Ted Poe

Last updated

Ted Poe
Ted Poe Official.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Texas's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 2005 January 3, 2019
Preceded by Jim Turner
Succeeded by Dan Crenshaw
Personal details
Lloyd Theodore Poe

(1948-09-10) September 10, 1948 (age 70)
Temple, Texas, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Carol Poe
Education Abilene Christian University (BA)
University of Houston (JD)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Air Force.svg  United States Air Force
Years of service1970–1976
Unit AFR Shield.svg Reserves

Lloyd Theodore Poe (born September 10, 1948) is an American politician who represented Texas's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2005 to 2019. Poe was the first Republican to represent the 2nd district.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Texass 2nd congressional district district representing parts of Houston, TX in the U.S. House of Representatives

Texas's 2nd congressional district of the United States House of Representatives is in the southeastern portion of the state of Texas. It encompasses much of northern and western Houston.


In November 2017, Poe announced that he would retire from Congress, and not seek re-election in 2018. [1] [2]

United States Congress Legislature of the United States

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Early life

Poe was born in Temple in Bell County, Texas, but attended Spring Woods High School in Houston. Poe resides in Humble, Texas. He graduated in 1970, with a degree in political science from Abilene Christian University in Abilene, Texas; he was his class president. In 1973, he graduated with a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Houston Law Center. He participated in the school's honor society. From 1970 to 1976, he served in the United States Air Force Reserve's C-130 Unit at Houston's Ellington Air Force Base.

Temple, Texas City in Texas, United States

Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. As of 2016, the city has a population of 73,600 according to a US census estimate.

Bell County, Texas County in the United States

Bell County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 310,235. Its county seat is Belton. The county was founded in 1850 and is named for Peter Hansborough Bell, the third governor of Texas.

Spring Woods High School

Spring Woods High School is a secondary school in Spring Branch, Houston, Texas. The school, serving grades 9 through 12, is operated by Spring Branch Independent School District.

Judicial career

After serving as a chief felony prosecutor in Harris County (Houston) for eight years, Poe was appointed a felony court judge in Harris County in 1981, becoming one of the youngest judges in the state. In this position, he gained national prominence for his unusual criminal sentences that included ordering thieves to carry signs in front of stores from which they stole. [3] However, in at least one case, Poe amended the sentence afterwards without notifying the victim's family. [4]

Harris County, Texas County in the United States

Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas, located in the southeastern part of the state near Galveston Bay. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 4,092,459, making it the most populous county in Texas and the third most populous county in the United States. Its county seat is Houston, the largest city in Texas and fourth largest city in the United States. The county was founded in 1836 and organized in 1837. It is named for John Richardson Harris, who founded the town of Harrisburg on Buffalo Bayou in 1826. According to a July 2017 Census estimate, Harris County's population had grown to 4,652,980, comprising over 16 percent of Texas's population.

Elections to United States Congress

In November 2004, Poe ran for the U.S. House in the 2nd District. The district had previously been the 9th, represented by four-term Democrat Nick Lampson. However, as the result of a controversial mid-decade redistricting, the new 2nd was considerably more Republican than the old 9th. It lost Galveston and the area around the Johnson Space Center, while picking up several heavily Republican areas north of Houston, including Poe's home in Humble. Poe won 55% of the vote to Lampson's 43%. While Lampson trounced Poe in Beaumont and Port Arthur, Poe swamped Lampson in the Harris County portion of the district. [5]

Democratic Party (United States) political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

Nick Lampson American politician

Nicholas Valentino Lampson is an American politician from the state of Texas and a former Congressman representing the 22nd Congressional District and the 9th Congressional District of Texas.

2003 Texas redistricting controversial redistricting of Texass districts for the U.S. House of Representatives

The 2003 Texas redistricting refers to a controversial mid-decade state plan that defined new Congressional districts. In the 2004 elections, this redistricting supported the Republicans taking a majority of Texas's House seats for the first time since Reconstruction. Opponents challenged the plan in three suits, combined when the case went to the United States Supreme Court in League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry (2006).

Poe made border security a centerpiece of his re-election strategy, calling for "more [National] Guardsmen on the border front". [6]

In November 2006, Poe won a second term with 65.6% of the vote, defeating Democrat Gary Binderim, who took 32.7%. [7]

In November 2008 and 2010, Poe did not face a Democratic challenger in the general election. In 2008, he defeated Libertarian Craig Wolfe, taking 88.9% of the vote to Wolfe's 11.1%. [7] In 2010, he defeated Libertarian David Smith with 88.6 percent of the vote to Smith's 11.4 percent. [8]

Poe's district was made significantly more compact in the 2010s round of redistricting. It was cut back to an exclusively Harris County-based district, wheeling from Humble through northern and western Houston to just outside downtown. This district was slightly less Republican than its predecessor, and Poe was elected three more times from this district with over 60 percent of the vote.

