List of Triumph motorcycles

Last updated

Motorcycles produced under the Triumph brand, by both the original company, Triumph Engineering Co Ltd, and its later incarnations, and the current Triumph Motorcycles Ltd.

Contents

Triumph Engineering Co Ltd

Known as the Meriden, West Midlands, UK era, 1902–1983.

Pre-war

ModelEngine displacement [cm³]Production timeNotes
First model1902-1904used Minerva, JAP and Fafnir engines
Second Model1905Triumph used their own engine for the first time, 250 were made, 3 hp
Model4741908-1909production up to 3000 in 1909
Model Roadster5001910-1913single speed, optional rear hub clutch as the 'free engine' model
Model C5501913-1914Three speed Sturmey Archer rear wheel hub
Model TT5001909-1914short wheelbase and no pedals. Types, D, F and K
Model H 5501915-1926Fitted with a three speed Sturmey Archer gearbox
Model SD5501920-1926The SD(Spring Drive)SV, three speed Triumph gearbox
Model R5001921-1926Designed by Harry Ricardo. OHV with a 4 valve head
Model P5001925–1926made down to the price of £42.17.6
Model N5001928£46
Model X150 and 1751930–1934
Model WO2501931-33Twin Port Sloper (1100 made), OHV
XO1501933OHV
2/1 & 2/L1 (Light Weight)2501934-1936OHV single
6/1 6501933-1935Parallel twin. Predates the "Turner Twins". Scrapped when Turner came in, the design later resurfaced, modified, as the BSA A10.
2H, 2H, 3S, 3SC, 3SE, 3H, 5H, 6S,1937-1940
Tiger 702491937-1940OHV single
Tiger 80 3491937-1940OHV single
Tiger 904971937-1940OHV single
5T Speed Twin 4981937-40,1946–58parallel twin, OHV
Tiger 100 4981938-40,1946–59
2HC2501938-1939C stands for coil ignition

Post-war

ModelEngine displacement [cm³]Production timeNotes
Triumph Grand Prix 500 cc OHV5001947–1949Used an all alloy stationary engine, designed to power military generators during the war.
TR5 Trophy 5001949–1958Competition bike winner of ISDT Trophy for 4 years
Triumph TRW5005001950–1964Side valve military production motorcycle
6T Thunderbird 650twin
3TA or Triumph Twenty One 3501957–1966First 350 cc unit construction machine and debut of the distinctive "bath-tub". Alternator electrical system.
5TA or Triumph Speed Twin 5001957–1966First 500 cc 'unit construction' machine. Alternator electrical system.
T90 3501963–1969"Tiger 90", sports version of the 3TA (still single carburettor). (Note, there'd been an earlier Tiger 90, a 500 cc in 1937).
T100 5001959Sports version of the 5T "Speed Twin"
T100A1960–1961Sports version of the 5TA, first Tiger with 'unit construction', 'bathtub' rear enclosure
T100SS1962-1968?Sports version of the 5TA
T100S Tiger Sports
T100SR5001963-1966'Sports Road', Sherbourne Green over Alaskan White paint, white hand grips. [1]
T100S Tiger Sports
T100P5001967?-1973Police version of the unit construction T100. A 1973 T100P was ridden around the world by Ted Simon, documented in his book "Jupiter's Travels".
T100R Daytona 5001966–1974Road version of the racing twin. Built as an answer to Honda's 444 cc Black Bomber. Tested at 110+mph, topped 150 in race trim.
T110 Tiger 650Sports model capable of 110 mph
TR5T Adventurer/Trophy Trail 5001972–1974On/off road style
TR25W Trophy 2502501968-1970Single-cylinder engine based on the BSA B25 Starfire (not the Tiger Cub. The starfire/C15 was a development of the Tiger cub engine.).
T100C Trophy5001966-1972single carb. Mainly for export to the USA
TR6 Trophy 6501956–1968Single carburetor model.
TR6C Trophy 650C is the 'Competition' Model. High pipes on left side. Frequently referred to as desert sleds when used for racing in the Western US. Lower overall gear ratios.
TR6P Saint6501967-1973Police version of the unit construction Trophy. Named the "Saint", an acronym for "Stop Anything In No Time".
TR6R Tiger 6501969-72R is "Road" Model. Trophy renamed Tiger for the 650cc single carb as distinguished from the twin carb of the Bonneville (TR120) 650cc.500cc Tiger single carb renamed Trophy.
TR7V Tiger750thru78Almost identical to the T140; differentiated by the Tiger having a single (as opposed to twin) carburettor. Other differences being cosmetic. "V" identifies 5 speed gearbox.
Terrier1501953-1956Triumph's first unit-construction engine.
Tiger Cub 2001954–1968Single-cylinder based on the Terrier.
T120 Bonneville 650Descended directly from the Tiger 110. Twin Carburettor.
Thruxton BonnevilleBuilt May 1965Production racer (52 total machines built)
T140 Bonneville 7501973-1983Produced at the Meriden factory and after its closure, for a short time in Devon.
Tina Scooter (later T 10)1001962–1970Re-designated "T10" in 1965.
Tigress Scooter 175 (2-stroke) / 250 (4-stroke)1959–1965
T140W TSS 7508-valve head
T140D Bonneville Special 750Custom style
T140E 750Emissions-controlled
Triumph T140 TSX Custom style
TS8-1 Show prototype anti-vibration 8 valve
Bonneville Executive faired tourer with luggage
Triumph TR65 Thunderbird 650T140 derivative, 76x71.5 giving 649 short stroke engine
TR7T Tiger Trail 750On/off road style
TR65T Tiger Trail 650On/off road style with TR65 engine
T140LE Royal Wedding Bonneville 7501981250 of these to commemorate the Prince of Wales' marriage
T140J Bonneville Silver Jubilee 75019772500 of these commemorated Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom's Silver Jubilee
T140AV, TR7AV, TSSAV Anti-Vibration police models
TR7VS Tiger ElectroElectric start
T140ES Bonneville Electro Electric start
TR6 Thunderbird 600Show prototype custom style
Daytona 600 600Show prototype
TSX8 Show prototype 8-valve custom style

