For the purposes of directing mail, Sweden is divided into a number of postcode areas. The Swedish postcode (Swedish : postnummer) system is administered by the Swedish Mail Service (Swedish : Posten AB) on behalf of the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (Swedish : Post- och telestyrelsen).
Until 1968, mail in Sweden was sorted only according to geographic location, which meant that postal workers had to learn all mail centers in Sweden, and what particular mail trains served those places. In 1967, it was decided that postcodes would be introduced in Sweden as of May 12, 1968. Since then, the postcode system has been essentially the same, but a slight reform was carried out during the mid-1990s as all remaining mail terminals were equipped with automatic mail sorting machines. In 2008, Sweden was divided into more than 16,100 postcode areas.
The Swedish postcode system is based on a five-digit number combination, divided into two groups of three and two digits. The principle of numbering is that the lower the postcode, the further south the place is located. Excluded from the principle are postcodes beginning with number 1, which represent the capital city, Stockholm. Mail delivery centers are divided into two-, three-, and five-digit positioning groups depending on the size of the geographical place. The two-position group has larger varieties, whereas the smallest belongs to the five-digit positioning group.
According to the system, a space shall be inserted between the third and fourth digit. Earlier recommendations said that a double space should be placed between the postcode and the geographic location and that the geographic location should be written in capital letters. A single space is now the norm and capital letters are not required any more.
A typical address would look like this:
The two initial digits indicate city. Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö are designated the two-digit series, one for mailbox- and business addresses, and the second series for street addresses.
The post codes are sorted by geographical location. Numbers starting with 10-19 are part of Stockholm; otherwise, the lower numbers are part of the bigger city areas in the south, and increase northwards.
|First digit||Region||Cities with their own second digit|
|1||Stockholm County with the exception of Norrtälje Municipality||Stockholm (10–11 and some smaller isolated ranges)|
|2||Skåne County and parts of Kronoberg County and Blekinge County||Malmö (20–21), Lund (22), Helsingborg (25)|
|3||Parts of Jönköping County, Kronoberg County, Kalmar County, Blekinge County and Halland County||Halmstad (30), Växjö (35), Kalmar (39)|
|4||Parts of Västra Götaland County and Halland County||Gothenburg (40–41)|
|5||Parts of Östergötland County, Jönköping County, Kalmar County and Västra Götaland County||Borås (50), Jönköping (55), Linköping (58)|
|6||Södermanland County, Gotland County, Värmland County and parts of Östergötland County, Västra Götaland County and Örebro County||Norrköping (60), Eskilstuna (63), Karlstad (65)|
|7||Southern and middle Uppsala County, Västmanland County, Dalarna County and parts of Stockholm County and Örebro County||Örebro (70), Västerås (72), Uppsala (75)|
|8||Northern Uppsala County, Gävleborg County, Västernorrland County and Jämtland County||Gävle (80), Sundsvall (85)|
|9||Västerbotten County and Norrbotten County||Umeå (90), Luleå (97)|
|10x xx||Stockholm||Mailbox and business addresses|
|11x xx||Stockholm||Street addresses|
|20x xx||Malmö||Mailbox- and business addresses|
|21x xx||Malmö||Street addresses|
|40x xx||Gothenburg||Mailbox- and business addresses|
|41x xx||Gothenburg||Street addresses|
|97x xx||Luleå||Changed from 951 xx|
The third digit in the two-digit positioning indicate type of delivery, in most cases.
|Postcode||Type of delivery||Note|
|xx0 xx||Mail boxes and mail addresses|
|xx1 xx||Mail boxes and business addresses|
|xx2 xx||Regular mail delivery|
|xx3 xx||Regular mail delivery|
|xx4 xx||Regular mail delivery|
|xx5 xx||Countryside mail delivery|
|xx6 xx||Regular mail delivery|
|xx7 xx||Regular mail delivery|
|xx8 xx||Regular reply mail|
|xx9 xx||Temporary||Temporary postcodes|
The fourth and fifth digit indicate the geographic area. Postcodes with the same first four digits may represent a part of a city or equivalent.