Poe announced on November 7, 2017 that he would not seek re-election in 2018. [9]

Committee assignments

In addition to Poe's committee assignments, he is the founder and co-chair of the Congressional Victim's Rights Caucus. [10] [11] Since 2012, he has been the head of the Congressional Serbian Caucus. [12] He is also a member of the Republican Study Committee, [13] the Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus, the Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus, the Tea Party Caucus, the House Baltic Caucus [14] and the United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus. [15]

Political positions

Ted Poe speaking at a Tea Party in Texas in 2009 Ted Poe Tea Party April 2009.jpg
Ted Poe speaking at a Tea Party in Texas in 2009


Poe is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge. [16]


Poe received a 0 rating from the abortion rights group NARAL in 2007 and a rating of 100 from the National Right to Life Committee in 2007–2008. [17] He also voted for the Prohibiting Federal Funding of Abortion Services amendment on November 7, 2009. [18]

Fiscal policy

In 2008, the National Taxpayers Union, an organization that supports "lower taxes and smaller government", gave Poe the grade B+, and in 2007 received a rating of 90 from the group Americans for Tax Reform, an organization that advocates "taxes [that] are simpler, [and] flatter". [19] Poe voted against the 2009 Economic Stimulus Package (HR 1) and the 2010 Concurrent Budget Resolution (S. Con. Res. 13). [20] The Club for Growth PAC gave him a power ranking of 85.85%. [19]


Poe favors repealing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare). [21] Poe does not support what he calls "government-run health care". [22] Poe voted "Nay" on the Health Care and Insurance Law Amendments bill on November 7, 2009. [23] In 2008, Poe voted for the Medicare Bill (HR 6331). [23] Poe supports healthcare reform that would "Allow insurance to be purchased across state lines, provide for a safety net for catastrophic injury or illness…and allow for a health savings account". [24] Poe resigned from the Freedom Caucus in March 2017, after the Caucus's opposition to the American Health Care Act of 2017 contributed to Speaker Ryan's decision to pull the bill. [25] Poe supported the March 2017 version of the American Health Care Act before its collapse. [26]

On May 4, 2017, he voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and pass the American Health Care Act. [27] [28]


Poe is an advocate of stronger action against illegal immigration and increased security on the Mexico–United States border. [29] He voted for the Secure Fence Act of 2006 and against the DREAM Act when it was introduced in 2010. [30] He opposed the Obama administration's Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, calling it "an imperial decree" that violated immigration law. [31]

Poe co-sponsored, along with fellow Republican Representative Steve King, the "Deport Foreign Convicted Criminals Act of 2011" (H.R. 3256), which would require the U.S. government to deny certain visas to citizens of nations that refuse to accept convicted foreign nationals that the U.S. is seeking to deport. If passed, the law would mandate visa denials to nationals of 153 nations worldwide. Poe's bill was opposed by the American Immigration Lawyers Association, which noted that the bill would block visas issued to citizens of American allies, including Israel, Britain, and Canada. The bill was also criticized by Democratic Representative Jerrold Nadler of New York, who called it "the most stupid bill I've ever seen" and stated it would wipe out the U.S. tourism industry. [32]

Human trafficking

Poe introduced the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2013 and the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015, a bill to combat human trafficking. [33] [34] [35] The 2015 bill passed the House in a 420-3 vote and, following a delay, passed the Senate in a 99-0 vote. The bill was signed into law by President Barack Obama in May 2015. [35]


In 1998, Judge Poe was known for sentences that involved a measure of humiliation, including ordering offenders to shovel manure, a practice which led to the nickname "The King of Shame." [36] Poe explained, "The people I see have too good a self-esteem. I want them to feel guilty about what they've done. I don't want 'em to leave the courthouse having warm fuzzies inside." [37] Poe's "public notice" sentences included ordering a drunk driver to stand outside a bar, wearing a sign that said "I killed two people while driving drunk." [38]

As a state judge, in November 2002, Poe ruled that he would permit the PBS documentary show Frontline to videotape jury deliberations of a capital murder case. [39] There was considerable concern that this would affect the result of the trial, possibly by skewing the composition of the jury, and the decision was appealed by Harris County prosecutors. [40] [41] The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the state's highest criminal appellate court, ruled against Poe's decision and prohibited the videotaping. [42]