Triples

For full detail see BSA Rocket 3/Triumph Trident (for corresponding BSA models see BSA Triples)

ModelFirst yearLast yearNotes
T15019691972
T150V197119745-speed gearbox
X75 Hurricane1973The first production 'Custom' motorcycle–styled by Craig Vetter
T1601975

From 1985 to 1988

Triumph Motorcycles Limited

Known as the Hinckley, Leicestershire era, 1990–.

ModelEngine displacement [cm³]YearsNotes
Daytona 7507481990–1992Triple with short-stroke crank fitted (900 has the long-throw crank). Aimed at Super sports market but more of a sports-tourer. Only circa 240 made. These are now very collectable.
Daytona 10009981990–1992Sports bike using four-cylinder version of the short-stroke 750 Daytona/Trident engine
Trophy 9008851990–2002From 1995 it received a completely new (and much larger) fairing, designed by John Mockett, standard fit panniers and a new exhaust system with low slung silencers to allow the panniers to fit.
Trophy 120011801990–2004Initially 141 bhp sports tourer, using 4-cylinder long-stroke version of modular engine. From 1995 it received a completely new (and much larger) fairing, designed by John Mockett, standard fit panniers and a new exhaust system with low slung silencers to allow the panniers to fit. Engine retuned to 108 bhp with improved torque.
Trophy SE [2] 12152013-Full touring motorcycle, sharing its all-new (and shaft-driven) 1215 triple with the (Adventure styled) Tiger Explorer. Initially sold as a "basic" Trophy and an "SE" (the "basic" version was never available in the US), only the SE is currently listed.
Trident 750748Naked version of short-stroke triple-engined bike.
Trident 900885Naked version of long-stroke triple-engined bike.
Trident Sprint 900885Standard Trident, fitted with very effective twin headlamp half fairing.
Sprint 900885As above but, as model became well known in its own right, Triumph decided to drop the "Trident" part of the name. Facelifted in 1995 to include new (unique to the Sprint, at the time) side panels and tail light.
Sprint 900 Sport885Sprint with improved suspension, higher pegs and exhausts (all taken from the, then current, speed triple) and lower bars (taken from the early Trophy). Probably the best mix of all parts from the initial modular range of Hinckley Triumphs.
Sprint 900 Executive885Sprint with panniers, exhausts and footrest hangers taken from the post 1995 Triumph Trophy.
Daytona 9008851992–1997A combination of the original 750 Daytona with the long stroke 900 engine and a slightly more acceptable riding position. Still too heavy and large to be a true sports bike, but a very charismatic and robust high speed, long distance, tourer.
Daytona 900 Super III8851994–1996A standard 900 Daytona with a Cosworth modified engine producing claimed 115 bhp, fitted with a few carbon fibre extras. The Daytona on which it was based was never a true sports bike, being too heavy (especially top heavy) and unwieldy to compete with current sports bikes. The Super III was an attempt to shed weight and increase power, but combined with a very high price, only served to underline that this was a step too far for the original modular design. These have become collectible bikes.
Daytona 120011801992–1999147 bhp 4 cyl Sports Tourer. Though discontinued in '96, it was relaunched as a "Special Edition" in '98. Only 250 individually numbered machines were produced (the number being shown on a specially engraved plaque on the headstock). It featured with 6 pot brakes (from the Super III), black paint with gold lettering and gold wheels. One of the special plaques was damaged in production and, when another one was ordered, it came as "number 251" in error.
Thunderbird 900 8851995–2004

