Thornton Village Historic District
Yellow House, October 2009
|Location||Centered on Thornton and Glen Mills Rds., Thornbury Township, Pennsylvania|
|Area||12 acres (4.9 ha)|
|Built||c. 1750, c. 1777|
|Architectural style||Colonial, Federal, et al.|
|NRHP reference #||06000745|
|Added to NRHP||November 14, 2006|
Thornton Village Historic District is a national historic district in Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Located in the crossroads village of Thornton at the intersection of Glen Mills and Thornton Roads, the district includes 13 contributing buildings built between 1750 and 1855, some in the Federal style. Among its structures, most of which face Glen Mills Road, are the Yellow House, one commercial building, seven residences, a converted blacksmith shop, a converted barn, three stables or carriage houses, and two frame sheds. Some of the houses are .
Thornbury Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 8,028 at the 2010 census, up from 7,093 at the 2000 census. It is adjacent to, and was once joined with, Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It contains part of the census designated place of Cheyney University.
Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. With a population of 562,960, it is the fifth most populous county in Pennsylvania, and the third smallest in area. The county was created on September 26, 1789, from part of Chester County, and named for the Delaware River.
Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815. This style shares its name with its era, the Federalist Era. The name Federal style is also used in association with furniture design in the United States of the same time period. The style broadly corresponds to the classicism of Biedermeier style in the German-speaking lands, Regency architecture in Britain and to the French Empire style.
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Over the years, the Yellow House has served as tavern, post office, general store, grocery, textile factory, and hair salon.
The Yellow House opened as an inn and tavern about 1750; the surrounding village was known by the same name until it changed to Thornton.The Yellow House was originally owned by George Pearce. One of the important clients of the Yellow House Inn was George Gray, owner of Gray's Ferry over the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. As the American Revolution proceeded, Gray moved his family away from Philadelphia to avoid the impending British Army occupation. Yet Gray's family could hear cannons during the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, and fleeing Continental Army troops came down the road right in front of the Yellow House. Gray's wife treated wounded soldiers in the Yellow House and later a group of Virginia soldiers signed a note of appreciation for her efforts.
George Gray (1725–1800) served as a member of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly and as its Speaker in 1783. Gray was a large landowner and the owner and operator of Gray's Ferry across the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia.
Gray's Ferry Bridge has been the formal or informal name of several floating bridges and four permanent ones that have carried highway and rail traffic over the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. The bridge today is a four-lane divided highway bridge, built in 1976, that carries Grays Ferry Avenue from the Grays Ferry neighborhood on the east bank over the river and the Northeast Corridor railroad tracks to the Southwest Philadelphia neighborhood of Kingsessing. An abandoned 1902 railroad bridge, the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Bridge No. 1, sits just south of the highway bridge.
The Schuylkill River is an important river running northwest to southeast in eastern Pennsylvania, which was improved by navigations into the Schuylkill Canal. Several of its tributaries drain major parts of the center-southern and easternmost Coal Regions in the state.
In 1800, Thomas Charlton set up a hand loom in the Yellow House to make linen.
Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. Linen is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very strong, absorbent and dries faster than cotton. Garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot and humid weather.
John King established the Thornton Post Office in the Yellow House in 1829. One of the first in its county not located on a post road, the Thornton Post Office is thought to be the oldest U.S. post office still in its original building.
A post road is a road designated for the transportation of postal mail. In past centuries, only major towns had a post house and the roads used by post riders or mail coaches to carry mail among them were particularly important ones or, due to the special attention given them, became so. In various centuries and countries, post road became more or less equivalent to main road, royal road, or highway. The 20th century spread of postal service blurred the distinction.
In 1845, the Yellow House was purchased by William D. Pennell at a bankruptcy auction.
The Isaac Pyle House, a stone example of the Penn Plan, was built around 1777.
The Caleb Hoopes House is a two-story, four-bay building built about 1790.
Built by Joseph Moore around 1805, this two-story, four-bay building reflects a style often referred to as "Pennsylvania Farmhouse".
George Beebe replaced his log cabin with this house, built about 1851 to a similar plan as the Blacksmith House.
This Gothic Revival-style house was built around 1850.
Dr. Joshua Clayton was an American physician and politician from Mt. Pleasant in Pencader Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware. He was an officer of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, and a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as Governor of Delaware and as U.S. Senator from Delaware.
Concordville is an unincorporated community in Concord Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located 20 miles west-southwest of Philadelphia, at the junction of U.S. Routes 1 and 322. This intersection can be traced back to two of the earliest roads in Pennsylvania, Baltimore Pike which became U.S. 1, and Concord Pike, which connected Pennsylvania with Delaware.
Hume is an unincorporated community in Fauquier County, Virginia. Hume is five miles south of Interstate 66's Exit 18 and is named for the local Hume family. It runs along Virginia State Route 688. It is east of the Rappahannock County line. The community has a post office and ZIP Code of 22639, and is home to a local winery.
Glen Mills is an unincorporated community in Concord Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States about 27 miles west of Philadelphia. The zip code for Glen Mills is 19342.
Cheyney is an unincorporated community that sits astride Chester and Delaware counties in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It corresponds to the census-designated place known as Cheyney University, which had a population of 988 at the 2010 census. It is the home of Cheyney University of Pennsylvania. The university derive their name from George Cheyney's Farm, which became the current campus of Cheyney University in 1902. George Cheyney's Farm and the surrounding area was part of the original land grant given to William Penn in 1681.
