Thomas of Corbridge

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Thomas of Corbridge
Archbishop of York
Elected12 November 1299
Term ended22 September 1304
Predecessor Henry of Newark
Successor William Greenfield
Other posts Chancellor of York
Orders
Consecration28 February 1300
by  Boniface VIII
Personal details
Died22 September 1304
Laneham, Nottinghamshire
Buried Southwell Minster

Thomas of Corbridge (sometimes Thomas Corbridge; died 1304) was Archbishop of York between 1299 and 1304.

Archbishop of York second most senior bishop of the Church of England

The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The archbishop is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, which covers the northern regions of England as well as the Isle of Man. The Archbishop of York is an ex officio member of the House of Lords and is styled Primate of England.

Contents

Life

Some sources state that Thomas' grandfather was the master-carpenter in charge of building the transepts of York Minster, [1] others state that nothing is known of his ancestry. He probably came from Corbridge, Northumberland. [2] He was a canon of York before 11 September 1277 and held the prebend of Osbaldwick. [3] He was a Doctor of Theology, probably from Oxford University. [4] He was appointed Chancellor of York by 17 February 1280, but resigned the office on 16 June 1290 when he was appointed to the chapel of St Mary and Holy Angels, but was obstructed from that office. He then attempted to resume the office of chancellor, but the office had already been assigned to another priest and he was excommunicated by Archbishop John le Romeyn of York on 31 July 1290. Eventually he gained control of the chapel and the excommunication was lifted on 24 March 1291. [5]

Transept architectural term

A transept is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice. In churches, a transept is an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform ("cross-shaped") building within the Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architectural traditions. Each half of a transept is known as a semitransept.

York Minster Church in York, England

The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter in York, commonly known as York Minster, is the cathedral of York, England, and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the third-highest office of the Church of England, and is the mother church for the Diocese of York and the Province of York. It is run by a dean and chapter, under the Dean of York. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo-Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title. Services in the minster are sometimes regarded as on the High Church or Anglo-Catholic end of the Anglican continuum.

Corbridge village in the United Kingdom

Corbridge is a village in Northumberland, England, 16 miles (26 km) west of Newcastle and 4 miles (6 km) east of Hexham. Villages nearby include Halton, Acomb, Aydon and Sandhoe.

Thomas was elected archbishop of York on 12 November 1299. [6] Traveling to Rome for confirmation and the pallium, his election was set aside by Pope Boniface VIII who promptly provided him to the see and consecrated Thomas himself on 28 February 1300. [2] Thomas was given the temporalities of the see on 30 April 1300. [4]

Pallium an ecclesiastical vestment in the Catholic Church: a narrow band, seen from front or back the ornament resembles the letter Y and decorated with six black crosses

The pallium is an ecclesiastical vestment in the Roman Catholic Church, originally peculiar to the Pope, but for many centuries bestowed by him on metropolitans and primates as a symbol of the jurisdiction delegated to them by the Holy See. In that context, it has remained connected to the papacy.

Pope Boniface VIII 193rd Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Boniface VIII was Pope from 24 December 1294 to his death in 1303.

Temporalities are the secular properties and possessions of the church. The term is most often used to describe those properties that were used to support a bishop or other religious person or establishment. Its opposite are spiritualities.

The archbishop died on 22 September 1304 [6] at Laneham in Nottinghamshire. [2] He died right after having been admonished and punished by King Edward I of England, because the archbishop had not put the king's nominee into a clerical post for which there was also a papal nominee. Walter of Guisborough, the chronicler, felt that the king's treatment of the archbishop so scared the archbishop that Thomas fell sick and died as a result. [7] During the four and a half years that Thomas was archbishop, he never left his diocese except for parliaments because he was so busy visiting his diocese. [8] Thomas was buried in Southwell Minster. [2]

Laneham village in United Kingdom

Laneham is a small Nottinghamshire village and civil parish on the banks of the River Trent. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 312. It is 13 miles (21 km) due west of the city of Lincoln and 8 miles (13 km) east of the market town of Retford.

Nottinghamshire County of England

Nottinghamshire is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham over the River Trent.

Edward I of England 13th and 14th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Edward I, also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Before his accession to the throne, he was commonly referred to as The Lord Edward. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons' War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and joined the fight against Simon de Montfort. Montfort was defeated at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and within two years the rebellion was extinguished. With England pacified, Edward joined the Ninth Crusade to the Holy Land. The crusade accomplished little, and Edward was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died. Making a slow return, he reached England in 1274 and was crowned at Westminster Abbey on 19 August.

Citations

  1. Moorman Church Life p. 158
  2. 1 2 3 4 Smith "Corbridge, Thomas of" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Prebendaries: Stillington
  4. 1 2 Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archbishops
  5. Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Chancellors
  6. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 282
  7. Prestwich Edward I p. 547
  8. Moorman Church Life p. 186

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References

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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

John Richard Humpidge Moorman, was an English divine, ecumenist, writer and Bishop of Ripon from 1959 to 1975.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Henry of Newark
Archbishop of York
1299–1304
Succeeded by
See vacant for two years, then
William Greenfield