List of treaties of the Ottoman Empire

Last updated

Below is a list of major treaties of the Ottoman Empire . [1] [2]

YearNameMain signatories (other than the Ottoman Empire)
1403 Treaty of Gallipoli Byzantine Empire and Republic of Venice
1411 Treaty of Selymbria Republic of Venice
1419 Ottoman–Venetian Republic of Venice
1444 Szeged and Edirne Hungary
1454 Constantinople (1454) Republic of Venice
1479 Constantinople (1479) Republic of Venice
1533 Constantinople (1533) Holy Roman Empire
1536 Franco-Turkish France
1547 Adrianople (1547) Holy Roman Empire
1555 Amasya Safavid dynasty
1568 Adrianople (1568) Holy Roman Empire
1590 Constantinople (1590) Safavid dynasty
1606 Zitvatorok Holy Roman Empire
1612 Nasuh Pasha Safavid dynasty
1617 Busza Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1618 Serav Safavid dynasty
1621 Khotyn Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1639 Zuhab (Kasr'ı Şirin) [3] Safavid dynasty
1664 Vasvar Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1672 Buczacs Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1676 Żurawno (İzvença)Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1681 Bakhchisarai Russian Empire
1699 Karlowitz Holy Roman Empire, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Republic of Venice
1700 Constantinople (1700) Russian Empire
1711 Pruth Russian Empire
1718 Passarowitz Holy Roman Empire, Republic of Venice
1724 Constantinople (1724) Russian Empire
1732 Ahmet Pasha Safavid dynasty
1736 Constantinople (1736) Afsharid dynasty
1739 Belgrade Habsburg Monarchy
1739 Niš (1739) Russian Empire
1746 Kerden Afsharid dynasty
1774 Küçük Kaynarca Russian Empire
1779 Aynalıkavak Russian Empire
1791 Sistova Holy Roman Empire
1792 Jassy Russian Empire
1795 Algeria United States
1796 Tripoli United States
1797 Tunis (1797) United States
1800 El Arish France
1802 Paris (1802) France
1807 Ičko's Peace Revolutionary Serbia
1809 Kale’i Sültaniye (Dardanelles) United Kingdom
1812 Bucharest (1812) Russian Empire
1815 Algiers (1815) United States
1823 Erzurum (1823) Qajar dynasty
1824 Tunis (1824) United States
1826 Akkerman Russian Empire
1828 Adrianople (1829) Russian Empire
1832 Constantinople (1832) United Kingdom, France, Russian Empire
1833 Hünkâr İskelesi Russian Empire
1833 Kütahya Egypt (nominal vassal of the Ottoman Empire)
1838 Balta Liman United Kingdom
1840 London (1840) United Kingdom, Russian Empire, Germany, Austria-Hungary
1841 London Straits Convention United Kingdom, Russian Empire, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary
1847 Erzurum (1847) Qajar dynasty
1856 Paris (1856) Russian Empire, United Kingdom, France, Kingdom of Sardinia
1862 Shkodër Montenegro (nominal vassal of Ottoman Empire)
1878 San Stefano Russian Empire
1878 Berlin (1878) Russian Empire
1878 Cyprus United Kingdom
1881 Convention of Constantinople Greece
1886 Tophane Bulgaria
1897 Constantinople (1897) Greece
1911 Daane Yemen
1912 Ouchy Italy
1913 London (1913) Balkan League (Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, Greece)
1913 Constantinople (1913) Bulgaria
1913 Athens Greece
1913 Anglo-Ottoman (1913) United Kingdom
1914 Yeniköy accord (Armenian reforms), (1914) Western Armenia
1917 Erzincan Russian SFSR
1918 Brest Litovsk Russian SFSR, Germany, Austria-Hungary
1918 Trabzon Transcaucasian Sejm
1918 Batum Armenia
1918 Mudros United Kingdom
1920 Sèvres Allies (United Kingdom, France, Italy, and others)

See also

Related Research Articles

Halil İnalcık was a Turkish historian of the Ottoman Empire. His highly influential research centered on social and economic approaches to the empire. His academic career started at Ankara University, where he completed his PhD and worked between 1940 and 1972. Between 1972 and 1986 he taught Ottoman history at the University of Chicago. From 1994 on he taught at Bilkent University, where he founded the history department. He was a founding member of Eurasian Academy.

Ahmet Şimşirgil Turkish historian (born 1959)

Ahmet Şimşirgil is a turkish historian.

Timeline of the Turkic peoples (500–1300) timeline of Turkic people

Below is the identified timeline of the History of the Turkic peoples between 6th and 14th centuries. Although the chronology of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm is covered in this timeline, for a more detailed timeline for the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm see Timeline of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm. For a timeline of the modern Turkish state and its legal predecessor see Timeline of the Ottoman Empire and Timeline of Turkish history. Beyond what is described in this timeline, Turkic peoples have lived outside of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, such as in Azerbaijan and the Central Asian republics of former USSR as well as Russia, China, and Iran.