Sugartown is an unincorporated settlement in central Willistown Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States, at the intersection of Sugartown and Boot Roads. It is located 18 miles west of Philadelphia.
The King of Prussia Inn is a historic tavern in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.
Benjamin Patterson Inn, also known as Jenning's Tavern, is a historic inn and tavern located at Corning in Steuben County, New York. It is a two-story, ell shaped frame structure in the Federal style. Built in 1796, it is the oldest frame building in the area and perhaps all of Steuben County.
Hill's Tavern is a historic building in Scenery Hill, Pennsylvania. It was heavily damaged by a fire that started shortly before midnight on August 17, 2015. For a period in the early 1900s, the inn was known as Central Hotel. Now called the Century Inn, it has been claimed to have been the oldest tavern in continuous use on the National Road, until the fire brought an end to its 221 years of continuous operation.
The Widow Maloby's Tavern is a historic tavern building located in the Queen Village neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The tavern was built in 1764, and is a 3 1/2-story, three bay by two bay, brick rowhouse. It was originally painted yellow. It remained a tavern and community gathering place for over a century.
The Old Rose Tree Tavern is a historic inn and tavern located in Rose Tree Park just north of the borough of Media, in Upper Providence Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
Skinner Tavern, also known as Skinner's Inn, Halfway Hotel, Western Inn, and Geyer Hotel, is a historic inn and tavern located at Letterkenny Township in Franklin County, Pennsylvania. The original section was built between 1788 and 1794, and is a 2 1/2-story, three bay, stone building in the Georgian-style with a five bay 2 1/2-story, brick addition built between 1837 and 1850. The sections are unified by a gable roof. The building measures 70 feet, 6 inches, deep and 27 feet, 6 inches, wide. It housed a general store and post office from 1888 to 1909, when it was converted to a private residence.
Dolington Village Historic District is a national historic district located at Dolington, Upper Makefield Township and Lower Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The district includes 64 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 4 contributing structures in the crossroads village of Dolington. The largely rural residential district includes representative buildings of the vernacular Federal and Gothic styles. The buildings were mostly built between 1800 and 1875. Notable buildings include the John L. Cox House, Joseph Moon House, Balderson House, John Harris House (1803), William Thornton House, John B. Alcutt House, Dolington Schoolhouse (1860),. The district also includes the ruins of the Canby / Davis Blacksmith Shop.
Okehocking Historic District, also known as the Okehocking Indian Land Grant Historic District, is a national historic district located in Willistown Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It encompasses 69 contributing buildings, 5 contributing sites, 2 contributing structures, and 1 contributing object in a rural area near Media. A majority of the buildings were built before 1845. It includes a collection of 18th and 19th century farmhouses and related outbuildings located on an 18th-century Indian Land Grant by William Penn to the Okehocking band of Lenape (Delaware) Indians in 1703. Notable contributing assets include a Willistown Friends Meetinghouse and its burial ground, a one-room school known as the Willistown School No. 6, a former inn known as the Rising Sun Tavern, the vacated Smedley Mill, and three mill sites, the Garrett Mill, Duckett Mill, and George Matlack's sawmill.
White Horse Historic District, also known as White Horse Village, is a national historic district located in Willistown Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It encompasses 15 contributing buildings and 1 contributing structure in the crossroads village of White Horse. They were built between 1798 and about 1950 and are mostly 2 1/2 or 3-story masonry structures clad in stucco. Seven of the contributing buildings are residences. The other contributing buildings include the former blacksmith shop, , White Horse Store and residence (1798), and White Horse Tavern. A number of the houses were renovated in the 1930s and 1940s by architect R. Brognard Okie (1875-1945).
Goshenville Historic District is a national historic district located in East Goshen Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It encompasses 11 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 2 contributing structures in the crossroads village of Goshenville. They date to the 18th and 19th century, and are reflective of a number of popular architectural styles including Greek Revival. They include residences, farmhouses, a tenant house, Goshen Friends Meetinghouse (1849) and burial ground, Hicksite Meetinghouse (1855) and burial ground, a general store and post office (1800), and a blacksmith / wheelwright shop.
Chester Springs Historic District, also known as The Old Art School, Orphan's School, Yellow Springs Spa, and Good News Buildings, is a national historic district located in West Pikeland Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. The district includes 7 contributing buildings, 1 contributing site, and 1 contributing structure in the spa community of Chester Springs. The district includes the old hotel and inn, two large residences, a bath house at one end of the springs, and a studio. It also includes a wooden summer house that enclosed the iron springs. The property was the site of a hospital commissioned by the Continental Congress and built in 1777. The three-story, 106 feet by 36 feet wide building burned in 1902, was reconstructed, then burned again in the 1960s. The Yellow Springs resort operated in the early-mid 19th century and many of the buildings date from that period.
Lunn's Tavern, also known as The Wilkins Property, is a historic inn and tavern located in London Britain Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It has three sections. The original section was built about 1760, and is a two-story, stone structure with a gambrel roof. Part of the original section was altered when the brick addition was made in 1830. The modifications included adding stucco to the stone exterior walls and modifying the roof to the gable style. The 1830 brick addition has a wooden porch structure. It was the site of the writing of a famous letter from Thomas McKean to George Read on September 26, 1777, detailing the situation in Delaware and his actions upon assuming the presidency of the State of Delaware.
Thornton is an unincorporated community spanning Thornbury Township, Concord Township and Middletown Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
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