The first two digits indicate the geographical area in. Previously, these figures indicated the mail terminal that sorted mail for the particular geographic location.
|Postal code||Approximate geographical area|
|10x xx - 11x xx||Norrmalm, Östermalm, Västermalm, Södermalm|
|12x xx||Skarpnäck, Farsta, Enskede-Årsta-Vantör, Älvsjö, Hägersten-Liljeholmen, Skärholmen|
|13x xx||Nacka, Värmdö, Tyresö, Haninge|
|14x xx||Huddinge, Botkyrka, Salem, Nynäshamn|
|15x xx||Södertälje, Nykvarn|
|16x xx||Bromma, Hässelby-Vällingby, Spånga, Kista|
|17x xx||Ekerö, Järfälla, Sundbyberg, Solna|
|18x xx||Lidingö, Danderyd, Täby, Vallentuna, Österåker, Waxholm|
|19x xx||Sollentuna, Upplands-Wäsby, Sigtuna, Upplands-Bro|
|23x xx||South-western Skåne County|
|24x xx||Central Skåne County|
|26x xx||North-western Skåne County|
|27x xx||South-eastern Skåne County|
|28x xx||Northern Skåne County and south-western Kronoberg County|
|29x xx||North-eastern Skåne County and western Blekinge County|
|31x xx||Southern Halland County|
|33x xx||Western Jönköping County|
|34x xx||Western Kronoberg County|
|36x xx||Eastern Kronoberg County|
|37x xx||Middle and eastern Blekinge County|
|38x xx||Southern Kalmar County|
|42x xx - 47x xx||Northern Halland County and western Västra Götaland County|
|51x xx||Southern Västra Götaland County|
|52x xx - 54x xx||Eastern Västra Götaland County|
|56x xx - 57x xx||Northern Jönköping County and middle Kalmar County|
|59x xx||Southern Östergötland County and northern Kalmar County|
|61x xx||Northern Östergötland County and southern Södermanland County|
|62x xx||Gotland County|
|64x xx||Northern Södermanland County|
|66x xx - 68x xx||Värmland County and northern Västra Götaland County|
|69x xx||Southern Örebro County|
|71x xx||Northern Örebro County|
|73x xx||Västmanland County|
|74x xx||Middle and southern Uppsala County|
|76x xx||Norrtälje Municipality|
|77x xx||Southern Dalarna County|
|78x xx||Central and western Dalarna County|
|79x xx||Northern Dalarna County|
|81x xx||Southern Gävleborg County and northern Uppsala County|
|82x xx||Northern Gävleborg County|
|83x xx||Northern Jämtland County|
|84x xx||Southern Jämtland County and south-western Västernorrland County|
|86x xx||South-eastern Västernorrland County|
|87x xx||Middle Västernorrland County|
|88x xx||North-western Västernorrland County|
|89x xx||North-eastern Västernorrland County|
|91x xx||Southern Västerbotten County|
|92x xx||Middle Västerbotten County|
|93x xx||North-eastern Västerbotten County and South-western Norrbotten County|
|94x xx||Southern Norrbotten County|
|95x xx||Middle Norrbotten County|
|96x xx||South-eastern Norrbotten County|
|98x xx||Northern Norrbotten County|
The third figure in combination with the first two indicates the mail delivery location. The fourth figure is the type of delivery.
|Postcode||Type of delivery|
|xxx 0x||Mailboxes- and postal addresses|
|xxx 1x||Mailboxes, business addresses|
|xxx 2x||Regular mail delivery, mailboxes, and reply mail|
|xxx 3x||Regular mail delivery|
|xxx 4x||Regular mail delivery|
|xxx 5x||Regular mail delivery|
|xxx 6x||Regular mail delivery|
|xxx 7x||Regular mail delivery|
|xxx 8x||Reply mail, and business addresses|
|xxx 9x||Countryside mail delivery|
Five-digit positioning is used for locations small enough that only one or a few postal codes are required for routing. Since the reform of the postcode system in the mid-1990s, only a few five-digit positions locations remain. These locations are often so small and remote that it is not practically possible to transfer all mail to a larger three-digit locations. Five-digit position locations are usually in the archipelago and in the mountains.
A postal code is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). Introduced in 1963, the basic format consisted of five digits. In 1983, an extended ZIP+4 code was introduced; it included the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four digits that designated a more specific location.