Treaty of Constantinople (1590) a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire

The Treaty of Constantinople, also known as the Peace of Istanbul or the Treaty of Ferhad Pasha, was a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire ending the Ottoman-Safavid War of 1578–1590. It was signed on 21 March 1590 in Constantinople. The war started when the Ottomans, then ruled by Murad III, invaded the Safavid possessions in Georgia, during a period of Safavid weakness. With the empire beleaguered on numerous fronts and its domestic control plagued by civil wars and court intrigues, the new Safavid king Abbas I, who had been placed on the throne in 1588, opted for unconditional peace, which led to the treaty. The treaty put an end to 12 years of hostilities between the two arch rivals. While both the war and the treaty were a success for the Ottomans, and severely disadvantageous for the Safavids, the new status quo proved to be short lived, as in the next bout of hostilities, several years later, all Safavid losses were recovered.

The Ottoman–Persian Wars or Ottoman–Iranian Wars were a series a wars between Ottoman Empire and the Safavid, Afsharid, Zand, and Qajar dynasties of Iran (Persia) through the 16th–19th centuries. The Ottomans consolidated their control of what is today Turkey in the 15th century, and gradually came into conflict with the emerging neighboring Iranian state, led by Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty. The two states were arch rivals, and were also divided by religious grounds, the Ottomans being staunchly Sunni and the Safavids being Shia. A series of military conflicts ensued for centuries during which the two empires competed for control over eastern Anatolia, the Caucasus, and Iraq.

The Treaty of Istanbul was signed on 22 July 1533 in Constantinople (Istanbul) by the Ottoman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria.

Treaty of Constantinople was a treaty between Ottoman Empire and Afsharid Persia signed on 24 September 1736, ending the Afsharid–Ottoman War (1730–35).

Treaty of Aynalıkavak was a treaty between Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire signed on March 10, 1779. The formal name is Aynalıkavak bond of arbitration. Aynalıkavak is a palace in Istanbul where the treaty was signed.

The Battle of Torches was fought in 1583 during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590). The name of the battle refers to torches used during night clashes. The battle resulted in an Ottoman victory, and had thereby secured Dagestan and Shirvan until the end of the war.

The Battle of Çıldır was fought in 1578 during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590).

Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha, also called Silahdar Ali Pasha, was an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier. His epithet silahdar means arms bearer and damat means bridegroom.

Baltacı Mehmet Pasha

Baltacı Mehmet Pasha was an Ottoman statesman who served as grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, first from 1704 to 1706 and again in 1710 to 1711, and as Kapudan Pasha in 1704.

Kemankeş Kara Mustafa Pasha was an Ottoman Albanian military officer and statesman. He served as Kapudan Pasha and as grand vizier.

Süleyman Çelebi Ottoman prince

Süleyman Çelebi was an Ottoman prince and a co-ruler of the empire for several years during the Ottoman Interregnum. There is a tradition of western origin, according to which Suleiman the Magnificent was "Suleiman II", but that tradition has been based on an erroneous assumption that Süleyman Çelebi was to be recognised as a legitimate sultan.

İsa Çelebi Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Padishah) (claimant)

İsa Çelebi was an Ottoman prince and a co-ruler of the empire during the Ottoman Interregnum.

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha was an Ottoman statesman and military leader who served as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire three times.

Rami Mehmed Pasha (1645–1706) was an Ottoman statesman and poet who served as Grand Vizier (1703) and governor of Cyprus and of Egypt (1704–06). He was known as a poet of divan literature.

Siege of Constantinople (1411)

The siege of Constantinople of 1411 occurred during the Ottoman Interregnum, or Ottoman Civil War,, when chaos reigned in the Ottoman Empire following the defeat of Sultan Bayezid I by the Central Asian warlord Timur. Although Mehmed Çelebi was confirmed as sultan by Timur after the Battle of Ankara, his brothers İsa Çelebi, Musa Çelebi, Süleyman Çelebi, and later, Mustafa Çelebi, refused to recognize his authority, each claiming the throne for himself. A civil war was the result. The Interregnum lasted until the Battle of Camurlu on 5 July 1413, when Mehmed Çelebi emerged as victor in the strife, crowned himself sultan Mehmed I, and restored peace to the empire.

References

  1. Nicolae Jorga: Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, trans. by Nilüfer Epçeli, Yeditepe Yayınları, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN   975-6480-17-3
  2. Prof.Dr.Yaşar Yücel-Prof.Dr.Ali Sevim: Türkiye Tarihi II, AKDTYK yayınları,İstanbul, 1990
  3. Usually considered that the present day Iran-Iraq border had been established by this treaty