Poe speaking in 2009 Ted Poe 2009.jpg
Poe speaking in 2009

On June 7, 2009, Poe signed on as a co-sponsor of H.R. 1503, the bill introduced as a reaction to conspiracy theories which claimed that U.S. President Barack Obama is not a natural born U.S. citizen. [43] On July 23, 2009, he appeared on CNN's Lou Dobbs Tonight in which he claimed that Certifications of Live Birth issued by Hawaii State Department of Health cannot be used to obtain a U.S. passport, which is untrue. [44] [45] [46] His support of H.R. 1503 and public advocacy for it earned him a negative editorial in the Houston Chronicle . [47]

In August 2011, AlterNet reported that Poe, along with John Culberson and Michael McCaul, was attempting to remove the right of deceased soldiers' families to choose which prayers, if any, were to be read at a soldier's funeral. [48] [49] The three politicians were said to be attempting to impose Christian ceremonies on the military funerals of everybody who has served in the military, regardless of whether or not the deceased was Christian and with or without the consent of the family of the deceased. The three politicians stated their demands were a response to Veterans Affairs (VA) banning Christian prayers at military funerals. The VA, however, asserted that this claim was "blatantly false" and that VA respects a family's "rights to pray however they choose at our national cemeteries". [48] [49]

Poe was elected to his seventh term in the House in the general election held on November 8, 2016. With 168,692 votes (60.6 percent), he defeated the Democrat Pat Bryan, who received 100,231 ballots (36 percent). Two other candidates held the remaining 3.35 percent of the votes cast. [50]

Personal life

Poe and his wife, Carol, have four children (Kim, Kara, Kurt, and Kellee). [51]

Poe announced on July 13, 2016, that he had recently been diagnosed with leukemia and would be seeking treatment at University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. [52]

Poe was interviewed about his controversial public humiliation practices while still a Texas district judge by Jon Ronson for Ronson's 2015 book, So You've Been Publicly Shamed . [53]

In 2011, Poe gave a speech on the house floor concerning excessive spending by the Justice Department on refreshments served at conferences at the Capitol Hilton. He expressed significant disapproval that muffins apparently costing $16 dollars each were served at the conferences. The speech was made notable by his humorous opening line, "Madame Speaker, do you know the muffin man?" [54] The speech was further popularized by his inclusion in a Songify the News video by the Gregory Brothers in which he is autotuned, appearing to sing a song about the muffin man. [55]

Related Research Articles

Phil Gingrey American politician

John Phillip Gingrey, was the U.S. representative for Georgia's 11th congressional district from 2003 to 2015. He is a member of the Republican Party (GOP). The district is located in the northwestern suburbs of Atlanta. Since leaving Congress, Gingrey has worked as a senior adviser at the District Policy Group in Washington, D.C., which is the lobbying arm of the Drinker Biddle law firm.

Sheila Jackson Lee American politician

Sheila Jackson Lee is an American politician. She is currently the U.S. Representative for Texas's 18th congressional district, currently serving in her 13th term in the House, having served since 1995. The district includes most of central Houston. She is a member of the Democratic Party.

Al Green (politician) American politician

Alexander N. Green is an American lawyer serving as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 9th congressional district since 2005. The district includes most of southwestern Houston, including most of that city's share of Fort Bend County. It also includes most of Missouri City. Green is a member of the Democratic Party.

James Langevin American politician

James R. "Jim" Langevin is the U.S. Representative for Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district, serving since 2001. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Langevin is the first quadriplegic to serve in Congress. Langevin is also the first quadriplegic speaker pro tempore appointed during the 116th Congress.

Lloyd Doggett American judge

Lloyd Alton Doggett II is an American attorney and politician who is a U.S. Representative from Texas. A member of the Democratic Party, he has represented a district based in the state capital and his hometown, Austin, since 1995, currently numbered as Texas's 35th congressional district.

John Culberson American politician

John Abney Culberson is an American attorney and politician who served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2019. A Republican, he served in Texas's 7th congressional district in large portions of western Houston and surrounding Harris County.

Michael C. Burgess American politician

Michael Clifton Burgess is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing Texas's 26th congressional district. In 2002, he defeated Scott Armey, the son of House Majority Leader and then-U.S. Representative Dick Armey, in a primary runoff election. Prior to his election, he practiced as a doctor of obstetrics and gynecology.

