Université de Louvain
|Latin: Studium Generale Lovaniense ; Academia Lovaniensis ; Universitas Lovaniensis|
The Old University of Leuven (or of Louvain) is the name historians give to the university, or studium generale , founded in Leuven, Brabant (then part of the Burgundian Netherlands, now part of Belgium), in 1425. The university was closed in 1797, a week after the cession to the French Republic of the Austrian Netherlands and the principality of Liège (jointly the future Belgium) by the Treaty of Campo Formio.
The name was in medieval Latin Studium generale Lovanienseor Universitas Studii Lovaniensis, in humanistical Latin Academia Lovaniensis, and most usually, Universitas Lovaniensis, in Dutch Universiteyt Loven and also Hooge School van Loven.
It is commonly referred to as the University of Leuven or University of Louvain, sometimes with the qualification "old" to distinguish it from the Catholic University of Leuven (established 1835 in Leuven). This might also refer to a short-lived but historically important State University of Leuven, 1817–1835. The immediate official and legal successor and inheritor of the old University, under the laws in force in 1797, was the École centrale de Bruxelles, which itself closed down in 1802.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the University of Leuven was until its closure a great centre of Jansenismin Europe, with professors such as Cornelius Jansen, Petrus Stockmans, Johannes van Neercassel, Josse Le Plat and especially Zeger Bernhard van Espen and his famous disciple Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim under the pseudonym Febronius. To shake off this reputation, the faculty of theology thrice declared its adherence to the papal condemnation of Jansenist beliefs in the papal bull Unigenitus (1713).
In the 15th century the civil administration of the town of Leuven, with the support of John IV, Duke of Brabant,a prince of the House of Valois, made a formal request to the Holy See for a university.
Pope Martin V issued a papal bull dated 9 December 1425 founding the University in Leuven as a Studium Generale. This university was institutionally independent of the local ecclesiastical hierarchy.
From the founding of the university to its abolition in 1797, Latin was the sole language of instruction.
In its early years, this university was modelled on those of Paris, Cologne and Vienna. The university flourished in the 16th century due to the presence of famous scholars and professors, such as Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens (Pope Adrian VI), Desiderius Erasmus, Johannes Molanus, Joan Lluís Vives, Andreas Vesalius and Gerardus Mercator.
In 1519, the Faculty of Theology of Leuven, jointly with that of the University of Cologne, became the first institution to condemn a number of statements drawn from Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses (preceding the papal bull Exsurge Domine by several months).
After the French Revolutionary Wars, by the Treaty of Campo Formio, the Austrian Netherlands was ceded to the French Republic by Austria in exchange for the Republic of Venice. Once formally integrated into the French Republic, a law dating to 1793 mandating that all universities in France be closed came into effect.The University of Leuven was abolished by decree of the Département of the Dyle on October 25, 1797.
What remained of the university's movables and books were requisitioned for the École centrale in Brussels.This was the immediate official and legal successor and inheritor of the old University, under the laws in force at the time. It was in turn closed down in 1802.
The first attempt to found a successor university in the nineteenth-century was the State University of Leuven, 1817–1835, where a dozen professors of the old University taught.This was followed by a private Catholic university, the Catholic University of Leuven, established in Leuven in 1835 (initially the Catholic University of Mechlin, 1834–1835). This institution was founded with the intention of restoring the confessionally Catholic pre-Revolutionary traditions of learning in Leuven. In 1968 this split to form the two current institutions: the Dutch language Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and the French language Université catholique de Louvain.
From the founding of the University in 1425 up until 1636, there was no official library of the university. Very likely the students had access to manuscripts and printed books preserved in the homes of their professors or colleges.
In 1636, however, a university library was founded in the Cloth hall, previously the seat of the cloth weavers’ guild,and was enlarged in 1725 in a baroque style.