Postal codes used in the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies are known as postcodes. They are alphanumeric and were adopted nationally between 11 October 1959 and 1974, having been devised by the General Post Office. A full postcode is known as a "postcode unit" and designates an area with several addresses or a single major delivery point.
The London postal district is the area in England of 241 square miles (620 km2) to which mail addressed to the London post town is delivered. The General Post Office under the control of the Postmaster General directed Sir Rowland Hill to devise the area in 1856 and throughout its history it has been subject to reorganisation and division into increasingly smaller postal units, with the early loss of two compass points and a minor retraction in 1866. It was integrated by the Post Office into the national postcode system of the United Kingdom during the early 1970s and corresponds to the N, NW, SW, SE, W, WC, E and EC postcode areas. The postal district has also been known as the London postal area. The County of London was much smaller, at 117 square miles (300 km2), but Greater London is much larger at 607 square miles (1,570 km2).
A Canadian postal code is a six-character string that forms part of a postal address in Canada. Like British, Irish and Dutch postcodes, Canada's postal codes are alphanumeric. They are in the format A1A 1A1, where A is a letter and 1 is a digit, with a space separating the third and fourth characters. As of October 2019, there were 876,445 postal codes using Forward Sortation Areas from A0A in Newfoundland to Y1A in the Yukon.
A Postal Index Number (PIN), or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, refers to a six-digit code in the Indian postal code system used by India Post.
Mailsort was a five-digit address-coding scheme used by the Royal Mail and its business customers for the automatic direction of mail until 2012. Mail users who could present mail sorted by Mailsort code and in quantities of 4,000 upwards receive a discounted postal rate.
Postcodes in New Zealand consist of four digits, the first two of which specify the area, the third the type of delivery, and the last the specific lobby, RD number, or suburb. The present postcode system was introduced in New Zealand in June 2006, which, unlike the previous system, applies to all items of mail with effect from June 2008. In October 2008, New Zealand Post launched a 'remember your postcode' campaign, offering a NZ$10,000 prize for remembering a postcode.
Postal codes were introduced in France in 1964, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. They were updated to use the current 5 digit system in 1972.
Norwegian Postal Codes are 4-digit codes, known in Norwegian as postnummer. Posten, the Norwegian postal service, makes small modifications to the postal code system each year. In 1999 Posten made considerable changes to the postal codes in Norway.
An address is a collection of information, presented in a mostly fixed format, used to give the location of a building, apartment, or other structure or a plot of land, generally using political boundaries and street names as references, along with other identifiers such as house or apartment numbers and organization name. Some addresses also contain special codes, such as a postal code, to make identification easier and aid in the routing of mail.
A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom and Ireland, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system. Including the correct post town in the address increases the chance of a letter or parcel being delivered on time. Post towns in general originated as the location of delivery offices. As of 2004, their main function is to distinguish between localities or street names in addresses not including a postcode.
A "postal address" in the Republic of Ireland is a place of delivery defined by Irish Standard (IS) EN 14142-1:2011 and serviced by the universal service provider, An Post. Its addressing guides comply with the guidelines of the Universal Postal Union (UPU), the United Nations-affiliated body responsible for promoting standards in the postal industry, across the world.
Postcodes in Australia are used to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia have four digits and are placed at the end of the Australian address, before the country. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, Australia's national postal service. Postcodes are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website.
Postal codes in Hungary are four digit numeric. The first digit is for the postal region, as listed below :
Postal codes in South Korea are 5-digit numeric. A new system of post codes was introduced on August 1, 2015. The postal code of the Republic of Korea was first enacted on July 1, 1970, and was revised three times in 1988, 2000, and 2015.
In 2012, the government of Trinidad and Tobago approved the introduction of postal codes starting later that same year. In addition to the postal code implementation the country has embarked on a nationwide address improvement initiative adopting the Universal Postal Union (UPU) S-42 international standard of addressing. The UPU is an arm of the United Nations and is the coordinating body of postal services worldwide. The intent of this exercise is to correct poor addressing in Trinidad & Tobago and assign to each address a six-digit postal code. This change will result in the following:
Postal codes used in Saudi Arabia are known as post code, postal codes, PIN/ ZIP code, consisting of a specific number of digits, alphabets, spaces and sometimes punctuations.