Music of French Guiana

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The Music of French Guiana (or Guianan music) is a very rich and varied music of several styles and cultures coming from Europe, Africa and the American continent by the Amerindians due to its history and its multi-ethnic diversity.


Guianan Creole rhythms

Others Creole genre : Kanmougwé, Léròl, Grajé, Grajé-vals, Labasyou, Ladjanbèl. [1]

Maroon rhythms

Awassa, mato and soussa are important kinds of Maroon music in French Guiana as well as Suriname. Other rhythms and styles include kawina.

Intermix, Tchoutcha, Inter Spoity (Apatou), Multi System and Compress 220v (Saint Laurent), who toured in Europe in 1999, are the main representatives of this style.

Related Research Articles

Transport in French Guiana Overview of the transport in French Guiana

Transport in French Guiana consists of transport by road, boat, bus, and airplane. There is a railway line within the Guiana Space Centre to transport spacecraft. The road network is mainly concentrated in the coastal region. The interior of Guiana is accessed by plane or boat. There is one main airport, however there are several smaller airstrips in the interior.

The music of the Lesser Antilles encompasses the music of this chain of small islands making up the eastern and southern portion of the West Indies. Lesser Antillean music is part of the broader category of Caribbean music; much of the folk and popular music is also a part of the Afro-American musical complex, being a mixture of African, European and indigenous American elements. The Lesser Antilles' musical cultures are largely based on the music of African slaves brought by European traders and colonizers. The African musical elements are a hybrid of instruments and styles from numerous West African tribes, while the European slaveholders added their own musics into the mix, as did immigrants from India. In many ways, the Lesser Antilles can be musically divided based on which nation colonized them.

The music of Suriname is known for kaseko music, and for having an Indo-Caribbean tradition.

Kasékò is a musical genre from French Guiana. It also designates the drums as well as the dance of this musical genre. This is a fusion of African, European and American styles.

Air Guyane SP is a French airline with its head office on the grounds of Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport in Matoury, French Guiana, France. It operates regional scheduled flights. Its main base is Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport.


The Aluku are a Bushinengue ethnic group living mainly on the riverbank in Maripasoula in southwest French Guiana. The group are sometimes called Boni, referring to the 18th-century leader, Bokilifu Boni.

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Subprefecture and commune in French Guiana, France

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ loʁɑ̃ dy maʁɔni] is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is one of the two sub-prefectures of French Guiana and the seat of the Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, with 45,576 inhabitants at the January 2018 census.

Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Arrondissement in French Guiana, France

The arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region. It has eight communes. Its population is 92,995 (2016), and its area is 40,945 km2 (15,809 sq mi).

Maripasoula Commune in French Guiana, France

Maripasoula is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. With a land area of 18,360 km2 (7,090 sq mi), Maripasoula is the largest commune of France.

Papaichton Commune in French Guiana, France

Papaichton is a commune in the overseas region and department of French Guiana. The village lies on the shores of the Lawa River. Papaichton is served by the Maripasoula Airport.

Music of the African diaspora was mostly refined and developed during the period of slavery. Slaves did not have easy access to instruments, so vocal work took on new significance. Through chants and work songs people of African descent preserved elements of their African heritage while inventing new genres of music. The culmination of this great sublimation of musical energy into vocal work can be seen in genres as disparate as Gospel Music and Hip-Hop. The music of the African diaspora makes frequent use of ostinato, a motif or phrase which is persistently repeated at the same pitch. The repeating idea may be a rhythmic pattern, part of a tune, or a complete melody. The banjo is a direct decedent of the Akonting created by the Jola people, found in Senegal, Gambia and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa. Hence, the melodic traditions of the African diaspora are probably most alive in Blues and Jazz.

Index of French Guiana–related articles Wikipedia index

Articles related to the French overseas department of Guiana(Région Guyane) include:

French Guiana Overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas

French Guiana is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west.

Surinamese culture is very diverse and dynamic, and has strong Asian, African and European influences. The population is mainly composed of the contribution of people from the Netherlands, India, Africa, China and Indonesia, as well as indigenous peoples who lived in the area, before the arrival of European settlers.

Kawina (music)

Kawina, also spelled kawna or kauna, is a musical genre from Suriname. It originated in the last decades of the 19th century under the influence of the music and dance forms banya, laku and tuka. It is related to African music.

Kaseko is a musical genre from Suriname. It is a fusion of numerous popular and folk styles derived from Africa, Europe and the Americas.

Communauté de communes de lOuest guyanais Communauté de communes in French Guiana, France

The Communauté de communes de l'Ouest guyanais (CCOG) is a communauté de communes, an intercommunal structure in the French département d'outre-mer of French Guiana. Created in 1995, the communauté de communes had a population of 92,995 in 2016 and was composed of the eight western communes of French Guiana.