Triumph's first attempt to revive a classic-styled motorcycle based on its heritage, using the original modular platform. Bike sported 18" front tire and 16" rear, detuned the 885 motor to 70 hp with better lower-end torque.5-speed until engine number 71843, then all fitted with 6-speed.

Adventurer 900 8851996–2000Thunderbird with wider 19" front tyre, plus bob-tail rear fender similar to cruiser bike. Triumph's first attempt at a cruiser, using the modular platform. All from engine number 71843 are 6 speed.
Thunderbird Sport 900 8851997–2000, 2003–2004Thunderbird with wider 17" tyres, plus "arguably" uprated engine (the only real visual difference is with the exhaust system), however the suspension and brakes are improved with twin disc set up. All 6-speed and 82 bhp.
Daytona T5959551997–1999The first true sports bike from the new Hinckley Triumph. Using an engine only very loosely based on the long stroke triple motor, it was much lighter, more powerful and used a unique alloy perimeter frame allowing the low centre of gravity and dedicated sports bike handling necessary to compete in this market. It also had an alloy single sided swing arm that was very similar to that offered by Ducati in their then current 916. The first production bikes featured a polished alloy frame, but these examples very quickly picked up a reputation for catastrophic weld failure on the top rail leading to the headstock. The frames were soon modified with a much larger weld on the top tube, though they were never supplied polished again, reverting to a silver/grey paint finish.
Daytona 955i 9551999–2006The T595 was renamed 955 as it was too often thought to be a 600 cc bike! It gradually evolved with a new bodywork and improved engine mapping. It lost the single sided swinging arm at one point, but then reverted to a single sided arm around a year later. Model eventually discontinued and never replaced as factory felt that the high level of investment necessary to stay competitive in the large sports bike market wasn't justified.

