in the west and Lungpha in the south. Locally, the inhabitants speak Tungou tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Ringui Ramhon Village in Manipur, India

Ringui Ramhon is a small village located west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Ringui Ramhon is flanked by Ramva in the east, Tashar in the north, Sinakeithei in the west and Lungpha in the south. Locally, the inhabitants speak Ringui tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Lungshang Village in Manipur, India

Lungshang is a small village located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 20 kilometers from Ukhrul partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Lungshang is divided into two major parts, Lungshang Azing and Lungshang Ato and is flanked by Shangshak in the south, Nungshong in the west, Yengtem in the east and Khangkhui in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Lungshang tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Tangkhul Hundung Village in Manipur, India

Tangkhul Hundung is a village south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur, India. The village is about 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Ukhrul and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Imphal and is partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. Tangkhul Hundung is divided into two major parts, Tangkhul Hundung Khullen and Tangkhul Hundung Khunou. The village is flanked by Thoyee in the west, Shingkap in the north, Itham in the south and Alang in the east. Locally, the inhabitants speak Tangkhul Hundung tui, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Shingcha Village in Manipur, India

Shingcha is a village located southeast of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 45 kilometers from Ukhrul and is partially connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong State highway. The village is flanked by Pushing in the north, Maku in the south, the Langkhe in the east and Shangshak in the west.

Ningthi, Ukhrul Village in Manipur, India

Ningthi is a village located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 103 kilometers from Ukhrul and is partially connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong State highway and inter village road constructed in 2015. Ningthi is flanked by Kamjong in the east, Phungyar in the west, Tusom in the south and Hangkau in the north. Ningthi river is the main tributary of Chindwin river of Myanmar.

Seikhor Village in Manipur, India

Seikhor is a village located west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Ukhrul sub division. Seikhor is partially connected by the old Imphal-Ukhrul road and is about 18 kilometers from Ukhrul. Seikhor is flanked by Pharung in the east, Teinem in the west, Tashar in the south and Ngainga in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Seikhor dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Bungpa Village in Manipur, India

Bungpa is a generic reference to two villages, Bungpa Khullen and Bungpa Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Kamjong sub division. The villages are connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong state highway. Bungpa is flanked by Phungyar in the west, Grihang in the south, Lakhan in the east and Kamjong in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Bungpa dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Kangpat Village in Manipur, India

Kangpat is a generic reference to two villages, Kangpat Khullen and Kangpat Khunou located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Kamjong sub division. The two villages are connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong state highway. Kangpat is flanked by Sorbung in the west, Choro in the south, Skipe in the east and Nambisha in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Kangpat dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. Some researchers are of the view that the dialect spoken by the inhabitants has some affinity to that of the Koireng tribe.

Nungbi Khullen Village in Manipur, India

Nungbi Khullen locally called as Loree is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Chingai sub division. National Highway 150 that connects Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami passes through the village. Nungbi Khullen is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul; and is flanked by Loree Kaju in the west, Lunghar in the south, Khamasom in the east and Kalhang in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Loree dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

References

  1. "Kalhang Population". Census 2011. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  2. "Pork Cuisine of Kalhang". Book:THE SEVEN SISTERS: KITCHEN TALES FROM THE NORTH EAST. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  3. "Excesses of Indian army". India Today. Retrieved 2015-09-10.