Kleiner Perkins

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Kleiner Perkins
FormerlyKleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB)
Type Private
Industry Venture capital
Founded1972 (1972) in California
Founders Eugene Kleiner, Thomas Perkins, Frank J. Caufield, Brook Byers
Products Investments
Website www.kleinerperkins.com

Kleiner Perkins, formerly Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB), is an American venture capital firm which specializes in investing in incubation, early stage and growth companies. Since its founding in 1972, the firm has backed entrepreneurs [1] in over 900 ventures, [2] [3] including America Online, [4] Amazon.com, [5] Tandem Computers, Compaq, [6] Electronic Arts, [4] JD.com, Square, [7] Genentech, [6] Google, Netscape, Sun Microsystems, Nest, Palo Alto Networks, Synack, Snap, AppDynamics, and Twitter. [7] By 2019 it had raised around $9 billion in 19 venture capital funds [8] and four growth funds. [3]


Kleiner Perkins is headquartered in Menlo Park in Silicon Valley, [9] with offices in San Francisco [9] and Shanghai, China. [10]

The New York Times described Kleiner Perkins as "perhaps Silicon Valley's most famous venture firm". [11] The Wall Street Journal called it one of the "largest and most established" venture capital firms [12] and Dealbook named it "one of Silicon Valley's top venture capital providers." [13]


The firm was formed in 1972 as Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers (KPCB) [14] [15] in Menlo Park, California, [16] with a focus on seed, early-stage, and growth companies. [14] [15] The firm is named after its four founding partners: Eugene Kleiner, Tom Perkins, Frank J. Caufield, and Brook Byers. [16] Kleiner was a founder of Fairchild Semiconductor, and Perkins was an early Hewlett-Packard executive. [16] [17] Byers joined in 1977. [18]

Located in Menlo Park, California, Kleiner Perkins had access to the growing technology industries in the area. By the early 1970s, there were many semiconductor companies based in the Santa Clara Valley as well as early computer firms using their devices and programming and service companies. Venture capital firms suffered a temporary downturn in 1974, when the stock market crashed and investors were naturally wary of this new kind of investment fund. Nevertheless, the firm was still active in this period.[ citation needed ] By 1996, Kleiner Perkins had funded around 260 companies a total of $880 million. [18] Beyond the original founders, notable members of the firm have included individuals such as [19] John Doerr, [20] Vinod Khosla, [21] and Bill Joy. [22]

Colin Powell joined as a "strategic" partner in 2005, [11] while Al Gore joined as a partner [13] in 2007 [21] [23] as part of a collaboration between Kleiner Perkins and Generation Investment Management. [24] Mary Meeker joined the firm in 2010, [19] and that year Kleiner Perkins expanded its practice to invest in growth stage companies. [25] Meeker departed in 2019 to found Bond Capital. [26] Mamoon Hamid from Social Capital and Ilya Fushman from Index Partners joined in 2017 and 2018 respectively, both as investing partners. [27]

The New York Times has described Kleiner Perkins as "perhaps Silicon Valley's the most famous venture firm". [11] The firm was described by Dealbook in 2009 as "one of Silicon Valley's top venture capital providers", [13] and The Wall Street Journal in 2010 called it one of the "largest and most established" venture capital firms. [12] By 2019 it had raised around $9 billion in 19 venture capital funds [8] and four growth funds. [3]

In May 2012, Ellen Pao, an employee, sued the firm for gender discrimination in Pao v. Kleiner Perkins , [28] which the firm has vigorously denied. [29] On 27 March 2015, after a month-long trial, the jury found against Pao on all claims. [30] In June 2015, Pao filed an appeal. [31] In September 2015, Pao announced she would no longer appeal the jury verdict. [32]

In September 2018, Kleiner Perkins announced it was spinning out its digital growth team into a new independent firm. [33] [34] The firm announced its 19th fund on 31 January 2019 [8] after raising $600 million. The fund is focused on early stage investments [35] in the "consumer, enterprise, hard tech and fintech" sectors. [36] The firm raised US$600 million for its 18th fund, KP XVIII, in January 2019. [37]


In March 2008 Kleiner Perkins announced the iFund, a $100 million venture capital investment initiative that funds concepts related to the iPhone, and doubled that investment a year later. [38] It was reported in April 2008 that Kleiner Perkins was raising funds for a $500 million growth-stage clean-technology fund. [15] [39] In October 2010, the firm launched a $250 million fund called sFund to focus on social startups, with co-investors such as Facebook, Zynga and Amazon.com. [40] In early 2016, the firm raised $1.4 billion in KP XVII and DGF III. [41]

The firm has been an early investor in more than 900 [2] technology and life sciences firms since its founding, [42] [43] [17] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] including Amazon.com, [5] America Online, [4] Beyond Meat, Citrix, [51] Compaq, [6] Electronic Arts, [4] Genentech, [6] Google, [5] Intuit, [40] Lotus Development, [45] Netscape, [18] Shyp, [52] Nest, [51] Sun Microsystems, [45] and Twitter. [7] Some current investments include DJI, Handshake, Coursera, [7] Shape Security, [53] Farmers Business Network, Interos, [54] IronNet Cybersecurity, Desktop Metal, Gusto, Plaid, Rippling, Robinhood, Slack, UiPath, Netlify, Loom, Viz.ai, and Looker. [55] Very recent investments include Modern Health, [56] Pillar, [57] Future [58] and STORD. [59]

Kleiner Perkins paid $5 million in 1994 for around 25% of Netscape and profited from Netscape's IPO. [18] Its investment of $8 million in Cerent was worth around $2 billion [60] when the optical equipment maker was sold to Cisco Systems [16] for $6.9 billion in August 1999. [61] In 1999, Kleiner Perkins [5] paid $12 million for a stake in Google. [62] As of 2019, the market cap of Google's parent company was estimated at around $831 billion. [63] As initial investors in Amazon.com Kleiner Perkins scored returns [5] in excess of $1 billion [64] on an $8 million investment. [5]

Key partners

The firm currently has five partners managing investments: [27] [65]

Key Advisors

See also

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Coordinates: 37°25′18″N122°12′41″W / 37.421731°N 122.211275°W / 37.421731; -122.211275