In 1797 much of what remained of this library after the depredations of the French occupying forces was sent to the École centrale de Bruxelles, established as the official replacement of the abolished university, although its most precious books and manuscripts were deposited in Paris at the Bibliothèque nationale de France.The library of the Central School of Brussels came to number about 80,000 volumes, which later became part of the Library of Brussels, and then the Royal Library of Belgium. When invading German forces burned Leuven university library at the beginning of the First World War, it did not contain the books of the old university, or of the State University, but only those of the 19th-century Catholic University of Leuven. Nonetheless, some 300,000 "invaluable books" were lost. This act was used for anti-German propaganda and, a new larger library was built in 1928 funded largely by the Belgian Relief Fund initiated by Herbert Hoover.
The rich archives of the old University of Leuven, after its suppression by the law of the French Republic, so as all the other Universities of the French Republic, were transferred to a "Commission in charge of the management of the goods of the abolished university in Leuven", set up in 1797 and active until 1813.They passed to the National Archives of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and ultimately to the National Archives of Belgium.
Although the archives of the old University of Leuven have been recognized as world heritageby UNESCO, until today there is no complete history of the old University of Leuven.
Chronological list of colleges by foundation, the oldest 4 (Castle/Pork/Lely and Faulcon) were considered as Grand College.in the early 18th century there were 18 colleges.
|1.||Grand College de Burcht||founded by Godfrey de Goimpel|
|2.||1430||Grand College het Varken||foundation by Henri de Loë|
|3.||1493||Grand College de Lelie||foundation by Charles Viruli|
|4.||1546||Grand College de Valk||foundation by Guillaume Everaerts|
|5.||1442||Grand College of Theology||Foundation by Louis de Rycke|
|6.||1662||Minor College of Theology|
|7.||1483||College of Saint-Yvo||Foundation by Robert van den Poele|
|8.||1484||College of Saint-Donatian||Foundation by Antoine Haveren|
|9.||1499||Houterlé-College||Foundation by Henry of Houterlé|
|10.||1504||Winckele-College||Foundation by Jean de Winckele|
|11.||1509||Arras-College||Foundation by Nicolas Ruistere|
|12.||1490||Standonck-College||Foundation by Jean Standonck|
|13.||Three Tongues-College||Foundation by Jerome of Buyslede|
|14.||Pontifical College||Foundation by Adrian VI|
|15.||1535||Saint-Anne's College||Foundation by Nicolas Goublet|
|16.||1551||Savoye's College||Foundation by Eustache Chapuis|
|17.||1559||Druite College||Foundation by Michel Druite|
|18.||1569||van Daele's College||Foundation by Peter van Daele|
|19.||1569||Viglius' College||Foundation by Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus|
|20.||1574||Craendonck College||Foundation by Marcel Craendock|
Chronlogical list of Chancellors.
|1.||1426||1477||Guillaume van de Noot d'Assche||Dean of St-Peters in Leuven|
|2.||1477||1487||Dominic de Bassadonis||Dean of St-Peter|
|3.||1487||1509||Nicolas de Ruistere||Arch-deacon of Brabant|
|4.||1509||1532||Conrard von Ghingen||Herzog von Brunswick|
|5.||1532||1593||Rogier, prinz von Taxis||Protonotary in Antwerp|
|6.||1593||1619||Georg of Austria||Grandson of the emperor Maximilian|
|7.||1619||1634||Gajus Anthoine Hopperus|
|8.||1634||1659||François-Jean de Robles||bishop of Ypres|
|10.||1666||Charles Hovius||President of the Privy Council|
|11.||1666||don Eugenio de Velasco|
|12.||1692||Ferdinand-François de Trazignies||Bishop of Tournay|
|13.||1692||1734||Alexius-Antoine, Prince of Nassau-Siegen||Titular Archbisshop of Trapezopolis|
Notable alumni and faculty members of the pre-1797 University of Leuven include:
The Catholic University of Leuven was founded in 1834 in Mechelen as the Catholic University of Belgium, and moved its seat to the town of Leuven in 1835, changing its name to Catholic University of Leuven.
