Sunningdale

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Sunningdale
Sunningdale GC clubhouse as photographed during the 2008 Ricoh Women's British Open.jpg
Sunningdale Golf Club, a prominent Berkshire golf club with two eighteen-hole golf courses.
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Sunningdale
Location within Berkshire
Population4,875 (2001)
5,347 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SU955675
Civil parish
  • Sunningdale
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Ascot
Postcode district SL5
Dialling code 01344
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°23′53″N0°37′34″W / 51.398°N 0.626°W / 51.398; -0.626 Coordinates: 51°23′53″N0°37′34″W / 51.398°N 0.626°W / 51.398; -0.626

Sunningdale is a populous village with a retail area and a civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. It takes up the extreme south-east corner of Berkshire, England. It has a railway station on the (London) Waterloo to Reading Line and is adjoined by green buffers including Sunningdale Golf Club and Wentworth Golf Club. Its northern peripheral estates adjoin Virginia Water Lake.

Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Place in England

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is a Royal Borough of Berkshire, in South East England. Its nearest border to London, being Maidenhead is approx 30 miles. It is home to Windsor Castle, Eton College, Legoland Windsor and Ascot Racecourse. It is one of four boroughs entitled to be prefixed Royal and is one of six unitary authorities in its county which has Historic and Lieutenancy county status.

Berkshire County of England

Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.

Sunningdale railway station

Sunningdale railway station serves the village of Sunningdale in Berkshire, England. It is 26 miles 71 chains (43.3 km) down the line from London Waterloo.

Contents

Location

Sunningdale adjoins Surrey, and lies across Sunninghill (from which it takes its name) from Ascot. It is south of Virginia Water Lake. It is centred 23.2 miles (37.3 km) west south-west of Charing Cross, London. Major nearest towns are spread 5.5 to 6.5 miles away: Bracknell, Camberley, Staines upon Thames and Woking. It is connected to two of these by the A30 old trunk road, via which Camberley benefits from a flyover over the main intersecting road (the A322) at Bagshot. Sunningdale has a railway station on the Waterloo to Reading line. The A30, here bypassed by the M3 motorway a few miles distant, has one level crossing which was in the 19th century built near to the middle of the settlement.

Surrey County of England

Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is also one of the home counties. The county borders Kent to the east, East Sussex and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast.

Sunninghill, Berkshire village in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot in Berkshire, England

Sunninghill is a village in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in the English county of Berkshire.

Ascot, Berkshire affluent small town in east Berkshire, England

Ascot is a small town in East Berkshire, England, 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Windsor, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Bracknell and 25 miles (40 km) west of London. It is most notable as the location of Ascot Racecourse, home of the Royal Ascot meeting, and is reportedly one of the most valuable towns in England when taking into account the average house price. It is also one of the most expensive towns in Britain to rent a property. The town comprises three areas: Ascot itself, North Ascot and South Ascot. It is in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot.

History

The present-day civil parish of Sunningdale came into existence in 1894 under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1894; the village had previously been part of Old Windsor. [2] It was, until 1995, partly in Berkshire and partly in Surrey. The Surrey area of the village, known as Broomhall, was also split between the boroughs of Surrey Heath and Runnymede. This original arrangement caused problems and was resolved after much consultation locally between the two county councils, three borough councils and four parish councils. As a result its former Surrey neighbourhoods merged with the rest in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, in the Royal County of Berkshire (which became a non-administrative county in 1995). The area is popular with professional golfers due to its adjoining green buffers including Sunningdale Golf Club and Wentworth Golf Club. [2]

Local Government Act 1894

The Local Government Act 1894 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales outside the County of London. The Act followed the reforms carried out at county level under the Local Government Act 1888. The 1894 legislation introduced elected councils at district and parish level.

Old Windsor village and civil parish in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England

Old Windsor is a large village and civil parish, in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, in Berkshire, England. It is bound by the River Thames to the east and Windsor Great Park to the west.

Surrey Heath Non-metropolitan district in England

Surrey Heath is a local government district with Borough status in Surrey, England. Its Council is based in Camberley. Much of the area is within the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Mansions

Charters

Charters is a Grade-2 listed art deco mansion, built in 1938 for the industrialist Frank Parkinson by the architects Adie, Button and Partners. It was built on the site of an earlier house built in the late 1860s by William Terrick Hamilton. Parkinson’s guests included Winston Churchill and the Duke and Duchess of Windsor. In 1949, the house was bought by Sir Montague Burton. It later became a corporate headquarters and has since been redeveloped as an apartment complex and spa.

Frank Parkinson British businessman

Frank Parkinson was a British electrical engineer, most notable for early electric lighting installations, such as light bulbs and electric motors. He was a major benefactor to the University of Leeds with the landmark tower named in his honour.

Adie, Button and Partners

Adie, Button and Partners was a British firm of architects, best known for designing the Grade II* listed Stockwell Garage, a large bus depot in Stockwell, London, which opened in 1952 and is still in use.

Winston Churchill Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, was a British politician, army officer, and writer. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, when he led Britain to victory in the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill represented five constituencies during his career as a Member of Parliament (MP). Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, for most of his career he was a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955, but from 1904 to 1924 was instead a member of the Liberal Party.

Coworth House

Now the Coworth Park Hotel, this is a late 18th-century country house. It was the home of Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, the early 20th century Secretary of State for War and British Ambassador to France.

Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby British politician

Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby,, styled Mr Edward Stanley until 1886, then The Hon Edward Stanley and then Lord Stanley from 1893 to 1908, was a British soldier, Conservative politician, diplomat, and racehorse owner. He was twice Secretary of State for War and also served as British Ambassador to France.

Secretary of State for War British cabinet-level position

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position which existed from 1794 to 1801 and from 1854 to 1964. The Secretary of State for War headed the War Office and was assisted by a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War, a Parliamentary Private Secretary who was also a Member of Parliament, and a Military Secretary, who was a general.

Sunningdale Park

The Sunningdale Agreement was signed at Sunningdale Park, at the Civil Service Staff College (now the National School of Government) on 9 December 1973, a precursor of the Northern Ireland peace process. [3]

The Sunningdale Agreement was an attempt to establish a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and a cross-border Council of Ireland. The Agreement was signed at Sunningdale Park located in Sunningdale, Berkshire, on 9 December 1973. Unionist opposition, violence and a loyalist general strike caused the collapse of the Agreement in May 1974.

Sunningdale Park is a meeting and conference venue in Sunningdale, Berkshire that is run by De Vere Venues.

The Northern Ireland peace process is often considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of the Troubles, the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, and subsequent political developments.

Notable people

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Sunningdale". Royal Borough of Windsor & Maidenhead. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  3. "On This Day 1973: Sunningdale Agreement signed". BBC.
  4. "Sir Cliff Richard's Berkshire property searched by police". BBC News. 14 August 2014.