Saxe-Ernestine House Order

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Saxe-Ernestine House Order
Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden
Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden.png
Grand Cross sash with badge
Awarded by Flagge Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen.svg Saxe-Meiningen Flag of Saxe-Altenburg (1893-1918).svg Saxe-Altenburg (extinct 1991)
Flagge Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (1911-1920).svg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Type Dynastic Order
RibbonPurple with narrow Green stripes on either side.
MottoFideliter Et Constanter
("Faithful and Steadfast")
StatusCurrently constituted
Sovereigns Konrad, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen
Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
GradesGrand Cross
Grand Officer
Grand Commander
Commander
Officer
Knight/Dame
Medal
Precedence
Next (higher)None
Next (lower)None
D-SAX Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden BAR.svg
The ribbon of the order

The Saxe-Ernestine House Order (German : Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden) [1] was an order of merit instituted by Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Altenburg, Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and Duke Bernhard II of Saxe-Meiningen on 25 December 1833 as a joint award of the Saxon duchies. [2]

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg German duke

Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, was duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1780–1826) and duke of Saxe-Altenburg (1826–1834).

Saxe-Altenburg German duchy

Saxe-Altenburg was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin in present-day Thuringia. It was one of the smallest of the German states with an area of 1323 square kilometers and a population of 207,000 (1905) of whom about one fifth resided in the capital, Altenburg. The territory of the duchy consisted of two non-contiguous territories separated by land belonging to the Principality of Reuss. Its economy was based on agriculture, forestry, and small industry. The state had a constitutional monarchical form of government with a parliament composed of thirty members chosen by male taxpayers over 25 years of age.

Contents

Classes

At first, the Order consisted of five classes: Grand Cross, Commander's Cross with Star in First and Second Classes, and Knight's Cross in First and Second Classes. Awards were reserved for officers. [3]

In 1864, a silver-gilt medal was added but subsequently suppressed in 1918, at the end of World War I. [4] Gold and silver medals were also associated with the Order.

Silver-gilt silver gilded with gold 14kt

Silver-gilt or gilded/gilt silver, sometimes known in American English by the French term vermeil, is silver which has been gilded with gold. Most large objects made in goldsmithing that appear to be gold are actually silver-gilt; for example most sporting trophies and many crown jewels are silver-gilt objects. Apart from the raw materials being much less expensive to acquire than solid gold of any karat, large silver-gilt objects are also noticeably lighter if lifted, as well as more durable. For objects that have intricate detail like monstrances, gilding greatly reduces the need for cleaning and polishing, and so reduces the risk of damage. Ungilded silver would suffer oxidation and need frequent polishing; gold does not oxidize at all. The "gold" threads used in embroidered goldwork are normally also silver-gilt.

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha revival (2006)

In 2006, the head of the ducal family of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince Andreas, created the "Ducal Saxe-Coburg-Gotha House Order" (Herzoglich Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha'sche Hausorden). [1] It is based on the old Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order.

Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony has been the head of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha since 1998. He is the grandson of Charles Edward, the last ruling duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Recipients of Knight-Grand-Cross

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References

  1. 1 2 Hausorden. Herzogliche Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha
  2. "Star of the Saxe-Ernestine Order". Royal Collection . 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  3. "Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order". The Aerodrome. 1997. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  4. "Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order" . Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  5. Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1890), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 45
  6. Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier /p. 140
  7. Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier /p. 140
  8. Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier /p. 140
  9. Almanach royal de Belgique: Classé Et Mis En Ordre Par H. Tarlier /p. 140
  10. Almanach royal officiel: 1875
  11. Almanach royal officiel: 1875
  12. Almanach royal officiel: 1875
  13. Almanach royal officiel: 1875