Also "CE" (Centennial Edition) version 2002

Daytona 600 5992002–2004
Daytona 650 6462005–2006Longer stroke version of Daytona 600
Daytona 675 6752006-2016All new bike with all new three cylinder engine
Daytona 7657652020Limited production (1530 total), based on the Street Triple 765, plus tweaks from Triumph's Moto2 learnings.
TT 600 5992000–2002
Scrambler 900 8652006–Street–scrambler styled trail bike, based on the 865 cc Bonneville, 270° crank, high level exhaust system. Electronic Fuel Injection from 2008MY(UK) 2009MY(ROW)
Thruxton 900 8652004–Bonneville based cafe racer
Sprint RS9551999–2004
Sprint ST 955/10501999 on1999–2005 955 cc, 2005 on 1050 cc
Sprint GT10502010 onLiquid-cooled, 12 valve, DOHC, in-line 3-cylinder producing 128 bhp/96 kW @ 9200rpm and torque 108Nm/80 ft.lbs @ 6300rpm. ABS Standard. Available in Pacific Blue, Aluminium Silver and Phantom Black.
Legend TT 8851998–2000
Speedmaster 7902003–2004Cruiser based on the Bonneville, the engine being at 270° instead of 360°
Speedmaster 900 8652005-Cruiser based on the Bonneville T100, the engine being at 270° instead of 360°
Adventurer 8851996–2001Restyled Thunderbird 900
Triumph Bonneville America 790/8652002 on2002–2006 790 cc, 2007 on 865 cc. 2008 on fuel injected
Rocket III 22942004-2009Long distance touring Cruiser
Rocket III Classic 22942006-2007Rider floorboards, different mufflers, 'pullback' handlebars, more comfortable passenger seat
Rocket III Tourer 22942007-2007Classic Model with windscreen, soft saddlebags, backrest, luggage rack and a choice of two-tone paint schemes
Rocket III Touring 22942008-2017Hard luggage and large windscreen standard equipment, less bhp, more torque than standard model
Rocket III Roadster 22942010-2018more HP & torque than standard model, mechanical improvements, modified rider positioning
Rocket 3 Triumph Factory Custom 24582019-2019Redesign - more HP & torque than previous 2300cc model, limited to 750 units
Rocket 3 24582020Redesign - more HP & torque than previous 2300cc model, R & GT variants
Bonneville 790 790/8652001-2007 790 cc, 2007 on 865 ccAfter 10 years of producing bikes around a modern engine, Triumph eventually succumbed to the need to build a true modern version of the classic Bonneville. Using a counterbalanced air and oil cooled parallel twin motor, it looked as close to the original '60's version of the unit construction Bonneville as it was possible to within current noise and emission regulations. In 2002 Triumph released a limited edition model to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's coronation. These collectable bikes were dubbed the "Golden Jubilee" and featured an exclusive paint scheme and badging.
Bonneville Bobber 12002017-The Bonneville Bobber is a new Bonneville model introduced for the 2017 model year. It is a slightly modified version of the same 1200 cc engine introduced in the Bonneville T120 in 2016 which gives it a little less power but more torque.
Bonneville T100 790/865/9002002 on2002-2005 790 cc, 2006 on 865 cc, 2008 fuel injection replaced carbs, 2017 900 cc Liquid cooled, 8 valve, SOHC, 270° parallel twin
Bonneville T120 12002016-Brought back for 2016 an all new 1200 cc Liquid cooled, 8 valve, SOHC, 270° parallel twin
Speed Triple 750748Budget Speed Triple using 750 Trident engine, only in production for a very short time. Using identical components to the 900 version, the only way to tell this model apart is the larger (18") diameter rear wheel, with 6 spokes rather than 3.
Speed Triple 9008851994–1997

Triumph's very successful attempt at a streetfighter motorcycle, similar to how owners were "stripping down" modern sport bikes. Essentially a Daytona 900 without a fairing and fitted with a single round headlamp and conventional paired instrument pod. Originally (and pointlessly) sold with just a 5 speed gearbox, but later versions had the same 6 ratios as the 900 Daytona. Wildly successful and included its own racing series. Still top heavy and not a true sports bike, but one of the most charismatic bikes of the decade. Nearly always sold in all black, with orange being rare and yellow extremely rare.

Speed Triple T5098851997–1999

Replacing the original 900 Speed Triple using, logically, the frame, motor (though originally in 885 cc, rather than 955 cc, guise) and much of the running gear from the new T595 sports bike. Again, there was no fairing, although this time it had twin headlamps in chrome pods to follow the "Street fighter" line, rather than the earlier "cafe racer" appearance. Much lighter and easier to handle than the earlier 900 Speed Triple it was equally successful, though the appearance of the new engine was probably better suited to being hidden behind a fairing.

Speed Triple 955i9551999–2005
Speed Triple 105010502005-2020
Speed Triple 120011602021 onAll-new design inspired by Moto2 and Street Triple 765
Street Triple 675 6752008-2016Scaled down Speed Triple, based on Daytona 675 Chassis
Street Triple 7657652017 on
Speed Four 5992002-2005Stripped down TT600 with reworked engine
Tiger 900 8851993–1998Dual sport with desert racer styling
Tiger8851999–2001Revamped model with fuel-injected motor based on T509 Speed Triple
Tiger 955i 9552001–2006Increased displacement to 955cc, gradual changes made until end of production in 2006
Tiger 1050 10502007 on
Tiger 800 8002011 onAll-new smaller Tiger with an engine based in part on the existing 675cc motor used in the Daytona 675 and Street Triple; was available in several road- and off-road-orientated versions
Tiger 900 8882020 onSuccessor of the Tiger 800
Triumph Thunderbird 1,600 and 1,700200985 bhp(1600) 97 bhp (1700) bhp Parallel Twin, belt-drive cruiser
Triumph Trident 660 6602020 on660 cc 80 bhp tricylinder evolved from Street Triple 660. Adapted to Euro5

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References

  1. https://www.triumph-tiger-90.com/
  2. "TROPHY SE". Triumph Motorcycles. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.