List of Presidents of Portugal

Last updated
President of the
Portuguese Republic
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

since 9 March 2016
Style Excellency
Residence Belém Palace
Term length Five years, renewable once; may run for third and final non-consecutive term.
Inaugural holder Manuel de Arriaga
Formation5 October 1910
Coat of arms of Portugal
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The complete list of Presidents of the Portuguese Republic consists of the 20 heads of state in the history of Portugal since the 5 October 1910 revolution that installed a republican regime. This list includes not only those persons who were sworn into office as President of Portugal but also those who de facto served as head of state since 1910. This is the case of Teófilo Braga who served as President of the Provisional Government after the republican coup d'état. Also Sidónio Pais, Mendes Cabeçadas, Gomes da Costa, as well as Canto e Castro and Óscar Carmona in their early months, were not sworn into office as the President of the Republic, usually being the President of the Ministry (Prime Minister), but de facto accumulation this functions with that of the Head of State. See the notes for more information.



The numbering reflects the uninterrupted terms in office served by a single man. For example, Jorge Sampaio served two consecutive terms and is counted as the 19th president (not the 19th and 20th). Teófilo Braga served as the first and sole president of the Provisional Government, and therefore is not considered to be the first President, although he would serve again as head of state and be the second president after the resignation of Manuel de Arriaga. However, Bernardino Machado served two non-consecutive terms, and he is counted as both the third and the eighth presidents. Because of this, the list below contains 20 presidencies, but only 19 presidents.

Under the Constitution of Portugal adopted in 1976, in the wake of the 1974 Carnation Revolution, the President is elected to a five-year term; there is no limit to the number of terms a president may serve, but a president who serves two consecutive terms may not serve again in the next five years after the second term finishes.

The official residence of the President of Portugal is the Belém Palace.

The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, the winner of the 2016 presidential election.

The colors indicate the political affiliation of each President.

     National Republican/Sidonist
     Evolutionist Party/Republican Liberal
     National Union/Popular National Action
     Democratic Renewal
     Social Democratic
    No party

First Republic (1910–1926)

PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical party
President of the Provisional Government of the Republic (1910–1911)
Teófilo Braga [1]
October 5, 1910August 24, 1911 Republican
Presidents of the Republic (1911–1926)
1 Manuel de Arriaga
1911 August 24, 1911May 26, 1915 [R] Republican
later Democratic
2 Teófilo Braga [2]
May 29, 1915October 5, 1915 Democratic
3 Bernardino Machado
October 5, 1915December 5, 1917 [C] Democratic
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Sidónio Pais
December 12, 1917April 28, 1918
4 Sidónio Pais [3]
April 28, 1918December 14, 1918 [A] National Republican
or "Sidonist"
(Head of State ex officio)
President: João do Canto e Castro
December 14, 1918December 16, 1918
5 João do Canto e Castro [4]
December 16, 1918October 5, 1919 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
6 António José de Almeida
1919 October 5, 1919October 5, 1923 Evolutionist Party
later Republican Liberal
7 Manuel Teixeira Gomes
1923 October 5, 1923December 11, 1925 [R] Democratic
8 Bernardino Machado
2nd time
1925 December 11, 1925May 31, 1926 [C] Democratic

Second Republic (1926–1974)

PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical party
Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) (1926–1932)
9 José Mendes Cabeçadas [5]
May 31, 1926June 17, 1926 [C] Military officer
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Manuel Gomes da Costa
June 17, 1926June 29, 1926
10 Manuel Gomes da Costa [5]
June 29, 1926July 9, 1926 [C] Military officer
(Head of State ex officio)
President: Óscar Carmona
July 9, 1926November 29, 1926
11 Óscar Carmona [5] [6]
November 29, 1926April 15, 1928Military officer
Estado Novo (New State) (1932–1974)
11 Óscar Carmona
1928 April 15, 1928April 26, 1935Military officer
from 1932
National Union
1935 April 26, 1935April 15, 1942
1942 April 15, 1942April 20, 1949
1949 April 20, 1949April 18, 1951 [D]
António de Oliveira Salazar [7]
April 18, 1951July 21, 1951 National Union
12 Francisco Craveiro Lopes
1951 July 21, 1951August 9, 1958 National Union
13 Américo Tomás
1958 August 9, 1958August 9, 1965 National Union
from 1970
People's National Action
1965 August 9, 1965August 9, 1972
1972 August 9, 1972April 25, 1974 [C]