Gene Green American politician

Raymond Eugene Green is an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 29th congressional district, serving for 13 terms. He is a member of the Democratic Party. His district included most of eastern Houston, including portions of the suburbs.

Brian Higgins American politician

Brian M. Higgins is the U.S. Representative for New York's 26th congressional district, serving since 2005. The district, numbered as the 27th district from 2005 to 2013, includes Buffalo and Niagara Falls. He is a member of the Democratic Party and is an active member of several congressional committees and caucuses. Higgins was born and raised in Buffalo, and graduated from college in Buffalo, later obtaining his graduate degrees from both Buffalo State College and Harvard University.

Mike Quigley (politician) American politician

Michael Bruce Quigley is the U.S. Representative for Illinois's 5th congressional district, serving since the April 7, 2009 special election. The district includes most of Chicago's North Side, as well as several of the city's western suburbs. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Quigley is a former member of the Cook County Board of Commissioners, where he represented Chicago's northside neighborhoods of Lakeview, Uptown, and Rogers Park. He also teaches environmental policy and Chicago politics at Loyola University Chicago.

Rob Wittman Virginia politician

Robert Joseph Wittman is the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 1st congressional district, serving since a special election in 2007. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district stretches from the fringes of the Washington suburbs to the Hampton Roads area. It is nicknamed "America's First District" because the site of Jamestown has traditionally been located within.

Mike Coffman American politician

Michael Harold Coffman is an American politician, businessman, and retired member of the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps. He served as the U.S. Representative for Colorado's 6th congressional district for five terms. A Republican, Coffman previously served as Secretary of State of Colorado and as Colorado State Treasurer. He served in both the Gulf War and the War in Iraq.

Pete Gallego American politician

Pete Peña Gallego is an American politician who was most recently a candidate in the July 2018 special election for the Texas Senate district 19 seat to replace Carlos Uresti, convicted of fraud and money laundering. Gallego was the U.S. Representative for Texas's 23rd congressional district from 2013 to 2015. Gallego, a member of the Democratic Party, previously served as a member of the Texas House of Representatives from the 74th district beginning in 1991.

Ben Ray Luján American politician

Ben Ray Luján is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for New Mexico's 3rd congressional district since 2009 and as the Assistant House Speaker since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, Luján previously served as a member of the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission from 2005 to 2008. He was elected to be Chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee in 2014 and led the Democrats to win a majority in the House in the 2018 elections. Luján's district is based in Santa Fe, the state capital, and includes most of the northern portion of the state. On April 1, 2019, he announced his intention to seek the United States Senate seat being vacated by two-term Democratic incumbent Tom Udall in 2020.

Gerry Connolly U.S. Congressman from Virginia

Gerald Edward Connolly is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia's 11th congressional district, first elected in 2008. The district is anchored in Fairfax County, an affluent suburban county south of Washington, D. C.

John Carter (Texas politician) U.S. Representative for Texass 31st congressional district

John Rice Carter is the U.S. Representative serving Texas's 31st congressional district since 2003. He is a Republican. The district includes the northern suburbs of Austin, as well as Fort Hood.

Vicky Hartzler American politician

Vicky Jo Hartzler is an American politician who has served as the U.S. Representative for Missouri's 4th congressional district since 2011.

Ami Bera American physician and elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from California

Amerish Babulal "Ami" Bera is an American physician and politician who has been the U.S. Representative for California's 7th congressional district since 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party. Bera was re-elected in both 2014 and 2016 in very competitive races. Bera is one of only two Unitarian Universalists in Congress. He is also a member of the New Democrat Coalition, a consortium of moderate Democrats.

André Carson American politician

André D. Carson is the U.S. Representative for Indiana's 7th congressional district, in office since a special election in 2008. The district includes the southern four-fifths of Indianapolis, including downtown. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

Ted Yoho American politician

Theodore Scott Yoho is the United States Representative for Florida's 3rd congressional district since 2013. He is a member of the Republican Party. In the 2012 Republican primary election for the district, Yoho pulled a major upset against long term incumbent U.S. Congressman Cliff Stearns, who was first elected in 1988. Yoho has been a veterinarian and small business owner for the past 30 years, serving the North Central Florida area.