Louvain-la-Neuve is a planned city in the municipality of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, situated 30 km southeast of Brussels, in the French-speaking part of the country. The city was built to house the Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain) which owns its entire territory; following the linguistic quarrels that took place in Belgium during the 1960s, and Flemish claims of discrimination at the Catholic University of Leuven, the institution was split into the Dutch language Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven which remained in Leuven, and the Université catholique de Louvain.
University of Leuven or University of Louvain may refer to:
The Université catholique de Louvain is Belgium's largest French-speaking university. It is located in Louvain-la-Neuve, which was expressly built to house the university, and Brussels, Charleroi, Mons, Tournai and Namur. Since September 2018, the university has used the branding UCLouvain, replacing the acronym UCL, following a merger with Saint-Louis University, Brussels.
Villers Abbey is an ancient Cistercian abbey located in the town of Villers-la-Ville, in the Walloon Brabant province of Wallonia (Belgium), one piece of the Wallonia's Major Heritage. Founded in 1146, the abbey was abandoned in 1796. Most of the site has since fallen into ruins.
The Collegium Trilingue, often also called Collegium trium linguarum, or, after its creator Collegium Buslidianum, was founded in 1517 under the patronage of the humanist, Hieronymus van Busleyden.
Katholische Academische Verbinding (K.A.V.) Lovania Leuven is a Catholic academic fraternity, founded in 1896 at the Catholic University of Louvain in Leuven, Belgium. It is a German Studentenverbindung and is an affiliated member of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. Her motto is Semper Excelsius!. Its official coulours (Couleur) are green, white and red.
The Belgian American Educational Foundation (BAEF) is an educational charity. It supports the exchange of university students, scientists and scholars between the United States and Belgium. The foundation fosters the higher education of deserving Belgians and Americans through its exchange-fellowship program. Since 1977, Dr. Emile Boulpaep is the president of the BAEF.
The Leuven Faculty of Theology was a branch of the Catholic University of Leuven, established following the Belgian Revolution of 1830, on the initiative of the Belgian bishops. The faculty traces its history back to the Faculty of Theology founded in 1432, with a hiatus between 1797 and 1834 due to the French Revolution. In 1968 the faculty was divided into Flemish and French speaking departments, and they exist today as faculties of two separate universities : the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and the Faculty of Theology of the University of Louvain (UCLouvain), which moved to Louvain-la-Neuve.
The State University of Leuven was a university founded in 1817 in Leuven in Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. It was distinct from the Old University of Leuven (1425-1797) and from the Catholic University of Leuven, which moved to Leuven after the State University had been closed in 1835.
The Catholic University of Belgium, usually said Catholic University of Mechelen, was a university that was founded in Mechelen, Belgium, on November 8, 1834 by the bishops of Belgium.
The city of Leuven, in the former Duchy of Brabant, has been the seat of four universities:
The city of Leuven in Belgium was the seat of three successive universities, each of which had a notable academic library.
KU Leuven is a research university in the Flemish-speaking city of Leuven in Flanders, Belgium. It conducts teaching, research, and services in the natural sciences, engineering, humanities, medicine, law, business, and social sciences.
The Old University of Leuven was established in 1425 with Faculties of Arts, Medicine, Law; however, the university did not have a Faculty of Theology initially. In 1426 a Faculty of Canon Law was added, and at that time both Law Faculties functioned together in one Collegium utriusque iuris.
The following is a timeline of the history of the municipality of Leuven, Belgium.
The Aula Magna is a postmodern building of the University of Louvain located in Louvain-la-Neuve, a section of the Belgian city of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, in Walloon Brabant. It holds one of the country's largest auditoria, with a maximum capacity of 1050 seats, and Wallonia's largest stage. Inaugurated in 2001, the complex was designed by Philippe Samyn.
The Louvain School of Engineering or École polytechnique de Louvain (EPL) is a faculty of the University of Louvain, Belgium, founded in 1864. Known as the Faculty of Applied Sciences prior to 2008, it currently operates on the campuses of Louvain-la-Neuve and UCLouvain Charleroi.