Third Republic (1974–present)

PortraitElectedTerm of officePolitical party
Presidents appointed in the aftermath of the Carnation Revolution (1974–1976)
National Salvation Junta [8]
President: António de Spínola
April 25, 1974May 15, 1974
14 António de Spínola
May 15, 1974September 30, 1974 [R] Military officer
15 Francisco da Costa Gomes
September 30, 1974July 13, 1976Military officer
Presidents elected under the Constitution of the Republic (1976–present)
16 António Ramalho Eanes
(born 1935)
1976 July 14, 1976January 14, 1981Military officer
from 1985
Democratic Renewal
1980 January 14, 1981March 9, 1986
17 Mário Soares
1986 March 9, 1986March 9, 1991 Socialist
1991 March 9, 1991March 9, 1996
18 Jorge Sampaio
(born 1939)
1996 March 9, 1996March 9, 2001 Socialist
2001 March 9, 2001March 9, 2006
19 Aníbal Cavaco Silva
(born 1939)
2006 March 9, 2006March 9, 2011 Social Democratic
2011 March 9, 2011March 9, 2016
20 Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
(born 1948)
2016 March 9, 2016Incumbent Social Democratic
[A] Assassinated.
[D] Died in office of natural causes.
[R] Resigned.
[C] Forced to resign due to a coup d'état.


Portugal Presidents of Portugal (1910–Present)
Marcelo Rebelo de SousaCavaco SilvaJorge SampaioMário SoaresRamalho EanesCosta GomesAntónio de SpínolaAmérico TomásCraveiro LopesOliveira SalazarÓscar CarmonaGomes da CostaMendes CabeçadasManuel Teixeira GomesAntónio José de AlmeidaCanto e CastroSidónio PaisBernardino MachadoManuel de ArriagaTeófilo Braga


See also


  1. Teófilo Braga served as President of the Provisional Government, the de facto head of government and head of state, from the republican revolution of 1910 to the election of Manuel de Arriaga, the 1st President of Portugal.
  2. "Teófilo Braga". PRESIDENCY OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
  3. After leading a coup d'état, Sidónio Pais became President of the Revolutionary Junta and later Prime Minister (President of the Ministry). He then abolished the post of Prime Minister, assuming himself as the head of government as President of the Republic. He was assassinated in 1918.
  4. Canto e Castro was head of the Council of Ministers that served as the head of state of Portugal after the assassination of Sidónio Pais in 1918, from December 14 to December 16. He then became interim president until the election of António José de Almeida.
  5. 1 2 3 Mendes Cabeçadas, Gomes da Costa and Óscar Carmona were the heads of the revolutionary provisional governments during the year of 1926. Although not called Presidents, they were de facto heads of state.
  6. Óscar Carmona served initially as head of the revolutionary government after a counter-coup deposed Gomes da Costa. He was de facto head of state between July 9 and November 16, 1926. However he officially took office as President of the Republic on November 16, 1926. Six years later, in 1932, the Estado Novo was proclaimed and the National Union, the only legal party, was formed by António de Oliveira Salazar. Carmona joined the party and was the party's candidate for every presidential election (that were considered fraudulent) until 1951, when he died.
  7. António de Oliveira Salazar, the dictatorial President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) occupied the post of president interim between the death of Óscar Carmona and the election of Francisco Craveiro Lopes.
  8. Between the Carnation Revolution on April 25, 1974 and May 15 of the same year, António de Spínola was the head of the National Salvation Junta, being the de facto head of state and government. After May 15 Adelino da Palma Carlos became the Prime Minister, and Spínola continued as de jure head of state as President of the Republic.