  1. Poe, Ted [@JudgeTedPoe] (November 7, 2017). "Dear Neighbors" (Tweet). Retrieved November 7, 2017 via Twitter.
  2. Marcos, Christina (November 7, 2017). "Texas GOP lawmaker won't seek reelection". The Hill . Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  3. Leora Tanenbaum (1999). Slut!: growing up female with a bad reputation (1st ed.). New York: Perennial. p. 19. ISBN   0060957409.
  4. Fenske, Sarah (October 7, 2004). "After Oprah". HoustonPress. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  5. "CNN.com Election 2004". CNN.
  6. "Rep. says illegal immigration slowing on fears of rape, robbery by Guard". The Raw Story. June 27, 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  7. 1 2 Spencer Gaffney, Texas delegation in depth: Ted Poe, Houston Chronicle (July 2010).
  8. https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=511456
  9. Poe, Ted. "Ted Poe on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  10. "Victim's Rights Caucus". Congressional Victim's Rights Caucus. United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
  11. McCaslin, John (January 11, 2008). "Inside the Beltway: Miss Jones". Washington Times.
  12. "Serbian caucus in U.S. Congress has new chairman". B92 . July 17, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
  13. "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  14. "Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  15. "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  16. "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Americans for Tax Reform. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
  17. "Ted Poe's Special Interest Group Ratings". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  18. "Ted Poe's Voting Records". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  19. 1 2 "Ted Poe's Special Interest Group Ratings". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  20. "Ted Poe's Voting Records". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  21. "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  22. "Public Statements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  23. 1 2 "Ted Poe's Voting Records". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  24. "Public Statements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  25. CNN, Lauren Fox,. "First casualty for House Freedom Caucus after health care meltdown". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  26. "Inside the GOP's Health Care Debacle". POLITICO Magazine. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  27. "How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  28. "Health care vote puts pressure on dozens of vulnerable GOP reps". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  29. Border Security/Illegal Immigration, poe.house.gov, archived from the original on October 30, 2012
  30. Representative Ted Poe's Voting Records: Immigration, Project Vote Smart, retrieved October 26, 2012
  31. Kasperowicz, Pete (June 18, 2012), "GOP blasts Obama on House floor for 'imperial' immigration decision", The Hill, retrieved October 26, 2012
  32. Reid Pillifant, Jerry Nadler on the stupidest bill he's ever seen, Politico (November 23, 2011).
  33. Swartsell, Nick (November 18, 2013). "John Cornyn to file bill to combat human trafficking". Dallas News. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  34. Marcos, Cristina (May 16, 2014). "Next week: Lawmakers to debate defense and drones". The Hill. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  35. 1 2 Jesse Bynes, Obama signs anti-trafficking bill into law, The Hill (May 29, 2015).
  36. Turley, Jonathan. "Shame On You". Washington Post. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  37. Shatzkin, Kate. "Judges Are Resorting to Shame in Sentencing Criminals". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  38. Murphy, Dean E. "The Nation; Justice as a Morality Play That Ends With Shame". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  39. "Inviting TV Into Jury Room in a Capital Case", Adam Liptak, November 26, 2002, The New York Times
  40. "The 13th Juror" (editorial), November 27, 2002, The New York Times
  41. "Texas Court to Rule on Videotaping of Jury", Adam Liptak, January 16, 2003, The New York Times
  42. "Bid to Tape Deliberations By Texas Jury Is Rejected", Adam Liptak, February 13, 2003, The New York Times
  43. "H.R.1503: Amend the Federal Election Campaign Act to require a birth certificate". THOMAS. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  44. "Lou Dobbs Tonight: July 23, 2009 transcript". CNN. July 23, 2009. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  45. "How to Apply for Certified Copies of Vital Records". State of Hawaii. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  46. "Born in the U.S.A.: The truth about Obama's birth certificate". FactCheck.org. November 1, 2008. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  47. "Birth wrongs: Conspiracy theories on Obama beyond silly". Houston Chronicle. July 29, 2009. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  48. 1 2 Griffith, Justin (August 5, 2011). "TX Congressmen to force Christian prayer over my dead body". rockbeyondbelief.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  49. 1 2 DiBrance, Alex (August 23, 2011). "Texas Legislators and Christian Groups Fight to Insert God Into Vets' Funerals – Against Families' Wishes". AlterNet . Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  50. "Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  51. "About Ted".
  52. Livingston, Abby (July 13, 2016). "Diagnosed With Leukemia, U.S. Rep. Ted Poe Ready to Fight". Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  53. Dean, John (March 20, 2015). "Is Shame Necessary? How About Public Shaming?". Justia (Verdict Blog). Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  54. https://web.archive.org/web/20180922225132/https://poe.house.gov/2011/9/do-you-know-the-muffin-man-
  55. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/22/songify-the-news-muffins-video_n_1618703.html
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jim Turner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Dan Crenshaw